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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 283505 matches for " Maria C. Dolce "
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Nurse Faculty Enrichment and Competency Development in Oral-Systemic Health
Maria C. Dolce
Nursing Research and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/567058
Abstract: Nurses are positioned to play a significant role in oral health promotion and disease prevention across the life cycle. Oral health has not been a high priority in nursing practice, and educating nurses about oral health has been inadequate particularly regarding the interrelationship between oral health and overall health. The first step for developing a nursing workforce with core competencies in oral health promotion and disease prevention is to prepare nurse faculty with the requisite knowledge, skills, attitudes, and best practices in oral-systemic health. The purpose of this paper is to present Smiles for Life: A National Oral Health Curriculum as a knowledge framework that nurse faculty can use for faculty enrichment and competency development in oral health across the life cycle. A variety of teaching-learning strategies and resources are provided to assist nurse faculty with integrating oral-systemic health into existing nursing curricula. 1. Introduction Nurses are positioned to play a significant role in oral health promotion and disease prevention across the life cycle, and in expanding access to preventive care services especially for vulnerable and underserved populations across health care settings [1–5]. Oral health promotion and preventive care services, such as basic risk assessments, oral health examinations, referrals, counseling, and anticipatory guidance, are well within the scope of professional nursing practice. Recognizing the significance of oral health in achieving overall health and well-being, nurses can empower individuals, families, and communities with oral health information and resources to support healthy choices regarding oral hygiene, diet, tobacco, and alcohol use. Historically, oral health has not been a high priority in nursing practice [1]. Education and training of nurses about basic oral health and oral-systemic health has been inadequate [5–7]. In 2007, a survey of academic deans and administrators from accredited dental schools in the United States and Canada found that only 2.3% of respondents strongly agreed that nurses and physicians in their health science center or academic campus were well educated about oral-systemic health [8]. The potential role of nurses in improving oral health outcomes across the life cycle and expanding access is contingent upon enhancing nursing curricula in undergraduate- and graduate-level programs and professional development programs for practicing nurses [1]. The initial step for developing a nursing workforce with core competencies in oral health promotion and disease
Oral Health Nursing Education and Practice Program
Maria C. Dolce,Judith Haber,Donna Shelley
Nursing Research and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/149673
Abstract: Millions of Americans have unmet oral healthcare needs and profound oral health disparities persist in vulnerable and underserved populations, especially poor children, older adults, and racial and ethnic minorities. Nurses can play a significant role in improving the quality of oral health including access to care with appropriate education and training. The purpose of this paper is to describe New York University College of Nursing’s response to this challenge. The Oral Health Nursing Education and Practice (OHNEP) program is a national initiative aimed at preparing a nursing workforce with the competencies to prioritize oral disease prevention and health promotion, provide evidence-based oral healthcare in a variety of practice settings, and collaborate in interprofessional teams across the healthcare system. The overarching goal of this national initiative is to create an educational infrastructure for the nursing profession that advances nursing’s contribution to reducing oral health disparities across the lifespan. 1. Introduction Over a decade ago, the United States (US) Surgeon General’s landmark report, Oral Health in America, profiled the poor oral health status of the nation as a “silent epidemic” and linked oral health to overall health and well-being [1]. While overall improvements in oral health have been reported in the US population, millions of Americans have unmet needs related to oral health and profound oral health disparities persist in vulnerable and underserved populations, especially poor children, older adults, and racial and ethnic minorities [1–3]. For example, today, dental caries (tooth decay), an infectious and highly preventable disease, remains a common chronic disease across the life cycle and disproportionately impacts vulnerable and underserved groups [3]. One of the many barriers to quality oral healthcare includes a lack of attention to oral health by nondental health care professionals (e.g., nurses, pharmacists, physicians, physician assistants) [1–3]. For example, oral health has not been a high priority for nurses in practice [4]. Another barrier is the inadequate education of nondental health care professionals in basic oral health [3]. To address these challenges, the Committee on Oral Health Access to Services recommended the development of a core set of oral health competencies and curricula for nondental health care professionals to enhance their role in oral health promotion and disease prevention [3]. In response to this recommendation, nursing programs will need to prepare graduates with core competencies
Intrinsic periodicity: the forgotten lesson of quantum mechanics
Dolce, Donatello
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: Wave-particle duality, together with the concept of elementary particles, was introduced by de Broglie in terms of intrinsically "periodic phenomena". However, after nearly 90 years, the physical origin of such undulatory mechanics remains unrevealed. We propose a natural realization of the de Broglie "periodic phenomenon" in terms of harmonic vibrational modes associated to space-time periodicities. In this way we find that, similarly to a vibrating string or a particle in a box, the intrinsic recurrence imposed as a constraint to elementary particles represents a fully consistent quantization condition. The resulting classical cyclic dynamics formally match ordinary relativistic Quantum Mechanics in both the canonical and Feynman formulations. Interactions are introduced in a geometrodynamical way, similarly to general relativity, by simply considering that variations of kinematical state can be equivalently described in terms of modulations of space-time recurrences, as known from undulatory mechanics. We present this novel quantization prescription from a historical prospective.
