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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22008 matches for " Manuela Sanches-Ferreira "
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A desconstru o do conceito de Deficiência Mental e a constru o do conceito de Incapacidade Intelectual: de uma perspetiva estática a uma perspetiva dinamica da funcionalidade The deconstruction of the Mental Retardation concept and the construction of the Intellectual Disability concept: from a static to a dynamic perspective of functioning
Manuela Sanches-Ferreira,Pedro Lopes-dos-Santos,Miguel Augusto Santos
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1413-65382012000400002
Abstract: As quest es em torno da deficiência, da incapacidade e da funcionalidade tornaram-se, nas últimas décadas, importante foco de discuss o e de elabora o conceitual, com a produ o de um corpo de saberes que confere legitimidade científica a uma vis o mais positiva e dignificante das condi es de deficiência e de incapacidade. A premissa base dessa produ o de conhecimento é a assun o da reciprocidade das rela es indivíduo/meio, enquanto unidade nuclear de análise, onde a incapacidade é encarada, n o como característica intrínseca da pessoa, mas como o resultado do desajustamento entre as funcionalidades do indivíduo e as solicita es dos cenários onde ele é chamado a participar. é nesta base que, neste artigo, nos propomos examinar as implica es que tais posicionamentos tiveram na desconstru o do construto de deficiência mental (mental retardation) e subsequente mudan a para a designa o incapacidade intelectual (intellectual disability), pela American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Para atingir esse propósito discutiremos a evolu o do conceito de deficiência mental, explorando o território conceitual que o instituiu e aquele que contribui para a sua desconstru o. Por último, a enuncia o teórica deste artigo pretende contribuir para demonstrar a interdependência existente entre modos de pensamento e modos de a o, e que no caso da Educa o Especial é corporizado na aceita o progressiva do paradigma da inclus o. Issues concerning impairment, disability and functionality have become, in recent decades, an important focus of discussion and conceptual elaboration, with the production of a body of knowledge that gives scientific legitimacy to a more positive and dignifying vision about the conditions of disability and impairment. The basic premise of this knowledge production is the assumption of reciprocity of the relations' individual/environment, as the basic unit of analysis, conceiving disability not as an intrinsic characteristic of the person, but as the result of the mismatch between the functionalities of the individual and the demands of the settings where persons are called to participate. Hence, in this article, we propose to examine the implications that such views had in the deconstruction of the construct of mental retardation and subsequent changes to the designation intellectual disability, by the American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. To accomplish this purpose we discuss the evolution of the concept of mental retardation, exploring the conceptual territory that established i
Estudo das Actividades e das Interac es Educativas em três Unidades de Apoio Especializado a Alunos com Multideficiência
María José Marques-da-Silva,Manuela Sanches-Ferreira,Pedro Lopes-dos-Santos
Revista de Psicología y Educación , 2009,
Abstract: Esta investigación examina las actividades y las interacciones educativas de 24 estudiantes con múltiples discapacidades en tres Unidades de Apoyo Educativo Especializado. La observación muestra que los estudiantes con un nivel superior de competencias básicas tienen más oportunidades de aprendizaje que sus colegas con un nivel menor de competencia. Por otra parte, los estudiantes con niveles menores de competencia pasan más tiempo involucrados en actividades no funcionales, reciben menos interacciones por parte de los profesores y pasan menos tiempo en la tarea. Nuestros resultados sugieren que las unidades de apoyo especializado deberían aumentar las oportunidades de participación para todos los estudiantes que aprenden en su espacio educativo.
Pemphigus vegetans in a patient with colonic cancer
Torres Tiago,Ferreira Marcia,Sanches Madalena,Selores Manuela
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2009,
Abstract: Pemphigus vegetans is a rare variant of pemphigus vulgaris characterized by vegetating plaques in the flexural regions. The coexistence of pemphigus vegetans and internal neoplasm is rare, being described only in four cases in the literature. We report the case of a patient with a typical skin eruption of pemphigus vegetans, who was detected with colonic cancer.
