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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1439 matches for " Marcin Kapitaniak "
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Synchronous motion of two vertically excited planar elastic pendula
Marcin Kapitaniak,Przemyslaw Perlikowski,Tomasz Kapitaniak
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.cnsns.2012.12.030
Abstract: The dynamics of two planar elastic pendula mounted on the horizontally excited platform have been studied. We give evidence that the pendula can exhibit synchronous oscillatory and rotation motion and show that stable in-phase and anti-phase synchronous states always co-exist. The complete bifurcational scenario leading from synchronous to asynchronous motion is shown. We argue that our results are robust as they exist in the wide range of the system parameters.
Using chaos synchronization to estimate the largest lyapunov exponent of nonsmooth systems
Andrzej Stefanski,Tomasz kapitaniak
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society , 2000, DOI: 10.1155/s1026022600000200
Abstract: We describe the method of estimation of the largest Lyapunov exponent of nonsmooth dynamical systems using the properties of chaos synchronization. The method is based on the coupling of two identical dynamical systems and is tested on two examples of Duffing oscillator: (i) with added dry friction, (ii) with impacts.
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) ecosystem macronutrients budget on reclaimed mine sites—stand trees supply and stability  [PDF]
Marcin Pietrzykowski
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.26074
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the sources, accumulation rate and relationships between macronutrients in reclaimed mine soils (RMS) and aboveground plant biomass on external slopes of lignite mines in central Poland. The study was conducted on two different types of sites with 10-year-old Scots (Pinus sylvestris L.) pine stands located on Quaternary loamy sands (QLS) and on Tertiary acidic carboniferous sands following neutralisation (TCS). The control plot was located in the same vicinity on an external slope in a natural pine ecosystem on a Haplic Podzol in a young mixed coniferous forest habitat (NPE). The nutrient resources, apart from N, were higher in RMS than in comparable Haplic Podzols, however, N primarily accumulated in the mineral horizons. In forest soils, the main macronutrient resources were accumulated in organic horizons, which in natural soils of coniferous forest habitats constitute the main source of nutrients. The proportion of individual macronutrients accumulated in the biomass vs. pools in soil was much lower on the external slope RMS than in the natural site, which in view of the potential richness of RMS, indicated poorer sorption and utilization of macronutrients in aboveground plant biomass than in natural habitats. Other important linear correlations (p = .05) were found between the sources of nutrients in RMS and elements accumulated in biomass (most clearly in case of K, Ca and Mg), which indicates important relationships between soil and vegetation in the first stages of ecosystem development as stimulated by reclamation.
Labor Productivity Parity vs Trend of Exchange Rate  [PDF]
Marcin Jedrzejczyk
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.36099
Abstract: Translation, understood as a process of restating the value from a particular currency to another currency, is based on the market exchange rate. So in practice, almost every value in terms of goods, assets, liabilities, and wages is converted to US dollars according to the current exchange rate. A fundamental method of translation was originated by Balassa and Samuelson in 1964 who explained that the main driver of the exchange rate is productivity, which is higher in developed countries and lower in poor countries. That is why these differences must be eliminated in order to make the exchange rate useful. However, different research verifying the Balassa-Samuelson approach, especially in the long run, had revealed some inconsistencies. Recently the Balassa-Samuelson theory has been enriched by more precise determination of productivity; specifically, an appropriate ratio for the translation procedure has appeared labor productivity Q defined as quotient of real GDP to cost of labor. The main aim of the paper is to present statistical verification of labor productivity parity as the main driver of the exchange rate. In the research, there will be an estimation of parameters of linear function in which the dependent variable represents the average exchange rate for the period between a particular country and the USA, and the independent variable is the average hourly pay quotient modified by labor productivity parity. If the linear function parameters describe the y = x relation, the theory of labor productivity as the determinant of exchange rate behavior will be confirmed.
Cosmic Engineering: Moving Asteroids  [PDF]
Marcin Misiak
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2013.34060
Abstract:

This paper presents methods of orbit transfer for small planetoids from the main belt to the future colonies on Mars using current technologies. The results show that by using nuclear weapon or even kinetic energy weapon (for retrograde bodies) asteroids with masses up to about 100 tons can be moved. Both options assume that asteroid will survive explosion.

Evolutionary Algorithms in Astrodynamics  [PDF]
Marcin Misiak
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2016.64035
Abstract:

This paper presents the method of solving the equations of motions by evolutionary algorithms. Starting from random trajectory, the solution is obtained by accepting the mutation if it leads to a better approximations of Newtons second law. The general method is illustrated by finding trajectory to the Moon.

