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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 414576 matches for " Manuel Mühlbacher "
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Le plurilinguisme du perroquet
Manuel Mühlbacher
Flaubert : Revue Critique et Génétique , 2012,
Abstract: La figure du perroquet occupe une position ambigu face à la question de la traduction. Il est capable d’imiter des paroles en toutes les langues, mais il n’est capable d’en comprendre aucune — il ne peut que répéter des sons, c’est-à-dire des signifiants. Le traducteur semble faire le contraire quand il passe d’une langue à une autre en tachant de transmettre une signification semblable par d’autres signes. L’article vise à discuter le r le du traducteur et sa relation, éventuellement équivoque, au perroquet, en analysant la traduction allemande de Trois Contes par André Stoll et Cora van Kleffens. Un décalage au niveau sémantique peut éclairer l’interprétation du texte, par exemple en explicitant des allusions sous-jacentes, tandis que le transfert de la syntaxe fran aise en allemand pose souvent des problèmes considérables. Comment le traducteur peut-il reproduire des structures syntaxiques qui n’existent pas en allemand, mais qui ne cessent de revenir dans le texte fran ais ? Que faire si le texte se met à jouer au perroquet et finit par se singer lui-même ? André Stoll et Cora van Kleffens ont su trouver des stratégies pour affronter ces difficultés. The figure of the parrot holds an ambiguous position towards the question of translation. It is able to imitate all languages, but it will never understand any of them – its only skill is to mimic sounds, i.e. mere signifiers. On the contrary, the translator seems to be the antithesis of the parrot when he moves from one language to another. He endeavours to convey a similar meaning, but by different signs. The article aims at discussing the role of the translator and his or her eventually equivocal relation to the parrot by means of analysing the German translation of Trois Contes by André Stoll and Cora van Kleffens. Whereas a semantic divergence can result in a different tendency on the level of interpretation, as in the case of an underlying allusion in the French text that is made explicit in the translation, the transfer of the French syntax into German can provoke serious difficulties. How can the translator reproduce syntactic structures that do not exist in German, but that frequently occur in French? What measures can he or she take when the text acts the role of the parrot and apes itself? André Stoll and Cora van Kleffens have developed a strategy able to meet these problems.
Patient priorities in coordinated care: a literature review to identify patients' preferences
Alexander Mühlbacher,Susanne Bethge
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2009,
Real-time path integral approach to nonequilibrium many-body quantum system
Lothar Mühlbacher,Eran Rabani
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.176403
Abstract: A real-time path integral Monte Carlo approach is developed to study the dynamics in a many-body quantum system until reaching a nonequilibrium stationary state. The approach is based on augmenting an exact reduced equation for the evolution of the system in the interaction picture which is amenable to an efficient path integral (worldline) Monte Carlo approach. Results obtained for a model of inelastic tunneling spectroscopy reveal the applicability of the approach to a wide range of physically important regimes, including high (classical) and low (quantum) temperatures, and weak (perturbative) and strong electron-phonon couplings.
Kondo effect and the fate of bistability in molecular quantum dots with strong electron-phonon coupling
Juliane Klatt,Lothar Mühlbacher,Andreas Komnik
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91.155306
Abstract: We investigate the properties of the molecular quantum dot (Holstein-Anderson) model using numerical and analytical techniques. Path integral Monte Carlo simulations for the cumulants of the distribution function of the phonon coordinate reveal that at intermediate temperatures the effective potential for the oscillator exhibits two minima rather than a single one, which can be understood as a signature of a bistability effect. A straightforward adiabatic approximation turns out to adequately describe the properties of the system in this regime. Upon lowering the temperature the two potential energy minima of the oscillator merge to a single one at the equilibrium position of the uncoupled system. Using the parallels to the X-ray edge problem in metals we derive the oscillator partition function. It turns out to be identical to that of the Kondo model, which is known to possess a universal low energy fixed point characterized by a single parameter -- the Kondo temperature $T_K$. We derive an analog of $T_K$ for the molecular quantum dot model, present numerical evidence pointing towards the appearance of the Kondo physics and discuss experimental implications of the discovered phenomena.
