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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 969 matches for " Mammadova Aida "
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The effects of neck flexion on cerebral potentials evoked by visual, auditory and somatosensory stimuli and focal brain blood flow in related sensory cortices
Fujiwara Katsuo,Kunita Kenji,Kiyota Naoe,Mammadova Aida
Journal of Physiological Anthropology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1880-6805-31-31
Abstract: Background A flexed neck posture leads to non-specific activation of the brain. Sensory evoked cerebral potentials and focal brain blood flow have been used to evaluate the activation of the sensory cortex. We investigated the effects of a flexed neck posture on the cerebral potentials evoked by visual, auditory and somatosensory stimuli and focal brain blood flow in the related sensory cortices. Methods Twelve healthy young adults received right visual hemi-field, binaural auditory and left median nerve stimuli while sitting with the neck in a resting and flexed (20° flexion) position. Sensory evoked potentials were recorded from the right occipital region, Cz in accordance with the international 10–20 system, and 2 cm posterior from C4, during visual, auditory and somatosensory stimulations. The oxidative-hemoglobin concentration was measured in the respective sensory cortex using near-infrared spectroscopy. Results Latencies of the late component of all sensory evoked potentials significantly shortened, and the amplitude of auditory evoked potentials increased when the neck was in a flexed position. Oxidative-hemoglobin concentrations in the left and right visual cortices were higher during visual stimulation in the flexed neck position. The left visual cortex is responsible for receiving the visual information. In addition, oxidative-hemoglobin concentrations in the bilateral auditory cortex during auditory stimulation, and in the right somatosensory cortex during somatosensory stimulation, were higher in the flexed neck position. Conclusions Visual, auditory and somatosensory pathways were activated by neck flexion. The sensory cortices were selectively activated, reflecting the modalities in sensory projection to the cerebral cortex and inter-hemispheric connections.
Application of Fuzzy Optimization Method in Decision-Making for Personnel Selection  [PDF]
Masuma Mammadova, Zarifa Jabrayilova
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2014.54021
Abstract: The paper describes the necessity of application of intelligent technologies to support decisions of more objective problems in human resource management. In this paper, we describe the methodology for personnel selection problem for the vacancy with regard to the importance and nonequivalence of numerous indicators characterizing the alternatives. The specific features of the selection problem are highlighted, immersing the problem into a fuzzy environment. A fuzzy multicriterial model of the personnel selection problem is proposed. A technique of order preference by similarity to ideal solition (TOPSIS), was applied for evaluation and regulation of alternatives. This technique is based on criteria of qualitative character, which are hierarchically structured by multiple experts to intellectually support decisions made in personnel selection problem. Using TOPSIS method and generated criteria system an experiment was conducted for evaluation of the candidates during solution of hiring problems. The obtained and reviewed results were compared with results obtained using in reality.
Synthesis of Zeolitic Material on the Basis of Natural Raw Material Volcanic Ash in Presence of Tetraethylammonium Iodide  [PDF]
Khasay R. Samedov, Ulviya A. Mammadova
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2016.61005
Abstract: Zeolitic material as Na-mordenit (SiO2/Al2O3 = 10) was synthesized on the basis of natural raw material volcanic ash, in presence of organic components tetraetilamonium iodide (TEAI). The ash sample used in the laboratory experiments contains 67%, 56% SiO2 and 12.48% Al2O3, abundances. The reaction time as well as the influence of TEAI was studied in the zeolitic materials crystallization. The experiments were carried out under hydrothermal conditions, autogenic pressure and temperature of 220℃, as well as reaction time from 48 to 240 h. Products from this hydrothermal treatment were identified by the rentgenophase analysis methods on the apparatus of BRUKER D2 PHASER and weight-spectroscopic analysis method on the apparatus of ICP-MS Agilent 7700. Of the zeolitic material, the Na-mordenit zeolite was found to be the most effective for the retention of cations Pb2+, Zn2+ and Ba2+.
