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An Original Mid-Nineteenth Century Scientific Instrument in Italy: Vincenzo Vignola’s Induction Coil  [PDF]
Roberto Mantovani
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2015.42009
Abstract: It is well known that the induction coil was invented in the mid-1830s, but its most significant improvements were made between the late 1830s and 1851. During these years a lot of research was aimed at improving the functionality and effectiveness of the device. In Italy one of the very first attempts at improvement was made first by an instrument maker from Milan, Carlo Dell’Acqua, and secondly, by a priest from Verona, Vincenzo Vignola. In 1851, Vignola was awarded the gold medal from the Academy of Agriculture, Arts and Commerce of Verona for having introduced important and useful changes to the Callan electromotor. This event opened up the discovery of a number of very interesting, unpublished hand-written documents, as well as the discovery of the device itself, provided with an almost unique self-acting commutator-interrupter system. Today this apparatus is preserved at the Physics Museum “Antonio Maria Traversi” in Venice.
A method to improve leaf succulence quantification
Mantovani, André;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89131999000100002
Abstract: leaf succulence has important physiological and ecological implications. currently it is quantified by delf's index (fresh weight/leaf area) and fresh weight/ dry weight ratio. both indeces are reconsidered and a new index is proposed. shade and sun leaves from terrestrial, hemiepiphytic and epiphytic aroids were studied. delf's formula, which does not consider dry weight, overestimated leaf succulence. as fresh weight / dry weight ratio (fw / dw) does not consider leaf area, plants with the same fw / dw ratio were more than five times different in area. the last case was only possible with a decrease in surface / volume ratio and a increase of mesophyll thickness, components not measured by fw / dw ratio. the new index proposed here, which takes into consideration dry weight and leaf area, showed a high correlation to mesophyll thickness.
Ghosts of Solitude: Guido Gozzano reader of Petrarch. An episode of the 20th-century reception of Rvf 35
Alessandra Mantovani
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age , 2011, DOI: 10.5399/uo/hsda.1.1.1221
Abstract: The essay offers a comparative analysis of Guido Gozzano’s poem “Un’altra risorta,” from the collection I colloqui (1911), and the Petrarchan sonnet “Solo e pensoso” (Rvf 35), of which Gozzano gives a modern and partially ironic rewriting. Sonnet 35, together with a constellation of elements drawn from other poems from the Canzoniere concerning the theme of love surviving the loss of beauty and the passing of time, gives to the modern poet the thematic and lexical frame to describe his condition of sceptical, disillusioned lover. Gozzano’s poetry represents in this sense a significant episode of twentieth-century Petrarchism and the critical and problematic relationship of contemporary poetry with the language of literary tradition
IDIOPATHIC RECURRENT CYSTITIS: A UROGYNAECOLOGICAL DILEMMA
E. MANTOVANI
Urogynaecologia International Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/uij.2004.29
Abstract: During the first episode of cystitis, the general tendency is to proceed directly with treatment, postponing diagnosis, precisely because it is the first episode, and due to the impressiveness of the symptoms of acute cystitis, and also in the implicit hope that it may be an isolated episode that does not repeat itself. The usual recommendation is rest, abstention from sexual activity, and a mineral water cure. Wide spectrum antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic drugs and painkillers are prescribed. If, despite this, and perhaps after a short period of time, the episode relapses, a diagnosis should be performed. We are consequently dealing with Recurrent Cystitis.
Human and veterinary medicine: the priority for public health synergies
Adriano Mantovani
Veterinaria Italiana , 2008,
Abstract: The concepts of ‘one medicine’ and 'one ‘health’ are supported and visualised as a tree (medicine), placed on the fertile soil (basic sciences), which divides into the two major branches of human and veterinary medicine, connected by the large branch of public health; minor branches (specialisations) depart from the three larger ones. The synergy between human and veterinary medicine is not only a must for public health, but also implies ethical considerations. The basic reasons requiring synergy are found in the common sharing of the environment, in the use of animal products by humans, in the common culture and in the many problems to be faced together. The long list of adversities requiring synergy is topped by zoonoses (intended both in the classic and in the extended sense) and food safety that extends to many other items connected with nutrition, environment, human/animal coexistence and the management of public health; the entire quality of human life is affected. Human and veterinary medicine have a strong cultural background (many subject matters) in common, but unfortunately the undergraduate and postgraduate education programme (with few important exceptions) do not offer training in cooperation. The synergy between human and veterinary medicines is an indicator of 'good public health practice' and any obstacles to this collaboration should be identified and eliminated. The logo for a public health founded on synergy is drawn as an umbrella formed by the medical and veterinary activities, protecting the population (consumers and producers), the animals and their products and the environment from the possible adversities linked to health.
