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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 40831 matches for " Marcos Alexandre Alves "
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O modelo estrutural do jogo hermenêutico como fundamento filosófico da educa??o
Alves, Marcos Alexandre;
Ciência & Educa??o (Bauru) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-73132011000100015
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to present the structural model of the game as a hermeneutic foundation of education. to do this we will reflect on the methodological dimension of philosophical hermeneutics and the method and form of education which happen through the experience of hermeneutics. while the analytical method, dialectical, synthetic experience is dissected and, therefore, eliminated from the game, hermeneutic experience is preserved and expanded, establishing itself as always open to new possibilities of thinking, knowing, educating and acting. in this sense, we aim to clarify the following question: to what extent and how fundamental is the game to education in this analysis of philosophical hermeneutics? specifically, we intend to clarify the role of the game for gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics and the influence of the playful character of the game in his contribution to education.
ética como filosofia primeira: sabedoria da paz/palavra em Lévinas = Ethics as first philosophy: wisdom of peace/word in Lévinas
Marcos Alexandre Alves
Acta Scientiarum : Human and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: O fio condutor deste estudo será o terceiro estágio do desenvolvimento intelectual de Lévinas, chamado período ético, desenvolvido, sobretudo, na obra Autrement qu’être ou au-delà de l’essence (1974). Mostraremos que a proposta filosófica de Lévinas consiste em uma tentativa de reconstru o da no o de subjetividade humana, perpassada por uma intriga ética entre o Mesmo e Outro, em que o Outro n o se reduz ao Mesmo. Neste sentido, propomos uma ressignifica o da raz o e do seu papel, a partir de um fundamento primeiro e anterior ao Logos grego que é ética. A raz o passa, ent o, de uma postura de apreens o e domínio (amor a sabedoria) para uma condi o de acolhimento (sabedoria da paz/palavra), desfazendo, assim, a ideia que a capacidade de conhecer implica apreens o e posse de dados. Defenderemos, portanto, que a ética tem a fun o de resgatar o sentido da raz o e da filosofia, através de uma nova maneira de situar a subjetividade como responsabilidade por Outrem e n o como anula o ou simetria deste pelo Mesmo. The thread of this study will be the third stage of intellectual development of Lévinas, the period called ethical, developed mainly in the work Autrement qu'être ou au-delà de l'essence. We will show that Lévinas’ philosophical proposal is an attempt to reconstruct the notion of human subjectivity, going through an ethical intrigue between the Same and Other, in which the Other is not reducible to the Same. Therefore, we propose a redefinition of reason and its role, from a prime fundament prior to the Greek Logos which is word (ethics). Reason then changes from an attitude of concern and domain (love of wisdom) into a condition for acceptance (the wisdom of peace / word), thereby undoing the idea that the ability to learn involves seizing and holding data. We therefore propose that ethics has the task of rescuing the sense of reason and philosophy, through a new way of situating subjectivity as responsibility for Others and not as a cancellation or symmetry of the Self.
A experiência hermenêtica como fundamentos do saber filosófico
Marcos Alexandre Alves
Princípios : Revista de Filosofia , 2011,
Abstract: O presente artigo analisa a passagem da hermenêutica metodológica à experiência hermenêutica como crítica e fundamento do saber filosófico. Inicialmente, apresenta a crítica da hermenêutica à absolutiza o da lógica matemática como estrutura da pesquisa e produ o de sentido na filosofia. A lógica matemática sedimenta a dinamica da vida do homem por n o estar aberta às contingências da existência, porém a vida do homem n o se compreende sob a forma da lógica matemática. Posteriormente, demonstra que compreender a dinamica da vida do sujeito pressup e uma hermenêutica filosófica, que interprete o verdadeiro sentido do humano. Essa compreens o hermenêutico-filosófica se estabelece mediante uma inter-rela o entre o sujeito e o algo a ser interpretado. Por fim, defende que a condi o de possibilidade dessa inter-rela o é a experiência hermenêutica, o que implica uma abertura ao que esse algo tem a dizer ao sujeito, tornando-se, assim, o ponto de partida da compreens o e fundamenta o do saber crítico-reflexivo.
