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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 71 matches for " Madoka Kitakawa "
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Inner Membrane Protein YhcB Interacts with RodZ Involved in Cell Shape Maintenance in Escherichia coli
Gaochi Li,Kentaro Hamamoto,Madoka Kitakawa
ISRN Molecular Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/304021
Contact Urticaria Syndrome from Tofu  [PDF]
Maki Kitakawa, Tokio Nakada
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2016.56038
Abstract: A-52-year-old woman ate dinner after preening roses in her garden. Immediately, she developed oralaryngeal malaise and pruritic rash. Nasal obstruction and increase of cutaneous lesions were seen although she took betamethasone, 2 mg, orally. Physical examination revealed geographic wheal on trunk and extremities, and no overt mucosal lesions. History demonstrated that she had developed such reactions four times before: three of the four were seen shortly after eating soybean. Tofu was examined by prick-by-prick testing, and prick testing was performed with a petal, a piece of stem and rose leaf, positive and negative control. Positive reactions to tofu (wheal, 5 × 7 mm) and positive control (wheal 5 × 5 mm) and negative ones to others were noted. Although sensitization to soybean seemed to antedate pollen allergy on the basis of interview, oral allergy syndrome could be complicated because of various pollens-specific IgE. Since soy-bean specific IgE was class 2, such titer was not an effective predictor of clinical severity. This case should be classified into stage 3 of contact urticaria syndrome (CUS). Since CUS can be fatal, we must be careful in management for such patients.
Readiness for Advance Care Planning in Older Adults: A Literature Review  [PDF]
Madoka Nakamura
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.91002
Abstract: Introduction: In the context of end-of-life care, interest in advance care planning (ACP) has increased as an approach that allows a person to live in the manner of his or her choosing until the end. ACP is a process of discussion among the elderly persons, family members, and medical staff. However, preparations necessary for starting ACP are not clear. In this study, we aim to clarify the readiness of ACP focusing on the elderly who are the center of end-of-life care. Methods: We reviewed the literature on the subject in the CINAHL and PubMed databases. The keywords used were “advance care planning” and “readiness”. Results: Twelve articles were selected for the final analysis. ACP readiness was broadly divided into preparations on the part of the elderly themselves, family members, and medical professionals. Conclusion: The most frequently reported factor in readiness for ACP was elderly people informing their families and physicians of their intentions. In addition, the establishment of communicative relationships among elderly persons, their family members, and medical professionals was considered readiness for commencing ACP. It was suggested that enhancing these types of readiness would help reduce the barriers to ACP, thereby facilitating its practice.
The String Dual of an ${\cal N}=(4,0)$ Two-Dimensional Gauge Theory
Madoka Nishimura
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1088/1126-6708/2001/07/020
Abstract: We find solutions of the six-dimensional maximal supergravity by adding a perturbation of vector fields to the solution AdS${}_3$ $\times$ S${}^3$. For certain perturbations the solution represents a dual description of an ${\cal N}=(4,0)$ field theory in two dimensions by the AdS/CFT correspondence.
Conformal Supergravity from the AdS/CFT Correspondence
Madoka Nishimura
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(00)00472-7
Abstract: Construction of a five dimensional conformal supergravity (D=5 CSG) is attempted by applying the AdS/CFT correspondence to the F(4) AdS supergravity in six dimensions. As a first step, local transformation laws of D=5 CSG have been established, from which the Weyl weights of the various fields in D=5 can be predicted.
New indoor navigation system for visually impaired people using visible light communication
Madoka Nakajima and Shinichiro Haruyama
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1687-1499-2013-37
Abstract: In this study, we propose an indoor navigation system that utilizes visible light communication technology, which employs LED lights and a geomagnetic correction method, aimed at supporting visually impaired people who travel indoors. To verify the effectiveness of this system, we conducted an experiment targeting visually impaired people. Although acquiring accurate positional information and detecting directions indoors is difficult, we confirmed that using this system, accurate positional information and travel direction can be obtained utilizing visible light communication technology, which employs LED lights, and correcting the values of the geomagnetic sensor integrated in a smartphone.
Discretisations of constrained KP hierarchies
Ralph Willox,Madoka Hattori
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We present a discrete analogue of the so-called symmetry reduced or `constrained' KP hierarchy. As a result we obtain integrable discretisations, in both space and time, of some well-known continuous integrable systems such as the nonlinear Schroedinger equation, the Broer-Kaup equation and the Yajima-Oikawa system, together with their Lax pairs. It will be shown that these discretisations also give rise to a discrete description of the entire hierarchy of associated integrable systems. The discretisations of the Broer-Kaup equation and of the Yajima-Oikawa system are thought to be new.