Infiltrated plaques on the face and back
Ferreira Marcia,Teixeira Marta,Sanches Madalena,Selores Manuela
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2007,
Abstract:
To leap over borders, to bring about “bridges”, to draw “streets” and itineraries: children’s social construction of meanings about the kindergarden interstitial spaces
Manuela Ferreira
Poiésis , 2011,
Abstract: Subscribing the theoretical frame of Sociology of Childhood and the insights provided by the Sociology and Anthropology of Space, this paper aims to show how children during their daily life in the kindergarden-room had attributed other symbolic significations to institutional space. Ethnographic descriptions analysis of children’s moves, stops and delays across the various spaces of the kindergarden-room try to reveal, in their nomad and sedentary rhythm, some features less perceptible of peer culture routines they institute in interstitial spaces and, based on that, call the attention to some methodological issues about observations of children’s interactions.
“- Ela é nossa prisioneira!” – Quest es teóricas, epistemológicas e ético-metodológicas a propósito dos processos de obten o da permiss o das crian as pequenas em uma pesquisa etnográfica / - She’s our prisoner! – Theorical, epistemological, ethival and methological issues about young children's assent to ethnograpic research
Manuela Ferreira
Reflex?o & A??o , 2010,
Abstract: Subscrevendo os pressupostos da abordagem da Sociologia da Infancia que considera as crian as como actores sociais e advoga a etnografia como uma metodologia útil para fazer ouvir as vozes das crian as na produ o de dados sociológicos (James & Prout 1990), reflectem-se neste texto algumas quest es epistemológicas, teóricas, metodológicas e éticas inerentes à experiência no terreno com um grupo de crian as dos 3-6 anos, durante um ano lectivo, num Jardim de Infancia (JI) localizado em meio urbano. A abordagem do princípio teórico e ético da obten o do consentimento informado e da sua prática junto de crian as pequenas, visa discutir as tens es e os limites entre aquela no o e a de assentimento no decurso da observa o participante. A análise de algumas configura es que o assentimento e as recusas por parte destas crian as podem assumir ao longo da pesquisa, procura evidenciá-locomo um processo contingente, heterogéneo e dependente da rela o social de investiga o que vai sendo construída bem como das interpreta es que as crian as tecem acerca da pessoa da investigadora. Abstract Subscribing the Sociology of Childhood approach that considers children as social actors and advocates ethnography as an useful methodology to let children′s voices to beheard in sociological data production (James & Prout 1990), this text reflects about some epistemological, theoretical, methodological and ethical issues inherent to field work with children aged from 3-6, taken during a school year in a kindergarten located in urban area.Focusing on the theoretical and ethical principle of informed consent and its practice with young children, the text discusses tensions and boundaries between this principle and the one of assent in the course of participant observation. The analysis of children’s assents andrefusals and the configurations that may take over the research, seeks to show the assent processes as contingent, heterogeneous and dependent on the social relations built on research context as well as interpretations that children weave about the person of the researcher.
Caso dermatológico
Oliveira,Ana; Sanches,Madalena; Selores,Manuela;
Nascer e Crescer - Revista do Hospital de Crian?as Maria Pia , 2012,
Abstract: gianotti-crosti syndrome (gcs) is a disease characterized by a symmetrical erythematopapulous, acral-based eruption. it affects mainly children under four years of age. in most cases a relationship with a viral infection or a vaccine can be established. the course of gcs is benign and self-limited, the manifestations disappearing within two to eight weeks, with no recurrence. we report the case of a five year-old girl who developed a gianotti-crosti syndrome after an upper respiratory infection.
Percep??o do suporte organizacional em hospitais públicos: Estudo em enfermeiros
Frederico-Ferreira,Maria Manuela;
Análise Psicológica , 2008,
Abstract: the interest for studying organizational factors that aim to understand the strength and stability of the individual’s attachment to the organization is based on the assumption of the existence is an association of these factors to the variables considered important to organizational efficiency and productivity. employees creat a conviction related to the behavior of the organization towards them. in a social perspective of the exchange, employees who perceive a high level of organizational support may feel an obligation “to reward” the organization. this research centers in the perceived organizational support of nurses, and it analyses the relation ship between demographic and professional variables and this perception. the sample consists of 1027 nurses working in three hospital units, in the governance public sector. the perceived organizational support is in average 2.82±.66 (in a 5 point scale). different levels of perceived organizational support were identified in the three hospitals. the older nurses who have been longer in the profession and in the institution disclose better perceived organziacional support. females nurses perceive better organizational support than male nurses., no statistically significant difference was found, among the professional categories.
