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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9130 matches for " Manoj Sharma "
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Outbreak Investigation of Cholera in a Slum of Northern India  [PDF]
Manoj Kumar, Vijay Lakshmi Sharma
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2014.44031
Abstract: Cholera is one of the oldest and best understood endemic diseases. An actual bacterial enteric disease, it is characterized in its severe form by sudden onset, profuse painless watery stools (rice-water stool), nausea and profuse vomiting early in the course of illness. Endemic and pandemics are strongly linked to the consumption of unsafe water, poor hygiene, poor sanitation and crowded living conditions. A rapid survey was conducted for the outbreak investigation on August 4, 2008. The objectives were to investigate the outbreak, risk factors for cholera and recommend control measures immediately. Questionnaire based random convenient sample based investigative study. 60 families were contacted by the public health students. Approximate 300 individuals were screened for cholera cases. Simultaneously six water samples were also collected from the contacted family. Microbiological test for Vibrio cholera and E. coli was conducted. Randomly six water samples were collected from the Rajive colony. Microbiological test for Vibrio cholera and E. coli was conducted from the department of Microbiology, PU. Vibrio cholera and E. coli were found absent, in all the samples. One sample was found positive for unidentified bacteria.
Multi Attribute Decision Making Techniques
Manoj Sharma
International Journal of Research in Management, Science & Technology , 2013,
Abstract: Many times situation are arise where there aremany factors or parameters on which a decision is based.The problem becomes more complex with these multiparameters. In this paper we propose multi attribute decisionmaking techniques. The techniques will provide a solution tofind out the best alternative among the given attributes.Three methods for decision making are proposed in thispaper.
Towards Multi-Faceted Test Cases Optimization  [PDF]
Manoj Kumar, Arun Sharma, Rajesh Kumar
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2011.49064
Abstract: The target of software engineering is to produce high quality software product at low cost. Software testing is labour-intensive, ambiguous and error prone activity of software development. How to provide cost-effective strategies for software test cases optimization problem such as classification, minimization, selection, and prioritization has been one of the research focuses in software testing for a long time. Many researchers and academicians have addressed the effectiveness/fitness and optimization of test cases, and obtained many interesting results. However, one issue of paramount importance in software testing i.e. the intrinsic imprecise and uncertainty of test cases fitness, fitness parameters, multi-objective optimization, is left unaddressed. Test cases fitness depends on several parameters. Vagueness of fitness of test cases and their fitness parameters have created the uncertainty in test cases optimization. Cost and adequacy values are incorporated into multi-faceted optimization of test cases. This paper argues test cases optimization requires multi-faceted optimization in order to adequately cater realistic software testing. In this paper, authors have identified several parameters for test cases fitness and multiple objectives for test cases optimization. In addition above, authors have formulated the test cases optimization problem in three different ways using multi-faceted concept. These formulations can be used in future by authors and researchers.
After-School Based Obesity Prevention Interventions: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature
Paul Branscum,Manoj Sharma
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph9041438
Abstract: The purpose of this article was to review primary prevention interventions targeting childhood obesity implemented in the after school environment from 2006 and 2011. A total of 20 interventions were found from 25 studies. Children in the interventions ranged from kindergarten to middle schoolers, however a majority was in the 4th and 5th grades. Most of the interventions targeted both physical activity and dietary behaviors. Among those that focused on only one dimension, physical activity was targeted more than diet. The duration of the interventions greatly varied, but many were short-term or brief. Many interventions were also based on some behavioral theory, with social cognitive theory as the most widely used. Most of the interventions focused on short-term changes, and rarely did any perform a follow-up evaluation. A major limitation among after school interventions was an inadequate use of process evaluations. Overall, interventions resulted in modest changes in behaviors and behavioral antecedents, and results were mixed and generally unfavorable with regards to indicators of obesity. Recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of after school based childhood obesity interventions are presented.
Novel and emerging approaches to combat adolescent obesity
Manoj Sharma, Paul Branscum
Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S7579
Abstract: vel and emerging approaches to combat adolescent obesity Review (6234) Total Article Views Authors: Manoj Sharma, Paul Branscum Published Date February 2010 Volume 2010:1 Pages 9 - 19 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S7579 Manoj Sharma, Paul Branscum Health Promotion and Education and Public Health Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA Abstract: Overweight and obesity continue to be health concerns facing today’s adolescent population. Along with metabolic and physical problems associated with obesity, today’s obese adolescents also face many psychological issues such as high rates of depression, anxiety, and social discrimination. Obesity is commonly recognized as having many causes, such as genetic, lifestyle and environmental. There are four major modalities for management of overweight and obesity in adolescents: dietary management, increasing physical activity, pharmacological therapy, and bariatric surgery. The purpose of this study was to conduct a review of novel and emerging approaches for preventing and managing adolescent obesity. It was found that while not always the case, theory driven approaches are being better utilized in newer interventions especially by those directed toward prevention. New theories that are being used are the theories of reasoned action, planned behavior, intervention mapping, and social marketing. Schools are found to be the most common place for such interventions, which is appropriate since virtually all children attend some form of private or public school. Limitations found in many studies include the underuse of process evaluations, the low number of studies attempted, environmental or policy changes, and that not all studies used a similar control group for comparison.
