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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 492543 matches for " María Isabel Gutiérrez Martínez "
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Factores de riesgo asociados al suicidio en Nari?o (Colombia): estudio de casos y controles
Mu?oz Morales,édgar Jhonny; Gutiérrez Martínez,María Isabel;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: the who has estimated that approximately 1,53 millions of suicidal events and more than 10 to 20 times of suicide attempts will occurred by 2020 worldwide. sustained rates of suicide exceeding the national average of 55% of these deaths mainly occurred in young people between 15 and 24 years, in the department of narino. this differs from the international pattern where suicide is predominantly in older adults. objective: to determine individual, family related and social factors associated with the occurrence of suicide in the department of narino. methods: a matched case-control study. a sample of 101 individuals, who committed suicide (cases), and 112 deaths from unintentional injury (controls), were matched for age, municipality of residence and date of suicide. the information for both (cases and controls) was collected from the nearest relative. a structured questionnaire -includes the psychological autopsy technique and screening of major psychiatric syndromes (depression, anxiety, psychosis, and psychoactive substance was used). results: in the study sample, 70% of both cases and controls were male. when examine the conditional logistic regression model, lack of religious practice, under 11 years of formal education, previous mental disease diagnosis, previous suicide attempt, presence of acute stress, and depression, are remained independent significant predictors to the effect on risk of suicide. conclusions and recommendations: this analytical study is one of the kind developed in colombia. this study provided evidence to develop a municipal youth suicide prevention program in pasto, nari?o.
Factores de riesgo asociados al suicidio en Nari o (Colombia): estudio de casos y controles Risk Factors for Suicide in Nari o, Colombia: A Matched Case-Control Study
édgar Jhonny Mu?oz Morales,María Isabel Gutiérrez Martínez
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción: Según la OMS, en el 2020 aproximadamente 1,53 millones de personas se suicidarán y de 10 a 20 veces más lo intentarán. En el Departamento de Nari o (Colombia) se han venido presentado tasas sostenidas que superan el promedio nacional, y de estas muertes el 55% ha ocurrido en jóvenes entre los 15 y 24 a os de edad, un patrón de comportamiento que difiere del descrito en otras partes del mundo, donde predominan los suicidios de adultos mayores. Objetivo: Determinar los factores individuales, familiares y sociales asociados en la ocurrencia del suicidio en el Departamento de Nari o. Metodología: Estudio de casos y controles entre 101 individuos, quienes se suicidaron (casos), y 112 muertos por lesiones no intencionales (controles), apareando por edad, municipio de residencia y fecha del suicidio. La información se tomó del familiar más cercano, mediante un cuestionario estructurado -con técnica de autopsia psicológica y recolección de los síndromes psiquiátricos más importantes (depresión, ansiedad, psicosis y consumo de sustancias psicoactivas)-. Resultados: En la muestra, el 70% de casos y controles corresponden a los hombres. En el modelo de regresión logística condicionada permanecieron los siguientes predictores como efecto independiente en el riesgo de suicidio: falta de práctica religiosa activa, escolaridad menor de 11 a os, diagnóstico psiquiátrico previo, intento de suicidio previo, presencia de estrés agudo y depresión. Conclusiones y recomendaciones: Este estudio es uno de los pocos estudios analíticos realizados en Colombia. Además, con sus hallazgos es posible desarrollar un programa municipal de prevención de suicido en jóvenes de Pasto, Nari o. Introduction: The WHO has estimated that approximately 1,53 millions of suicidal events and more than 10 to 20 times of suicide attempts will occurred by 2020 worldwide. Sustained rates of suicide exceeding the national average of 55% of these deaths mainly occurred in young people between 15 and 24 years, in the Department of Narino. This differs from the international pattern where suicide is predominantly in older adults. Objective: To determine individual, family related and social factors associated with the occurrence of suicide in the Department of Narino. Methods: A matched case-control study. A sample of 101 individuals, who committed suicide (cases), and 112 deaths from unintentional injury (controls), were matched for age, municipality of residence and date of suicide. The information for both (cases and controls) was collected from the nearest relative. A structured question
El suicidio en Nari o: una mirada desde los observatorios del delito en cinco municipios del Departamento