Da hermenêutica filosófica à hermenêutica da educa o = From philosophical hermeneutics to hermeneutics of education
Marcos Alexandre Alves
Acta Scientiarum : Education , 2011,
Abstract: O presente artigo se estrutura a partir dos seguintes blocos temáticos: apresenta uma compreens o básica e introdutória da hermenêutica filosófica, bem como contextualiza seu surgimento e contraposi o; também analisa, especificamente, a contribui o das especula es filosóficas de Gadamer para a hermenêutica como compreens o; e, por fim, estabelece uma aproxima o reflexiva entre hermenêutica e educa o desde suas possibilidades compreensivas. This article is structured on four thematic blocks: presents a basic understanding and introduction to philosophical hermeneutics; contextualize their emergence and contrast; examine specifically the contribution of speculation for Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics as understanding; and establishes a reflective approach between hermeneutics and education from its comprehensive scope
Pedagogia da alteridade: o ensino como condi??o ético-crítica do saber em Levinas
Alves, Marcos Alexandre;Ghiggi, Gomercindo;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302012000200013
Abstract: this article establishes, from the thought of levinas, a connection between ethics and education. the paper presents a revaluation of western thought, from the critical to pedagogy of totality, taught by mastery of the same, to revise the primacy of teaching based on the technical-instrumental, and emphasizes, from the ethical rationality, new avenues to think and face the challenges of contemporary education, notably, the crisis marked by the unity of reason and the constitution of sovereign subjectivity. levinas's great contribution to education is the defense of another pedagogical modality, other mode of teaching, founded in welcoming and opening to the teaching from the alterity as a condition of knowledge critical and ethical.
Prognostic significance of tumor size in child osteogenic sarcoma
Matos, Marcos Almeida;Pimentel, Nilma;Leite, Alexandre Alves;
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-78522002000300002
Abstract: from 1995 to 1998, twenty seven pediatric patients were included in a prospective clinical study. their age ranging from 8.9 to 17.5 years old (mean 13.5), 20 (74%) were male and 7(26%) female, with a follow-up going from 3 to 39 months (average of 17). osteogenic sarcoma arises in knee (55.5%), ankle (26%), shoulder (11.1%), pelvis (3.7%) and hip (3.7%). tumors less than 12cm were considered being small ones, while those bigger than 12cm were considered large. .all patients were submitted to clinical, radiological, histological evaluation and graded by enneking(5) system (13 were iib and 8 were iiib); treated by chemotherapeutic agents, according to "brazillian protocol 91" and had a local surgical control. there were carried out 9 (42.9%) radical surgical interventions and 12 (57.1%) surgeries of limb preservation. according to lesion size, eight (38.1%) out of 14 (67.9%) patients with a tumor greater than 12cm died; in contrast, none out of 7 with tumor less than 12cm relapsed or died. authors have concluded that tumor size can be a good factor for prognosis indication, being low cost, simple, easy to reproduce and specially useful for taking pre-treatmente decisions.
Prognostic significance of tumor size in child osteogenic sarcoma
Matos Marcos Almeida,Pimentel Nilma,Leite Alexandre Alves
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2002,
Abstract: From 1995 to 1998, twenty seven pediatric patients were included in a prospective clinical study. Their age ranging from 8.9 to 17.5 years old (mean 13.5), 20 (74%) were male and 7(26%) female, with a follow-up going from 3 to 39 months (average of 17). Osteogenic sarcoma arises in Knee (55.5%), ankle (26%), shoulder (11.1%), pelvis (3.7%) and hip (3.7%). Tumors less than 12cm were considered being small ones, while those bigger than 12cm were considered large. .All patients were submitted to clinical, radiological, histological evaluation and graded by Enneking(5) system (13 were IIB and 8 were IIIB); treated by chemotherapeutic agents, according to "Brazillian Protocol 91" and had a local surgical control. There were carried out 9 (42.9%) radical surgical interventions and 12 (57.1%) surgeries of limb preservation. According to lesion size, eight (38.1%) out of 14 (67.9%) patients with a tumor greater than 12cm died; in contrast, none out of 7 with tumor less than 12cm relapsed or died. Authors have concluded that tumor size can be a good factor for prognosis indication, being low cost, simple, easy to reproduce and specially useful for taking pre-treatmente decisions.