Electric-dipole-induced spin resonance in a lateral double quantum dot incorporating two single domain nanomagnets
F. Forster,M. Mühlbacher,D. Schuh,W. Wegscheider,S. Ludwig
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91.195417
Abstract: On-chip magnets can be used to implement relatively large local magnetic field gradients in na- noelectronic circuits. Such field gradients provide possibilities for all-electrical control of electron spin-qubits where important coupling constants depend crucially on the detailed field distribution. We present a double quantum dot (QD) hybrid device laterally defined in a GaAs / AlGaAs het- erostructure which incorporates two single domain nanomagnets. They have appreciably different coercive fields which allows us to realize four distinct configurations of the local inhomogeneous field distribution. We perform dc transport spectroscopy in the Pauli-spin blockade regime as well as electric-dipole-induced spin resonance (EDSR) measurements to explore our hybrid nanodevice. Characterizing the two nanomagnets we find excellent agreement with numerical simulations. By comparing the EDSR measurements with a second double QD incorporating just one nanomagnet we reveal an important advantage of having one magnet per QD: It facilitates strong field gradients in each QD and allows to control the electron spins individually for instance in an EDSR experi- ment. With just one single domain nanomagnet and common QD geometries EDSR can likely be performed only in one QD.
Landau-Zener interference at bichromatic driving
F. Forster,M. Mühlbacher,R. Blattmann,D. Schuh,W. Wegscheider,S. Ludwig,S. Kohler
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We investigate experimentally and theoretically the interference at avoided crossings which are repeatedly traversed as a consequence of an applied ac field. Our model system is a charge qubit in a serial double quantum dot connected to two leads. Our focus lies on effects caused by simultaneous driving with two different frequencies. We work out how the commensurability of the driving frequencies affects the symmetry of the interference patterns both in real space and in Fourier space. For commensurable frequencies, the symmetry depends sensitively on the relative phase between the two modes, whereas for incommensurable frequencies the symmetry of monochromatic driving is always recovered.
Preferences for treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a discrete choice experiment
Axel C Mühlbacher, Ina Rudolph, Hans-Joachim Lincke, Matthias Nübling
BMC Health Services Research , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-9-149
Abstract: The evidence comes from a Discrete Choice Experiments (DCE) performed in 2007. After reviewing the literature about preferences of ADHS we conducted a qualitative study with four focus groups consisting of five to eleven ADHS-patients each. In order to achieve content validity, we aimed at collecting all relevant factors for an ideal ADHS treatment. In a subsequent quantitative study phase (n = 219), data was collected in an online or paper-pencil self-completed questionnaire. It included sociodemographic data, health status and patients' preferences of therapy characteristics using direct measurement (23 items on a five-point Likert-scale) as well as a Discrete-Choice-Experiment (DCE, six factors in a fold-over design).Those concerned were capable of clearly defining success criteria and expectations. In the direct assessment and the DCE, respondents attached special significance to the improvement of their social situation and emotional state (relative importance 40%). Another essential factor was the desire for drugs with a long-lasting effect over the day (relative importance 18%). Other criteria, such as flexibility and discretion, were less important to the respondents (6% and 9%, respectively).Results point out that ADHD patients and their family members have clear ideas of their needs. This is especially important against the backdrop of present discussions in the healthcare sector on the relevance of patient reported outcomes (PROs) and shared decision-making. The combination of the methods used in this study offer promising strategies to elicit subjective values and making them accessible for health care professionals in a manner that drives health choices.This contribution seeks to measure needs and expectations of individuals concerned with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Every approach to treatment is centred on the patient. It is therefore necessary to take adequate account of the patients' needs and values when providing and assessing
Evaluating patients' preferences for multiple myeloma therapy, a Discrete-Choice-Experiment
Mühlbacher, Axel C.,Lincke, Hans-Joachim,Nübling, Matthias
