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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 475883 matches for " María Isabel Toledo Gutiérrez "
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Contribution of Qualitative Methods in the Validity of an Instrument which Measures Quality of Life Related to Health in Children Suffering from a Chronic Illness Der Beitrag qualitativer Methoden zur Validierung eines Instruments zur Messung gesundheitsbezogener Lebensqualit t bei Kindern mit einer chronischen Erkrankung Aporte de la metodología cualitativa en la validación de un instrumento de medición de calidad de vida relacionada con salud en ni os portadores de una enfermedad crónica
María Isabel Toledo Gutiérrez,Ana María Alarcón Mu?oz,Luis Bustos Medina,Felipe Heusser Risopatrón
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2009,
Abstract: Quality of life related to health (QLRH) is a multidimensional concept, which requires the elaboration of instruments through the combination of qualitative and quantitative methodologies in order to measure it. Furthermore, to use a QLRH measurement instrument designed in another country, it must first undergo a socio-cultural adaptation and validity process. In addition to these two moves, further special consideration is needed for patients who are children. This is because the different degrees of cognitive and emotional development in this age group have an influence on the dimensions of the construct of quality of life as well as on the capacity of respondents for giving autonomous responses during their evaluations, and so the qualitative phase of this process has special considerations which must be taken into account for children with a chronic illness. This article discusses how qualitative methodologies were used in the validation process of a measurement instrument of QLRH for children (8-16 aged) who suffered from a congenital cardiopathy. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0902257 Gesundheitsbezogene Lebensqualit t ist ein multidimensionales Konzept, für dessen Messung geeignete Instrumente erforderlich sind, die wiederum eine Kombination qualitativer und quantitativer Verfahren voraussetzen. Zus tzlich müssen Instrumente, die zun chst in anderen L ndern entwickelt wurden, einer sozio-kulturellen Adaptation und Validierung unterzogen werden. Und es sind weitere Schritte erforderlich, wenn diese Instrumente für Kinder genutzt werden sollen, dies zum einen, weil der kognitive und emotionale Entwicklungsstand in dieser Altersgruppe Konsequenzen für das Konstrukt "Lebensqualit t" hat, zum anderen beeinflusst er das Verm gen der Patient/innen zu unabh ngigen Urteilen – zusammengefasst sind sehr spezifische Arbeiten in der qualitativen Projektphase erforderlich, wenn es sich um Kinder, in diesem Fall mit chronischen Erkrankungen, handelt. In dem Beitrag wird gezeigt, in welcher Weise qualitative Verfahren zur Anwendung kamen im Prozess der Validierung eines Instruments zur Messung gesundheitsbezogener Lebensqualit t für Kinder (zwischen 8 und 16 Jahren), die an einem Herzfehler leiden. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0902257 Calidad de Vida Relacionada con Salud (CVRS) es un concepto multidimensional, que para medir, requiere de la elaboración de instrumentos a través de la combinación de metodología cualitativa y cuantitativa. Para aplicar un instrumento de medición de CVRS dise ado en otro país, debe someterse previamente a un proceso de adaptación sociocultural
The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity, Fear of Pain and Experiential Avoidance in Experimental Pain  [PDF]
Ana Isabel Masedo Gutiérrez, María Rosa Esteve Zarazaga, Stefaan Van Damme
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.28125
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate whether distraction is less effective when pain is perceived as threatening. Forty-one female undergraduate participants were assigned to distraction and not distraction conditions that consisted in performing a distraction task and the threat value of the pain stimuli was manipulated using instructions. AS, EA an FP were considered as covariates. Results indicated that distraction manipulation had a main effect on less pain intensity, more tolerance and less catastrophic thoughts. Interestingly, the covariate AS had a significant effect over tolerance and EA had an effect on distress and anxiety related to pain. These results suggest that AS and EA are distinct processes and that each could play a different role in the response to pain. Anxiety sensitivity involves behavioural avoidance, whereas EA is a rejection of the internal experience that contributes to an increase in emotional distress.
