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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 547148 matches for " María Silvia Carre?o "
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Características psicométricas de la CES-D en una muestra de adolescentes rurales mexicanos de zonas con alta tradición migratoria
Rosa María Aguilera,María Silvia Carreo,Francisco Juárez
Salud mental , 2004,
Abstract:
Relación entre el consumo de tabaco, salud mental y malestares físicos en hombres trabajadores de una empresa textil mexicana
Rodríguez Machain, Ana Carolina;Martínez Vélez, Nora Angélica;Juárez García, Francisco;López Lugo, Elsa Karina;Carreo García, Silvia;Medina-Mora, María Elena;
Salud mental , 2008,
Abstract: introduction tobacco use is considered a worldwide public health problem because of the amount of death and disease it causes. the who reports that 30% of the adult population in the world are cigarette smokers, and that nearly five million of these will die within one year. prospective studies performed by the who show that if current tobacco use continues, in 2020 there will be 8.4 million deaths due to tobacco-related diseases every year; seven out of 10 of these deaths will occur in emergent countries, like mexico. more than 53000 tobacco users die every year in mexico because of tobacco-related diseases, and at least 147 of these die daily. data from the national addictions survey (nas) 2002 showed that 26.4% of the people between 12 and 65 years old were active tobacco consumers; this amounted to nearly 14 million individuals. of these, 7.1% were under 18 years old. the number of tobacco consumers in mexico has increased from nine million in 1988 to 14 million in 2002. according to the nas, 52% of the users smoke on a daily basis, and 61.4% of them began smoking when they were minors. to know the actual consumption levels, it is important to consider some factors: the number of cigarettes a person smokes, the different situations where a person smokes, and the social and physical consequences of smoking. thus, it would be possible to develop a consumer classification (i. e. soft consumers, mild consumers, and hard consumers). there may be numerous causes for a person to be ill. when speaking about the harmful effects of tobacco use, the literature is clear in stating that these begin with the first cigarette smoked. however, it can take up to 30 years for a consumer to notice the damage on his health after his/her consumption began; but within the first ten years there are problems in lung function and in physical endurance. when a person starts smoking there are acute and unpleasant side effects that are rarely associated with smoked tobacco use. consumption
Vertebrar la Historia
María Carreo López
álabe , 2012,
Abstract:
Afectividad en madres de ni?os prematuros hospitalizados. Un mundo desconocido
Rossel C.,Katherine; Carreo,Tamara; Maldonado,María Estela;
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0370-41062002000100004
Abstract: introduction: prematurity distorts the normal expectations of parents in relation to the birth of their child. objectives: to describe the emotions, feelings and knowledge of the parents towards their premature baby during their hospitalization. patients and methods: using an open, voluntary personalized and anonymous questionnaire the objectives were measured. results: between 1998 and 1999, 40 mothers were interviewed, 25% were primigravid and 60% under 30 years. average birth weight was 1068 + 353gm, with 29 + 0.8 weeks of gestation. memories of labour provoked anguish, anger and frustration in 77%, including longer than 4 weeks afterwards. hospitalization generated fear, especially in regards to death, but in time the mothers became optimistic and happy although with uncertainty about the future of their children (80%). the most rewarding experience was to be able to participate actively in the care of their children (79%). conclusions: knowing the emotional burden of these mothers imposes the task of designing and applying strategies of parental support, e.g. promote the participation of in the care of their baby in order to diminish feelings of guilt and pain, to improve self-esteem and to enjoy motherhood
Afectividad en madres de ni os prematuros hospitalizados. Un mundo desconocido Affectivity in mothers of hospitalized premature babies: an unknown world
Katherine Rossel C.,Tamara Carreo,María Estela Maldonado
