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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 178 matches for " Madi "
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A Touch of Turmeric: Examining an Ayurvedic Treasure  [PDF]
Prianca Madi Reddi
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2013.32012

Turmeric, or Curcuma longa, is a perennial root plant of the ginger family. This plant originates from Asia and is widely grown and used inIndia. South Asians have used turmeric for its medicinal purposes for centuries and it has become integrated into spiritual life as a symbol of protection and purity (Ravindran et al. 2007). Turmeric acts as a powerful healing tool because of the phytochemicals it contains. The main phytochemical in turmeric is curcumin. Research shows that curcumin provides anti-cancerous, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial health effects, among others. Curcumin may not be as beneficial as turmeric in its entirety due to variation in bioavailability (Martin et al., 2011). This extrapolation should be taken into consideration when attempting to reap the benefits of turmeric in the West.

Impact of Lifestyle Intervention on the Estimated Visceral Fat Area and Skeletal Muscle Mass in Men with Obesity  [PDF]
Ali Madi Almajwal
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2018.912104
Abstract: Background: The lifestyle modification remains the fundamental approach for the obesity treatment. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the effect of the multimodal lifestyle intervention on the estimated visceral fat area versus changes in musculoskeletal mass in a cohort of adult men with obesity. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective cohort study in which the file of eighty-two male subjects, aged 20 - 60 years, was studied for three months. Patients had been instructed to follow a balanced-hypocaloric diet, physical activity plan and general advice for combating the unhealthy lifestyle habits through the study period. Those who succeeded to loss > 5% of their body weight were classified as weight loser (WL) group, while others as weight resistant (WR) group. The results of In Body-720 bioelectric impedance analysis were used to report the fat mass (FM), visceral fat area (VFA), skeletal muscle mass (SMM), SMM/VFA ratio, osseous mass (OM), and basal metabolic rate (BMR) before and after the study period. Anthropometric measures, glucose, and lipid profile were also analyzed. Paired t-test was used to detect the significance of change between before and after measures, independent sample t-test was used to compare WL vs. WR groups. Results: There were significant decreases in weight, FM (p < 0.05) and VFA (p < 0.001), in addition to a significant rise of SMM/VFA ratio (p < 0.05), together with insignificant changes of osseous mass, SMM and BMR after 3 months. Additionally, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides were significantly reduced (P < 0.05). The percentages of reduction in weight, FM and VFA in WL vs. WR groups were highly significant (p < 0.001), while the percentages of change in SMM, SMM/VFA ratio and BMR were significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Lifestyle modification might be effective in production of positive changes in the body composition of patients with obesity. These changes were more significant in weight losers.
Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: In laser cutting, the cut quality is of great importance. Multiple non-linear effects of process parameters and their interactions make very difficult to predict cut quality. In this paper, artificial intelligence (AI) approach was applied to predict the surface roughness in CO2 laser cutting. To this aim, artificial neural network (ANN) model of surface roughness was developed in terms of cutting speed, laser power and assist gas pressure. The experimental results obtained from Taguchi’s L25 orthogonal array were used to develop ANN model. The ANN mathematical model of surface roughness was expressed as explicit nonlinear function of the selected input parameters. Statistical results indicate that the ANN model can predict the surface roughness with good accuracy. It was showed that ANNs may be used as a good alternative in analyzing the effects of cutting parameters on the surface roughness.
Manual para técnicos radólogos: Cuando la teoría enriquece la práctica Jean-Phillippe Dillenseger - Elisabeth Moerschel Editorial: Journal
Madi Factme,Marcelo Torres
Revista Argentina de Radiología , 2012,
Barrett′s esophagus: Where do we stand?
Al Madi Majid
Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology , 2009,
Abstract: Barrett′s esophagus (BE) is a precursor for esophageal adenocarcinoma, which has an increased incidence rate over the last few decades. Its importance stems from the poor five-year survival of esophageal adenocarcinoma and current data that suggest a survival benefit when surveillance programs are implemented. In this review, we will cover the pathophysiology and natural history of BE and the different endoscopic findings. The prevalence of BE in different geographic areas and the incidence of high-grade dysplasia and adenocarcinoma in this patient population is reviewed. Recent recommendation for screening and surveillance of BE has been covered in this review as well as the efficacy of nonconventional imaging modalities and endoscopic ablation therapies.
Scintillation Characteristics of CsI Crystal Doped Br under Gamma and Alpha Particles Excitation  [PDF]
Maria da Concei??o Costa Pereira, Tufic Madi Filho
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.56042

