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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 481997 matches for " María del Carmen; Rojas "
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Investigación psicoanalítica en la universidad
Jardim, Luciane Loss;Rojas Hernández, María Del Carmen;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2010000400010
Abstract: this article proposes to outline the essential differences in scientific research, starting from contemporary-rationalism, and psychoanalytic research. using this distinction, it is possible to determine the necessary conditions for psychoanalytic research based exclusively on psychoanalytic criteria, which aims to study the unconscious processes originating in the psychoanalytic clinic. we therefore try to describe the formalization of psychoanalytic research in the university context, which involves the description and conceptualization of the clinical case.
Precisiones teóricas sobre la subjetivación de la culpa en la mujer criminal // Theoretical precisions about guilt subjectivation in criminal woman
Jeannet Quiroz Bautista,María del Carmen Rojas Hernández
Affectio Societatis , 2011,
Abstract: En 1916 Freud escribe “Algunos tipos de carácter dilucidados por el trabajo psicoanalítico”, en el cual se desarrollan tres caracterologías que pueden ser leídas como tres momentos de la estructura del acto criminal en relación con la culpa. Esta conceptualización freudiana del criminal contrae problemas no sólo epistemológicos sino en el trabajo clínico dentro de prisión con mujeres, ya que, siguiendo la premisa freudiana, se podría pensar que la mujer estaría determinada a priori como una criminal excepcional, por lo que carecería de los elementos suficientes para experimentar culpa, y por lo tanto para dar un sentido a la sanción penal. Este trabajo propone un acercamiento a la subjetividad femenina buscando la posibilidad de hacer aportaciones al campo del tratamiento penitenciario a partir de la premisa sobre la imperiosidad de que, quien delinque, se asuma como sujeto responsable no sólo de sus actos sino de calidad de sujeto. // In 1916 Freud wrote “Some Character-types met with in Psychoanalytic work”, where three character-types, that can be read as three structural moments of the criminal act relating to the guilt are developed. This Freudian conceptualization of the criminal brings problems either in epistemology as in the clinical work inside women in prisons. Following Freudian premise, it is possible to think that women would be determined a priori as an exceptional criminal, reason why women would lack of enough elements to experiment the guilt; in that way, giving a sense to penal punishment. This work proposes an approach to the femininity subjectivity searching the possibility to contribute to field of penitentiary treatment, starting with the premise about the imperiousness that person who commits a crime accept him/her-self as a responsible of his/her acts and accept his/her-self as a subject.
Repensando de manera holística el riesgo de la vivienda urbana precaria para la salud: un análisis desde el enfoque de la vulnerabilidad sociodemográfica
María del Carmen Rojas,Norma Cristina Meichtry,María Beatriz Ciuffolini,Juan Carlos Vázquez
Salud Colectiva , 2008,
Abstract: El presente artículo plantea un enfoque para la determinación del riesgo que la vivienda urbana precaria conlleva para la salud desde una concepción holística fundamentada en el pensamiento complejo, la salud colectiva y la vulnerabilidad global, centrando el análisis en la vulnerabilidad sociodemográfica desde una perspectiva que integra las nociones de capital social, humano y físico a partir de los activos sociales y la estructura de oportunidades que poseen los hogares. Se propone un modelo conceptual que requiere la aplicación de una lógica de análisis compleja y no lineal para la determinación del índice de riesgo de la vivienda para la salud. El mismo trabaja con información de censos de población para la evaluación sociodemográfica y planillas de recuento de datos de gobiernos locales, para la valoración de la estructura de oportunidades.