En Tecnoparque SENA nodo Medellín se fusiona la ciencia y arte
Montoya Carolina,Gaviria María Isabel,Gutiérrez Johana
Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología , 2012,
Abstract: Tecnoparque Colombia es una red liderada por el Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje-SENA para la promoción del talento humano, con compromiso hacia el desarrollo tecnológico, la innovación y el emprendimiento en Colombia. Ofrece gratuitamente las herramientas, la asesoría, la infraestructura y los expertos necesarios en un ambiente acelerador y de apropiación tecnológica, para el desarrollo de nuevas iniciativas de productos y servicios, que se puedan consolidar en empresas o nuevas líneas de negocio, fortaleciendo la productividad y competitividad del país. Las áreas tecnológicas en las que se enfoca la red son tecnologías virtuales, electrónica, dise o de producto, biotecnología, agroindustria y un componente transversal en emprendimiento de base tecnológica..
Paisaje patrimonial y riesgo ambiental. Reocupación cultural y turística del espacio postminero en Lota, Chile
María Isabel López Meza,Claudia Vidal Gutiérrez
Revista de Geografía, Norte Grande , 2012,
Abstract: Los espacios mineros decimonónicos y de principios del siglo XX, poseen cada vez mayor reconocimiento entre planifi cadores, como una particular forma de patrimonio. Sus impulsores se alan la importancia de los vestigios mineros como testimonios de la revolución industrial, y su signifi cancia para la identidad local. De igual modo, han promovido su reutilización para el turismo cultural. Por otra parte, previo a su reutilización, diversos riesgos ambientales presentes en estos territorios deben ser considerados. A partir del ex poblado carbonífero de Lota, el artículo identifi ca los principales elementos del patrimonio minero y los riesgos ambientales asociados. Los resultados permiten constatar la profunda vinculación existente entre las áreas de mayor valor patrimonial y las de riesgo ambiental y, por lo tanto, la necesidad de un abordaje integrado de los objetivos de puesta en valor y los de remediación. Todo lo anterior, como requisito para una reutilización sostenible del espacio minero en la fase postextractiva.
Representaciones sociales de los profesores de la UAM-X sobre la evaluación de la docencia e investigación
María Isabel Arbesú García,Silvia Gutiérrez Vidrio,Juan Manuel Pi?a Osorio
Reencuentro , 2008,
Abstract: En este texto se identifican, a través de la propuesta teórico-metodológica de las Representaciones Sociales (RS), ciertas percepciones, opiniones, imágenes que los profesores de la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Xochimilco (uam-x), han construido respecto a la evaluación que la institución realiza de su trabajo académico. Para el acopio de información se utilizaron dos tipos de instrumentos: 1) un cuestionario con preguntas de asociación libre y 2) un correo electrónico en el que se solicitó a los profesores que expresaran lo que para ellos significaba la evaluación académica a partir de sus vivencias. En el caso del cuestionario, en el cual se centra este artículo, las palabras más frecuentemente evocadas fueron organizadas en bloques semánticos, con la intención de realizar la jerarquización de los contenidos para ubicar el campo de la representación. Para apoyar algunos de los contenidos identificados por medio del cuestionario, se presentan ciertos argumentos que los profesores expresaron en los correos electrónicos.
El papel de los medios de comunicación actuales en la sociedad contemporánea espa?ola
BEGO?A GUTIéRREZ,; RODRíGUEZ,MARIA ISABEL; GALLEGO,MARíA DEL CAMINO;
Signo y Pensamiento , 2010,
Abstract: ?does tv today offer its audiences what they want to see or rather it offers the products considered most profitable? ?should we resort to ethics in order for them to offer quality products? mass media is in the hands of huge communication groups which in turn have their own political and ideological bonds, and the fight among them in order to get the attention of the audience is tv's driving force. nowadays, rather than speaking of 'information society' we need to speak of an "entertainment society". power is not so much the power of doing, i.e. political power, but rather the power of telling, the power to narrate, the power of the media. content is trivialized in the quest for discursive values that reach the biggest number of viewers, a quest which implies violating the fundamental rights of many other viewers. a population capable of manifesting a critical stand is less manipulable.
