oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 78 )

2018 ( 512 )

2017 ( 532 )

2016 ( 771 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 343335 matches for " Manuel Tomás Abad Robles "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /343335
Display every page Item
DISE O DE UN CUESTIONARIO SOBRE HáBITOS DE ACTIVIDAD FíSICA Y ESTILO DE VIDA A PARTIR DEL MéTODO DELPHI Designing a questionnaire on physical activity habits and lifestyle from the Delphi method
Estefanía Castillo Viera,Manuel Tomás Abad Robles,Francisco Javier Giménez Fuentes-Guerra,José Robles Rodríguez
E-balonmano.com : Revista de Ciencias del Deporte , 2012,
Abstract: En la actualidad existen numerosos cuestionarios que estudian los hábitos de actividad física, estilo de vida y salud (IPAQ, SF-36, EQ-5D). El problema surge cuando se pretende dise ar una herramienta nueva para utilizarla en una población concreta que tiene unas características específicas y de la que se pretende conocer aspectos relacionados con el ámbito en el que se desarrolla. El objetivo principal de este trabajo fue dise ar un cuestionario sobre actividad física y estilo de vida de la población universitaria. Para su elaboración se utilizó el método Delphi, un procedimiento basado en la consulta a expertos a través de un grupo coordinador y un grupo de expertos que emiten sus opiniones de manera cíclica acerca del tema a tratar hasta que llegan a un consenso. En nuestro caso, se elaboró un cuestionario con siete dimensiones y 55 ítems. Los resultados nos llevan a realizar una valoración positiva de la utilización del método Delphi para el dise o del cuestionario ya que garantiza una mayor validez. Palabras clave: Hábitos actividad física, estilo de vida, método Delphi. Nowadays there are numerous questionnaires studying physical activity habits, lifestyle and health (IPAQ, SF-36, EQ-5D). The problem arises when trying to design a new tool for use in a specific population that has specific characteristics and which seeks to explore aspects related to the area in which it develops. The main objective of this study was to design a questionnaire on physical activity and lifestyle of the university population. To prepare this Delphi method was used, a procedure based on expert consultation through a steering group and a group of experts to cast their opinions on a cyclical basis of the topic until they reach a consensus. In our case, a questionnaire was developed with seven dimensions and 55 items. The results lead us to make a positive assessment of the use of the Delphi method to design the questionnaire and ensuring greater validity. Key words: Physical activity habits, lifestyle, Delphi method.
Youth soccer coaches’ profile, experience and teaching methods in the province of Huelva
Manuel Tomás Abad Robles,Francisco Javier Giménez Fuentes-Guerra,José Robles Rodríguez,José María Rodríguez López
Retos : Nuevas Perspectivas de Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación , 2011,
Abstract: The coach is the key in sport training with young sportsmen; it became one of the most influential powers in the right development of boys and girls (Jones, 1992). This study tried to show the profile and the experience of football coaches in the province of Huelva, as well as the teaching methods used. 79 football coaches of the province of Huelva were analysed with the help of a survey. The data showed that the profile of a football coach for children of the province of Huelva corresponded to the following: male, between 21 and 30 years, graduated secondary school, B.U.P./C.O.U., who is playing or played football, and had been training at the youth football between 0 and 5 years. Outstanding within the results was that people with a lower level of football qualification, had less experience in the field of training a football team. Furthermore, about half of the coaches used direct teaching methods. It would be suitable to carry out studies about coaches of young football players. Through observation studies our collected data could be verified
Coagulation Factor XII Congenital Deficiency in Women with Recurrent Miscarriage  [PDF]
Martin-Loeches Mariano, Pallas Yadira, Abad Ana, Lloret Manuel, Lopez-Galvez Jose Jesús
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.24079
Abstract: Factor XII (Hageman factor) is an important protease that plays a major role in the initiation of the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation and fibrinolysis and kinin formation. It is still unclear whether factor XII deficiency causes any disorders during pregnancy. Because the main clinical feature in patients with factor XII deficiency is thrombosis rather than bleeding, low dose aspirin would be expected to prevent first trimester miscarriage and a decrease in factor XII level itself was found to be an independent risk factor in recurrent miscarriage. The woman in a 31-year-old patient, with personal and family antecedents without interest and preceding obstetrics of two spontaneous abortions in the first quarter of the pregnancy without apparent cause. In the study of infertility practiced emphasizes a partition of not more than one centimetre of length in the uterine found by hysteroscopy exploration and in the study of hipercoagulability a light deficiency of the factor XII. Himself guideline processing with low dose of aspirin (125 mgr/day) and preconception folic acid (5 mgr/day), remains expectant mother and in the week 12 of her third pregnancy itself guideline antitrombotic prophylaxis with heparin of low molecular weight by subcutaneous way. The pregnancy reaches the week 39 without incidents of interest and the expectant mother give birth of spontaneous form to health boy. Repeated abortions may be associated with reduced level of factor XII activity of unknown origin and low-dose aspirin may prevent miscarriage caused for decreased factor XII levels in patients with a history of recurrent first trimester miscarriage.
Causas y consecuencias de la deficiencia de hierro
Olivares, Manuel;Walter, Tomás;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732004000100001