Analysis of transition between different ringing schemes of the church bell
Piotr Brzeski,Tomasz Kapitaniak,Przemyslaw Perlikowski
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we investigate dynamics of church bells, characterize their most common working regimes and investigate how to obtain them. To simulate the behavior of the yoke-bell-clapper system we use experimentally validated hybrid dynamical model developed basing on the detailed measurements of the biggest bell in the Cathedral Basilica of St Stanislaus Kostka, Lodz, Poland. We introduce two parameters that describes the yoke design and the propulsion mechanism and analyze their influence on the systems' dynamics. We develop two-parameter diagrams that allow to asses conditions that ensures proper and smooth operation of the bell. Similar charts can be calculated for any existing or non-existing bell and used when designing its mounting and propulsion. Moreover, we propose simple and universal launching procedure that allows to decrease the time that is needed to reach given attractor. Presented results are robust and indicate methods to increase the chance that the instrument will operate properly and reliably regardless of changes in working conditions.
Potential for carbon sequestration in reclaimed mine soil on reforested surface mining areas in Poland  [PDF]
Marcin Pietrzykowski, Wojciech Krzaklewski
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.29124
Abstract: Reclaimed mine soils (RMS) which develop on post-mining sites play significant role in Carbon sequestration in new ecosystems, especially in local range on areas disturbed by human activity. This study presents the potential for Carbon sequestration in RMS developing on 3 post sur- face mining areas in Poland (Central Europe) reforested with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L). Research was conducted on waste heaps and quarry which accompany open cast lignite, sul- fur, and sand mining. Control plots were arrang- ed in managed pine forests on natural sites in the surrounding area. The results shows high Carbon accumulation in RMS, estimated on 16.77 Mg?ha-1 in poor (oligotrofic) soils on Quaternary sands on sand quarry and up to 65.03 Mg?ha-1 on external waste heap after Sulfur sur- face mining exploitation on Quaternary sands mixed with Tertiary clays. These results were very similar to natural forest soils on control plots. Potential rate of Carbon sequestration in RMS was estimated on 0.73 (on the poorest sa- ndy soils on quarry) to 2.17 Mg?ha-1?yr-1 (on potentially abundant sandy-clayish soils on Sulfur waste heap), and 5.26 Mg?ha-1?yr-1 (on Tertiary sands substrate soils on lignite mining waste heap). In conslusion the average Carbon accu- mulation in RMS was estimated on 41 Mg?ha-1 and Carbon sequestration rate was 1.45 Mg? ha-1?yr-1. According to the result of this study and range of post-mining areas reclaimed to forestry in Poland (ca 15000 ha) total Carbon accumulation in RMS was estimated on 615 × 103 Mg and potential Carbon sequestration rate in new ecosystems on 21.75 × 103 Mg?ha-1?yr-1. However, the main factors affecting Carbon sequestration and protection in RMS under tree stand were substrate, percentage of clay and silt sized fraction, in order to formulate guidelines for sustainable management of post-mining ec- osystem, further study must be continue for be- tter understanding.
Potential for carbon sequestration in reclaimed mine soil on reforested surface mining areas in Poland  [PDF]
Marcin Pietrzykowski,Wojciech Krzaklewski
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2009.29124
Abstract: Reclaimed mine soils (RMS) which develop on post-mining sites play significant role in Carbon sequestration in new ecosystems, especially in local range on areas disturbed by human activity. This study presents the potential for Carbon sequestration in RMS developing on 3 post sur- face mining areas in Poland (Central Europe) reforested with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L). Research was conducted on waste heaps and quarry which accompany open cast lignite, sul- fur, and sand mining. Control plots were arrang- ed in managed pine forests on natural sites in the surrounding area. The results shows high Carbon accumulation in RMS, estimated on 16.77 Mg?ha-1 in poor (oligotrofic) soils on Quaternary sands on sand quarry and up to 65.03 Mg?ha-1 on external waste heap after Sulfur sur- face mining exploitation on Quaternary sands mixed with Tertiary clays. These results were very similar to natural forest soils on control plots. Potential rate of Carbon sequestration in RMS was estimated on 0.73 (on the poorest sa- ndy soils on quarry) to 2.17 Mg?ha-1?yr-1 (on potentially abundant sandy-clayish soils on Sulfur waste heap), and 5.26 Mg?ha-1?yr-1 (on Tertiary sands substrate soils on lignite mining waste heap). In conslusion the average Carbon accu- mulation in RMS was estimated on 41 Mg?ha-1 and Carbon sequestration rate was 1.45 Mg? ha-1?yr-1. According to the result of this study and range of post-mining areas reclaimed to forestry in Poland (ca 15000 ha) total Carbon accumulation in RMS was estimated on 615 × 103 Mg and potential Carbon sequestration rate in new ecosystems on 21.75 × 103 Mg?ha-1?yr-1. However, the main factors affecting Carbon sequestration and protection in RMS under tree stand were substrate, percentage of clay and silt sized fraction, in order to formulate guidelines for sustainable management of post-mining ec- osystem, further study must be continue for be- tter understanding.
Blowout bifurcation of chaotic saddles
Tomasz Kapitaniak,Ying-Cheng Lai,Celso Grebogi
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society , 1998, DOI: 10.1155/s1026022699000023
Abstract: Chaotic saddles are nonattracting dynamical invariant sets that can lead to a variety of physical phenomena. We describe the blowout bifurcation of chaotic saddles located in the symmetric invariant manifold of coupled systems and discuss dynamical phenomena associated with this bifurcation.
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