Inorganic scintillators play an important role in detection and spectroscopy of gamma, X-rays and alpha particles as well as neutrons and charged particles. Scintillation crystals based on cesium iodide (CsI) are matters with relatively low hygroscopicity, high atomic number, easy handling and low cost, characteristics that favor their use as radiation detectors. In this work, pure CsI crystal and bromine doped CsI crystals were grown using the Bridgman technique. The concentration of the bromine doping element (Br) was studied in the range of 1.5 × 10-1 M to 10-2 M. The distribution of the doping element in the crystalline volume was determined by neutron activation. The result obtained with neutron activation analysis (NAA) has found that the mean values of Br found in grown crystals are consistent with those introduced in salt CsI, showing the incorporation of Br in the matrix structure of CsI. The optical transmittance assays were performed at a wavelength range of 110 nm to 1100 nm. Analyses were carried out to evaluate the developed scintillators, concerning alpha particles and gamma radiation.

Clinical Presentations of HHV-6 Infection in Infants and Children in Kuwait: A Retrospective Study  [PDF]
Nada Madi, Haya Al-Tawalah, Widad Al-Nakib
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2014.415119
Abstract: Clinical manifestations of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) have not been clearly defined, and the role of HHV-6 in human disease among infants and children in Kuwait remains to be fully elucidated. A retrospective study covering the period between 2008 and 2014 was conducted on infants and children aged from 1 month to 5 years. Blood and CSF samples from infants and children who presented with symptoms suggestive HHV-6 infection were subjected to PCR test for HHV-6. Results showed that 9.3% (n = 42) of infants and children were positive for HHV-6. Fever was the most noticeable symptoms, presenting in 50% (n = 21) of the patients. Also, neutropenia was highly associated with HHV-6 infection, where it presented in 35.8% (n = 15) of infants and children. Our results provided important information about the clinical outcome of HHV-6 infection among infants and children in Kuwait.
Desnutri??o experimental: resultados anátomo-patológicos e bioquímicos da administra??o de dietas hipoprotéicas a ratos albinos jovens
Madi, K.;Campos, S. D.;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1975, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761975000200002
Abstract: using a low protein diet (aproximately 2%), two experiments were performed trying to reproduce the morphologic and electrophoretic (serum proteins) findings known to ocurr in infantile malnutrition. the model shows in young albino rats the major lesion seen in humans, standing between kwashiorkor and marasmus. the consequence of the diet is well seen by the stationary body weight. atrophic dermal lesions were seen after 30 days. the most striking lesion was a perilobular fatty liver. hepatocellular regeneration was abortive appearing in the final stages with regressive changes. it was possible to stablish a gradation of pancreatic changes, from small zimogenic degranulation in the begining to severe acinar atrophy after 30 days of diet, with subversion of its normal frame. the intestinal changes which ended in atrophy not comparable with that of humans, correspnd to reduction in height of the mucous epithelium, hipocellularity of the lamina propria, small crypts, decreased number of mitoses, shortening of the villi giving them a resemblance of the "germ free" animals mucosal pattern. besides this, the authors call attention for the important decrease in size and number of the goblet cells in the ileum and in the large bowel. the model also shows a lympho-histiocitic depletion, seen by the atrophy of peyer's patches, decrease of kuppfer cells, thymic, lumph node and spleen lymphoid depletion. the biochemical study of the serum, has revealed a low total protein and cholesterol. the electrophoretic study has shown a decrease o albumin, with a/g inversion. alfa1 and alfa2 globulins were increased in the deprived animals, while beta and gama did not show significant difference. these findings may be atributed to protein deficiency because the control groups, even those with caloric restriction, have not presented lesions or changes of the serum proteins.
Translativity of Rogosinski summability methods of different orders
Azmi K. Al-Madi
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 1989, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171289000943
On translativity of absolute Rogosinski-Bernstein summability methods
Azmi K. Al-Madi
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 1988, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171288000614
Abstract: The paper is concerned with the problem of translativity of an absolute Rogosinski-Bernstein summability methods (Bh); 0 ¢ ‰ |h ¢ ‰ |1. The paper contains two results that when h; 12 ¢ ‰ |h ¢ ‰ |1, |Bh| is translative and when h; (0 Keywords absolute summability --- Rogosinski-Bernstein methods --- sequence-to-sequence transformation --- absolutely regular --- translative.
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