Subjectividade e Bem-Estar das Crian as: (in)visibilidade e voz. Subjectivity and children welfare: (in)visibility and voice
Ferreira, Manuela,Sarmento, Manuel Jacinto
Revista Eletr?nica de Educa??o , 2008,
Abstract: A produ o política e normativa sobre bem-estar social das crian as, nomeadamente a que emana da Uni o Europeia, apoia-se, usualmente, em referenciais metodológicos que usam valores e ideias tomados aproblematicamente. Esses referenciais revertem para a pesquisa científica de suporte às políticas públicas, que assim reproduzem concep es n o problematizadas sobre os termos de referência utilizados e têm consequência no aparato metodológico mobilizado. Genericamente, essas pesquisas sustentam-se em estatísticas, que aliam à sua natureza extensiva, uma muito reduzida capacidade de dar conta das diferen as e desigualdades entre crian as. Mais ainda, essas metodologias usualmente sustentam-se em procedimentos epistemológicos que perspectivam as crian as a partir de pontos de vista adultocêntricos e etnocêntricos. As quest es da alteridade infantil, da diferen a cultural e até, frequentemente, da desigualdade social, encontram pouca express o na produ o investigativa patente em múltiplos relatórios, nomeadamente nos originários das grandes organiza es europeias e internacionais. Em simultaneo, dimens es como a ac o e as culturas infantis s o dificilmente apreendidas nessas investiga es sobre bem-estar. A partir de uma perspectiva alternativa, procuramos neste artigo estabelecer as bases teóricas, epistemológicas e metodológicas que permitam, na análise do bem-estar infantil, cruzar os indicadores estruturais com as dimens es da subjectividade, e os factores sociais com a interpreta o e ac o das crian as, enquanto actores sociais concretos.The political and normative production about children social welfare, especially the one produced in the European Union, is usually based on methodological references that use values and ideas unproblematically taken. These references are related to the scientific research that supports public policies, reproducing conceptions that are not problematized about the referential terms used, having consequences on the mobilized methodological apparatus. These studies are generally supported by statistics that adds to its extensive nature a very short capacity of dealing with differences and dissimilarities between children. Moreover, these methodologies are usually based on epistemological proceedings that analyses the children from points of view focused on adults or ethnicity. The questions about children alterity, cultural diversity and even social dissimilarity find weak expression on the investigative production in several reports, especially the ones produced in important international and European organizations. At
Diferen?as de cultura entre Institui??es de Ensino Superior Público e Privado: Um estudo de caso
Ferreira,Aristides Isidoro; Hill,Manuela Magalh?es;
Psicologia , 2007,
Abstract: abstract: the aim of this study is to demonstrate the culture differences between two higher education institutions: public and private. according to the model of regulation for market mechanisms (correia, amaral & magalh?es, 2002), it is expected that private universities possess a more external oriented culture than public universities, which have a larger dependence on the state. this research project integrated a quantitative methodology with the use of a questionnaire, based on the contrasting values model (quinn & mcgrath, 1985), which was later adapted to measure school culture dimensions. a qualitative methodology was also used in this study with a structured interview, based on the theoretical models of organizational and school culture (bergquist, 1992; quinn, 1991; schein, 1992; torres, 1997). the questionnaire was given to 62 employees of the public institution and 52 collaborators from the private sector. a total of 10 interviews were also applied to the public university and 8 interviews to the private institution. the results revealed higher culture values in the private university. however, the significant differences (p < 0,05) reflected a larger market culture orientation. the study also displayed a larger bureaucratic culture (p < 0,05) in the private university, with reference to the rules and formal communication patterns. the public university denoted, through the discriminating analysis, a larger approximation to clan cultures - a result which was interpreted by the informal relation-ship that was depicted amongst the interviewees. lastly, both public and private directing committees of the higher education institutions showed interest in developing flexibility patterns in the creation and innovation of new courses or scholarship programmes.
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