María del Pilar Pe?a Silbato,Yamileth Ortiz Gómez,María Isabel Gutiérrez Martínez
Pensamiento Psicológico , 2009,
Abstract: El suicidio en Colombia es considerado de baja magnitud en relación con el promedio mundial. En la última década se ha observado una ligera tendencia al aumento, principalmente en algunas regiones del país, como en el departamento de Nari o. Para documentar este aumento se realizó un estudio descriptivo con los datos de los observatorios del delito de Pasto, Ipiales, Tumaco, Túquerres y La Unión, entre 2002 y 2007, municipios que reportaron 393 suicidios en este periodo. El 67.6% de los casos fueron en hombres, con una relación 2:1 hombre/mujer, promedio de 29 a os [DE +14.2]. El lugar de mayor ocurrencia fue la casa (70.9%). Los conflictos de pareja fueron reconocidos como el principal factor de ocurrencia, 22%. Los datos de los observatorios fueron usados para el desarrollo de un estudio de factores de riesgo, lo que permitió establecer una línea de base para evaluar y reorientar los programas que están siendo implementados a nivel departamental.
Sistema de indicadores comparables de convivencia y seguridad ciudadana: un consenso de países
Guerrero Velasco,Rodrigo; Gutiérrez Martínez,María Isabel; Fandi?o-Losada,Andrés; Cardona,Sonia;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892012000300011
Abstract: the region of the americas, with a homicide rate of 16.4 per 100,000 population (2004), is the second most violent region in the world, but public policy-making for the prevention of violence and crime is hampered by the absence of reliable and comparable data on the problem's various manifestations. this paper describes a 14-country initiative, sponsored by the inter-american development bank in part-nership with other regional agencies, to develop-collectively and by consensus- indicators for peaceful coexistence and citizen security that permit comparisons among countries, systematization of methods for the production and collection of pertinent data, the development of regional policies, and the dissemination and sharing of good practices. the selected indicators were homicide, death from road traffic injuries, suicide, death by firearm, sexual crime, family violence, child abuse, robbery, theft, vehicle theft and robbery, abduction, traffic offenses committed while under the influence of alcohol, general victimization, victimization by theft, victimization by robbery, perception of insecurity, perception of fear, confidence in institutions, and justification of the use of violence. for each indicator, agreement was reached on the type of measurement and the minimum variables that should be taken into account to have appropriate criteria for comparison.
Resultados de la vigilancia de la calidad microbiológica del agua de consumo a nivel de fronteras, 2007-2009 Results of the of microbiologic quality surveillance of drinking water at frontiers level, 2007-2009
Sergio Chiroles Rubalcaba,María Isabel González González,Isaida Domínguez Martínez,Jenny Velásquez Gutiérrez
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2010,
Abstract: Entre los meses de enero de 2007 y junio de 2009, se realizó la vigilancia de la calidad microbiológica del agua de consumo del Aeropuerto Internacional "José Martí" (AIJM) y el Puerto de La Habana (PH), principales puntos fronteras del país. En este período se analizaron un total de 456 muestras de aguas de estos 2 puntos, con la siguiente distribución (375 muestras del AIJM y 81 del PH). Del total de muestras analizadas, el 93,9 % estaba apta para el consumo según criterios de la NC 93-02:1985 Agua Potable, Requisitos Sanitarios y muestreo. Se consideran que estos resultados han sido satisfactorios y en los casos que se han detectado muestras no aptas (6,1 %) para el consumo, se ha dado la alerta y se han tomado las medidas rápidas y certeras para resolver el problema. Por otra parte, se recomienda implementar un plan de seguridad del agua en cada sitio para mejorar la vigilancia sanitaria a partir de un programa establecido. Between January 2007 and June 2009, it was carried out the monitoring of microbiological quality of drinking water from the José Martí International Airport (AIJM) and the Port of Havana (PH), which are the main borders of Cuba. In this period, a total of 456 water samples from these two points were analyzed, with the following distribution: 375 samples of AIJM and 81 samples of PH. A 93.9 % were suitable for consumption according to criteria of the NC-93-02:1985. Drinking Water. Health requirements and sampling. It is considered that these results were satisfactory and where the samples were found unfit (6.1 %) for consumption, it has been sent the alert and it has been taken rapid and accurate measures for solving the problem. Moreover, it is recommended to implement a water safety plan at each site to improve health surveillance based on a program established.