Adenocarcinoma ductal infiltrante de mama en paciente masculino. A propósito de un caso
María del Carmen Correa,Néstor Gutiérrez,Claudia Rodríguez,María Virginia Rojas
Revista Venezolana de Oncología , 2005,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: Se presenta un paciente masculino, quien presentó un adenocarcinoma ductal infiltrante de mama, y quien fuera atendido en el Servicio de Cirugía 2, Servicio Autónomo Hospital Central de Maracay, Venezuela. CASO CLíNICO: Paciente masculino de 57 a os de edad quien inició su enfermedad actual 3 meses antes de su ingreso con nódulo de 1 cm de diámetro, retroereolar izquierda, no doloroso, el cual, tiene un crecimiento rápido hasta alcanzar 5 cm x 5 cm de diámetro. Posteriomente dicha lesión se ulcera, drenando exudado serohemático en moderada cantidad, motivo por el cual consulta y le realizan biopsia que reportó carcinoma ductal infiltrante. Se realizó mastectomía radical izquierda, evidenciando lesión ulcerada de 4 cm de diámetro que infiltra hasta aponeurosis del pectoral mayor. Además de plastrón ganglionar con ganglios de 1 cm de diámetro, de consistencia aumentada. DISCUSIóN: Se presenta el caso debido a lo infrecuente de encontrar adenocarcinoma de mama en un hombre. Los pacientes con cáncer de mama pueden ser sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos que van desde el extremo conservador de una tumorectomía hasta el opuesto de una mastectomía radical ampliada, dependiendo del criterio o preferencia del cirujano. SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: We present a masculine patient, who presented adenocarcinoma ductal infiltrante of breast, and who was attended in the Surgery Service 2, Autonomous Independent Service Central Hospital of Maracay, Venezuela. CLINICAL CASE: Masculine patient of 57 years old, who initiated his present disease 3 months before its entrance with nodule of 1 cm of diameter, at retroereolar left zone, non painful, which, it has a fast growth until reaching 5 cm x 5 cm of diameter. After this lesion was ulcerate, draining serohematic exuded in moderate amount, reason by which it, he consults and we made biopsy that report infiltrate ductal carcinoma. Left radical mastectomy was made, demonstrating ulcerate injury of 4 cm of diameter, that infiltrates until greater pectoral aponeurosis. In addition, fixed axillary’s lymph nodes with lymph nodes of 1 cm of diameter, of increased consistency. DISCUSION: We present this case due to the infrequent of finding an adenocarcinoma of breast in a man. The patients with breast cancer can be put under surgical procedures that go from the preservative end of a lumpectomy to the opposed one of a radical mastectomy, depending on the criterion or preference of the surgeon.
Autoagresión corporal entre los jóvenes del occidente de México: psicopatología y cultura
Rojas Hernández, María del Carmen;Avi?a Cerecer, Gustavo;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142009000400004
Abstract: this paper uses concepts of psychoanalysis and symbolic anthropology to analyze practices of physical self-aggression among urban youth in western mexico. here this practice is seen as a symptom of themselves and their society. this articulation is proposed from the point of view of eating disorders and the act of cutting one's own skin.
Brucelosis en el zorro gris pampeano (Pseudalopex gymnocercus) en la provincia de La Pampa (Argentina)
Fuchs,Lumila; Baldone,Valeria; Fort,Marcelo; Rojas,María del Carmen; Samartino,Luis; Giménez,Hugo;
Acta bioqu?-mica cl?-nica latinoamericana , 2009,
Abstract: brucellosis is produced by several species of brucella. brucella abortus causes abortion and reproductive loss in bovine cattle. in the epidemiology of brucellosis, aborted fetus and their fetal fluids are the main source of infection and dissemination. although the biological cycle and the disease consequences to domestic cattle have been widely studied, it is not the case with wild fauna. the objective of this study was to determine the serologic prevalence to brucellosis in the grey fox of the pampas (pseudalopex gymnocercus). to that purpose, 41 foxes were sampled in the centre-east area of la pampa province (argentina). blood samples for serologic studies were collected. a test of agglutination in microplate (sap), another sap with the addition of 2-mercapto-etanol (2-me) and a test of polarization of the fluorescence (fpa) were used for the diagnosis of antibodies against brucella abortus. for this, 17.1%, 14.7% and 11.8% was the prevalence found by fpa, sap and sap with 2-me. more studies will be necessary to know the role of foxes in disease transmission and maintenance as well as the consequence of the diseases in foxes.
