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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 471520 matches for " María Teresa Buitrago-Echeverri "
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Evaluación de efectividad del proyecto 'Cuidando a cuidadores de personas en situación de discapacidad'. Bogotá - segundo semestre de 2007
Buitrago-Echeverri,María Teresa; Santacruz-González,Martha Lucía;
Revista Ciencias de la Salud , 2010,
Abstract: the present paper presents the results of a transversal descriptive study which intended to estimate the contribution of the project "caring for those who take care of people with disabilities" in the areas of: strength of personal and group competences, self care, life project, dexterity in the care process of people with disabilities, and communitarian auto management; that was implemented in twenty urban areas with caregivers of the city of bogota in the year 2007. the study allowed the researches to acknowledge the little change perception that caregivers had in terms of self care, however, the caregivers perceived change in the four areas, although this were not statistically significant in comparison with the general population. there were only significant changes in the communitarian auto management area in 30% of the population. as a result, it is proposed that more extensive, continuous, and sustainable processes are implemented and that this process arises from contention spaces which can be created with the caregivers, from which they can be motivated to participate in other 'processes of collective and individual changes. also there's a need to rely on facilitators (professionals and change agents) who have stronger competences on the how to be and the how to interact competences, because there's a need to manage the psychosocial components in this group of people. also, we must make organizational processes and the social networks stronger, this is: collective actions are required, because disability is a social fact, and so, the individual issues are just a moment in the process of inclusion of the person with disability, his family and caregiver.
Evaluación de efectividad del proyecto ‘Cuidando a cuidadores de personas en situación de discapacidad’. Bogotá - segundo semestre de 2007
María Teresa Buitrago-Echeverri,Martha Lucía Santacruz-González
Revista Ciencias de la Salud , 2010,
Abstract: The present paper presents the results of a transversal descriptive study which intended to estimate the contribution of the project“Caring for those who take care of people with disabilities” in the areas of: strength of personal and group competences, self care, life project, dexterity in the care process of people with disabilities,and communitarian auto management; that was implemented in twenty urban areas with caregivers of the city of Bogota in the year 2007. The study allowed the researches to acknowledge the little changeperception that caregivers had in terms of self care, however, thecaregivers perceived change in the four areas, although this were notstatistically significant in comparison with the general population.There were only significant changes in the communitarian auto management area in 30% of the population.As a result, it is proposed that more extensive, continuous, andsustainable processes are implemented and that this process arisesfrom contention spaces which can be created with the caregivers, from which they can be motivated to participate in other ′processes of collective and individual changes. Also there’s a need to rely onfacilitators (professionals and change agents) who have stronger competences on the how to be and the how to interact competences, because there’s a need to manage the psychosocial components in this group of people. Also, we must make organizational processes and the social networks stronger, this is: collective actions are required, because disability is a social fact, and so, the individual issues are just a moment in the process of inclusion of the person with disability, his family and caregiver.
Detección de Helicobacter pylori en tejido aórtico humano mediante la amplificación del gen del 16S rDNA Detection of Helicobacter pylori in human aortic tissue through amplification of the 16S rDNA gen
María F Escobar,Darío Echeverri,Lorena Buitrago,Claudia Espitia
Revista Colombiana de Cardiología , 2005,
Abstract: Helicobacter pylori es un patógeno humano reportado de manera frecuente como responsable de afecciones gastrointestinales. En los últimos a os, se ha sugerido una asociación causal entre infecciones crónicas por varios patógenos, entre ellos Helicobacter pylori, y la génesis y/o progresión de la aterosclerosis. Aunque se han realizado varios estudios, no hay evidencia contundente de que esta asociación sea verdadera. El propósito de este estudio fue investigar la presencia de Helicobacter pylori en muestras de tejido aórtico de pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de ectasia anulo-aórtica, mediante la amplificación por técnicas de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) de un fragmento del gen del 16S rDNA de este microorganismo. Se analizaron muestras de ADN de tejido aórtico obtenido de 20 pacientes. Se procesó un fragmento de aorta con lesión aterosclerótica aparente y otro de una región aparentemente sana en cada uno de los pacientes. No se detectaron ácidos nucleicos de Helicobacter pylori en ninguno de los especímenes analizados. Los resultados del estudio sugieren baja o nula asociación entre Helicobacter pylori y enfermedad coronaria en nuestro medio. Helicobacter pylori is a human pathogen, frequently reported as responsible of gastrointestinal affections. During the last years, a causal relationship between chronic infections by several pathogens, among them the Helicobacter pylori, and the genesis and/ or progression of atherosclerosis, has been suggested. Although several studies have been realized, there is no conclusive evidence to assert this association. The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of Helicobacter pylori in aortic tissue samples from patients with clinical diagnosis of annulo-aortic ectasia, through PCR amplification of a gen fragment of the 16S rDNA of this microorganism. Samples of DNA aortic tissue obtained from 20 patients were analyzed. An aortic fragment with apparent atherosclerotic lesion, and another from an apparently healthy region, was examined in each patient. No Helicobacter pylori nucleic acids were detected in any of the analyzed specimens. The results of the study suggest low or null association between Helicobacter pylori and coronary disease in our environment.