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2002,
Abstract: Resumen Introducción: La prematurez distorsiona las expectativas normales de los padres frente al nacimiento de su hijo. Objetivos: Describir las emociones, y conocimientos expresados por madres de ni os prematuros < de 1 500 g, durante la hospitalización de sus hijos. Pacientes y Método: Mediante encuesta voluntaria, abierta, personalizada y anónima se midieron los objetivos propuestos. Resultados: Entre 1998-99 fueron encuestadas 40 madres, 25% primigestas y 60% con menos de 30 a os. El peso promedio de nacimiento fue 1 068 ± 353 g, con 29 ± 0,8 semanas de gestación. El recuerdo del embarazo y parto provocó angustia, rabia y frustración en el 77%, incluso mas allá de cuatro semanas. La hospitalización generó temor, especialmente a la muerte, pero con el tiempo las madres se tornaban optimistas y alegres, aunque con gran incertidumbre por el futuro de sus hijos (80%). La experiencia más reconfortante fue participar activamente en el cuidado de su hijo (79%). Conclusiones: El conocimiento de la carga emocional de estas madres obliga al equipo de salud a intervenir e idear estrategias de apoyo parental, como fomentar la participación activa en el cuidado de sus hijos, ya que ellas necesitan disminuir sus culpas, el dolor, mejorar la autoestima y disfrutar la maternidad Introduction: Prematurity distorts the normal expectations of parents in relation to the birth of their child. Objectives: to describe the emotions, feelings and knowledge of the parents towards their premature baby during their hospitalization. Patients and methods: Using an open, voluntary personalized and anonymous questionnaire the objectives were measured. Results: Between 1998 and 1999, 40 mothers were interviewed, 25% were primigravid and 60% under 30 years. Average birth weight was 1068 + 353gm, with 29 + 0.8 weeks of gestation. Memories of labour provoked anguish, anger and frustration in 77%, including longer than 4 weeks afterwards. Hospitalization generated fear, especially in regards to death, but in time the mothers became optimistic and happy although with uncertainty about the future of their children (80%). The most rewarding experience was to be able to participate actively in the care of their children (79%). Conclusions: Knowing the emotional burden of these mothers imposes the task of designing and applying strategies of parental support, e.g. promote the participation of in the care of their baby in order to diminish feelings of guilt and pain, to improve self-esteem and to enjoy motherhood
Calidad de vida en mujeres que conviven cuatro o más a os con cáncer de mama, desde una perspectiva enfermera Quality of life in women who coexist four or more years with cancer of breast, from a perspective nurse
Paula Ruiz Carreo,María Pilar Almansa Martínez
Index de Enfermería , 2012,
Abstract: Se evalúa la calidad de vida (CV) en un grupo de mujeres diagnosticadas de cáncer de mama en un tiempo superior o igual a cuatro a os. Se trata de un estudio observacional, transversal y analítico que mide la CV según los cuestionarios QLQ-C30 y BR23. En las 24 mujeres participantes las dimensiones más alteradas son el estado global de salud, el funcionamiento emocional, la fatiga, el dolor, el insomnio, el placer sexual, la perspectiva de futuro y los síntomas asociados al brazo. Los resultados confirman que después de cuatro o más a os de diagnóstico, las mujeres participantes en el estudio describen problemas en todas las dimensiones valoradas en los cuestionarios aplicados, por lo que se propone desarrollar planes de cuidados enfermeros, centrados en las dimensiones más afectadas. There is evaluated the quality of life (QL) of the women by diagnosis of cancer of top or equal breast to four years; the diagnoses and the interventions being identified the most common nurses. I study observational, transversely and analytical on the QL according to the questionnaire QLQ-C30 and BR23. In 24 women participants the most upset dimensions are the global state of health, the emotional functioning, the fatigue, the pain, the insomnia, the sexual pleasure, the perspective of future and the symptoms of the arm. The patients with cancer of breast in spite of having passed four or more years from the diagnosis, continue reflecting problems in all the dimensions that are valued for the above mentioned questionnaires. It becomes necessary to elaborate a plan of elegant nurse to work the most affected dimensions of the QL.