Quantum Mechanics from Periodic Dynamics: the bosonic case
Donatello Dolce
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1063/1.3431493
Abstract: Enforcing the periodicity hypothesis of the "old" formulation of Quantum Mechanics we show the possibility for a new scenario where Special Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are unified in a Deterministic Field Theory [arXiv:0903.3680]. A novel interpretation of the AdS/CFT conjecture is discussed.
Clockwork Quantum Universe
Donatello Dolce
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Besides the purely digital or analog interpretation of reality there is a third possibility which incorporates important aspects of both. This is the cyclic formulation of elementary systems, in which elementary particles are represented as classical strings vibrating in compact space-time dimensions with periodic boundary conditions. We will address these cyclic solutions as "de Broglie internal clocks". They constitute the deterministic gears of a consistent semi-classical description of quantum relativistic physics, providing in addition an appealing formulation of the notion of time.
de Broglie Deterministic Dice and emerging Relativistic Quantum Mechanics
Donatello Dolce
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/306/1/012049
Abstract: Generalizing de Broglie's hypothesis, we show that the basic quantum behavior of ordinary field theory can be retrieved in a semi-classical and geometrical way from the assumption of intrinsic periodicity of elementary systems. The geometrodynamical description of interactions that arises in from this approach provides an intuitive interpretation of Maldacena's conjecture and it turns out to be of the same type of the one prescribed by general relativity.
AdS/CFT as classical to quantum correspondence in a Virtual Extra Dimension
Donatello Dolce
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The correspondence between classical extra dimensional geometry and quantum behavior, typical of the AdS/CFT, has a heuristic semiclassical interpretation in terms of undulatory mechanics and relativistic geometrodynamics. We note, in fact, that the quantum recurrence of ordinary particles enters into the equations of motions in formal duality with the extra dimensional dynamics of a Kaluza-Klein theory. The kinematics of the particle in a generic interaction scheme can be described as modulations of the spacetime recurrences and encoded in corresponding geometrodynamics. The quantization can be obtained semiclassically by means of boundary conditions, so that the interference of the classical paths with different windings numbers associated to the resulting recurrences turns out to be described by the ordinary Feynman Path Integral. This description applied to the Quark-Gluon-Plasma freeze-out yields basic aspects of AdS/QCD phenomenology.
Deterministic Quantization by Dynamical Boundary Conditions
Donatello Dolce
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1063/1.3460198
Abstract: We propose an unexplored quantization method. It is based on the assumption of dynamical space-time intrinsic periodicities for relativistic fields, which in turn can be regarded as dual to extra-dimensional fields. As a consequence we obtain a unified and consistent interpretation of Special Relativity and Quantum Mechanics in terms of Deterministic Geometrodynamics.
Compact Time and Determinism for Bosons: foundations
Donatello Dolce
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s10701-010-9485-4
Abstract: Free bosonic fields are investigated at a classical level by imposing their characteristic de Broglie periodicities as constraints. In analogy with finite temperature field theory and with extra-dimensional field theories, this compactification naturally leads to a quantized energy spectrum. As a consequence of the relation between periodicity and energy arising from the de Broglie relation, the compactification must be regarded as dynamical and local. The theory, whose fundamental set-up is presented in this paper, turns out to be consistent with special relativity and in particular respects causality. The non trivial classical dynamics of these periodic fields show remarkable overlaps with ordinary quantum field theory. This can be interpreted as a generalization of the AdS/CFT correspondence.
On the intrinsically cyclic nature of space-time in elementary particles
Donatello Dolce
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/343/1/012031
Abstract: We interpret the relativistic quantum behavior of elementary particles in terms of elementary cycles. This represents a generalization of the de Broglie hypothesis of intrinsically "periodic phenomenon", also known as "de Broglie internal clock". Similarly to a "particle in a box" or to a "vibrating string", the constraint of intrinsic periodicity represents a semi-classical quantization condition, with remarkable formal correspondence to ordinary relativistic quantum mechanics. In this formalism the retarded local variations of four-momentum characterizing relativistic interactions can be equivalently expressed in terms of retarded local modulations of de Broglie space-time periodicity, revealing a geometrodynamical nature of gauge interaction.
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