Abstract: iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency and the main cause of anemia worldwide. apart from anemia effects, other non-hematological manifestations have been described, such as decreased capacity for physical work and spontaneous motor activity, impairment of cell-mediated immunity and bactericidal capacity of neutrophils, decreased thermoregulation, functional and histological abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract, defective mobilization of liver vitamin a, increased risk of premature labor, low birth-weight and perinatal morbidity, reduced iron transfer to the fetus and growth retardation, behavioral disorders and mental and motor development delays, decreased auditory and visual systems nerve conduction velocity, as well as reduction of the vagal tone. the prevention of iron deficiency can be accomplished by changes in dietary patterns, food fortification and iron supplementation.
Causas y consecuencias de la deficiencia de hierro
Olivares Manuel,Walter Tomás
Revista de Nutri??o , 2004,
Abstract: La deficiencia de hierro es la deficiencia nutricional más prevalente y la principal causa de anemia a escala mundial. Además de las manifestaciones propias de la anemia, se han descrito otras manifestaciones no hematológicas tales como: disminución de la capacidad de trabajo físico y de la actividad motora espontánea, alteraciones de la inmunidad celular y de la capacidad bactericida de los neutrófilos, disminución de la termogénesis, alteraciones funcionales e histológicas del tubo digestivo, falla en la movilización de la vitamina A hepática, mayor riesgo de parto prematuro, bajo peso de nacimiento y de morbilidad perinatal, menor transferencia de hierro al feto, una disminución de la velocidad de crecimiento, alteraciones conductuales y del desarrollo mental y motor, velocidad de conducción más lenta de los sistemas sensoriales auditivo y visual, y reducción del tono vagal. La prevención de la deficiencia de hierro incluye cambios en los hábitos alimentarios, fortificación de los alimentos y la suplementación con hierro.
El discurso médico sobre las matronas a mediados del siglo XX
Linares Abad,Manuel; álvarez Nieto,Carmen; Moral Gutiérrez,Inés;
Index de Enfermería , 2008, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962008000400006
Abstract: objective. to contribute to the most recent history of midwife profession, analysing documents written by medics. methods. qualitative analysis of content and discuss, historic, using secondary bibliography fonts written most than medium century ago. the analysed bibliography is eight articles written by medics and published in matronas review (this were the official review of the midwives official school of health house of santa cristina in madrid-spain). results. the common denominator of analysed articles is instruct to midwives about the physical and morals competences and abilities that they must have; that is based in the importance that has the practice in midwife profession, however it appears subjacent a doctrinal discuss in order to the submission of midwives collective. conclusions. in the studied period the midwives were submitted to the hierarchy and control of gender, in favour of medical prestige. midwives professionals? reviews were utilised as a doctrinal vehicle, between others instruments. midwifes lost the control and spaces of power in their profession, related with previous times when they had a great autonomy. the politic regimen, the catholic moral and the andocentric view during the half of xx century, implied negatives elements in concernments of a professionalized collective, however, a female collective.
El discurso médico sobre las matronas a mediados del siglo XX Medical discuss about midwives on the half of century XX
Manuel Linares Abad,Carmen álvarez Nieto,Inés Moral Gutiérrez
Index de Enfermería , 2008,
Abstract: Objetivo. Contribuir a la historia más reciente de la profesión de matrona a través de los textos escritos por médicos. Métodos. Análisis cualitativo, histórico, de contenido y de discurso, a través de fuentes secundarias escritas hace más de medio siglo. Las fuentes analizadas son ocho artículos escritos por médicos en la revista Matronas de la Escuela Oficial de Matronas de la Casa de Salud de Santa Cristina de Madrid (Espa a). Resultados. El denominador común de los artículos analizados es inculcar a las matronas las competencias y habilidades físicas y morales que deben tener, justificado en lo importante de la práctica de su profesión, pero subyace un discurso de adoctrinamiento para la sumisión del colectivo de matronas. Conclusiones. En el periodo estudiado las matronas estaban sometidas al control y jerarquía de género en favor del prestigio de los médicos. Como vehículo de adoctrinamiento, entre otros, utilizaron las revistas profesionales de matronas. Estas perdieron espacios de poder y control sobre su profesión con relación a épocas anteriores en las que tuvieron gran autonomía. El régimen político, la moral católica y la visión androcéntrica de los a os centrales del siglo XX, ejercieron como elementos negativos de los intereses de un colectivo profesionalizado pero femenino. Objective. To contribute to the most recent history of midwife profession, analysing documents written by medics. Methods. Qualitative analysis of content and discuss, historic, using secondary bibliography fonts written most than medium century ago. The analysed bibliography is eight articles written by medics and published in Matronas review (this were the official review of the Midwives Official School of Health House of Santa Cristina in Madrid-Spain). Results. The common denominator of analysed articles is instruct to midwives about the physical and morals competences and abilities that they must have; that is based in the importance that has the practice in midwife profession, however it appears subjacent a doctrinal discuss in order to the submission of midwives collective. Conclusions. In the studied period the midwives were submitted to the hierarchy and control of gender, in favour of medical prestige. Midwives professionals’ reviews were utilised as a doctrinal vehicle, between others instruments. Midwifes lost the control and spaces of power in their profession, related with previous times when they had a great autonomy. The politic regimen, the catholic moral and the andocentric view during the half of XX century, implied negatives elements in concernments
Concentrated Extract of Green Tea Polyphenols Enhances the Toxicity of the Elderberry Lectin Nigrin b to Mice  [PDF]
Pilar Jiménez, Patricia Cabrero, Jesús Tejero, Manuel J. Gayoso, Manuel Garrosa, Damián Cordoba-Diaz, Manuel Cordoba-Diaz, Tomás Girbés
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.55055
Abstract:

