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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1012 matches for " Maksimovi? Milo? "
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Relationship between physical activity and some parameters of nutritional state in adolescence
MaksimoviMilo,Risti? Gordana,Maksimovi? Jadranka,Backovi? Du?an
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0902058m
Abstract: Introduction. In the last two decades, an increase in obesity along with a number of co-morbidities has been recorded among children and adolescents. Objective. The aim was to investigate if there was a difference in nutritional status between adolescents who were active sportsmen and those who did not engage in sport activities other than regular physical activities at school and if active training could be an independent factor in the prevention of obesity. Methods. There were 117 male adolescents on average aged 15.4±1.8 years. The subjects were divided into two groups; 32 active sportsmen engaged in regular training in football and a control group consisting of 85 adolescents engaged in no physical activity except for that at school (two hours per week). In all subjects Body Mass Index (BMI) was determined. The percentage of the total body fat was estimated from the sum of values of skin fold thickness measured at four sites (according to Durnin and Womersley). Lean Body Mass (LBM) was estimated by deducting the triceps skin fold from the upper arm circumference and comparing it to the norms. All collected data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical statistical methods: χ2-test, t-test. Results. Adolescent sportsmen showed a statistically significantly lower BMI and percentage of total body fat than the adolescents in the control group (p<0.01). A significantly higher LBM was found in the sportsmen (p<0.01). Conclusion. Active participation in sports can be a contributing factor in the prevention of obesity, and it is therefore recommended to combine regular physical activities with an adequate diet. BMI screening of general population can indicate a high number of children and adolescents at risk for obesity or who are already obese.
Musculoskeletal diseases in forestry workers
Vukovi? Sla?ana,Krstev Srmena,MaksimoviMilo? ?.
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0408246v
Abstract: The most common hazards in the forestry that may induce disorders of the musculoskeletal system are vibrations, unfavorable microclimatic conditions, noise, over-time working hours, work load and long-term repeated movements. The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases and its difference among workers engaged in various jobs in the forestry. Two groups of workers were selected: woodcutters operating with chain-saw (N=33) and other loggers (N=32). Selected workers were of the similar age and had similar total length of employment as well as the length of service in the forestry. Both groups of workers employed in the forestry had the high prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases (woodcutters 69.7% and other loggers 62.5%, respectively). Degenerative diseases of spinal column were very frequent, in dependently of the type of activity in the forestry. Non-significantly higher risk of carpal tunnel syndrome was found in woodcutters with chain-saw compared to workers having other jobs in the forestry (OR=3.09; 95%CI=0.64-19.72). The lateral epicondylitis was found only in woodcutters operating with chain-saw with the prevalence of 18.2%.
Psychosocial risk factors and substance abuse in adolescents
Backovi? Du?an,MaksimoviMilo,Stevanovi? Dejan
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0705331b
Abstract:
Adaptation and mental-hygienic characteristics of internally displaced adolescents
MaksimoviMilo,Kocijan?i? Radojka,Backovi? Du?an,Ille Tatjana
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0506266m
Abstract: The change in socio-economic status, drastic decrease in living standards, war, and the introduction of sanctions to our country were complicated in addition by a large number of internally displaced people from Kosovo, which culminated with the 1999 NATO bombing. The aim of this investigation was to estimate the influence of internal displacement on the adaptation and mental health of adolescents. The investigation was conducted on 238 adolescents, comprising a control group of 206 adolescents from Belgrade and 32 internally displaced adolescents from Kosovo. A specific questionnaire regarding habits, behavior, and psychosomatic state was used, as well as the Cornell Medical Index and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Internally displaced adolescents from Kosovo exhibited greater difficulties in adapting and had worse school records than adolescents from Belgrade, one year after the change in their location. Immediately after the NATO bombing, both groups reacted in the same way: they often talked about the events they had survived, they were afraid of the sounds of alarm sirens and of airplanes, and in addition had similar dreams (no statistical variation between the groups). Emotional disturbances, one year after the bombing, were not observed in 40.6% of adolescents from Kosovo, compared to the figure of 74.8% for adolescents from Belgrade. Adolescents from Belgrade consumed alcohol significantly more often: 75.7% compared to 56.3% for adolescents from Kosovo. In addition, 20.4% of adolescents from Belgrade consumed psychoactive substances compared to 6.3% of adolescents from Kosovo. There was no significant difference between the examined groups in the total scores on the scale for neuroticism. All in all, the girls from both examined groups displayed neurotic tendencies more frequently than the boys.
