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Health Communication: from theory to practice; Renata Schiavo - DOI: 10.3395/reciis.v3i2.258en
Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes
RECIIS : Electronic Journal of Communication, Information & Innovation in Health , 2009,
Abstract:
Uso de métodos anticoncepcionais entre adolescentes universitários
Alves, Aline Salheb;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672008000200005
Abstract: the objective of this study was to identify the use of contraceptive methods among teenagers at a public university in s?o paulo, as well as to describe their profile concerning social and demographic characteristics. a questionnaire was used and the sample was composed by 295 teenagers. the initiation of sexual activity was reported by 48,8%. the mean age was seventeen and most of them reported that they used some type of contraceptive method. the method used with highest frequency was the preservative, and this in combination with the pill. it could be observed that teenagers seek information through health professionals, teachers or books, and mainly media. it was concluded that the students had sexual initiation late and seek information about contraception.
Conhecimento, atitude e prática do uso de pílula e preservativo entre adolescentes universitários
Alves, Aline Salheb;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672008000100002
Abstract: it was evaluated knowledge, attitude and practice concerning contraceptive pills and preservatives among teenagers at a public university of s?o paulo. a questionnaire was applied for 295 students. we verified that teenagers presented a positive attitude as to contraceptive practices because 92,6% of them said that adolescents should use contraceptive methods, and among those who had already initiated their sexual activities, 82% answered that they always used some type of contraceptive during their sexual intercourses. they showed higher knowledge than practice. comparing the pill to preservative, we noticed that adolescents presented a greater knowledge and practice regarding preservatives. it was concluded that although they have corrects knowledge and practice, they need modified some of their practices for an effective contraception.
Fatores associados com a incontinência urinária na mulher
Higa, Rosangela;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672005000400008
Abstract: the aim of this present study was to assess the urinary incontinence (ui) prevalence, and its associate factors among nurse female staff of a school hospital. of the 378 questionnaires delivered, 291 (77%) were answered, and 80 (27.5%) employers reported complaint ui. the multivariate analysis had shown that there is a more probability of developing ui after 41 years of age, having changed the weight, having intestinal constipation and having arterial hypertension. it was concluded that preventable educational measures are necessary in order warn same factors that caused ui among nursing female staff.
Porque profissionais de enfermagen com incontinência urinária n?o buscam tratamento
Higa, Rosangela;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672007000500004
Abstract: it was verified the prevalence of urinary incontinence (ui) among the women's nurse staff at a medical school, if the incontinent women seek a doctor for treatment and what was they reasons for not seeking treatment. among 291 women that answer the survey, 27.5% reported ui and, 79% women didn't seek ui treatment. the most common reasons for not seek treatment were that incontinence was slight degree (28.8%) and the belief that the ui was a common problem for women (22%). the prevalence and the reasons for not seeking treatment for ui were similar the others researches with women in general. it was concluded that the factor at to be health's professional didn't influence their attitudes.
Tens?o devido ao papel de cuidador entre cuidadores de crian?as com cancer
Beck, Ana Raquel Medeiros;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672007000500006
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to identify the frequency of nursing diagnoses "caregiver role strain" and "risk for caregiver role strain" in 50 caregivers of children with cancer in a specialized children's cancer hospital in campinas, s?o paulo. the data for this descriptive cross-sectional study was obtained from the patients' files and interviews held with the caregiver using a specially formulated protocol. "caregiver role strain" was presented by 78% of the caregivers and 100% presented the risk for "caregiver role strain" with at least two defining characteristics and six risk factors. the conclusion was that caregivers of children with cancer present a high risk for caregiver role strain.
Avalia??o de um sistema especialista em diagnóstico de enfermagem relacionados à elimina??o urinária
Higa, Rosangela;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672008000500006
Abstract: an expert system on nursing diagnoses related to urinary elimination, according nanda's taxonomy, was developed and evaluated. data were collected using a form and a checklist of defining characteristics. the obtained consensus diagnoses by three specialists were considered gold standard. 197 cases were tested. the system proved to be adequate for determining diagnoses such as 'stress urinary incontinence', 'urge urinary incontinence', 'urinary retention' and 'total urinary incontinence' with sensitivity and specificity above 98%. the accuracy evaluation in relation to 'impaired urinary elimination', 'reflex urinary incontinence' and 'functional urinary incontinence' was not possible to be established due to the small size of the sample. the experience in developing and evaluating this program can be applied in creating other expert systems.
Cuidadores de crian?as com cancer: aspectos da vida afetados pela atividade de cuidador
Beck, Ana Raquel Medeiros;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672007000600010
Abstract: this study aimed at demonstrating that the caregiving role affected the lives of caregivers of children with cancer, the child's degree of dependence regarding the performance of daily life activities (dla), the degree of help offered by others and the degree to which some aspects of the caregiver's life were affected by caregiving activities. interviews were held with fifty caregivers of children between the ages of three and ten in a children's hospital, a referral center for cancer and hematological disorders in campinas, sao paulo. these caregiving activities seriously affect the lives of the caregivers and, therefore, an assessment of these aspects may help the nurse detect the problems and plan the healthcare needed by the caregivers of children with cancer.
The impact of urinary incontinence on female nursing personnel
Higa, Rosangela;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672007000200016
Abstract: the prevalence of urinary incontinence (ui) was acessed, its interference in the performance of daily occupational activities and its management among the women's nurse staff of a medical school hospital in campinas, s?o paulo. of the 291 employers, 27.5% reported ui complaint at least monthly. the activities that required greater effort increased the urinary loss, what resulted in stress, feeling embarrassed and lack of concentration at work. the use of pad was the most frequent strategy at management of ui and sometimes the task could not be interrupted to use the restroom. in conclusion, the activities that require more effort and the difficulty for an adequate management of the ui in workplace increase the problem and interfere on professional performance.
Locus de Controle e escolha do método anticoncepcional
Alves, Aline Salheb;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672007000300005
Abstract: the purpose was to assess the relationship between locus of control and the contraceptive method chosen. it was used the levenson's multidimensional locus of control scale and 191 women was interviewed. users of male condoms presented greater internality than the monthly contraceptive injection users. regarding the external locus of control (powerful others), the implant users presented less externality than those who used condoms, tubal ligation, three-monthly injections and the iud. regarding the external locus of control (chance), the implant users presented smaller scores than those who opted for tubal ligation, three-monthly injections and the iud. it was observed also that monthly injections users presented smaller scores of external locus of control (chance) than the women who were three-monthly injections users.
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