Perfil sociodemográfico y clínico de los pacientes con lepra atendidos en el Hospital San Salvador de Chiquinquirá, Boyacá, durante el periodo 1951-1999
Buitrago,María Teresa; Casallas,Ana Lucía; Patricia Ortiz,Sandra;
Revista Ciencias de la Salud , 2003,
Abstract: the study objective was to describe the sociodemographic and clinic profile of hansen disease cases attended at the dermatologic outpatient?s department of san salvador hospital from 1951 to 1999 on the purpose of drawing up recommendations to eliminate leprosy as a public health problem in the country. a longitudinal descriptive study reviewed a total amount of 302 clinic dossiers covering 43 years of the programme. it was established that the patients? profile registered men, 39 average age, married, most of them from rural areas of boyacá, working in agricultural tasks. the average time between the symptoms and the diagnostic was 5.4 years. 98.2% of the patients showed prymary leprosy symptoms, most of them, neurologic and dermatologic. multibacilar forms predominated in 15 years old patients with a diagnosis by baciloscopy and in the paucibacilar ones, by clinics. monotherapy was the most used scheme, taken regularly. men showed more disability in hands, -both at the beginning and at the end of the treatment-, than the women. (ji: 14.23 p: 0.0000). the average time between the diagnostic and the treatment beginning was 9 days, while the total treatment average time spent 12.7 years. in 40% of the cases the denouement was unknown, 26.8% were reported as healed and 19.5% died. a young peasant with lepratosomic leprosy treated with monotherapy in long periods and higher disability in hands is the profile of patients in concordance with the sickness? behavior throughout the world.
Sociodemographic and clinical profiles in leprosy patients in the Hospital San Salvador de Chiquinquirá, Boyacá, during 1951-1999
María Teresa Buitrago,Ana Lucía Casallas,Sandra Patricia Ortiz
Revista Ciencias de la Salud , 2003,
Abstract: The study objective was to describe the sociodemographicand clinic profile of Hansen diseasecases attended at the Dermatologic outpatient’sdepartment of San Salvador Hospital from 1951to 1999 on the purpose of drawing up recommendationsto eliminate Leprosy as a publichealth problem in the country.A longitudinal descriptive study revieweda total amount of 302 clinic dossiers covering43 years of the programme.It was established that the patients’ profileregistered men, 39 average age, married, mostof them from rural areas of Boyacá, workingin agricultural tasks.The average time between the symptomsand the diagnostic was 5.4 years. 98.2% of thepatients showed prymary leprosy symptoms,most of them, neurologic and dermatologic.Multibacilar forms predominated in 15 yearsold patients with a diagnosis by baciloscopy andin the paucibacilar ones, by clinics. Monotherapywas the most used scheme, taken regularly.Men showed more disability in hands, –bothat the beginning and at the end of the treatment–,than the women. (Ji: 14.23 p: 0.0000).The average time between the diagnostic andthe treatment beginning was 9 days, while thetotal treatment average time spent 12.7 years.In 40% of the cases the denouement wasunknown, 26.8% were reported as healed and19.5% died.A young peasant with lepratosomic leprosytreated with monotherapy in long periods andhigher disability in hands is the profile of patientsin concordance with the sickness’ behaviorthroughout the world.