Trauma sem fronteiras Trauma without frontiers
Mario Mantovani
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgi?es , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/s0100-69912008000500002
Abstract:
Geopolítica como a o racional com rela o a meios e fins; nacionalismo como rela o afetiva - DOI: 10.7154/RDG.2011.0021.0007
Rafael Mantovani
Revista do Departamento de Geografia , 2011, DOI: 10.7154/rdg.v0i21.115
Abstract: Este artigo pretende analisar geopolítica e fen menos discursivos que funcionam como coes o nacionalista em dois conflitos do século XX: a Segunda Guerra Mundial e a Guerra Fria. Táticas de guerra e de legitima o s o pensadas à luz de autores como Halford Mackinder, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Max Weber e Michel Foucault, para, ao fim, problematizar a idéia de Direito Internacional. Abstract: This essay intends to analyze geopolitics and discursive phenomena which operate as nationalist cohesion in two conflicts of the 20th century: The Second World War and the Cold War. Tactics of war and legitimation are thought in light of authors such as Halford Mackinder, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Max Weber and Michel Foucault in order to, thus, render problematic to the International Right. DOI: 10.7154/RDG.2011.0021.0007
Registrazione di terremoti vicini con sismometri a lungo periodo
E. MANTOVANI
Annals of Geophysics , 1972, DOI: 10.4401/ag-5121
Abstract: Vengono r i p o r t a t e le c a r a t t e r i s t i c h e della nuova rete a lungo periodo in I t a l i a e la possibilità di s f r u t t a r e i sismometri della rete per la registrazione dei sismi vicini.
Macrophages, Neutrophils, and Cancer: A Double Edged Sword
Alberto Mantovani
New Journal of Science , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/271940
Abstract: The tumor microenvironment is a well-recognized framework, in which myeloid cells play important roles in cancer development from tumor initiation to metastasis. Immune cells present in the tumor microenvironment can promote or inhibit cancer formation and development. Diversity and plasticity are hallmarks of cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage. In response to distinct signals the cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage have the ability to display a wide spectrum of activation states; classical Ml or alternative M2 macrophages represent extremes of a continuum of this activation. Tumor-associated macrophages generally acquire an M2-like phenotype that is relevant for their participation in tumor growth and progression. There is now evidence that also neutrophils can be driven towards distinct phenotypes in response to microenvironmental signals. In fact they can interact with distinct cell populations and produce a wide number of cytokines and effector molecules. Therefore, macrophages and neutrophils are both integrated in the regulation of the innate and adaptive immune responses in various inflammatory situations, including cancer. These findings have triggered efforts to target tumor-associated macrophages and neutrophils. In particular, “reeducation” to activate their antitumor potential or elimination of tumor promoting cells is a new strategy undergoing preclinical and clinical evaluation. 1. Introduction The tumor microenvironment plays important roles in cancer development and behaviour [1–4]. The tumor microenvironment consists of various host components such as stromal cells, growing blood vessels, and inflammatory infiltrate that cause a local chronic inflammation. Infiltrating leukocytes in the tumor microenvironment may exert a dual role on tumor development and progression. Tumor cells can be directly eliminated by the immune cells that had developed an antitumoral immune response but can also recruit and instruct immune cells to favour tumor growth and progression. The recruited immune cell consists of many players, including macrophages and neutrophils. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are components of the inflammatory infiltrate of several tumors and produce many mediators (e.g., chemokines) responsible for the activation and maintenance of the chronic inflammatory process [5]. In human peripheral blood neutrophils are the most abundant leukocyte subset and have a primary role in the defence against infective pathogens. They have long been considered to have a negligible role in cancer-related inflammation because of their
Local Role of Food Producers' Communities for a Global One-Health Framework: The Experience of Translational Research in an Italian Dairy Chain  [PDF]
Chiara Frazzoli, Alberto Mantovani, Roberto Dragone
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2014.32B003
Abstract:

Community is the foundation of public health: the present paper reports the approach and strategy for intervention on the dairy production community developed by the Italian project ALERT (www.alert2015.it), which implements the transfer of technical innovation and technological know-how from public research. Starting from the local role of primary producers, North-South and South-South networking (www.noodlesonlus.org) is needed to share solutions for transnational problems like climatic change, contaminated agro-farming sites and food waste and losses in the era of food crisis. Based on risk analysis, science-society dialogue and global health, the main drivers of this experience of translational research are One Health, i.e. the web of inter-relationships among environment, farm animals and human health, and sustainable food safety (prevention actions on diet of young women, today, to protect next generation’s health) to increase population life expectancy in good health.

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