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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1319 matches for " Magda Ericson "
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Pion and neutron production by cosmic-ray muons underground
Jean Delorme,Magda Ericson,Torleif Ericson
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.52.2222
Abstract: The production of positive pions and neutrons by cosmic muons at underground sites of various depths is investigated. We first test the equivalent photon method in the particular case of $\Delta$ excitation by the muon. We find that this method, when it neglects the momentum dependence of the transverse response, reproduces remarkably well the theoretical muon cross-section. This success has lead us to apply the method to higher energies, where it has not been tested. We evaluate in this way the production of positive pions in liquid scintillator from known photo-absorption cross-sections. At a shallow depth of 20 meters our estimate reproduces the measurement. As for the neutron emission, we include the obvious sources, such as the giant-resonance excitation, the quasi-deuteron process, the quasi- free pion production as well as neutrons emitted following pion capture. Our evaluation underestimates the number of neutrons produced and finds a too weak dependence on the depth. This suggests that secondary neutron production is important at all depths.
Moral Judgment: Truth, Order and Consequence  [PDF]
Magda Osman
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.65061
Abstract: Often we make snap moral judgments based on limited information. For instance upon reading a newspaper headline we very quickly decide on whether the implied outcome is good or bad. However, in situations like this we are also likely to revise our judgments when we read the main story and the conclusion of the article. One question yet to be answered is whether we adjust our moral judgments in a systematic way as we gain more details about a moral scenario. Two experiments (lab-based, online) addressed this question along with the influence of other factors on moral judgments (the origin of the moral scenario, the severity of the consequence of the scenario). Across both experiments, moral judgments were: 1) generally adjusted downwards as more information was presented; 2) more severe for headlines than the main story or the conclusion; 3) more severe for scenarios that were fabricated than real life stories; 4) more severe when the conclusion involved a severe consequence than a non-severe consequence.
Dynamic Moral Judgments and Emotions  [PDF]
Magda Osman
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.68090
Abstract: We may experience strong moral outrage when we read a news headline that describes a prohibited action, but when we gain additional information by reading the main news story, do our emotional experiences change at all, and if they do in what way do they change? In a single online study with 80 participants the aim was to examine the extent to which emotional experiences (disgust, anger) and moral judgments track changes in information about a moral scenario. The evidence from the present study suggests that we systematically adjust our moral judgments and our emotional experiences as a result of exposure to further information about the morally dubious action referred to in a moral scenario. More specifically, the way in which we adjust our moral judgments and emotions appears to be based on information signalling whether a morally dubious act is permitted or prohibited.
Behavioral Economics: Where Is It Heading?  [PDF]
Magda Osman
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.69109
Abstract: The addition of “behavioral” to economics has given rise to a highly successful field of research. But, is it just a fashionable new trend or is it here to stay? More to the point, how does it differ from its close relative psychology? To answer these questions, the present article considers what behavioral economics is, and where it started, with the aim of trying to forecast what the status of it will be in the future. In forecasting where behavioral economics might be heading, the argument proposed here is that the best clues can be found in psychological research. If, as has been proposed here, behavioral economics partners research trends in psychology, then the futures of both will almost certainly be moving in the same direction. Both are beginning to, and will start to rely on online tools/mobile phone applications to collect richer data revealing dynamic tends over long time horizons, and as technology continues to facilitate ways of looking at group behaviour online, then larger scale studies examining interactions amongst multiple groups of people will become the norm rather than the exception. More specifically this article speculates on the future research focus of researchers in behavioral economics and the extent to which this will overlap with psychological research on judgment and decision-making.
