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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36187 matches for " Margarita; Fernández "
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Técnicas constructivas, comunidades locales y poderes feudales
Fernández Mier, Margarita
Arqueología de la Arquitectura , 2003,
Abstract: This article makes a first approach to constructive techniques present in a series of valleys in the west of Asturias between the 11th and 13th century, relating them to the technical level of hill communities where the constructions are found and with the feudal powers that finance them. This has made it possible to prove the existence of a very similar technical environment throughout the area, as the majority of cases are works carried out with labourers’ techniques, restricting stonemason work to very specific elements within the buildings. En este artículo se realiza un primer acercamiento a las técnicas constructivas presentes en una serie de valles del occidente de Asturias entre los siglos XI-XIII, relacionándolas con el nivel técnico de las comunidades aldeanas en las que se localizan las construcciones y con los poderes feudales que las financian. Esto ha permitido constatar un ambiente técnico muy similar en toda la zona, siendo en la mayoría de los casos obras ejecutadas con técnicas de alba il, restringiéndose los trabajos de cantería a elementos muy concretos dentro de las edificaciones.
La medición del impacto de los servicios de información: una necesidad y un reto
Pérez Fernández,Ana Margarita;
ACIMED , 2007,
Abstract: the evaluation of information units is a need and a challenge for its constant improvement. the evaluation of the impact of the information institutions allows the measurement of the results of its work from the social point of view. a series of theoretical aspects related to the assessment of the impact on this type of institution, as well as the real possibilities of its determination, is exposed.
Preocupaciones éticas del profesional de la información
Pérez Fernández,Ana Margarita;
ACIMED , 2006,
Abstract: some theoretical considerations on the concepts of moral, ethics, and professional ethics are presented, making emphasis on the topic of ethics in library science and information science. some of the concerns about ethics in this professional sphere that may be found in the available bibliography are approached. the differences and similarities found are specified.
Evaluación del programa de tratamiento de lactantes en riesgo nutricional en la Región Metropolitana
Fernández A.,Margarita; Atalah S.,Eduardo;
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2001, DOI: 10.4067/S0370-41062001000400007
Abstract: in 1993 the ministry of health changed the diagnostic criteria and defined new regulations for treating children at risk of malnutrition. objective: to evaluate the impact and factors associated with the nutritional evolution of babies enrolled in this programme. patients and methods: a retrospective study of a cohort of 174 babies, aged between 6 and 18 months, treated at 6 outpatient departments in santiago. using clinical files the nutritional evolution and recovery rate were assessed using: a) biomedical history (birth weight, age of enrolment, co-morbidity, milk feeding and weaning), b) compliance with treatment and quality of attention, c) social characteristics of the home (age and education formal of the mother and conjugal status). we describe the model that best explains the nutritional evolution using multivariate analysis. results: 42.47% of at risk babies for weight/height regained a normal nutritional status, 15.9% deteriorated, without differences in the ratio weight/height compared to that of enrollment. factors best explaining the evolution were maternal age (or 1.8 ci 1.8-3.4 p < 0.05 in women less than 25), and conjugal status (or 3.0 ci 1.5-6.0 p < 0.001 for solitary mothers or with an unstable conjugal status). conclusions: the programme had little effect on the nutritional recuperation of the child. it is necessary to revise some of the protocol and to improve the quality of the supplements used.
Calidad de la atención de los menores de dos a?os controlados en el programa de riesgo de desnutrir en el Gran Santiago
Fernández A.,Margarita; Atalah S.,Eduardo;
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0370-41062000000600004
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the accomplishment of ministerial norms in the diagnosis and treatment of children at risk of malnutrition. patients and methods: a retrospective study of a cohort of 189 children aged between 6 and 18 months in the metropolitan area with a weight for age index between -1 and -2 sd. using medical records the percentage of children fulfilling ministerial norms were evaluated in three health services. an attention quality index including 14 activities defined by the norms was made and the nutritional evolution during the intervention period was evaluated. results: 35% of children received their 1st atention within the time stipulated. 3 out of 6 activities considered in the diagnosis obtained a high accomplishment. being less in parents anthropometry (23%), analysis of socio-economic status (57%) and morbidity (65%). good accomplishment of treatment norms was proven except for home visits (7%), referrals (54%) and social consultations (60%). there were significant differences between health services, p < 0.001. the average attention quality index was 10.4 + 1.7, the maximum being 14. only 45% of cases had a satisfactory outcome. conclusion: there is low accomplishment of certain activities of ministerial norms that must improve with greater training and supervision. some aspects of these norms should be reviewed and modified
Evaluación del programa de tratamiento de lactantes en riesgo nutricional en la Región Metropolitana Evaluation of a programme treating babies with nutritional risk in the Metropolitan Region
Margarita Fernández A.,Eduardo Atalah S.