Cooperación territorial y gobierno del territorio en Castilla y León
Martín Jiménez, María Isabel,Hortelano Mínguez, Luis Alfonso,Plaza Gutiérrez, Juan Ignacio
Estudios Geográficos , 2007,
Abstract: In the context of a new territorial culture that bears and it demands a new territorial government –governance–, the cooperation experiences developed in Castilla-León are analyzed, so much those linked with the Spatial Planning (on strict sense), as those induced by the European Regional Policy or those promoted from the local cooperation. The most frequent cooperation initiatives are the “mancomunidades” (municipal associations), a figure of long tradition associated to the services that every time with more frequency is linked to new objectives for the territorial governance and they are promoted by the municipality administration. The local action groups created for the territories that develop European Initiatives are also numerous, although they respond to a demand of the European Union. Other cooperation ways maked in the context of the Spatial Planning regulation or from the proposals of the sustainable development and the local calendar 21 have a smaller expansion, although we have some significant examples. En el contexto de una nueva cultura territorial, que conlleva y exige asimismo un nuevo gobierno –gobernanza– del territorio, se analizan las experiencias de cooperación desarrolladas en Castilla y León, tanto aquellas vinculadas a la Ordenación del Territorio sensu stricto, como las inducidas por la Política Regional Europea o las promovidas desde la cooperación local. Las iniciativas de cooperación más frecuentes son las mancomunidades, una figura de larga tradición asociada a la prestación de servicios que cada vez con mayor frecuencia se vincula a nuevos objetivos ligados a la gobernanza del territorio y son impulsadas por la administración municipal. Los grupos de acción local constituidos para territorios que desarrollan programas europeos también son numerosos, si bien responden a una exigencia de la Unión Europea. Otras fórmulas de cooperación llevadas a cabo en el marco de la normativa de Ordenación del Territorio o desde las propuestas del desarrollo sostenible y la agenda local 21 tienen una menor trayectoria, si bien contamos con algunos ejemplos significativos
Serogrupos, serosubtipos, inmunotipos y susceptibilidad antimicrobiana de cepas de Neisseria meningitidis aisladas de portadores
Zamora,Leydis; Martínez,Isabel; Gutiérrez,Mercedes; Nú?ez,Niuris; Ginebra,Mónica; Climent,Yanet; Sotolongo,Franklin; Camaraza,María Amalia;
Vaccimonitor , 2002,
Abstract: considering the fundamental role played by asymptomatic neisseria meningitidis carriers in the transmission of the meningococcal disease, it is necessary to study the issues related to the phenotypical characterization of this microorganism more deeply. with the purpose of contributing to the identification of the strains present circulating in our country, 32 strains of n. meningitidis isolated in students from a polytechnical institute in the province of ciego de avila were classified. the identification by genus, species and serogroups was carried out by conventional methods and for the classification into sero/subtypes and immunotypes a whole-cell elisa with mabs was used. the antimicrobial susceptibility was studied by the agar dilution method, determining the mic for penicillin, cloramphenicol, ciprofloxacine, sulfonamide, rifampicine and ceftriaxone. the na:nt:p1.nst:l3,7,9 strains predominated at (22,8%). an 82% of the strains was sulfonamide resistant, and 13% showed decreased sensitivity to penicillin
Resultados de la vigilancia de la calidad microbiológica del agua de consumo a nivel de fronteras, 2007-2009
Chiroles Rubalcaba,Sergio; González González,María Isabel; Domínguez Martínez,Isaida; Velásquez Gutiérrez,Jenny; González Agüero,Argelia;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: between january 2007 and june 2009, it was carried out the monitoring of microbiological quality of drinking water from the josé martí international airport (aijm) and the port of havana (ph), which are the main borders of cuba. in this period, a total of 456 water samples from these two points were analyzed, with the following distribution: 375 samples of aijm and 81 samples of ph. a 93.9 % were suitable for consumption according to criteria of the nc-93-02:1985. drinking water. health requirements and sampling. it is considered that these results were satisfactory and where the samples were found unfit (6.1 %) for consumption, it has been sent the alert and it has been taken rapid and accurate measures for solving the problem. moreover, it is recommended to implement a water safety plan at each site to improve health surveillance based on a program established.