New international classification of functioning, disability and health
Stucki Gerold,MaksimoviMilo,Davidovi? Dragana,Jorga Jagoda
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0706371s
Abstract: The WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) provides a coherent view of health from a biological, individual and social perspective. This view may be defined both as multi- and interdisciplinary management of one’s functioning and health. This new classification is currently being assessed in multiple centers in 32 countries, on 12 health conditions. The Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, is one of them, serving as the centre where the classification is being tested in obese population. The objective of this paper is to provide information needed for further development and practical application of this classification in various health conditions. The new language of ICF is an exciting landmark event for preventive medicine and rehabilitation. It may lead to a stronger position of rehabilitation within the medical community, change multiprofessional communication and improve communication between patients and health professionals. .
Relationship between nutritional status and some inflammatory markers
?evi? Ljiljana,MaksimoviMilo,?uri?i? Neboj?a,Gaji? Milan
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0602054s
Abstract: Introduction. Obesity is well known risk factor of metabolic complications and CVD. On the other hand, CRP as a marker of inflammation has lately aroused huge interest as predictor of cardiovascular risk. Objective. The objective of the study was to determine whether the nutritional status parameters were related to some inflammatory markers and what was the extent of such relation. Method. The study involved 220 patients, 40.5 ± 14.5 years old, who referred to Nutrition Clinic of the Institute of Hygiene in order to get a dietetic advice or nutritional medical therapy. Nutritional status was assessed by BMI (kg/m ), calculated from measured values of body weight and height, the waist measurement and body fat percentage according to WHO recommendations. Biochemical parameters and inflammatory markers were measured from blood samples collected after a twelve-hour fast. Results. The subjects were categorized into quartiles of BMI (kg/m ) and % body fat. The inflammatory markers followed the increase of BMI and % body fat, as odds ratio (95% CI) of elevated level of CRP was observed to be highest in the fourth quartiles of BMI [1.55 [(OR = 0.731 - 3.296] as well as in the fourth quartile of % body fat - 1.34 [(OR = 0.598 - 3.009)]. This was confirmed by analysis of linear correlation which resulted in r = 0.148 for BMI (p < 0.05) and r = 0.164 (p < 0.05) for fat percentage. In addition, there was highly significant positive correlation between fibrinogen level, C3 and BMI (p < 0.01), and body fat (p < 0.01). Conclusion. The results showed that determination of inflammatory markers should become a routine screening procedure in all patients with elevated anthropometric parameters in order to prevent the consequences of atherosclerosis as quickly as possible.
Relationship between sociodemographic, anthropometric and biochemical characteristics and degree of peripheral arterial disease
MaksimoviMilo,Vlajinac Hristina,Radak ?or?e,Marinkovi? Jelena
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1010584m
Abstract: Introduction. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a severe atherosclerotic condition. The relationship between various risk factors and severity of PAD, measured by Ankle Brachial Index (ABI), has been the subject of a relatively small number of studies. Objective. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there was any relationship between severity of PAD, expressed as ABI, and anthropometric, clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients, including inflammatory markers. Methods. The cross-sectional study, involving 388 consecutive patients with verified PAD, was performed at the Dedinje Vascular Surgery Clinic in Belgrade. The diagnosis of PAD was defined by Doppler sonography as ABI<0.9, and by symptoms. Data on cardiovascular risk factors, anthropometric parameters, clinical and biochemical characteristics were collected for all participants. In the analysis, χ2 test, t-test and multivariate logistic regressions were used. Results. According to the results of multivariate analysis (the model of which included age, percentage of body fat, average value of uric acid, high sensitivity C-reactive protein - hsCRP ≥3 mg/L, fibrinogen ≥4 g/L, Baecke index of physical activity at work and Baecke index of leisure-time physical activity), the patients with more severe form of peripheral arterial disease (ABI≤0.40) had more frequently increased high sensitivity C-reactive protein (p=0.002), lower Baecke index of physical activity at work (p=0.050) and lower Baecke index of leisure-time physical activity (p=0.024). Average value of body fat was significantly higher in the patients with a less severe form of disease (p=0.006). Conclusion. According to the results obtained, the increased values of hsCRP and physical inactivity are associated with a more severe form of PAD (ABI≤0.40).