GMS Psycho-Social-Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: Background: While there is an increasing emphasis on patient empowerment and shared decision making, patients’ preferences for attributes associated with their treatment still need to be measured and considered. In the present study, patients' preferences regarding treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) were explored using direct assessment and a Discrete-Choice-Experiment (DCE).Patients and methods: After reviewing the literature about preferences of myeloma patients we conducted a qualitative study with three focus groups consisting of six to eight MM-patients each. In order to achieve content validity, we aimed at collecting all relevant factors for an ideal MM-treatment. In a subsequent quantitative study phase, data was collected in an online or paper-pencil self-completed questionnaire. It included sociodemographic data, self-rated health (SF12v2 variation) and patients preferences of therapy characteristics using direct measurement (16 items on a five-point Likert-scale) as well as a Discrete-Choice-Experiment (DCE, eight pairs with eight characteristics).Results: 282 patients answered the questionnaire; 46% female, age: mean 62 yrs (SD=10 years), duration of MM: 5 yrs (SD=3.8 years). Direct measurement showed effectiveness aspects (i.e. high effectiveness, long lasting effects, max. prolonged life expectancy) and further treatment options in the first places, followed by maximal prolonged life expectancy, minor side effects and therapy-free-intervals. In the DCE, alternatives with further treatment options, longer life expectancy, "not always think of the disease" and therapy-free-intervals were more likely to be chosen, giving thus similar results.Conclusion: Besides prolongation of life expectancy and effectiveness of treatment, further treatment options are of foremost importance to multiple myeloma patients. In addition, therapy-free intervals as well as an improved emotional quality of life (“Not always think of the disease”) are valued as very important.The combination of direct assessment of importance and DCE is a valid combined survey technique for eliciting preferences of patients with multiple myeloma. The former ensures content validity (the possibility to measure a longer list of potentially important aspects), the latter has the advantage to combine positive and negative therapy characteristics and to avoid the problem of ceiling effects and “all-is-important” results.
Heterogeneous HIV Testing Preferences in an Urban Setting in Tanzania: Results from a Discrete Choice Experiment
Jan Ostermann, Bernard Njau, Derek S. Brown, Axel Mühlbacher, Nathan Thielman
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092100
Abstract: Background Efforts to reduce Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) transmission through treatment rely on HIV testing programs that are acceptable to broad populations. Yet, testing preferences among diverse at-risk populations in Sub-Saharan Africa are poorly understood. We fielded a population-based discrete choice experiment (DCE) to evaluate factors that influence HIV-testing preferences in a low-resource setting. Methods Using formative work, a pilot study, and pretesting, we developed a DCE survey with five attributes: distance to testing, confidentiality, testing days (weekday vs. weekend), method for obtaining the sample for testing (blood from finger or arm, oral swab), and availability of HIV medications at the testing site. Cluster-randomization and Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) sampling methodology were used to enroll 486 community members, ages 18–49, in an urban setting in Northern Tanzania. Interviewer-assisted DCEs, presented to participants on iPads, were administered between September 2012 and February 2013. Results Nearly three of five males (58%) and 85% of females had previously tested for HIV; 20% of males and 37% of females had tested within the past year. In gender-specific mixed logit analyses, distance to testing was the most important attribute to respondents, followed by confidentiality and the method for obtaining the sample for the HIV test. Both unconditional assessments of preferences for each attribute and mixed logit analyses of DCE choice patterns suggest significant preference heterogeneity among participants. Preferences differed between males and females, between those who had previously tested for HIV and those who had never tested, and between those who tested in the past year and those who tested more than a year ago. Conclusion The findings suggest potentially significant benefits from tailoring HIV testing interventions to match the preferences of specific populations, including males and females and those who have never tested for HIV.
Long transient dynamics in the Anderson-Holstein model out of equilibrium
Klaus Ferdinand Albrecht,Alvaro Martin-Rodero,Rosa Carmina Monreal,Lothar Mühlbacher,Alfredo Levy Yeyati
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.085127
Abstract: We calculate the time dependent nonequilibrium current through a single level quantum dot strongly coupled to a vibrational mode. The nonequilibrium real time dynamics caused by an instantaneous coupling of the leads to the quantum dot is discussed using an approximate method. The approach, which is specially designed for the strong polaronic regime, is based on the so-called polaron tunneling approximation. Considering different initial dot occupations, we show that a common steady state is reached after times much larger than the typical electron tunneling times due to a polaron blocking effect in the dot charge. A direct comparison is made with numerically exact data, showing good agreement for the time scales accessible by the diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulation method.
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