Artritis por Parvovirus B19: Caso clínico Parvovirus B19 arthritis: Report of three cases
María ángela Carreo,Eduardo Wainstein,Patricia Abumohor
Revista médica de Chile , 2012,
Abstract: Parvovirus B19 infection is highly prevalent in children and the most common manifestation is a facial rash. In adults, acute polyarthritis and skin rash are often the presenting features. We report three patients with the disease. A 40-year-old female presenting with fever, myalgias and painful swelling of elbows, knees, wrists and feet, with functional limitation, after having a respiratory infection. Additionally, an erythematous skin rash appeared in both extremities. IgM antibodies against Parvovirus B19 were positive. The skin biopsy disclosed a leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The patient was treated with anti-inflammatory drugs and antihistaminics. A 40-year-old female, presenting with skin rash and pain in wrists and hands. IgM antibodies against parvovirus were positive. The patient was treated successfully with acetaminophen. A 38-year-old male with psoriasis, presenting with generalized and progressive polyarthralgia. A Parvovirus viral load determination found 239000 copies of the virus and IgM antibodies were positive. He was successfully treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Validación de un cuestionario breve para medir conductas alimentarias de riesgo
Unikel-Santoncini,Claudia; Bojórquez-Chapela,Ietza; Carreo-García,Silvia;
Salud Pública de México , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342004000600005
Abstract: objetive: to assess the validity and reliability of a questionnaire for the screening of risk eating behaviors. material and methods: the questionnaire was applied to female high school students in mexico city in october2002, as well as to a sample of eating disorder patients seen at the eating disorders unit of the national institute of psychiatry between september and december 2002. statistical methods included internal consistency analysis (cronbach's alpha) and factor and principal component analysis with oblique rotation. the cutoff point, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the questionnaire were determined using 2 x 2 tables. results: the questionnaire showed a high reliability (·=0.83) and a three-factor structure with 64.7% of the total explained variance. a discriminant analysis showed that almost 90% of cases were correctly classified. conclusions: this questionnaire is reliable and valid for assessing risk eating behaviors in the study population.
Validación del Eating Disorder Inventory en una muestra de mujeres mexicanas con trastorno de la conducta alimentaria
Claudia Unikel Santoncini,Ietza Bojorquez Chapela,Silvia Carreo García,Alejandro Caballero Romo
Salud mental , 2006,
Abstract:
Análisis y Control de Gestión de los Costes de Calidad en las Entidades de Crédito
Salvador Marín Hernández,María Fernanda Hernández Carreo
Revista de Contabilidad : Spanish Accounting Review , 2002,
Abstract: En el entorno actual en el que se desenvuelven las entidades de crédito es necesario la búsqueda constante de la denominada "excelencia en la gestión ", siendo un medio más para su consecución el desarrollo de la "filosofía de la calidad total", esto nos determina pues, una vez más, la necesidad de sistematizar una metodología adecuada que nos suministre la información necesaria en cuanto a los costes presentes y futuros de su implantación. En este trabajo se establece el tratamiento de los costes de calidad y no calidad que se pueden identificar en la actuación normal de las entidades de crédito, indicándose las pautas en cuanto a su adecuada gestión y adscripción económico - contable en el terreno de la información para el análisis y control de gestión de los costes de calidad en las entidades de crédito. In todays environment, in which Banks work, the constant search of the denominated "excellence in management" is necessary. The introduction and development of the "total quality philosophy" constitutes another mean in order to achieve the "excellence in management", making the systematization of an adequate methodoly able to give us information about the costs of its introduction and future development, necessary. In this paper we establish the treatment of the quality and non quality costs that can be identified in the normal activity of Banks; (establishing) the guide lines for their appropiate adscription from an economic point of view in the sphere of the information for the analysis and management control (accounting) of quality costs in Banks.
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