Aborto y Parlamento: un estudio sobre Brasil, Uruguay y Argentina
Rocha, Maria Isabel Baltar da;Rostagnol, Susana;Gutiérrez, María Alicia;
Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Popula??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-30982009000200005
Abstract: this article consists of a comparative study among three countries, namely, brazil, argentina and uruguay, concerning their legislations and the participation of many different actors regarding the decriminalization and/or legalization of abortion.this topic entered the public agenda of all three countries as part of their processes of democratization, which began in the 1980s. it also involved a number of other interventions, such as action by women's movements and positions taken by physicians' associations and other social actors during the 1990s and the first years of the 21st century. a number of interventions in the legislative sphere were studied (in the countries' senates and chambers of deputies), as well as strategies for public policies implemented by the executive branches, monitored by women's movements as they faced serious violations of human rights. the disrespect of such rights, consolidated in the constitutions of the three countries, especially affects women, who are the most vulnerable regarding rights to health and equality. in addition to inroads and setbacks during the period studied, the author also studied the importance of keeping the topic on the public agenda and in the media during the period mentioned above. the media played an important role both in promoting and de-legitimizing the right to abortion.
Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas contra el dengue promovidas por medios de comunicación de Costa Rica
Solís Ramírez,María Isabel; Quesada Quesada,Marylene; Gutiérrez Hernández,Irisella;
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2010,
Abstract: objective: to determine if the promote journalistic content written mediacollective costa rica contribute to strengthen the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the population in relation to dengue. method: the study covered 269 articles which were published over the years 2006, 2007, and 2008 in 12 written media. result: according to the analysis, knowledge on the dengue fever is reinforced in 66.6% of the stories, while only 33.39% of them promote attitudes and practices to help mitigate the impact of the disease in costa rica. conclusion: this research shows, following a content analysis, that costa rican written media highlight information against the dengue fever, reinforcing related topics with knowledge.
Factores de riesgo asociados al suicidio en Nari?o (Colombia): estudio de casos y controles
Mu?oz Morales,édgar Jhonny; Gutiérrez Martínez,María Isabel;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: the who has estimated that approximately 1,53 millions of suicidal events and more than 10 to 20 times of suicide attempts will occurred by 2020 worldwide. sustained rates of suicide exceeding the national average of 55% of these deaths mainly occurred in young people between 15 and 24 years, in the department of narino. this differs from the international pattern where suicide is predominantly in older adults. objective: to determine individual, family related and social factors associated with the occurrence of suicide in the department of narino. methods: a matched case-control study. a sample of 101 individuals, who committed suicide (cases), and 112 deaths from unintentional injury (controls), were matched for age, municipality of residence and date of suicide. the information for both (cases and controls) was collected from the nearest relative. a structured questionnaire -includes the psychological autopsy technique and screening of major psychiatric syndromes (depression, anxiety, psychosis, and psychoactive substance was used). results: in the study sample, 70% of both cases and controls were male. when examine the conditional logistic regression model, lack of religious practice, under 11 years of formal education, previous mental disease diagnosis, previous suicide attempt, presence of acute stress, and depression, are remained independent significant predictors to the effect on risk of suicide. conclusions and recommendations: this analytical study is one of the kind developed in colombia. this study provided evidence to develop a municipal youth suicide prevention program in pasto, nari?o.
Domestic violence surveillance system: a model
Espinosa,Rafael; Gutiérrez,María Isabel; Mena-Mu?oz,Jorge Humberto; Córdoba,Patricia;
Salud Pública de México , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342008000700004
Abstract: objective: to develop a domestic violence surveillance system. material and methods: the strategies included implementation of a standard digitalized reporting and analysis system along with advocacy with community decision makers, strengthening inter-institutional attention networks, consultation for constructing internal flow charts, sensitizing and training network teams in charge of providing health care in cases of domestic violence and supporting improved public policy prevention initiatives. results: a total of 6 893 cases were observed using 2004 and 2005 surveillance system data. the system reports that 80% of the affected were women, followed by 36% children under 14 years. the identified aggressors were mainly females' partners. the system was useful for improving victim services. conclusions: findings indicate that significant gains were made in facilitating the attention and treatment of victims of domestic violence, improving the procedural response process and enhancing the quality of information provided to policy-making bodies.
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