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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12146 matches for " Maggie Garcia "
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A medical risk attitude subscale for DOSPERT
Shoshana Butler,Adam Rosman,Shira Seleski,Maggie Garcia
Judgment and Decision Making , 2012,
Abstract: Background: The Domain-Specific Risk Taking scale (DOSPERT) is a widely used instrument that measures perceived risk and benefit and attitude toward risk for activities in several domains, but does not include medical risks. Objective: To develop a medical risk domain subscale for DOSPERT. Methods: Sixteen candidate risk items were developed through expert discussion. We conducted cognitive telephone interviews, an online survey, and a random-digit dialing (RDD) telephone survey to reduce and refine the scale, explore its factor structure, and obtain estimates of reliability. Participants: Eight patients recruited from UIC medical center waiting rooms participated in 45-60 minute cognitive interviews. Thirty Amazon Mechanical Turk workers completed the online survey. One hundred Chicago-area residents completed the RDD telephone survey. Results: On the basis of cognitive interviews, we eliminated five items due to poor variance or participant misunderstanding. The online survey suggested that two additional items were negatively correlated with the scale, and we considered them candidates for removal. Factor analysis of the responses in the RDD telephone survey and non-statistical factors led us to recommend a final set of 6 items to represent the medical risk domain. The final set of items included blood donation, kidney donation, daily medication use for allergies, knee replacement surgery, general anesthesia in dentistry, and clinical trial participation. The interitem reliability (Cronbach's alpha) of the final set of 6 items ranged from 0.57-0.59 depending on the response task. Older respondents gave lower overall ratings of expected benefit from the activities. Conclusion: We refined a set of items to measure risk and benefit perceptions for medical activities. Our next step will be to add these items to the complete DOSPERT scale, confirm the scale's psychometric properties, determine whether medical risks constitute a psychologically distinct domain from other risky activities, and characterize individual differences in medical risk attitudes.
Racismo e anti-racismo: preconceito, discrimina??o e os jovens estudantes nas escolas cariocas
Maggie, Yvonne;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302006000300006
Abstract: the main purpose of this paper is to discuss the impact of the new public policies that are being proposed as general state policies in brazil. two laws are currently being discussed by the national congress: the quota system for entrance into public universities and the so-called estatuto da equaldade racial. the author describes the first findings of a research project developed in the schools of rio de janeiro over the last two years. she wonders if we are entitled to change the traditional ways students used to face prejudice and discrimination in their schools. the students of the schools participating in this research are mainly poor. according to the traditional methods of social anthropology, they were followed by graduate and undergraduate students who participated in the schools daily life and observed their rituals, ceremonies, classes and special programs.
Mário de Andrade ainda vive? O ideário modernista em quest?o
Maggie, Yvonne;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092005000200001
Abstract: this paper reflects upon the hypothesis that a dramatic change is taking place in the way brazil thinks about itself at the dawn of the 21st century. with the passage of recent laws on quotas for black people at public universities and the civil service, the notion of a mixed nation made up of "three races" seems to have been challenged, giving way to the idea of a nation divided between blacks and whites. for the first time in our history since the 1920s, the brazilian elite seems to have shattered the foundations of the idea that allowed for the creation of our most radically nationalistic and cosmopolitan culture. the notions of a modernist brazilian character forged by mário and oswald de andrade, paulo prado and sérgio buarque de holanda, gilberto freire and di cavalcanti, tarsila do amaral e anita malfati, is under suspicion. what does this change in our law mean, and how can it affect the structure of our society, based as it is in a set of values which does not emphasize opposition, but rather complementarity, giving precedence to that which unites rather than that which separates?
Pela igualdade
Maggie, Yvonne;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2008000300011
Abstract: the paper will discuss the new politics of identity that are been proposed in order to combat racism. it will also reflect on the racialization of public policies and of our costumes. the question raised in the paper is what is the real purpose of these new policies? describing the myth of racism and also the myth of the combat of racism in brazil the recent history of the introduction of policies based on "race" will be analyzed. the question is what is the aim of introducing "race" in our juridical system? what is the aim of such a radical change in our concept of nation?
