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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 74831 matches for " Maria Luisa Moro "
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Laboratory procedures for the diagnosis of tuberculosis: a survey in ten Italian Regions
Moro,Maria Luisa; Nascetti,Simona; Morsillo,Filomena; Morandi,Matteo; ,;
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità , 2010, DOI: 10.4415/ANN_10_02_12
Abstract: the characteristics of laboratories performing tuberculosis (tb) diagnostic procedures were investigated in ten italian regions, through a mailed questionnaire. three hundred and eighty laboratories answered (70.8% response rate), 250 of which performed directly at least one tb diagnostic procedure. standard criteria concerning microscopy, culture, identification, and drug susceptibility testing were frequently not satisfied, particularly those related to the volume of activity (32% of laboratories performing microscopy examined < 10 samples and 36% of those performing culture performed < 20 cultures per week), processing time, biosafety requirements and participation to internal/external quality control programs. the survey's results highlight the need to promote the adoption of standardized procedures and to centralize the mycobacteriology testing in a reduced number of high quality laboratories, in order to improve diagnostic accuracy, resource management and quality of surveillance data.
The Relationship of Positive Affect with Resilience and Self-Efficacy in Life Skills in Italian Adolescents  [PDF]
Elisabetta Sagone, Maria Luisa Indiana
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.813142
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships of positive affect with dimensions of resilience and perceived self-efficacy in life skills in a sample of 147 Italian healthy adolescents. We used the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), the Resiliency Attitudes and Skills Profile (RASP), and the Perceived Self-Efficacy Scales in Life Skills. Statistical analyses indicated that adolescents with high positive affect reported higher levels of perceived self-efficacy in life skills than those with low positive affect; in addition, adolescents with high positive affect reached higher levels of resilience (that is, adaptability and engagement) than those with low positive affect. Given the relationship of positive affect both with dimensions of resilience and perceived self-efficacy in life skills, future investigations could better understand the functioning of protective factors actively engaged in facing up to the transition from childhood to adolescence, in line with the flourishing approach in supporting the promotion of psychological well-being and the increasing of individual’s bio-psycho-social skills.
A epistemologia genética e a intera??o social de crian?as
Moro, Maria Lucia Faria;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722000000200009
Abstract: the paper presents a case study about the relationship between children?s social interactions and children?s cognitive constructions of addition/subtraction according to propositions of the genetic epistemology. results come from a microgenetic qualitative analysis of the complete sequence of videotaped events concerning the interrelationship among: a) cognitive strategies expressed by three boys when solving together learning tasks about addition/subtraction; b) those strategies with adult?s interventions. subjects were three boys (aged 7,4; 8,6; and 9,1) who attended the first grade of a public elementary school. results partially support the proposed hypotheses of a complex cyclical model of interrelationship among partners? productions and with adult?s interventions. piaget?s equilibration model explains the complexity of the discussed social interactions, in their necessary, but not sufficient relationship, with the individual cognitive constructions.
Nota??es da matemática infantil: igualar e repartir grandezas na origem das estruturas multiplicativas
Moro, Maria Lucia Faria;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722004000200013
Abstract: the paper concerns the learning of additive structures on its way to the multiplicative ones according to the equilibration model and vergnaud's propositions about conceptual fields. it describes the nature and the changes of children's notations produced on tasks of equalization and partition of quantities, and verifies the meaning of those notations in the study of the psychogenetic relationship between those structures. the 12 participants (6,4 to 9,5 years old), attending two state elementary schools from suburbs of two different metropolitan areas, performed in triads the tasks, which alternated moments of practical compositions, notations production and their interpretation. the qualitative microgenetic analysis of videotaped data resulted in notation types and in tendencies of the conceptual transformations shown by the notations. the discussion underlines the nature and the progression of the described notations, and the relevant role of equalization and repartition as inherent schemata to the psychogenetic relationship between the focused structures.
Estruturas multiplicativas e tomada de consciência: repartir para dividir
Moro, Maria Lucia Faria;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722005000200012
Abstract: according to vergnaud's and piaget's proposals, the study aims to describe children's conceptions of partitive division expressed on learning tasks of sharing numerical collections, and to identify the grasp of consciousness levels of the typical relations which define that kind of division. this process is supposed to be enhanced by tasks, which alternate moments of practical sharing of numerical collections, notation production and their interpretation. the microgenetic analysis of videotaped data describes the nature and the changes of six students' solutions (7 to 8 years old) to those tasks. these students were attending a state elementary school and they performed the tasks in triads, during two sessions. results show children's conceptions of partitive division disposed on two hierarchies, one for the practical executions and other for the notations. both hierarchies give support to the identification of the grasp of consciousness levels of schemata and relations inherent to that type of division. the status of the sharing activities on the comprehension of partitive division and the role of the grasp of consciousness of actions in this conceptual learning are discussed.