Novel and emerging approaches to combat adolescent obesity
Manoj Sharma,Paul Branscum
Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics , 2010,
Abstract: Manoj Sharma, Paul BranscumHealth Promotion and Education and Public Health Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USAAbstract: Overweight and obesity continue to be health concerns facing today’s adolescent population. Along with metabolic and physical problems associated with obesity, today’s obese adolescents also face many psychological issues such as high rates of depression, anxiety, and social discrimination. Obesity is commonly recognized as having many causes, such as genetic, lifestyle and environmental. There are four major modalities for management of overweight and obesity in adolescents: dietary management, increasing physical activity, pharmacological therapy, and bariatric surgery. The purpose of this study was to conduct a review of novel and emerging approaches for preventing and managing adolescent obesity. It was found that while not always the case, theory driven approaches are being better utilized in newer interventions especially by those directed toward prevention. New theories that are being used are the theories of reasoned action, planned behavior, intervention mapping, and social marketing. Schools are found to be the most common place for such interventions, which is appropriate since virtually all children attend some form of private or public school. Limitations found in many studies include the underuse of process evaluations, the low number of studies attempted, environmental or policy changes, and that not all studies used a similar control group for comparison.Keywords: adolescent overweight, adolescent obesity, interventions
Internet and cell phone based physical activity interventions in adults.
Purvi Mehta,Manoj Sharma
Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: Physical activity interventions that address the issue of obesity are becoming common. With Internet and cell phone usage becoming increasingly popular, these interventions are beginning to adopt these new delivery methods. The purpose of the study was to systematically analyze interventions published between 2007 and 2010 that used the Internet or cell phones for promotion of physical activity among adults 21 years and older. Design: A systematic search for physical activity interventions using the Internet or cell phones was done using the CINAHL, ERIC, Google Scholar, and Medline databases independently by two researchers. Results: A total of 11 articles met the inclusion criteria. Only one study used a cell- phone based intervention. Of these 11 interventions, a majority of them were found to be effective. While all of them utilized a theoretical background, not many measured changes in the theoretical constructs. Of the ones that measured such changes most found no significant changes. In addition, practically significant differences between control and intervention groups were not found in all of the studies. Conclusion: Internet-based and cell-phone based interventions were found to have similar effectiveness as face-to-face programs. With the advances in technology these approaches will become more prevalent and future research will be needed to enhance the success of these approaches in promoting physical activity. Recommendations for future interventions are provided.
An O(log(n)) Fully Dynamic Algorithm for Maximum matching in a tree
Manoj Gupta,Ankit Sharma
Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper, we have developed a fully-dynamic algorithm for maintaining cardinality of maximum-matching in a tree using the construction of top-trees. The time complexities are as follows: 1. Initialization Time: $O(n(log(n)))$ to build the Top-tree. 2. Update Time: $O(log(n))$ 3. Query Time: O(1) to query the cardinality of maximum-matching and $O(log(n))$ to find if a particular edge is matched.
The Wonderful Toy of 20th Century can be a Disaster in 21st Century:Scenario and Policies Regarding Mobile Waste in India
Neeta Sharma,Manoj Kumar
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: The subscribers base of mobile phones is increasing globally with a rapid rate.The sale of mobile phones has exceeded those of personal computers.India is the second largest telecommunication network in the world in terms of number of wireless connections after China.Telecom companies are ready to tap a large unexplored market in India with lucrative offerings.Smart phones sale are at its peak.3G technology is also ready to play a lead role in mobile revolution.Due to the low average life of the mobile phones,lack of awareness among users and in absence of government policies,mobile waste is accumulating in vast amount in India.Without a proper system of recycling,the unsafe disposal is causing a variety of environmental and health problems.This paper discusses the various issues related to the worldwide growth of mobile phones,the insecure methods of disposal and the regulations and policies in India.We intend to put forward some challenges and advices.
Relationship of trait anger with quality of life and anger control among alcohol users  [PDF]
Manoj Kumar Sharma, L. N. Suman, Pratima Murthy, P. Marimuthu
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.24033
Abstract: Background: Abstinence and anger control are promoted as ways to improve quality of life. Trait anger has been seen as one casual factor for alcohol related aggression and poor quality of life. The present study assesses anger control, quality of life and its relation with trait anger among alcohol dependents, abstainers & social drinkers. Material & Method: 150 subjects (50 subjects in each group) in the age range of 20 - 45 years were taken for the study. Semi-structured interview schedule, State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2, WHOQOL-BREF were administered in individual setting. Results: Dependent alcohol users and abstainers reported the significant impact of alcohol use on family & occupational functioning. Quality of life has correlation with anger control (in/out), trait anger, temperament & reaction in the control & abstainers group, whereas quality of life has negative correlation with trait anger expression among the alcohol group. Conclusions: Alcohol use has been associated with the trait anger expression and poor quality of life. It has implications for promoting alcohol abstinence, in improving quality of life and in anger control.
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