EVALUATION OF LIMITATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT OF MILK QUALITY IN THE AREA OF PIRASSUNUNGA-SP Avalia o das limita es para melhoria da qualidade do leite na regi o de Pirassununga-SP
Alexandre de Azevedo Olival,Andrezza Alves Spexoto,Gustavo Berzuoli Mano,Marcos Veiga dos Santos
Revista Ciência em Extens?o , 2010,
Abstract: The objective of this research was to identify the principal difficulties to adequate milk producers in the micro region of Pirassununga to the rules of Normative Instruction no 51 (IN-51). For this purpose 87 interviews with milk producers from Pirassununga, Porto Ferrreira, Santa Cruz das Palmeiras and Aguaí were made, between July and August 2002 among the universe of 591 producers. The SSC and TBC of all the visited farms were analyzed (1 analysis per farm) showing as result that 21% of the producers in the micro region had problems with higher TBC values, considering the initial limits recommended by IN-51. As for the levels of CCS, 11,1% of the producers would be disqualified, showing that in such region the microbiologic quality is the main problem of the milk quality. The main difficulties for the improvement of milk quality are the refrigeration tanks (only 28,5% of the farms had equipments for refrigeration), the low level of knowledge on aspects related to the quality of the product (origin, related losses, preventive methods of mastitis and bacterial contamination), and the lack of sources of information to the producers. O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi identificar as principais dificuldades para a adequa o dos produtores de leite da microrregi o de Pirassununga à Instru o Normativa no 51. Para isso, foram realizadas 87 entrevistas com produtores de leite dos municípios de Pirassununga, Porto Ferreira, Santa Cruz das Palmeiras e Aguaí, entre Julho e Agosto de 2002, entre um total de 591 produtores. Foram realizadas ainda análises referentes à Contagem de Células Somáticas (CCS) e Contagem Bacteriana Total (CBT) do leite de conjunto de todas as propriedades visitadas (uma análise/propriedade). Os resultados demonstram que aproximadamente 21,0% dos produtores da microrregi o estariam com valores de CBT superiores aos limites iniciais impostos pela Instru o Normativa no 51. Com respeito à CCS, 11,1% dos produtores estariam desqualificados, demonstrando que, na regi o estudada, a qualidade microbiológica é o principal problema relacionado à qualidade do leite. Dentre as principais dificuldades encontradas para a melhoria da qualidade est o a falta de refrigera o do leite nas propriedades (somente 28,5% das propriedades possuíam tanques para resfriar o leite), a falta de conhecimentos específicos sobre aspectos relacionados à qualidade do leite (origem, prejuízos relacionados e medidas preventivas da mastite e contamina o bacteriana do leite) e a falta de fontes de informa o aos produtores rurais.
Dinamica folicular ovariana de vacas leiteiras no pós-parto após tratamentos com buserelina (GnRH) e cloprostenol (PGF2a)
Figueiredo Margarida Maria Nascimento,Fonseca Francisco Aloizio,Torres Ciro Alexandre Alves,Galimberti Ant?nio Marcos
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2000,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar os efeitos da administra o de 10 mig de buserelina (GnRH), mediante a presen a de um folículo ovariano com diametro 3 10 mm, associada a uma dose de 500 mig de cloprostenol seis dias após, ou de duas doses de 500 mig de cloprostenol (PGF2alfa) no 12o 26o dia após o parto, sobre a dinamica folicular e o restabelecimento da atividade ovariana cíclica em 15 vacas mesti as holandês-zebu, eqüitativamente e aleatoriamente distribuídas em três grupos de tratamento. Realizou-se a ultra-sonografia em dias alternados do 14o ao 26o dia pós-parto e em dias consecutivos até o final do segundo ciclo estral e coletaram-se amostras de sangue, duas vezes por semana, para determina o das concentra es de progesterona, pelo método de radioimunoensaio. Observou-se que, independente do tratamento hormonal, os segundos ciclos estrais pós-parto apresentam como padr o duas ondas de crescimento folicular, em que a emergência da primeira e da segunda onda ocorreu nos dias 0 e 10, respectivamente, e folículos dominantes da primeira onda podem persistir durante todo o intervalo inter-ovulatório, sem influenciar a dinamica folicular. O tratamento com duas doses de PGF2a reduziu em 20 dias o período de servi o e tendeu a melhorar o índice de concep o ao primeiro servi o, o que sugere possível efeito deste horm nio no eixo hipotalamico-hipofisário-ovariano de vacas pós-parto.
Costs, Prices and Results’ Management: A Study Conducted in Fruit Canning Companies Located in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil
Alexandre Vieira Braga,Marcos Ant?nio Souza,Clóvis Kronbauer,Daniele Gon?alves Braga
International Business Research , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v5n3p58
Abstract: This study aims to examine issues related to the management of inventory, working capital, pricing process and costs in companies operating in the fruit canning segment in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. The researched management practices have often been addressed in literature as instruments for achieving greater business efficiency and effectiveness. This empirical study was carried out in 2009 with the eight largest fruit canning companies domiciled in Rio Grande do Sul, those having annual revenues of more than R$12 million. Structured interviews were conducted with the financial managers of the studied companies. Data analysis involved the use of descriptive statistical and correlation techniques between variables. The principal results suggest that: (a) most companies form the stocks of inputs for short-term periods, given the limitations of working capital and debt; (b) most of them use cost system or some form of cost structure, employing traditional techniques for measuring and managing production costs; (c) mark-up, applied to total production cost, is the preferred method for calculating sale prices; (d) the most significant and relevant correlations were observed between the costing methods used and the adoption of the marginal contribution concept, as well as between costing methods and the break-even point technique; (e) many conceptual inconsistencies were identified in the responses, suggesting weaknesses in the professional preparation of those interviewed.
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