A epistemologia genética e a intera o social de crian as
Moro Maria Lucia Faria
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2000,
Abstract: O artigo apresenta um estudo de caso sobre as rela es da intera o social de crian as com suas constru es cognitivas individuais de aprendizagem da adi o/subtra o, segundo proposi es da epistemologia genética. Os resultados vêm da análise qualitativa microgenética da seqüência completa, gravada em vídeo, dos eventos referentes às inter-rela es: a) das estratégias cognitivas expressas por três meninos que, juntos, resolveram tarefas relativas ao conteúdo aritmético citado; b) daquelas estratégias com as interven es do adulto. Os sujeitos (idades de 7,4; 8,6; e 9,1) eram alunos de primeira série de uma escola pública. Os resultados apoiam parcialmente hipóteses sobre um modelo cíclico complexo de inter-rela es das realiza es dos parceiros e destas com as interven es do adulto. O modelo piagetiano da equilibra o explica a complexidade das intera es sociais discutidas, em suas rela es necessárias mas n o suficientes com as constru es cognitivas individuais.
Notations from children's mathematical thinking: equalizing and dividing quantities at the roots of multiplicative structures / Nota es da matemática infantil: igualar e repartir grandezas na origem das estruturas multiplicativas
Maria Lucia Faria Moro
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2004,
Abstract: The paper concerns the learning of additive structures on its way to the multiplicative ones according to the equilibration model and Vergnaud's propositions about conceptual fields. It describes the nature and the changes of children's notations produced on tasks of equalization and partition of quantities, and verifies the meaning of those notations in the study of the psychogenetic relationship between those structures. The 12 participants (6,4 to 9,5 years old), attending two State Elementary Schools from suburbs of two different metropolitan areas, performed in triads the tasks, which alternated moments of practical compositions, notations production and their interpretation. The qualitative microgenetic analysis of videotaped data resulted in notation types and in tendencies of the conceptual transformations shown by the notations. The discussion underlines the nature and the progression of the described notations, and the relevant role of equalization and repartition as inherent schemata to the psychogenetic relationship between the focused structures.
Inflammatory Cytokine Expression Is Associated with Chikungunya Virus Resolution and Symptom Severity
Alyson A. Kelvin ,David Banner,Giuliano Silvi,Maria Luisa Moro,Nadir Spataro,Paolo Gaibani,Francesca Cavrini,Anna Pierro,Giada Rossini,Mark J. Cameron,Jesus F. Bermejo-Martin,Stéphane G. Paquette,Luoling Xu,Ali Danesh,Amber Farooqui,Ilaria Borghetto,David J. Kelvin,Vittorio Sambri,Salvatore Rubino
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001279
Abstract: The Chikungunya virus infection zones have now quickly spread from Africa to parts of Asia, North America and Europe. Originally thought to trigger a disease of only mild symptoms, recently Chikungunya virus caused large-scale fatalities and widespread economic loss that was linked to recent virus genetic mutation and evolution. Due to the paucity of information on Chikungunya immunological progression, we investigated the serum levels of 13 cytokines/chemokines during the acute phase of Chikungunya disease and 6- and 12-month post-infection follow-up from patients of the Italian outbreak. We found that CXCL9/MIG, CCL2/MCP-1, IL-6 and CXCL10/IP-10 were significantly raised in the acute phase compared to follow-up samples. Furthermore, IL-1β, TNF-α, Il-12, IL-10, IFN-γ and IL-5 had low initial acute phase levels that significantly increased at later time points. Analysis of symptom severity showed association with CXCL9/MIG, CXCL10/IP-10 and IgG levels. These data give insight into Chikungunya disease establishment and subsequent convalescence, which is imperative to the treatment and containment of this quickly evolving and frequently re-emerging disease.
Plant?o psicológico, universidade pública e política de saúde mental
Schmidt, Maria Luisa Sandoval;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2004000300003
Abstract: this study analyzes the psychological practice in the context of university's crises and the dismount of public mental health services in s?o paulo. it defines the psychological emergency practice and put in evidence the actual empiric panorama due to the health public policy neo-liberal innovations. it presents and discusses the public university modernization and its influence on the university services. finally, it outlines some university services' proposes to face up the crises' situation , specially the psychological emergency practice.
Pesquisa participante e forma??o ética do pesquisador na área da saúde
Schmidt,Maria Luisa Sandoval;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232008000200014
Abstract: the present article discusses ethics concept as dwell and way of dwelling, aiming to articulate it with some elements of participative research from an ethnographic matrix. mainly, it focuses the idea of the ethical subject's autonomy, associating it with self-reflection and alterity in ethnography. yet, it approaches the participative research in an ethnographic perspective as a praxis that induces to health researcher's ethical formation.
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