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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9548 matches for " Maimoona Mushtaq Ahmed "
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Clinical Presentation and Outcome of Bacterial Meningitis in University Hospital  [PDF]
Maimoona Mushtaq Ahmed
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2014.43019

Purpose: To determine the clinical characteristics and outcome of bacterial meningitis in adult patients using CT, MRI and CSF culture. Methods: Patients admitted to the university hospital with clinical diagnosis of meningitis were included in the present study. All patients were subjected to clinical examination as well as CT, MRI scanning and CSF-bacteriological culture. Results: The age distribution of the patients shows that there is high frequency of symptoms found in the age group between ages 40 - 45. CSF in the present study included WBS, RBC, glucose and protein, which is associated with the adverse outcome. Meningitis can be confirmed by many methods, in the present study three different methods were used, which included CT scan, MRI and CSF analysis and bacterial culture. In CT scan, among the predictors of meningitis, persons with TB (P = 0.037), patients with HIV (P = 0.036) and stroke (P = 0.036) showed significant association. Whereas MRI findings were significantly associated with TB meningitis (P = 0.015). Meningitis was prevalent in the age group of <45. Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of several modalities for diagnosing and predicting the outcome of meningitis in adults.

Study of Serum Cholesterol Level in Adult Obese Population of Karachi, Pakistan  [PDF]
Rubina Mushtaq, Rehana Mushtaq, Ambreen Akram, Sobia Khwaja, Shabbir Ahmed
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2014.411024

Background: The present study was planned to investigate the level of cholesterol in obese/non-obese (normal) individuals according to their body mass index (BMI) and age in different population residing in Karachi. Aim: Comparison of serum cholesterol values of obese with normal subjects and comparison of BMI of obese and normal individuals. Methods: Selection of obese subjects was according to the WHO (1998) criteria. A total of 40 subjects 18 - 55 years of age participated in the study, among which 30 subjects (Mean Age = 29.47 ± 1.99) were obese (Mean BMI = 35.41 ± 0.878) and 10 were controls with Mean age = 21.00 ± 0.547 and BMI = 19.96 ± 0.432. An overnight fasting blood sample was obtained and serum total Cholesterol (T-CH) level was estimated. Results: Obese persons having Mean T-CH = 202.6 ± 14.3 and controls having Mean T-CH = 173.3 ± 14.0. The data were further divided into males and females. Obese females were 11 with their BMI 31.836 ± 0.21, mean age ranged at 28.73 ± 4.04 and T-CH 191.8 ± 21.8, while that of control females were 6 in number with their BMI ranged at 19.183 ± 0.507, age 21.000 ± 0.894 and Cholester 148.7 ± 16.0 in controls. Total numbers of obese males were 19 with their BMI ranged at 37.49 ± 1.14, age ranged at 29.89 ± 2.19 and cholesterol level ranged at 208.89 ± 19.1. Control males were 4 in number with their BMI ranged at 21.125 ± 0.075, age 21.250 ± 0.479 and their T-CH 128.7 ± 8.72. Conclusion: The results of current study have reflected that BMI and total cholesterol concentration are higher in obese subjects.

