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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 387039 matches for " Maria Inés; "
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Literacy, Ethnicity and Style  [PDF]
Maria Sílvia Cintra
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2013.34A002
Abstract:

I present the result of a two-year research project developed at the “Instituto de Estudos de Linguagem” (IEL/Unicamp, Brazil) and also of action research I have been organizing since 2006 when I started to work as a professor at the “Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos”, in Brazil. Relying on recent developments in New Literacy Studies, I explore the concept of the continuum illiterate-literate and argue that it implies elements of transformation, as well as conservation. I also argue that three intersecting continua must be considered together: the continua oral-written, rural-urban and restricted-full literacy, always taking into consideration ethnicity as a variable (Cohen, 1974). Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Brazil, I show how elements of restricted literacy (Goody, 1968) are presented on the threshold of the twenty first century; how they entertain relation with the rural to urban migration and with a marked contrast between different ethnicities; and in what sense this fact may be visible in the everyday use of language and in the style inherent in it.

Nheengatu Language and Its Role in the Tactics of Construction of Indigenous Identity  [PDF]
Maria Sílvia Cintra
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2018.84012
Abstract: Nheengatu is one of the co-official languages of São Gabriel da Cachoeira in the Amazon region (AM/Brazil). About 8000 people in the Upper Rio Negro region speak it, and there exists a contemporary movement for its revitalization in the state of Pará (PA/Brazil). Based upon field research in both these regions, this paper bears reflections on the inter-relations existing between language and identity including references in the areas of Applied Linguistics, Culture Semiotics and Anthropology. I propose a discussion on Nheengatu language, which is often considered in a dysphoric way, i.e., as if it had been imposed on the natives, resulting only from the colonizers’ strategies. I propose we can instead envisage it from the perspective concerning the tactics constructed by the aboriginals in order to preserve and reconquer their identity, i.e., from the point of view of a Poetics of Relation within a complex, contradictory and hybrid linguistic approach.
The Development and Characterization of Polycaprolactone and Titanium Dioxide Hybrids  [PDF]
Mariana Sato de S. B. Monteiro, Maria Inês Bruno Tavares
Advances in Nanoparticles (ANP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/anp.2018.71002
Abstract: Organic/Inorganic hybrid materials have been attracting much attention since they combine the advantages of inorganic materials with the properties of organic polymers. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2) present good thermal stability, accessibility and catalytic properties. Polycaprolactone (PCL) is a bi-ocompatible and bioresorbable material, which is being examined as biode-gradable packaging materials, controlled drug release carriers and other medical applications. Hybrids based on PCL containing different amounts of titanium dioxide nanoparticles, ranging from 0.05% to 0.35% w/w, were prepared using the solution cast method. These systems were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The FTIR analysis confirmed that there was an interaction between the PCL chains and the TiO2 nanoparticles. The XRD and DSC analysis showed that the PCL crystallization was affected by TiO2 incorporation, modifying its semi-crystalline structure to a less ordered structure. When TiO2 nanoparticles were added the values of T1H and T1ρH increased for all hybrids, therefore, their addition produced a new material with less molecular mobility. In the TG analysis, it was observed that the introduction of TiO2 nanoparticles decreased the thermal resistance of PCL. In DSC analysis, the PCL/TiO2 hybrids presented a reduction in the crystallization temperature and degree of crystallinity, except for PCL hybrids containing 0.15% w/w of TiO2 nanoparticles.
O gênero Indigofera L. (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae-Indigofereae) no Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil
Eisinger, S?nia Maria;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 1987, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33061987000200004
Abstract: a recent survey of the species of indigofera l. occuring in the rio grande do sul state, brazil, revealed four species in the area: indigofera sabulicola benth., i. asperifolia bong., i. suffruticosa mill, and i. campestris bong. it is given a short historical review on the systematic position of the genus. identification key to the species studied, descriptions, illustrations, and data such as distribution, habitat, flowering and frutification are also- presented.
Do governo dos homens: "Novas responsabilidades" do trabalhador e acesso aos conhecimentos
Rosa, Maria Inês;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73301998000300006
Abstract: the changes on the division and organisation of capitalistic labour demand that workers have access to new knowledge. we try in this article to understand such changes and what is new about them. we do it through the examination of two hypothesis. the first concerns the change on the government of work, that is, the government of men as workers. this new government does not assume a tayloristic form anymore, but it reproposes its political-ideal. the second one refers to the worker's experience regarding the access to knowledge considered a crucial part of his qualification. our study has been developed both on the theoretical and on the empirical levels. theoreticaly we discuss politics in it's reducionistic connotation, that is, as an expression of the government of some men over others in the work situation. we related this government to the conception of work in which men as whole being, are used by others as workers. this conception made it necessary to hear workers about their work activities through enterviews. we articulated both the theoretical and the empirical level of the study through the categories of subject and of social agent, which are part of our hypothesis.