Introducing Solid Foods to Infants in the Asia Pacific Region
Madoka Inoue,Colin W. Binns
Nutrients , 2014, DOI: 10.3390/nu6010276
Abstract: For infants’ optimal growth and development, the introduction of nutritionally suitable solid foods at the appropriate time is essential. However, less attention has been paid to this stage of infant life when compared with studies on breastfeeding initiation and duration. The practice of introducing solid foods, including the types of foods given to infants, in the Asia Pacific region was reviewed. In total nine studies using the same questionnaire on infant feeding practices were analysed to gain a better understanding of trends in the introduction of solid foods in this region. All studies showed less than optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding indicating an earlier time of introduction of solid foods than recommended by the WHO. Most mothers commonly used rice or rice products as the first feed. In many studies, the timing of introducing solid foods was associated with breastfeeding duration. Compared with the Recommended Nutrient Intakes for infants aged above six months, rice/rice products are of lower energy density and have insufficient micronutrients unless they have been fortified. Although the timing of introducing solid foods to infants is important in terms of preventing later health problems, the quality of the foods should also be considered. Recommendations to improve the introduction of solid foods include measures to discourage prelacteal feeding, facilitating breastfeeding education and providing better information on healthier food choices for infants.
Effect of Postoperative Administration of Saireito for Bilateral Chronic Subdural Hematomas  [PDF]
Satoshi Utsuki, Hidehiro Oka, Chihiro Kijima, Madoka Inukai, Katsutoshi Abe, Kimitoshi Sato, Sachio Suzuki, Kiyotaka Fujii
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.23047
Abstract: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the efficacy of saireito for bilateral chronic subdural hematomas (B-CSDH). Between April 2006 and March 2010, a total of 18 patients undergoing unilateral burr hole drainage for B-CSDH took part in a controlled clinical study. Postoperative status of the nonsurgical side was subsequently evaluated, with (n = 10) and without (n = 8) saireito administration. Two in the saireito-treated group patients and four in the control group patients ultimately required contralateral surgical intervention. The remainder, including eight saireito-treated hematomas, resolved without further surgery, generally within eight weeks of the surgical side procedure. However, two of the four resolving control lesions took longer to regress. The hydragogue and anti-inflammatory/steroid-evoking properties ascribed to saireito may facilitate hematoma resolution. After unilateral surgery for B-CSDH, saireito administration may prevent symptomatic deterioration of a contralateral low-density CSDH, preempting subsequent surgery.
Preoperative Prediction of Whether Intraoperative Fluorescence of Protoporphyrin IX Can Be Achieved by 5-Aminolevulinic Acid Administration  [PDF]
Satoshi Utsuki, Hidehiro Oka, Chihiro Kijima, Madoka Inukai, Kiyotaka Fujii, Masahiro Ishizuka, Kiwamu Takahashi, Katsushi Inoue
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.32026
Abstract: Protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) fluorescence-guided brain tumor resection, using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), is among the most valuable tools for determining tumor removal area. However, PPIX fluorescence is not necessarily achieved during an operation visually even when 5-ALA is used, and we do not know until tumor exposure to the excitation light of the ultraviolet region whether PPIX fluorescence has been achieved. When a particular biopsy and frozen section diagnosis is made, the reason for lack of PPIX fluorescence in the tissue cannot be judged. We do not know whether the tumor fails to fluoresce or no fluorescence is seen because it is not the main body of the tumor. We investigated whether the presence or absence of tumor fluorescence could be predicted by examining urinary porphyrin before surgery, at the time of intraoperative fluorescence diagnosis using 5-ALA. The urine of brain tumor patients 2 hours after 5-ALA administration was irradiated with a 405 ± 1 nm laser light. The patients were divided into a fluorescent urine group and negative fluorescent urine group. Red fluorescence was observed in response to the 405 ± 1 nm laser beam for all tumors in the fluorescent urine group. Clear red fluorescence was not observed even with 405 ± 1 nm laser beam irradiation in any tumors in the negative fluorescent urine group. Preoperative prediction of the intraoperative fluorescence of PPIX can be achieved by observation of urine 2 hours after 5-ALA administration with exposure to a 405 ± 1 nm laser light.
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