Detección de Helicobacter pylori en tejido aórtico humano mediante la amplificación del gen del 16S rDNA
Escobar,María F; Echeverri,Darío; Buitrago,Lorena; Espitia,Claudia; Delgado,María del Pilar; Jaramillo,Carlos; Maldonado,Javier D; Uma?a,Juan P;
Revista Colombiana de Cardiología , 2005,
Abstract: helicobacter pylori is a human pathogen, frequently reported as responsible of gastrointestinal affections. during the last years, a causal relationship between chronic infections by several pathogens, among them the helicobacter pylori, and the genesis and/ or progression of atherosclerosis, has been suggested. although several studies have been realized, there is no conclusive evidence to assert this association. the purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of helicobacter pylori in aortic tissue samples from patients with clinical diagnosis of annulo-aortic ectasia, through pcr amplification of a gen fragment of the 16s rdna of this microorganism. samples of dna aortic tissue obtained from 20 patients were analyzed. an aortic fragment with apparent atherosclerotic lesion, and another from an apparently healthy region, was examined in each patient. no helicobacter pylori nucleic acids were detected in any of the analyzed specimens. the results of the study suggest low or null association between helicobacter pylori and coronary disease in our environment.
Efecto de la actividad física controlada sobre la composición corporal de mujeres sedentarias posmenopáusicas
Calle,María Teresa Restrepo; Pe?a,Alcira Monroy de; Giraldo,Jaime Pérez; Echeverri,María Cristina Velásquez;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892003000900003
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the effect of a controlled physical activity program on the weight and body composition of healthy sedentary postmenopausal women. methods: from a group of 138 postmenopausal women volunteers, 18 of them were selected, using a survey that measured the frequency and intensity of their physical activity. these 18 women were classified as "sedentary," having an average daily energy expenditure (in terms of ml of oxygen per kg per minute) that was below 60% of the maximum oxygen consumption for their age. these 18 women underwent a general physical examination, laboratory tests, and spirometry to make certain that they did not have illnesses that would prevent them from participating in the planned controlled physical activity program. the activity program lasted 4 months, with three one-hour sessions per week. before and after the program the following characteristics were evaluated for each participant: weight, body fat, and the fatty area and the lean area of the arm, the thigh, and the leg. in addition, energy intake was determined based on a record of food consumption, with the frequency of the consumption of specific foods assessed semiquantitatively. the student's t test was used to compare the averages for all the measurements before and after the exercise program. when the variables did not have a normal distribution, the wilcoxon signed rank sum test was utilized. results: at the end the program we found a reduction of 1.2 kg in weight and of 2.0 kg in body fat, while the lean mass increased by 1.0 kg. also increasing were the lean area of the arm, of the thigh, and of the leg; the areas of fat in those parts of the body decreased. the differences were statistically significant for all the variables observed except for the lean area of the thigh. there were no significant differences between the women's energy intake at the beginning and the end of the program. conclusions: the controlled physical activity program improved the body compo
Efecto de la actividad física controlada sobre la composición corporal de mujeres sedentarias posmenopáusicas
Calle María Teresa Restrepo,Pe?a Alcira Monroy de,Giraldo Jaime Pérez,Echeverri María Cristina Velásquez
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2003,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Evaluar el efecto de la actividad física sobre el peso y la composición corporal de mujeres posmenopáusicas sedentarias sanas. MéTODOS: De 138 mujeres posmenopáusicas se seleccionaron, mediante una encuesta que medía la frecuencia y la intensidad de la actividad física, aquellas cuyo consumo de oxígeno (expresado en mL O2/kg·min-1) por actividades físicas era inferior a 60% del consumo máximo de oxígeno para su edad (sedentarias). De ellas se escogió a 18 que, según un examen médico general y pruebas de laboratorio y de espirometría, no presentaban enfermedades que les impidieran realizar actividades físicas. Estas mujeres participaron en un programa de actividad física controlada con sesiones de una hora tres veces por semana durante cuatro meses. Antes y después del programa se evaluaron el peso, la grasa corporal, y las áreas de masa grasa y de masa magra en el brazo, el muslo y la pierna de cada participante; la ingesta energética se determinó a partir del recordatorio del consumo de alimentos, así como de su frecuencia semicuantitativa. Se compararon las medias de todas las medidas antes y después del programa de ejercicios mediante la prueba de la t de Student y cuando las variables no tenían una distribución normal se utilizó la prueba de la suma de rangos con signos de Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS: Al finalizar el programa se observó una disminución de 1,2 kg en el peso y de 2,0 kg en la grasa corporal, mientras que la masa magra se incrementó en 1,0 kg. También aumentó el área magra del brazo, el muslo y la pierna, y disminuyeron las áreas de grasa en esas partes del cuerpo. Las diferencias fueron estadísticamente significativas para todas las variables observadas, con excepción del área magra del muslo. No se observaron diferencias significativas en cuanto a la ingesta energética de las mujeres al inicio y al final del programa. CONCLUSIONES: La actividad física controlada mejoró la composición corporal de este grupo de mujeres al disminuir los depósitos de grasa y aumentar la masa corporal magra.