Efectos de las intervenciones dise?adas para prevenir las muertes de motociclistas en Cali, Colombia (1993-2001)
Espitia-Hardeman,Victoria; Vélez,Luis; Mu?oz,Edgar; Gutiérrez-Martínez,María Isabel; Espinosa-Vallín,Rafael; Concha-Eastman,Alberto;
Salud Pública de México , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342008000700011
Abstract: objective: describe the impact of interventions focused on decreasing deaths by motorcycle crash. material and methods: we analyzed variations in deaths by motorcycle crash in cali when the interventions were implemented and the statistical significance of changes between 1993 and 2001. results: the rate of motorcyclist deaths per 100 000 inhabitants decreased from 9.7 in 1995 to 3.6 in 2001. the greatest reduction was observed after the introduction of the helmet law for motorcycle drivers in 1996 (12.3%). other interventions-such as a helmet law for passengers, a reflective safety vest, a circulation ban for motorcyclists in december, and compulsory courses for all motorcyclists-produced a greater decrease in mortality; meanwhile, a lack of law enforcement increased it. conclusions: the establishment and implementation of a combination of prevention strategies was more effective than a single or non-articulated strategy.
Variabilidad geográfica de la violencia contra las mujeres en Espa?a
Ruiz-Pérez,Isabel; Plazaola-Casta?o,Juncal; Vives-Cases,Carmen; Montero-Pi?ar,María Isabel; Escribà-Agüir,Vicenta; Jiménez-Gutiérrez,Esther; Martín-Baena,David; ,;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112010000200008
Abstract: objectives: to describe the prevalence of intimate partner violence and non-partner violence against women in spain overall and by autonomous regions, as well as the characteristics of this violence, and to study the association between the prevalence of intimate partner violence and the frequency of formal complaints and deaths. methods: a cross-sectional survey was performed through a self-administered questionnaire in 11,475 women attending primary care from 2006 to 2007. multistage stratified sampling was carried out in a representative sample in each autonomous region. data on intimate partner and non-intimate partner violence, formal complaints to the police and deaths due to intimate partner violence were gathered. a descriptive analysis was conducted. correlations between the prevalence of intimate partner violence and police reports and deaths from this cause were determined through pearson's correlation coefficient. results: a total of 24.8% (23.4& - 26.3%) of the sample reported having experienced intimate partner violence at some time. the highest prevalence of intimate partner violence was found in ceuta and melilla (40.2%) and the balearic islands (32.5%) and the lowest in cantabria (18%). fifteen percent of the sample reported having experienced non-partner violence at some time, and the most frequent type was that committed by a relative. again, the highest prevalence of non-partner violence was found in ceuta and melilla and the balearic islands and the lowest in cantabria. a significant positive linear correlation was found between intimate partner violence in the previous year and the rate of reports of intimate partner violence in the autonomous regions (r=0.398; p=0.005). conclusions: the prevalence of intimate partner violence varies from one autonomous region to another. the reasons for this variation should be further explored in future studies.
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