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2001,
Abstract: Antecedentes: en 1993 el Ministerio de Salud cambió los criterios de diagnóstico y definió nuevas normas para el tratamiento de los ni os con riesgo de desnutrir. Objetivo: evaluar el impacto y los factores asociados a la evolución nutricional de lactantes beneficiarios del programa de tratamiento del riesgo de desnutrir. Pacientes y método: estudio retrospectivo de una cohorte de 174 lactantes de 6 a 18 meses de edad intervenidos en 6 Consultorios de Santiago. A partir de los registros clínicos se evaluó evolución nutricional y tasa de recuperación en función de: a) antecedentes biomédicos (peso de nacimiento, edad de ingreso, morbilidad, lactancia, ingesta); b) cumplimiento de normas de tratamiento y calidad de la atención; y c) características sociales de los hogares (edad y escolaridad de la madre, tipo de unión). Se exploró el modelo que mejor explicara la evolución nutricional mediante análisis multivariado. Resultados: el 42,47% de los ni os en riesgo por peso/edad recuperó el estado nutricional, mientras que el 15,9% lo deterioró, sin diferencias en función de la relación peso/talla al ingreso. Los factores que mejor explicaron la evolución nutricional fueron edad de la madre (OR 1,8 IC 1,0-3,4 p < 0,05 en mujeres menores de 25 a os) y tipo de unión (OR 3,0 IC 1,5-6,0 p < 0,001 para madres solas o con unión inestable). Conclusiones: el programa tiene un bajo efecto en la recuperación nutricional; es necesario revisar algunas normas de tratamiento y mejorar la calidad nutricional del suplemento utilizado. In 1993 the Ministry of Health changed the diagnostic criteria and defined new regulations for treating children at risk of malnutrition. Objective: to evaluate the impact and factors associated with the nutritional evolution of babies enrolled in this programme. Patients and Methods: a retrospective study of a cohort of 174 babies, aged between 6 and 18 months, treated at 6 outpatient departments in Santiago. Using clinical files the nutritional evolution and recovery rate were assessed using: a) biomedical history (birth weight, age of enrolment, co-morbidity, milk feeding and weaning), b) compliance with treatment and quality of attention, c) social characteristics of the home (age and education formal of the mother and conjugal status). We describe the model that best explains the nutritional evolution using multivariate analysis. Results: 42.47% of at risk babies for weight/height regained a normal nutritional status, 15.9% deteriorated, without differences in the ratio weight/height compared to that of enrollment. Factors best explaining t
Calidad de la atención de los menores de dos a os controlados en el programa de riesgo de desnutrir en el Gran Santiago Quality of the nutritional attention in children under 2 years old enrolled in the "risk of malnutrition programme" in Santiago, Chile
Margarita Fernández A.,Eduardo Atalah S.