Primary Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the Breast—A Case Report  [PDF]
Mushtaq Chalkoo, Shahnawaz Ahangar, Asim Rafiq Laharwal, Aasim Mushtaq Patloo, Abbass Mohd, Shabir Ahmed Dar
Surgical Science (SS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.23028
Abstract: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a rare soft tissue sarcoma. Breast is an extremely rare location of this lesion and presentation as a breast lump in the absence of pain or previous benign neural tumor is even rarer. We report such a lesion in a 60 year-old female who presented with hard and painless breast lump for 2 years. Histopathology revealed a malignant spindle cell tumor of low grade potential. It was subsequently confirmed to be malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) on the basis of immunopositivity for vimentin, neurone specific enolase and S-100.
Defecation pain and coccydynia due to an anteverted coccyx: a case report
Omer Salar, Fizza Mushtaq, Mushtaq Ahmed
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-175
Abstract: This is a case of a 67-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a two-and-a-half-year history of worsening rectal pain.To the best of our knowledge, we describe the first case in the literature of an abnormally mobile anteverted coccyx causing predominantly defecation pain and coccydynia, successfully treated by coccygectomy. When first-line investigations fail to elucidate a cause of defecation pain one must, in the presence of unusual symptoms, consider musculoskeletal pathologies emanating from the coccyx and an orthopedic consultation must then be sought for diagnostic purposes.
Rare case of deep pelvic retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma
Shalini Mahana Valecha,Maimoona Ahmed,Mona Oswal,Manisha Gandhewar
International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20130946
Abstract: Mature cystic retroperitoneal teratomas are typically rare childhood tumours. Less than 20% of these occur in adults more than 30 yrs of age. Our adult patient presented with such a tumour, which had grown to a disproportionately large extent. It was deeply embedded in the true pelvis extending laterally to the pelvic wall and inferiorly till the ischiorectal fossa and was adherent to the surrounding structures displacing all. A provisional diagnosis was made after MRI scan and patient was posted for exploratory laparotomy. After extensive blunt and sharp dissection, the cyst wall could be separated from the surrounding structures and successfully excised. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. Being such a rare tumour, it is essential to have a high degree of suspicion in such cases that can be supported by advanced imaging modality. Early diagnosis and complete surgical removal are the mainstay of management that provide an excellent prognosis for such patients. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(3.000): 460-462]
Biological Association and Expressions of NOS3 & SOD2 in Non-Diabetic Senile Cataractogenesis  [PDF]
Shamim Mushtaq, Meraj Zehra, Ayesha Khan, Mehwish Ahmed, Rubina Ghani, Nikhat Ahmed
Advances in Enzyme Research (AER) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aer.2016.43009
Abstract: Aim: To evaluate the functional relationship between the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzymes in the pathogenesis of human senile cataract lenses of non-diabetic patients. Methods: Total solubilized proteins from human cataract lens were compared with normal lens (control) by 2-Dimenstional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). Proteins with different abundances were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Western blot analysis was used to verify the changes in expression of NOS3 and SOD2. A further functional association of NOS3 with SOD2 and other proteins was seen by STRING 8.3 databases. Results: In the 2-DE maps, the cataract and normal lens proteins migrated in the region of pH 3 - 10 with a relative molecular weight of 20 - 130 kDa. Approximately two protein spots with differential intensity were detected as NOS3 and SOD2 using MALDI-TOF-MS. Western blot analysis showed high expression of NOS3 in cataract and SOD2 in normal lens samples. String interaction network revealed strong interactions between NOS3 and SOD2 at high confidence score, which is helpful in characterization of functional abnormalities that may be a causative factor in the pathogenesis of cataract. Conclusion: This study will offer new avenues for mechanistic evaluation and future prevention of cataractogensis. However, large scale studies will be required to evaluate the effect of this interaction on the clinical outcome in human cataract.
Issues in Global Software Development: A Critical Review  [PDF]
Sami ul Haq, Mushtaq Raza, Asraf Zia, M. Naeem Ahmed Khan
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2011.410069
Abstract: A number of companies have employed Global Software Development (GSD) methodology as a useful tool for their software development practices. GSD is a contractual relationship between client and vendor organizations in which a client outsources all or some part of its software development activities to a vendor. The vendor in return provides the agreed services in lieu of certain amount of remuneration. The main reasons to select the GSD technique include reduced cost, faster development and access to skilled manpower. Though GSD is emerging as an effective technique, but it suffers from many challenges like poor communication, lack of trust and coordination. These challenges pose serious risk to the smooth execution of the GSD projects. In this paper, we present a comparative study on GSD to highlight its merits and demerits. Our findings reveal that much of the research in this area has been focused on addressing issues faced by client organizations, however, vendor side in the GSD relationship is much ignored due to which this area is still immature; and, hence, further research work is required to be undertaken to address the issues faced by the vendor organizations.
Effect of Different Dietary Levels of Egyptian Clover on Broiler Performance
Muhammad Arif,Mushtaq Ahmed,Fazli Raziq Durrani
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2000,
Abstract: This study was planned to investigate the optimum level of Egyptian clover, as a supplementary protein source in broiler ration. Five experimental rations having 0, 2, 4, 6, & 8 percent sun-cured Egyptian clover were fed to 250 broiler chicks. A pre-experimental period of 5 days was followed by 35 days of experimental period. Average weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency, dressing percentage, cost of feed per unit weight gain and mortality were used as criteria of response. The mean body weight gain per chick was 1343b, 1385b, 1388b, 1457a and 1365b grams (P=0.01). The average feed consumption per chick was 3446b, 3423b, 3464b, 3687a and 3307b grams (P=0.05). The mean feed efficiency (feed/gain) was 2.57, 2.47, 2.50, 2.53 and 2.42. The mean dressing percentage was 72.48, 72.99, 72.72, 72.54 and 72.20; the average cost of feed per Kg body weight gain was Rs. 20.56, 19.56, 19.63, 19.68 and 18.63; and mortality was 2, 6, 10, 6 and 2 percent for treatment having 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 percent clover respectively. Considering all the parameters of response it was concluded that sun-cured Egyptian clover might be used at 6 percent dietary level in the broiler ration for optimum performance.
Comparison of analgesic effects of nimesulide, paracetamol, and their combination in animal models
Ahmed Mushtaq,Upadhyaya Prerna,Seth Vikas
Indian Journal of Pharmacology , 2010,
Abstract: Objectives: To compare the analgesic activity of nimesulide and paracetamol alone and their combination in animal models for the degree of analgesia and the time course of action. Materials and Methods: Analgesia was studied in albino rats using formalin test and in albino mice using writhing test and the radiant heat method. For each test, four groups of six animals each were orally fed with a single dose of nimesulide, paracetamol, and combination of nimesulide + paracetamol and gum acacia as control, respectively. Results: In all the three test models, all three drug treatments showed significant analgesia (P < 0.001) as compared to control, but there was no significant difference in the analgesia produced by either drugs alone or in combination. The radiant heat method demonstrated a quicker onset and longer duration of action with nimesulide, whereas writhing test showed a quicker onset of action with paracetamol. In formalin test, greater degree of analgesia was seen with individual drugs than that of the combination, though this difference was not statistically significant. Conclusions: Nimesulide and paracetamol combination offers no advantage over nimesulide alone or paracetamol alone, either in terms of degree of analgesia or onset of action. Therefore, our study supports the reports claiming irrationality of the fixed dose combination of nimesulide and paracetamol.
Botrytis Rot of Tulip bulbs (Tulipa spp.) – A New Record
Indian Phytopathology , 2011,
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