Ovariectomy at 3 or 10 weeks of age does not affect the ventilatory response to hypoxia in adult rats  [PDF]
Aida Bairam
Open Journal of Molecular and Integrative Physiology (OJMIP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmip.2012.23013
Abstract: Although an ovariectomy is the routine approach used to study the role of ovarian hormones on respiratory control, the results have often been contradictory. We tested the hypothesis that the ventilatory response to hypoxia is modified by the age at which the ovariectomy is performed. Female rats were ovariectomized either atan early (3 weeks old, i.e., prepubertal) or late (10 weeks old, i.e., adult) stage, and ventilation was then assessed at 12 weeks of age using whole-body plethysmography. The control group included sham-operated rats that had undergone the same surgical procedure but were not ovariectomized. Independent of the age at which surgery was performed, ovariectomy significantly decreased circulating progesterone and 17-b-estradiol levels without re-ducing them below their detection threshold. Despite that decrease, there was no difference in baseline minute ventilation or in the ventilatory response to hypoxia (FiO2 = 12%, 20 min; expressed as the percentage of increase from baseline) between ovariectomized and shamoperated rats. These results suggest that ovariectomy at either a young or at an adult age is insufficient to completely suppress circulating hormones and disrupt the regulation of ventilation.
Turkish Studies , 2008,
Abstract: In Middle Ages the East was centre of creation of thereligiously-philosophical theories. Philosophers of the epoch had triedto construe the categories “time” and “space”, the process of socialand historical development, the causes of the natural and socialchanges and etc. In the studies of these philosophers had prevailedreligious outlook, but there was attempted to analyze the historicalprocess and was presented surmises about various levels of socialchanges.In this article is presented the conceptions of the greatphilosophers as Y.Kindy, A.Faraby, Ibn Rushd, Ibn Sina, S.Urmavy,Sh.Suhraverdy, M.Fizuly, Ibn Haldun and etc. about this theme.
Hydroxy- and Aminoethyl Imidazolines of Cottonseed Oil Fatty Acids as Additives for Diesel Fuels  [PDF]
Vaqif Maherram Abbasov, Tarana Aslan Mammadova, Khayam Rahim Veliyev, Khayala Hamlet Kasamanli
Open Journal of Synthesis Theory and Applications (OJSTA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojsta.2015.42004
Abstract: In the research, aminoethyl imidazolines of cottonseed oil fatty acids with diethylenetriamine have been synthesized using the ultrasonic device creating the effect of cavitation. The yield of imidazolines was 90% - 95%. The influence of the synthesized imidazolines on lubricity quality of low sulfur diesel fuels having low lubricating quality was studied. The results showed that at concentrations 200 - 250 ppm the synthesized imidazolines can be applied as additives enhancing lubricity quality of diesel fuels.
Topological superconductivity and fractional Josephson effect in quasi-one dimensional wires on a plane
E. Nakhmedov,S. Mammadova,O. Alekperov
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: A time-reversal invariant topological superconductivity is suggested to be realized in a quasi-one dimensional structure on a plane, which is fabricated by filling the superconducting materials into the periodic channel of dielectric matrices like zeolite and asbestos under high pressure. The topological superconducting phase sets up in the presence of large spin-orbit interactions when intra-wire s-wave and inter-wire d-wave pairings take place. Kramers pairs of Majorana bound states emerge at the edges of each wire. We analyze effects of Zeeman magnetic field on Majorana zero-energy states. In-plane magnetic field was shown to make asymmetric the energy dispersion, nevertheless Majorana fermions survive due to protection of a particle-hole symmetry. Tunneling of Majorana quasi-particle from the end of one wire to the nearest-neighboring one yields edge fractional Josephson current with $4\pi$-periodicity.