The effect of the administration of large amounts of green tea polyphenols is a matter of controversy. We explored whether a polyphenol mixture from a concentrated green tea extract (Polyphenon 60) could alter the effects on mice of the type 2 (two chains) ribosome-inactivating protein nigrin b isolated from Sambucus nigra L. Nigrin b triggers specific reversible toxic effects on the mouse intestines featured by apoptosis of mice Lieberkühn crypt cells upon parenteral administration of sub-lethal amounts. Independent administration to mice of 30 mg/kg body weight of Polyphenon 60 by oral gavage or 10 mg/kg body weight of nigrin b administered via the intraperitoneal route (i.p.) did not affect survival. In contrast, the simultaneous treatment greatly enhanced nigrin b toxicity leading to the death of some animals. The histological analysis revealed that the most serious injury was inflicted on the small intestine crypts, which disappeared, and on the liver, which evidenced hepatotoxicity showing haemorrhagic areas. These findings raise concerns about the abuse of high concentrations of green tea polyphenols especially when the intestinal mucosa is damaged, for instance by toxins or therapeutic drugs.

CONSECUENCIAS DE LA DEFICIENCIA DE HIERRO
Olivares G,Manuel; Walter K,Tomás;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182003000300002
Abstract: iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency and the main cause of anemia worldwide. this is due mostly to low intake of bioavailable iron, increased requirements (growth, pregnancy) and increased loss of iron by menses. besides the effects of anemia itself, other nonhematologic manifestations have been described among which the most disturbing may be behavioral disturbances, mental and motor developmental alterations, delay in nerve conduction of the auditory and visual systems, and reduction of the vagal tone. nonetheless others such as decreased capacity for physical work and spontaneous motor activity, impairment of cell-mediated immunity and bactericidal capacity of neuthrophils, impaired thermoregulation, functional and histologic abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract, defective mobilization of liver vitamin a, increased risk of prematurity, low birth-weight and perinatal morbidity, reduced iron transfer to the fetus, growth retardation, are still under investigation. prevention of iron deficiency includes changes in dietary patterns, food fortification and iron supplementation
CONSECUENCIAS DE LA DEFICIENCIA DE HIERRO CONSEQUENCES OF IRON DEFICIENCY
Manuel Olivares G,Tomás Walter K
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2003,
Abstract: La deficiencia de hierro es la deficiencia nutricional más prevalente y la principal causa de anemia a escala mundial. Esta carencia se debe principalmente a una ingesta baja de hierro biodisponible, aumento de los requerimientos (crecimiento, embarazo) y aumento de las pérdidas por la menstruación. Además de las manifestaciones propias de la anemia, se han descrito otras manifestaciones no hematológicas tales como: disminución de la capacidad de trabajo físico y de la actividad motora espontánea, alteraciones de la inmunidad celular y de la capacidad bactericida de los neutrófilos, disminución de la termogénesis, alteraciones funcionales e histológicas del tubo digestivo, falla en la movilización de la vitamina A hepática, mayor riesgo de parto prematuro, bajo peso de nacimiento y de morbilidad perinatal, menor transferencia de hierro al feto, una disminución de la velocidad de crecimiento, alteraciones conductuales y del desarrollo mental y motor, velocidad de conducción más lenta de los sistemas sensoriales auditivo y visual, y reducción del tono vagal. La prevención de la deficiencia de hierro incluye cambios en los hábitos alimentarios, fortificación de los alimentos y la suplementación con hierro Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency and the main cause of anemia worldwide. This is due mostly to low intake of bioavailable iron, increased requirements (growth, pregnancy) and increased loss of iron by menses. Besides the effects of anemia itself, other nonhematologic manifestations have been described among which the most disturbing may be behavioral disturbances, mental and motor developmental alterations, delay in nerve conduction of the auditory and visual systems, and reduction of the vagal tone. Nonetheless others such as decreased capacity for physical work and spontaneous motor activity, impairment of cell-mediated immunity and bactericidal capacity of neuthrophils, impaired thermoregulation, functional and histologic abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract, defective mobilization of liver vitamin A, increased risk of prematurity, low birth-weight and perinatal morbidity, reduced iron transfer to the fetus, growth retardation, are still under investigation. Prevention of iron deficiency includes changes in dietary patterns, food fortification and iron supplementation
Page 1 /343335
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.