Hidatidosis humana en Chile. Seroprevalencia y estimación del número de personas infectadas
Schenone,Hugo; Contreras,María del Carmen; Salinas,Patricia; Sandoval,Lea; Saavedra,Tirza; Rojas,Antonio;
Boletín chileno de parasitología , 1999, DOI: 10.4067/S0365-94021999000300006
Abstract: chile is located in the southwestern border of south america. the country is 4,329 km long and 96-342 wide. from north to south it is divided into five marked different biogeographical zones: deserts, steppes, bushes, forests (cattle raising) and austral (sheep raising). population (june1999) 15,017,760 (14.6% rural). human hydatidosis is endemic in chile. according to ministry of health information about 320 cases are registered each year. in order to find out the likely prevalence of human hydatidosis in chile,a series of serosurveys was carried out in 1988-1997 throughout the total country. by using the indirect hemagglutination reaction and elisa for hydatidosis (tests with good sensibility and specificity) 60,790 unselected apparently healthy persons: 41,399 from urban areas (16,428 blood donors, from 13,894 delivering mothers and 11,077 middle grade school children) and 19,361 from rural areas - from randomly selected family groupings-were studied. a total individuals 82 (136/100,000) resulted positive: 36 (87/100,000) urban and 46 (241/100,000) rural, being the prevalence higher in rural areas, particularly in the southern austral zone (mean 1068/100,00). these figures agree with those observed in clinical epidemiological studies. in conformity with the present results, in the whole country 17,002 individuals should have hydatidosis: 10,318 urban and 6,784 rural. all these possible infected people, not necessarily should present pathology in the future, as it has been observed in autopsies from unselected individuals, performed at the medico-legal service in santiago, in whom 71.3% of diagnosed hydatosis with hydatid cysts in many different locations, was an autopsy finding
Neosporosis y toxoplasmosis en la liebre europea (Lepus europaeus) en la provincia de La Pampa (Argentina) Infectious diseases and reproductive status in european hare (Lepus europaeus) in La Pampa province (Argentina)
Valeria Natalia Baldone,Lumila Ivana Fuchs,María del Carmen Rojas,Marcelo Cristian Fort
Acta bioqu?-mica cl?-nica latinoamericana , 2009,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la prevalencia a Neospora caninum (Nc) y Toxoplasma gondii (Tg) y conocer el periodo reproductivo de la liebre europea (Lepus europaeus) en la provincia de La Pampa (Argentina). Para ello se muestrearon 106 liebres procedentes de acopiadores de la provincia de La Pampa. Los sueros fueron analizados por un ensayo inmunoenzimático de competición para determinar anticuerpos a Nc y para Tg se realizó una prueba de hemaglutinación indirecta. Se encontraron 66 hembras, de las cuales 13 estaban pre adas, y 40 machos (p=0,01). Sobre un total de 44 sueros analizados para Nc, 5 (11,4%) dieron positivo. De los 106 sueros estudiados para Tg ninguno fue positivo. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of these diseases and to know the reproductive season of the European hare (Lepus europaeus) in the Province of La Pampa (Argentina). To that aim, 106 hares coming from different places from La Pampa province were sampled. .Nc antibody diagnosis was performed by means of a competitive enzimoimmunoassay (ELISA-c), and an hemo-agglutination indirect assay (HAI) for Tg were carried out to know the disease status. From the total of hares sampled, 40 were male, 66 female (p=0.01) and 13 (19.7%) of them were detected as pregnant. Nc sero-prevalence was 11.4% over a total of 44. From 106 sera analyzed by HAI no one was positive for Tg.