Temperature-Frequency Characteristics of Dielectric Properties of Compositions LDPE + xvol%Bi2Te3  [PDF]
E. M. Gojayev, A. Y. Ismailova, S. I. Mammadova, G. S. Djafarova
Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials (OJOPM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojopm.2016.61003

In the paper, the results of investigations of temperature and frequency dependences of dielectric permeability and dielectric loss of compositions LDPE + xvol%Bi2Te3 are stated. The investigations were carried out at frequency 10 – 105 Hz and temperature 20°C - 150°C intervals, respectively. It was revealed that increase of percentage of the filler Bi2Te3 in the matrix, reduces to increase of dielectric permeability and dielectric loss of composites LDPE + xvol%Bi2Te3 in connection with the change reducing to Maxwell-Wagner’s volume polarization and emergence of comparative strong inner field in semiconductor clusters.

3D Conceptual Modelling and Direct Utilization Calculations of The Albanian Geothermal Resources  [PDF]
Nevton Kodhelaj, Aida Bode
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.51B037
Abstract: Balneological use of the Albanian Geothermal springs and waters dates back centuries, but the first modern use started in 1937. Unfortunately they had not been used for its energetic values yet. The temperature of the water is above 60 °C and the flow above 16 l/s, thus direct utilization is possible, in particular for space heating. Three-dimensional temperature field calculations and engineering calculations on a heating system with heat exchangers are presented here. The results show that the water temperature is expected to be stable and considerably higher temperature is expected through deep well drilling. The University’s Campus of Tirana is composed of 29 buildings, which are partially heated through a coal heater. The installed capacity is 2558kW while the coal consumption is about 920 kg/h. The University’s Campus of Tirana is one of the most important areas and with the highest density of population in Tirana, so it is the best area to show the heat exchanger efficiency. The economic analyses prove that the borehole heat exchangers are more convenient than the coal heating systems.
Low Dose Total Body Irradiation for Relapsed Low Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: Experience of National Cancer Institute, Cairo  [PDF]
Yasser Bayoumi, Aida Radwan
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2015.61004

Background and Purpose: The relapsed low grade non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (LG-NHL) is currently incurable disease and the optimal treatment regimen has not determined yet. Low dose total body irradiation (LTBI) provides an alternative mechanism of action against cancer cells rather than direct cell kill. The mode of action of LTBI is immune-modulatory effect, induction of apoptosis and hypersensitivity to low radiation doses. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of LTBI on relapsed LG-NHL and reporting our experience at National Cancer Institute, Cairo (NCI, Cairo). Material and Methods: Fifty eight patients with relapsed LG-NHL and received LTBI studied retrospectively. LTBI dose was 1.6 Gy/8 fractions divided on 2 courses; each course 4 fractions treated over 4 days with 2 weeks rest between the 2 courses. Results: The median age is 54 years; 65% of the patients are men. Forty (69%) patients had performance status of 2 or more. Twenty seven patients were stage II/III and 31 patients (53%) had stage IV disease. Twenty six (45%) patients had bulky disease more than 10 cm and 22 (38%) patients had B symptoms at the time of relapse. The extranodal disease was present in 17 patients (29%) and 78% of the patients received >3 regimens of chemotherapy before referral to LTBI. Twenty three patients received IFRT (mean dose 32 ± 4 Gy) to initially bulky sites after LTBI. Fourteen patients (24%) achieved complete remission (CR) while 45%, 21% and 10% had partial remission (PR), stable disease (SD) and progressive disease (PD) respectively. The median PFS duration was 14 months and the median OS duration was 39 months. Stage VI, >3 regimen of chemotherapy and bad response to LTBI (SD) affected progression duration adversely (0.03, 0.05 and 0.01 respectively). The response to LTBI is the only factor affected the OS duration significantly. The 3-year PFS was 19% ± 9%, and 3-year OS was 45% ± 8%. Stage IV was the only factor affected the 3-year PFS significantly with p value 0.03. The hematological toxicity was the main side effect of LTBI. Eleven patients developed G3/4 anemia while 8 patients only developed G3/4 thrombocytopenia and 13 patients developed G3/4 leucopenia. Conclusion: The use of LTBI in patients with relapsed low

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