FACTORES ASOCIADOS CON LESIONES NEOPLáSICAS DEL TRACTO GENITAL INFERIOR FEMENINO EN ADOLESCENTES DEL DEPARTAMENTO DE CALDAS
Nú?ez Rojas,Ariel César; Vallejo Gutiérrez,María Teresa; Ramírez Díaz,Myriam Astrid; Escobar Velásquez,Gloria Mercedes; Gallego Sánchez,Paula Andrea; Vélez álvarez,Consuelo; Cata?o Buitrago,María Yoana;
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud , 2008,
Abstract: this article presents the results of an epidemiologic analytical-descriptive study whose objectives were to examine and determine how biological and psychosocial factors are associated to the presence of neoplastic lesions of the lower female genital tract in a teenage population in the department of caldas. the study analyzed the distribution and frequency of the studied population in terms of sexuality, reproduction, cultural and psychosocial factors, and secondly, the interaction of risk factors in the occurrence of such injury. a sample of 269 women, selected after their involvement in educational sessions related to cervical cancer and breast cancer, was interviewed by means of a structured survey, which was filled-out directly by the researchers, with prior consent from the women. a cervical smear and a colposcopy were performed on each patient, confidentially handling the information. the data was analyzed taking into consideration the distribution and frequency of the variable categories, looking to determine the association of factors with the presence or absence of neoplastic lesions, when contrasted with the cervical smear and colposcopy results.
La representación del vestido en Santafé Virreinal.1739-1810
María Mercedes Herrera Buitrago
Memoria y Sociedad , 2005,
Abstract: The Santafe viceroyalty was a landscape in which a courtesan order was deployed, and the political, social, and moral implications involved every inhabitant without exception. The order needed to legitimize itself through a set of traditions and customs that, due to the inexperience of this young viceroyal, engaged a set of dispositions and generated fights and confrontations about clothing, making it the target of permanent vigilance. In its representations, it evidently laid a double connotation. On the one hand, it has a set of attributes that indicated attention and obedience to the worldly and heavenly hierarchies, and on the other hand, it was part of the social categories. In its representation the plurality of interpretations involved permanent productions of meanings, shifting in the changing power of social configurations and it opened up new paths to the attainment of virtue and nobility for inhabitants of Santafe.//Santafé virreinal fue el escenario donde se desplegó un orden cortesano cuyas implicaciones políticas, sociales y morales comprometieron a todos sus habitantes sin distinción. Dicho orden necesitaba legitimarse a través de las tradiciones y las costumbres que, a la inexperiencia de este joven virreinato, comprometieron una serie de disposicio nes en su adquisición y generaron pleitos y enfrentamientos sobre el vestido, haciendo de éste un objeto en constante vigilancia. En su representación se hizo evidente que recibía una doble connotación. De una parte, era un conjunto de atributos que indicaban atención y obediencia a las jerarquías terrenales y supremas, y de otra, hacía parte de las categorizaciones sociales. Un su representación, la pluralidad de interpretaciones implicó una permanente produc ción de significados, constituyéndose en un poder transformador de las configuraciones sociales y abriendo nuevos caminos en la consecución de los objetos anhelados por los santafere os, tales como la virtud y la nobleza.
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