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Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Resin – Fly Ash Composite  [PDF]
Manoj Singla, Vikas Chawla
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.93017
Abstract: There has been significant increase in use of glass fibre reinforced composites as structural materials in naval mine countermeasure surface ships. Sea mines when detonated emit underwater shock waves, which could impart severe loading to naval ship structure; there are attempts to model the response of a ship structure to this loading. For the model to be accurate & useful material property data determined experimentally by taking different weight percentage of glass fibers (E-300, mat form) with epoxy resin & comparison with fly ash reinforced composite. Specimens in the form of cube of size 10X10X10 (mm’s) are used & results are presented. Fracture behaviour of composite can also be studied using SEM. SEM analysis is done to observe distribution of fly ash particles in matrix, resin fly ash interface, glass fibre matrix interface, glass fibre distribution etc,.
Study of Wear Properties of Al-SiC Composites  [PDF]
Manoj Singla, Lakhvir Singh, Vikas Chawla
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.810070
Abstract: Al–SiC composites containing four different weight percentages 5%, 10%, 20% and 25% of SiC have been fabricated by liquid metallurgy method. Friction and wear characteristics of Al–SiC composites have been investigated under dry sliding conditions and compared with those observed in pure aluminium. Dry sliding wear tests have been carried out using pin-on-disk wear test rate normal loads of 5, 7, 9 and 11 Kgf and at constant sliding velocity of 1.0m/s. Weight loss of samples was measured and the variation of cumulative wear loss with sliding distance has been found to be linear for both pure aluminium and the composites. It was also observed that the wear rate varies linearly with normal load but lower in composites as compared to that in base material. The wear mechanism appears to be oxidative for both pure aluminium and composites under the given conditions of load and sliding velocity as indicated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) of the worn surfaces. Further, it was found from the experimentation that the wear rate decreases linearly with increasing weight fraction of silicon carbide and average coefficient of friction decreases linearly with increasing normal load and weight fraction of SiC. The best results have been obtained at 20% weight fraction of 320 grit size SiC particles for minimum wear.
Parametric Optimization of Gas Metal Arc Welding Processes by Using Factorial Design Approach  [PDF]
Manoj Singla, Dharminder Singh, Dharmpal Deepak
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.94026
Abstract: Gas Metal Arc Welding is a process in which the source of heat is an arc format between consumable metal electrode and the work piece with an externally supplied gaseous shield of gas either inert such as argon, helium. This experimental study aims at optimizing various Gas Metal Arc welding parameters including welding voltage, welding current, welding speed and nozzle to plate distance (NPD) by developing a mathematical model for sound weld deposit area of a mild steel specimen. Factorial design approach has been applied for finding the relationship between the various process parameters and weld deposit area. The study revealed that the welding voltage and NPD varies directly with weld deposit area and inverse relationship is found between welding current and speed with weld deposit area.
Thermal Sprayed CNT Reinforced Nanocomposite Coatings – A Review  [PDF]
Manoj Kumar Singla, Harpreet Singh, Vikas Chawla
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.108056
Abstract: This review is done essentially to study results in the field of synthesis and characterization of Carbon Nanotubes (CNT’s) reinforced nanocomposite coatings using thermal sprayed coatings. CNT reinforced nanocomposite coatings produced by thermal spray process are being developed for a wide variety of applications, e.g. aerospace, automotive and sports equipment industries. It is anticipated that, if properly deposited, nanocomposite ceramic coatings could also provide improved properties like wear resistance and thermal barrier coatings. These results clearly demonstrate that the significant improvement in coating performance can be achieved by utilizing proper thermal sprayed nanocomposite coatings. Thermal sprayed nanocomposite coatings shows improvement of resistance to wear, erosion, corrosion and mechanical properties. The purpose of this paper is to review CNT reinforced nanocomposite coatings using thermal spray by various researchers.
Development of Aluminium Based Silicon Carbide Particulate Metal Matrix Composite  [PDF]
Manoj Singla, D. Deepak Dwivedi, Lakhvir Singh, Vikas Chawla
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.86040
Abstract: Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs) have evoked a keen interest in recent times for potential applications in aerospace and automotive industries owing to their superior strength to weight ratio and high temperature resistance. The widespread adoption of particulate metal matrix composites for engineering applications has been hindered by the high cost of producing components. Although several technical challenges exist with casting technology yet it can be used to overcome this problem. Achieving a uniform distribution of reinforcement within the matrix is one such challenge, which affects directly on the properties and quality of composite material. In the present study a modest attempt has been made to develop aluminium based silicon carbide particulate MMCs with an objective to develop a conventional low cost method of producing MMCs and to obtain homogenous dispersion of ceramic material. To achieve these objectives two step-mixing method of stir casting technique has been adopted and subsequent property analysis has been made. Aluminium (98.41% C.P) and SiC (320-grit) has been chosen as matrix and reinforcement material respectively. Experiments have been conducted by varying weight fraction of SiC (5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%), while keeping all other parameters constant. The results indicated that the ‘developed method’ is quite successful to obtain uniform dispersion of reinforcement in the matrix. An increasing trend of hardness and impact strength with increase in weight percentage of SiC has been observed. The best results (maximum hardness 45.5 BHN & maximum impact strength of 36 N-m.) have been obtained at 25% weight fraction of SiC. The results were further justified by comparing with other investigators.