Brucelosis en el zorro gris pampeano (Pseudalopex gymnocercus) en la provincia de La Pampa (Argentina) Brucelosis in the grey fox of the pampas (Pseudalopex gymnocercus) in La Pampa province (Argentina)
Lumila Fuchs,Valeria Baldone,Marcelo Fort,María del Carmen Rojas
Acta bioqu?-mica cl?-nica latinoamericana , 2009,
Abstract: Brucella abortus (Br abortus) es una de las principales causas de abortos y pérdidas reproductivas en el ganado bovino. Los fetos abortados y sus fluidos fetales son la mayor fuente de infección. Es así como la enfermedad puede llegar a animales silvestres cuando ingieren esos tejidos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la prevalencia serológica de brucelosis en el zorro gris pampeano (Pseudalopex gymnocercus). Se tomaron muestras de sangre de 41 zorros de la región centro-este de la provincia de La Pampa, Argentina. Para determinar la presencia de anticuerpos específicos contra Br abortus se utilizaron las Pruebas de Polarización de la Fluorescencia (FPA), Seroaglutinación en Microplaca (SAP) y Seroaglutinación en Microplaca con 2-mercaptoetanol (2-ME). Sobre un total de 41 sueros procesados por FPA, en 7 (17,1%) se detectaron anticuerpos contra Br abortus. Sólo 34 sueros fueron analizados por las pruebas de SAP y 2-ME, encontrando 5 (14,7%) y 4 (11,8%) muestras positivas, respectivamente. Los resultados permiten inferir que el zorro gris pampeano es susceptible a infectarse con Br. abortus a una tasa de incidencia importante. Es necesario realizar futuros estudios para establecer el rol del zorro en la transmisión de la enfermedad y sus consecuencias en esta especie. Brucellosis is produced by several species of Brucella. Brucella abortus causes abortion and reproductive loss in bovine cattle. In the epidemiology of brucellosis, aborted fetus and their fetal fluids are the main source of infection and dissemination. Although the biological cycle and the disease consequences to domestic cattle have been widely studied, it is not the case with wild fauna. The objective of this study was to determine the serologic prevalence to brucellosis in the grey fox of the pampas (Pseudalopex gymnocercus). To that purpose, 41 foxes were sampled in the centre-east area of La Pampa province (Argentina). Blood samples for serologic studies were collected. A test of agglutination in microplate (SAP), another SAP with the addition of 2-mercapto-etanol (2-ME) and a test of polarization of the fluorescence (FPA) were used for the diagnosis of antibodies against Brucella abortus. For this, 17.1%, 14.7% and 11.8% was the prevalence found by FPA, SAP and SAP with 2-ME. More studies will be necessary to know the role of foxes in disease transmission and maintenance as well as the consequence of the diseases in foxes.
Identificación de los sitios de cría de Anopheles sp. durante parte de la estación seca en el estado de Jigawa, Nigeria Identification of breeding sites of Anopheles sp. during part of the dry season in Jigawa, Nigeria
María del Carmen Marquetti,Lázara Rojas,Muktar Mohd Birniwa,Haruna U. Sulaiman
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2007,
Abstract: Se llevó a cabo un estudio en todo el estado de Jigawa en la república de Nigeria durante noviembre-diciembre, parte de la estación de seca; donde la malaria es una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad, especialmente entre los ni os menores de 5 a os y las mujeres embarazadas. Este estado presenta 2 estaciones climáticas una seca de octubre a mayo y otra de lluvia de junio a septiembre. Se muestreó un total de 112 cuerpos de agua, solo 18 en 9 gobiernos locales resultaron positivos a mosquitos. Los sitios de cría identificados para Anopheles correspondieron a campos de arroz, peque o hueco en la tierra, pisadas de animales, peque os estanques, terrenos con pasto inundados y presa de tratamiento de agua, para un total de 10. Contrario a lo que siempre se ha reportado sobre la presencia de Anopheles en aguas limpias, se encontraron criando en aguas con alta polución que contenían heces fecales humanas y desperdicios de basura, representadas por alcantarillas abiertas en las localidades. A study was conducted in the state of Jigawa, Republic of Nigeria, from November to December in the dry season, where malaria is one of the main morbidity and mortality causes particularly in under 5 years-old children and pregnant women. This state had two climate seasons: dry from October to May and rainy from June to September. A total of 112 water bodies were sampled and just 18 in nine local governments were positive to mosquitoes. Breeding sites for Anopheles were rice fields, small holes in land, animal footsteps, small ponds, flooded pasture fields and water treatment dam, among others, to amount to 10 sites. Contrary to what has always been reported about the presence of Anopheles in clean waters, they were also breeding in highly polluted waters containing human faeces and garbage and located in open sewers. Key words: Breeding sites, Anopheles, malaria, Nigeria.
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