Parent-child parallel nutritional status assessment using silhouette rating scales
Jorga Jagoda B.,Marinkovi? Jelena M.,MaksimoviMilo? ?.,Kentri? Brana
Medicinski Pregled , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/mpns0406231j
Abstract: Introduction The aim of this study was to determine the validity of silhouettes in assessing genetic factors of obesity in school children aged 12-14. Material and methods 290 primary school students aged 12-14 from Belgrade had undergone body height and weight measurements as well as answering questionnaires. Silhouette rating scales were used to assess the nutritional status of students (6-silhouette scale) and their parents (9-silhouette scale). Results Significant differences in body mass index (BMI) were found among children whose parents had been rated "normal" and those rated “problematic”. BMI status and gender significantly affected assessment of the nutritional status. An interaction between factors was found (F (1.230) =7.017, p<0.01). The majority of children from the normal BMI category (64.5%) selected silhouettes 3 and 4 to describe their current appearance. On the other hand, 70% of children with problematic BMI selected silhouettes 5 and 6. Girls generally selected significantly smaller silhouettes than boys. Girls within the problematic BMI category selected significantly bigger silhouettes for their mother's than the other children. Boys within the normal BMI category, selected significantly bigger silhouettes representing their father’s body size. Discussion According to the results, silhouette rating scales appear to be reliable in parallel assessment of the nutritional status of children and their parents. This subject can be further developed by acquiring data on parents` height and body mass.
Body composition and bone mineral density of prepubertal boys involved in different kinesiologic treatments
Obradovi? Borislav,Madi? Dejan,Milo?evi? Zoran,Maksimovi? Neboj?a
Medicinski Pregled , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/mpns0902023o
Abstract: Introduction. It is well known that physical activity has an anabolic effect on the bone tissue. But there is a lack of information about the effect of intensive physical activity in childhood, particularly at the prepubertal stage. The type, frequency, intensity, and duration of activity that best produce the desired increases in mass and strength of human bones have not yet been well determined. Material and methods. To examine the influence of different kinesiological treatments on body composition and bone mineral density we studied a group of prepubertal boys at the starting phase of their peak bone mass acquisition. 90 healthy prepubertal boys took part in this study. The sport group consisted of 28 swimmers (aged 10.80.8) and 32 soccer players (aged 10.70.5), who had been training their chosen high-level sport activity for at least 1 year (8-12h per week for swimmers, 10-15h per week for soccer players). 30 boys (aged 11.2±0.7) doing 1.5h per week of physical activity in school served as a control group. Bone mineral density measurements of the left and right calcaneus were done by ultrasound densitometer 'Sahara'. The body composition was assessed by Body Fat Analyser 'BES 200 Z'. Results. There were significant differences between soccer players and control group as regards fat mass and bone mineral density (p<.01). Besides, significant differences were determined between a group of swimmers and control group as regads fat mass (p<.03), while the differences in bone mineral density were not very obvious (p<.67).
Surgical treatment of invasive vulvar cancer
Panteli? Milo,?ur?evi? Sr?an,Nikoli? Dragan,Maksimovi? Marko
Medicinski Pregled , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/mpns1204097p
Abstract: This paper presents the surgical treatment of invasive cancer of the vulva at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Novi Sad in the period from 2000 to 2010. Forty-one patients underwent different surgical procedures depending on their stage of the disease, age and general physical condition assessed according to the International Federation of Gynecologists and Obstetricians: wide excision to the healthy area with negative edges of 10 mm, simplex - radical vulvectomy or hemivulvectomy, block dissection of the vulva by Way, one-sided or bilateral lymphadenectomy and skin-muscle flap to cover the resulting skin defects. The number of removed lymph nodes on one side ranged from 8 to 19, the average being 12.6. Various postoperative complications (inflammation and wound dehiscence, lymphorrhoea, lymphocyst and limb lymphedema) developed in 9 (21.9%) and the local regional recurrence was recorded in 7 (17%) patients. The outcome was lethal in 4 (9.8%) surgically treated women. The primary surgical procedure is always individually planned and the choice of individual plans depends on three main factors: the size and position of the primary tumor in relation to the center line of the vulva (clitoral area - anus) and the involvement of regional lymph nodes. In order to reduce the psychosexual morbidity the preference is nowadays widely given to the local excision with adequate and histopathologically confirmed negative edges of the tumor together with determining the presence of metastases in sentinel lymph nodes.
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