A New Approach of Improving CFA Image for Digital Camera's
Manoj Kumar,Vikas Kaushik,Pradeep Singla
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: This paper work directly towards the improving the quality of the image for the digital cameras and other visual capturing products. In this Paper, the authors clearly defines the problems occurs in the CFA image. A different methodology for removing the noise is discuses in the paper for color correction and color balancing of the image. At the same time, the authors also proposed a new methodology of providing denoisiing process before the demosaickingfor the improving the image quality of CFA which is much efficient then the other previous defined. The demosaicking process for producing the colors in the image in a best way is also discuss.
Neurolymphomatosis: A Rare Cause of Multiple Mononeuropathy  [PDF]
Gayathri Petluri, Manoj Kumar Goyal, Veenu Singla, Bhagwant Rai Mittal, Uma Nahar, Manish Modi, Nalini Gupta, Dheeraj Khurana
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2014.42022

Neurolymphomatosis, defined as invasion of cranial nerves and peripheral nerve roots, plexus or nerves by Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is a very rare clinical entity. We describe a case of 69 years old gentleman, who presented to us with asymmetric, painful sensorimotor polyneuropathy. He was admitted with 2 months history of dry cough, constitutional symptoms, paraesthesias on right side of face along with painful asymmetrical quadriparesis. Nerve conduction studies were suggestive of asymmetrical sensorimotor axonal and demyelinating neuropathy. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed mild pleocytosis with raised protein. FDG-PET showed intense uptake in both adrenals, abdominal lymph nodes, sacral nerve roots and brachial plexus. Fine needle aspiration cytology of adrenal mass revealed evidence of diffuse large B cell Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. As patient succumbed to illness, an autopsy was done, which revealed diffuse large B cell lymphoma involving adrenals, brachial and lumbosacral plexuses. Our report provides important insights into a rare cause of painful demyelinating multiple mononeuropathy and emphasises on increasing role and diagnostic utility of PET imaging in evaluation of patients presenting with multiple mononeuropathy, especially with regards to paraneoplastic or neoplastic causes such as lymphoma.

Brain initiated interaction  [PDF]
Rajesh Singla, Balraj Gupta
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2008.13028
Abstract: Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) are developed to help locked-in patients, who lose control of their bodies and are unable to perform simple tasks such as speech, locomotion, and can’t even effectively interact, with their environment. BCI shows promise in allowing these individuals to interact with a computer using EEG. A Brain Computer Interface is a communication system in which messages or commands that an indi-vidual sends to the external world do not pass through the brain’s normal output pathways of peripheral nerves and muscles. A system is created to allow individuals with motor disabili-ties to control the motion of the bed on which they are bedridden via BCI for drug delivery and other activities, with the help of eye motion and changes in the absolute power in alpha rhythms of an EEG signal of the patient.
Role of Infrared Spectroscopy in Coal Analysis—An Investigation  [PDF]
Manoj Balachandran
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2014.56044
Abstract: Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy is a widely used analytical technique for determining the different functional groups of a coal structure. This method, being able to reveal carbo-hydrogenated structures (aromatic and aliphatic) and heteroatomic functions (mainly oxygenated), as well as to detect the presence of minerals, is currently one of the most powerful techniques for coal characterization and thus is of paramount importance in the various utilization procedures of coal (industrial combustion, coke production processes, etc.). FT-IR study shows the presence of aliphatic -CH, -CH2 and -CH3 groups, aliphatic C-O-C stretching associated with -OH and -NH stretching vibrations and HCC rocking. It is conjectured that, the two-stage leaching using HNO3 followed by HF remarkably reduced the ash content as well as the minerals including Al, Si and Ca. The solubilization of samples with buffered EDTA could not eliminate the minerals in coal. The silicate and kaolinite bands showed a systematic lowering on EDTA and carboxylic acid treatment. The fungal leaching was most beneficial for aromatic molecules with different degrees of substitution. The intensity of bands due to carbonyl groups was increased, when treated with fungi, whereas that due to oxygen functional groups showed a reverse trend. The mineral bands due to silicates also decreased in intensity, on post treatment with fungal culture.
Changing Wisdom of Metallic Alloys Development  [PDF]
Manoj Gupta
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2018.913074
Abstract: Metallic alloys have been instrumental through the ages in shaping the progress of human civilization. The development of the alloys from ancient to present time initiated from accidents to through the use of well-defined scientific principles. This article provides a snapshot of the alloys development from ancient to present time and the likely future direction.
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