Pedagogias da língua: muito siso e pouco riso
Cox, Maria Inês Pagliarini;
Cadernos CEDES , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-32622004000200002
Abstract: in this essay, i revisit the notions of 'informal education practices' and 'formal education practices' taken in their generic sense. after remembering the meanings commonly attributed to both terms, i reflect upon them specifically as fulcrums of mother tongue learning. since they are direct or indirect participants in the daily social practices, we learn the discourse genres associated with them. with them, we learn not only the rules of language but also the differentiation potential of living languages, which foil the petrifying power of rules. nevertheless, when mother tongue becomes a school subject, its differentiation potential becomes an anomaly to be corrected or cured. it has always been so all through the whole history of the formal education of the portuguese language in school institutions.
From degeneration to infection/inflammation, and from individual-centered to ecologic approaches to investigation of evolving patterns of diseases occurrences in populations
Azambuja,Maria Inês Reinert;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232004000400007
Abstract: variation in attributes of chd cases over time suggests a temporal change in the source sub-population of cases. it is proposed that an early 20th century expansion of a chd-prone sub-population, characterized by high-serum cholesterol phenotype and high case-fatality - and which contributed with most of the chd cases and deaths during the 1960s - may have followed the 1918 influenza pandemic. the extinction of those birth-cohorts would have resulted in a relative increase in cases coming from a second source sub-population, characterized by insulin resistance and chronic expression of low grade inflammation markers, comparatively less vulnerable to acutely die from chd. this re-interpretation of the chd trend, and the abandonment of the idea of degeneration for inflammation/infection calls for a change in epidemiology. besides exposures (diet, infection...), temporal variations in proportional representations of inherited and acquired phenotypes associated with individual resistance/vulnerability, would be important determinants of evolving patterns of diseases occurrences in populations.
Textos argumentativos em materiais didáticos: que proposta seguir?
Campos, Maria Inês Batista;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502011000200002
Abstract: this paper aims at describing in detail some teaching suggestions for the creation of argumentative texts in two portuguese language course books for the teaching of portuguese developed for highschool students from different linguistic-discursive perspective. the objective is to analyze these activities under the view of the theoretical-methodological assumptions defined by the authors in the "teacher's book" and compare the two approaches. finally, we seek to identify some linguistic concepts, such language, text, and argumentation, which support the activities for the writing of argumentative texts, recognizing that some of them provide little or no contribution to the production of an argumentative text that clearly supports a point of view.
Formar, n?o treinar: o lugar da palavra
Rosa, Maria Inês;
Pro-Posi??es , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73072010000300010
Abstract: education (to educate) and training (to train) have become increasingly more indistinct from one another in a broad and widespread manner, whether in the regular school system or outside it, in the current brazilian society. as a result, no differences remain between them and their distinguishing features have become blurred. we are concerned about making a distinction between education (to educate) and training (to train) from the standpoint of the "subject". under this differentiation, language - the word- belongs to the domain of education, which, in turn, belongs to the domain of knowledge transmission, where a permanent tension exists between the dimensions of creating time (subjective) and those of the average rule when a person has access to knowledge, whereas the communication of knowledge belongs to the domain of training and the second dimension of the rule prevails in this process of having access to knowledge. in this case, language is reduced to becoming an instrument. in the light of this differentiation, the so-called "training courses", "skill-enhancing courses", "update courses and/or "refresher courses" and "distance learning courses/courses, which lack the physical presence of the teacher", are evaluated.
As mudan?as na educa??o médica brasileira em perspectiva: reflex?es sobre a emergência de um novo estilo de pensamento
Nogueira, Maria Inês;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Médica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-55022009000200014
Abstract: current medical training is organized according to a technical/scientific model. however, in recent years proposals have emerged with an ethical/humanist orientation that challenge the prevailing model and aim to transform it. this essay contends that brazil's unified national health system (sus) is the platform for the emergence of new demands that leverage the transformations required by medical education in the country. the proposal under the curriculum guidelines for medical education of 2001 suggests that students begin participating early in diverse teaching/learning scenarios, and emphasizes the role of primary care in this process. the understanding is that the establishment of new scenarios for practical experience, appreciation of the psychosocial and anthropological dimensions of illness, and the incorporation of relational technologies in medical training allow a reorientation of the view towards the subjective aspects of illness, fostering an expanded understanding of the health-disease process. considering that innovations in the work process enable changes in clinical practice and the production of health care, the study investigates the possible emergence of a new way of medical thinking.
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