Espiritismo à brasileira
Yvonne Maggie
Tempo Social , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-20702004000100020
A Collaboration Between Music Therapy and Speech Pathology in a Paediatric Rehabilitation Setting
Maggie Leung
Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy , 2008,
Abstract: This article describes the importance of flexible music therapy practice when focusing on communication skills with a speech pathologist within a paediatric rehabilitation setting. A brief literature review on the combined use of music therapy and speech pathology in rehabilitation is provided. A case vignette is then used to illustrate the unique role of music therapy and the importance of changing the goals of music therapy in order to meet the patient’s needs.
Critical Thinking for Pupils with Special Education Needs: Indulgence or Necessity?
Maggie Bowen
Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis , 2000,
Abstract: During the last decade, the role of the self-advocate has gained popularity among people with learning disabilities. In Great Britain, a number of self-advocacy groups exist and voluntaryorganisations such as The Standing Committee of Voluntary Organisations in Wales (SCOVO) produce journals which keep people with learning disabilities and their families abreast of new projects and developments in the field, welcoming and promoting their contributions. Schools for pupils with special educational needs are also trying to encourage individuals to take control over their environment. The Advisory Group on Citizenship (1998, p.39) cites Ashley Special School, Widnes, as an example ofgood practice. The school has a council which is central to the life of the school and, in 1995, pupils voted to change the name of the school to Ashley School in honour of Jack Ashley, a Member ofParliament and supporter of people with disabilities. The sculptor, David Gross, worked with pupils who have met with politicians in the Houses of Parliament and Brussels, to produce a work of art thatrepresents the values of the School Charter, ‘commitment to justice and global citizenship.’ The general philosophy is therefore one of encouraging people with learning disabilities to take control of their own lives. However, if people with learning disabilities are to be true self-advocates, capable of making decisions about important life issues, then they will need to be involved in a teaching programme that, over time, develops their skills in thinking, reasoning and argument. This paper examines the ways in whichthis might realistically happen.
Genetic Connection and Relationships in Narratives of Donor-Assisted Conception
Kirkman, Maggie
Australian Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society , 2004,
Abstract: Donor-assisted conception diverts genetic connection from parent and child to donor and offspring. This article examines ways in which the contributions of genes and relationships to the meaning of family are explained in the narratives of donors, recipients, and offspring of donated gametes and embryos. More than 80 people were interviewed and subsequently consulted about their narrative accounts, which reflect the canonical narrative of families based on genetic connection. Some parents concur with this narrative and struggle to accommodate the lack of genetic connection within their understanding of the family. Others emphasise relationships while simultaneously affirming the significance of genes by ensuring the same donor for each child. Simple categorisation is impossible. As donors, parents, and offspring construct narrative interpretations of donor-assisted conception, they reveal the complex interaction in the meaning of genes and relationships, and of negotiations between those whose lives include donor-assisted conception and their social context.
Anti-War Statements in 'the War-Prayer' and 'the Private History of a Campaign That Failed'
Maggie Oran
Journal of Transnational American Studies , 2009,
Impact of a Clinical Pharmacist in the General Hospital: An Egyptian Trial  [PDF]
Nirmeen A. Sabry, Maggie M. Abbassi
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.56068

Medication review aims at optimizing the impact of medications while minimizing their related problems. Drug-related problems have never been properly addressed in Egyptian hospitals. The purpose of this paper is to record and compare the prevalence and types of medication related problems, the interventions provided by the clinical pharmacists and how physicians responded along with making recommendations for error prevention. This prospective study was conducted between June 2012 and December 2012, at an Egyptian general hospital. Five trained pharmacists recorded patient-specific medication related recommendations and completed quality-of-care interventions. The average number of audited doses was 81% of those prescribed. The most prevalent medication problem was prescribing errors followed by administration errors. A total of 20 patients experienced adverse drug events. The greatest error rates across the seven months were observed in the ICU and cardiology units. Numbers of interventions offered by the pharmacists ranged from 241, to 519 per month. Nurses accepted all the interventions introduced by the pharmacists aimed at reducing administration errors while physicians’ resistance rates had an average of 21%. This study showed a positive influence of the pharmacist-led medication review in reducing potential drug-related problems in an Egyptian secondary care where the hospital under study implemented new measures to minimize drug related problems according to the findings of the trained pharmacists.

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