Abstract:
The notion of i-bounded geometry generalises simultaneously bounded geometry and the geometry of punctured torus Kleinian groups. We show that the limit set of a surface Kleinian group of i-bounded geometry is locally connected by constructing a natural Cannon-Thurston map. This is an exposition of a special case of the main result of arXiv:math/0607509.

Abstract:
This is an expository paper. We prove the Cannon-Thurston property for bounded geometry surface groups with or without punctures. We prove three theorems, due to Cannon-Thurston, Minsky and Bowditch. The proofs are culled out of earlier work of the author.

Abstract:
A family of interpolating graphs $\calC (S, \xi)$ of complexity $\xi$ is constructed for a surface $S$ and $-2 \leq \xi \leq \xi (S)$. For $\xi = -2, -1, \xi (S) -1$ these specialise to graphs quasi-isometric to the marking graph, the pants graph and the curve graph respectively. We generalise Theorems of Brock-Farb and Behrstock-Minsky to show that the rank of $\calC (S, \xi)$ is $r_\xi$, the largest number of disjoint copies of subsurfaces of complexity greater than $\xi $ that may be embedded in $S$. The interpolating graphs $\calC (S, \xi)$ interpolate between the pants graph and the curve graph.

Abstract:
In earlier work, we had shown that Cannon-Thurston maps exist for Kleinian surface groups. In this paper we prove that pre-images of points are precisely end-points of leaves of the ending lamination whenever the Cannon-Thurston map is not one-to-one. In particular, the Cannon-Thurston map is finite-to-one. This completes the proof of the conjectural picture of Cannon-Thurston maps for surface groups.

Abstract:
In this paper we initiate a study of the topological group $PPQI(G,H)$ of pattern-preserving quasi-isometries for $G$ a hyperbolic Poincare duality group and $H$ an infinite quasiconvex subgroup of infinite index in $G$. Suppose $\partial G$ admits a visual metric $d$ with $dim_H < dim_t +2$, where $dim_H$ is the Hausdorff dimension and $dim_t$ is the topological dimension of $(\partial G,d)$. a) If $Q_u$ is a group of pattern-preserving uniform quasi-isometries (or more generally any locally compact group of pattern-preserving quasi-isometries) containing $G$, then $G$ is of finite index in $Q_u$. b) If instead, $H$ is a codimension one filling subgroup, and $Q$ is any group of pattern-preserving quasi-isometries containing $G$, then $G$ is of finite index in $Q$. Moreover, (Topological Pattern Rigidity) if $L$ is the limit set of $H$, $\LL$ is the collection of translates of $L$ under $G$, and $Q$ is any pattern-preserving group of {\it homeomorphisms} of $\partial G$ preserving $\LL$ and containing $G$, then the index of $G$ in $Q$ is finite. We find analogous results in the realm of relative hyperbolicity, regarding an equivariant collection of horoballs as a symmetric pattern in a {\it hyperbolic} (not relatively hyperbolic) space. Combining our main result with a theorem of Mosher-Sageev-Whyte, we obtain QI rigidity results. An important ingredient of the proof is a version of the Hilbert-Smith conjecture for certain metric measure spaces, which uses the full strength of Yang's theorem on actions of the p-adic integers on homology manifolds. This might be of independent interest.

Abstract:
We begin by showing that commensurators of Zariski dense subgroups of isometry groups of symmetric spaces of non-compact type are discrete provided that the limit set on the Furstenberg boundary is not invariant under the action of a (virtual) simple factor. In particular for rank one or simple Lie groups, Zariski dense subgroups with non-empty domain of discontinuity have discrete commensurators. This generalizes a Theorem of Greenberg for Kleinian groups. We then prove that for all finitely generated, Zariski dense, infinite covolume discrete subgroups of $Isom ({\mathbb{H}}^3)$, commensurators are discrete. Together these prove discreteness of commensurators for all known examples of finitely generated, Zariski dense, infinite covolume discrete subgroups of $Isom(X)$ for $X$ a symmetric space of non-compact type.

Abstract:
Let N^h be a hyperbolic 3-manifold of bounded geometry corresponding to a hyperbolic structure on a pared manifold (M,P). Further, suppose that (\partial{M} - P) is incompressible, i.e. the boundary of M is incompressible away from cusps. Further, suppose that M_{gf} is a geometrically finite hyperbolic structure on (M,P). Then there is a Cannon- Thurston map from the limit set of M_{gf} to that of N^h. Further, the limit set of N^h is locally connected. This answers in part a question attributed to Thurston.

Abstract:
We introduce and study the notion of relative rigidity for pairs $(X,\JJ)$ where 1) $X$ is a hyperbolic metric space and $\JJ$ a collection of quasiconvex sets 2) $X$ is a relatively hyperbolic group and $\JJ$ the collection of parabolics 3) $X$ is a higher rank symmetric space and $\JJ$ an equivariant collection of maximal flats Relative rigidity can roughly be described as upgrading a uniformly proper map between two such $\JJ$'s to a quasi-isometry between the corresponding $X$'s. A related notion is that of a $C$-complex which is the adaptation of a Tits complex to this context. We prove the relative rigidity of the collection of pairs $(X, \JJ)$ as above. This generalises a result of Schwarz for symmetric patterns of geodesics in hyperbolic space. We show that a uniformly proper map induces an isomorphism of the corresponding $C$-complexes. We also give a couple of characterizations of quasiconvexity. of subgroups of hyperbolic groups on the way.

Abstract:
We show that Cannon-Thurston maps exist for degenerate free groups without parabolics, i.e. for handlebody groups. Combining these techniques with earlier work proving the existence of Cannon-Thurston maps for surface groups, we show that Cannon-Thurston maps exist for arbitrary finitely generated Kleinian groups, proving a conjecture of McMullen. We also show that point pre-images under Cannon-Thurston maps for degenerate free groups without parabolics correspond to end-points of leaves of an ending lamination in the Masur domain, whenever a point has more than one pre-image. This proves a conjecture of Otal. We also prove a similar result for point pre-images under Cannon-Thurston maps for arbitrary finitely generated Kleinian groups.

Abstract:
We prove the existence of Cannon-Thurston maps for simply and doubly degenerate surface Kleinian groups. As a consequence we prove that connected limit sets of finitely generated Kleinian groups are locally connected.