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2000,
Abstract: Objetivo: evaluar el cumplimiento de las normas del Ministerio de Salud de diagnóstico y tratamiento del lactante con riesgo de desnutrir. Material y método: estudio retrospectivo de una cohorte de 189 lactantes de 6 a 18 meses de edad con peso para la edad entre -1 y -2 DE. Se evaluó el cumplimiento de las normas ministeriales en tres Servicios de Salud y se construyó un índice de calidad de atención incluyendo 14 actividades. Resultados: 35% de los ni os recibió su primera atención nutricional en el plazo estipulado. Se observó un cumplimiento superior al 85% en tres de las 6 acciones normadas en el diagnóstico, siendo menor para antropometría de los padres (23%), análisis de la situación socioeconómica (57%) y de la morbilidad (65%). Se comprobó buen cumplimiento de las normas de tratamiento, salvo en visitas domiciliarias (7%), derivaciones (54%) y consulta social (60%). La antropometría de los padres y el plazo para la primera atención mostraron diferencias significativas por servicios de salud (p < 0,001). El índice promedio de calidad de atención fue 10,4 ± 1,7 sobre un máximo de 14. La tasa de recuperación del riesgo nutricional fue inferior al 50%. Conclusiones: existe un bajo cumplimiento de algunas actividades, déficit en la oportunidad de atención, ausencia de un enfoque más preventivo y de una política de seguimiento de casos críticos. Se pueden mejorar las deficiencias observadas con mayor autonomía, capacitación, auditoría, coordinación y supervisión. Objective: to evaluate the accomplishment of ministerial norms in the diagnosis and treatment of children at risk of malnutrition. Patients and methods: a retrospective study of a cohort of 189 children aged between 6 and 18 months in the Metropolitan area with a weight for age index between -1 and -2 SD. Using medical records the percentage of children fulfilling ministerial norms were evaluated in three health services. An attention quality index including 14 activities defined by the norms was made and the nutritional evolution during the intervention period was evaluated. Results: 35% of children received their 1st atention within the time stipulated. 3 out of 6 activities considered in the diagnosis obtained a high accomplishment. Being less in parents anthropometry (23%), analysis of socio-economic status (57%) and morbidity (65%). Good accomplishment of treatment norms was proven except for home visits (7%), referrals (54%) and social consultations (60%). There were significant differences between health services, p < 0.001. The average attention quality index was 10.4 + 1.7, the maxi
La medición del impacto de los servicios de información: una necesidad y un reto Measurement of the information services impact: a need and a challenge
Ana Margarita Pérez Fernández
ACIMED , 2007,
Abstract: La evaluación de las unidades de información es una necesidad y un reto para su constante perfeccionamiento. La evaluación del impacto de las instituciones de información permite medir los resultados de su trabajo desde el punto de vista social. Se expone un conjunto de aspectos teóricos, relacionados la valoración del impacto en esta clase de instituciones; así como las posibilidades reales de su determinación. The evaluation of information units is a need and a challenge for its constant improvement. The evaluation of the impact of the information institutions allows the measurement of the results of its work from the social point of view. A series of theoretical aspects related to the assessment of the impact on this type of institution, as well as the real possibilities of its determination, is exposed.
Preocupaciones éticas del profesional de la información Ethical concerns of the information professional
Ana Margarita Pérez Fernández
ACIMED , 2006,
Abstract: Se presentan algunas consideraciones teóricas necesarias sobre los conceptos de moral, ética y ética profesional, con énfasis en el tema de la ética en bibliotecología y en las ciencias de la información. Se aborda un conjunto de inquietudes que sobre la ética en esta esfera profesional se pueden encontrar en la bibliografía disponible, acotando las diferencias y similitudes detectadas. Some theoretical considerations on the concepts of moral, ethics, and professional ethics are presented, making emphasis on the topic of ethics in Library Science and Information Science. Some of the concerns about ethics in this professional sphere that may be found in the available bibliography are approached. The differences and similarities found are specified.
Dr. Raúl Leonel Castillo Rosix: estirpe de la estomatología cubana, una vida consagrada a su especialidad y profesor por excelencia
Limonta Vidal,Elena del Rosario; Fernández Oca?a,Margarita;
MEDISAN , 2012,
Abstract: the human qualities, professional attitude and revolutionary condition of a stomatologist from santiago are highlighted: dr. raúl leonel castillo rosix, who began his teaching career in 1964 as an assistant student in the dentistry school from havana university, where he graduated as a doctor in stomatology in 1965. during all his working life he has contributed with his example to the training of health professionals for cuba and the world. this biographical sketch constitutes a deserved homage to his teaching-assisting work during so many years and to the good performance in dissimilar administrative functions.
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