The Recollection of Morning Sickness and Their Support System as Documented by Women Post Pregnancy  [PDF]
Hanna Ericson, Malin Sunnergren, Annsofie Adolfsson
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2013.34011
Abstract: Nausea during pregnancy affects about ten percent of all pregnant women. The causes of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy are unclear. The condition can lead to dehydration, electrolyte derangement, impaired organ function and lead to serious health issues or even death if left untreated. The treatment conducted today is symptomatic and is not completely satisfactory. Objective: The purpose of the study was to describe women’s experience of morning sickness and their experience of support. Design: Data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Participants: Nine women responded to the survey. Results: The result shows that women who suffer from morning sickness during pregnancy feel a loss of control over their lives which has a significant impact on their mental and physical health making it difficult to function normally. Feelings of isolation, loneliness and alienation are common. It is essential that midwives are attentive in order to provide the help and support that these women require. Conclusion: It is essential that the personnel providing the care are knowledgeable about the condition. More research is necessary to find the root cause of the condition in order to develop effective strategies for treatment.
História ocupacional
Bagatin, Ericson;Kitamura, Satoshi;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132006000800004
Abstract: just as a complete patient history is fundamental to making any diagnosis, the history of environmental exposure in the workplace forms the informational base needed in order to understand occupational respiratory diseases. it is estimated that 20% of all cases of interstitial or airway disease are related to such exposure. however, information regarding potential environmental exposure is rarely included in the patient history, nor is job/occupation/function taken into consideration. therefore, this theme has become pivotal to the discussion among health care professionals working in this area, who must decide whether evaluating and estimating the magnitude of this problem are truly desirable goals.
Visual Odometry System for Agricultural Field Robots
Stefan Ericson,Bjorn Astrand
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2008,
A Pintura como um Paradigma da Percep o
Ericson Sávio Falabretti
DoisPontos , 2012,
Abstract: The reflections on the paint across the whole itinerary of the work of Merleau-Ponty and seem to indicate the reasons for the movement and the unity of his thought, especially when we seek to understand the scope of perception as a significant pre-reflective event. The experience of perception is radicalized on painting that express a “primordial level” - "leads to their last power is a delusion that same vision" - with all the charactersthat phenomenology sought to achieve in describing the different forms of perceptive experience, is through the description of pre-reflective experience of the body itself or, finally, the conception of perceptual faith as a "donation in flesh." The painting holds the most genuine intention of a philosophy dedicated to the description of the pre-reflective, and asks the witness to be. The painter, as indicated by the analysis of Cezanne, the original remains in the soil, without the need for justification or foundation, free of the obligation to announce a thesis or a convention on the world, expressed the significance of the crudest sense: what makes the visible visible.
Merleau-Ponty: o sentido e o uso da no o de estrutura
Ericson Savio Falabretti
DoisPontos , 2008,
Abstract: This work discusses the reach of the considerations of Merleau-Ponty for a formulation of a theory of the behavior. We sought, before everything, to show in that felt Merleau-Ponty refuses the interpretations of the schools intellectual and empirical about the behavior. Then, in a second moment, having in view the current problems of those classic theories, we pointed the foundations to a phenomenological description of the behavior: mainly from the structure notion. We look for, also, to establish the genealogy, the different uses and sense of the term structure in human sciences, especially for the GestaltPsychology. Finally, we argue the direction given for Merleau-Ponty to the term structure and as this notion became possible a phenomenological reading of the behavior.
Ericson Saint Clair
Brazilian Journalism Research , 2012,
Abstract: We investigate evidence of the cultural construction of depression in Brazilian media. To this end, we have explored its definition as a journalistic subject by examining the corpus of research materials from Folha Group’s newspapers, especially Folha de S. Paulo, over the past forty years. Our approach to the news archives has allowed us to outline four main strategic regions of discourse production, revealed and exemplified in the article. Based on these observations, we have advocated a new perspective for the analysis of the press’s role in publishing materials for dissemination of scientific research regarding depression. We will interpret its role not simply as the automatic disseminator of scientific truth, but as the explorer of a gray area of the field of opinion, regarded as a representation of the rubble of circulating knowledge, where what is at stake is the production of the current nature itself of the disorder.
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