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Problems encountered by tourists
C. Madhavi,A. Auroubindo Ganesh
Business and Economic Horizons , 2010,
Abstract: Tourism is an upcoming and fast growing industry in developing countries like India. Due to its newness in nature, there are some hurdles that the tourists face. This will affect the national economy and the growth of this industry may get affected. This paper focuses on identifying such problems and their intensity level. This also attempts to study whether there is any significant difference in the problem faced by respondents based on demographic factors. Convenient samples of 150 respondents have been selected for this study. Suitable statistical tools such as Cluster analysis, Chi-square test and multiple regression are used.
Involvement of the eye and orbit in neurofibromatosis type 1
Gaonker C,Mukherjee A,Pokle Madhavi
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1992,
Abstract: 11 individuals were diagnosed to have neurofibromatosis type 1 and were examined for evidence of any ophthalmic lesions. Lisch nodules were the commonest manifestation of the disease and were present in 73% of all the patients (88% of those aged 16 years or more). 55% of the cases showed presence of neurofibroma on the lids. Other findings were optic glioma, unilateral sphenoid dysplasia with enlarged orbit, medullated nerve fibers and prominent corneal nerves with an incidence of 9% each.
Stem cell technologies in human health: Boon or bane?  [PDF]
Madhavi Tripathi, Sangeeta Singh
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.311002
Abstract: The stem cells of an organism only possess extraordinary capacity to change into different cell types during the early life and growth of an organism. When these stem cells divide into different new cells, these either remain as stem cells or develop to become other cells with specialized function. For this reason, stem cells offer direct relevance to human health, as theoretically, using stem cell technology, different organs are expected to be regenerated. To this, the Human Embryonic Stem Cells (HESCs) are natural pluripotent cell, but ethical issues covering many countries have put research work on a bit back-foot. However, the Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) technology has completely revitalized the world to use this technology universally and it therefore seems that more research on this technology will surely be of enormous help in public health. In addition, application of the stem cell technology in personalized-medicine has been started recently. In this concern, the stem cell banking facilities have provided new avenues for preserving the cord blood of the new-borne child and treat them in future by using her/his own preserved stem cells. However, like all new technologies, the output from stem cell research requires to be evaluated more closely. Furthermore, with proper guidelines on ethical issues and extended research following these strategies, the stem cell technology is expected to not only be of huge benefit to human health, but also the benefit can be extended to the survival of endangered animals as well.
Nutritional Status And Its Association With Diabetes Mellitus In School Children, India
Muninarayana C,Madhavi Reddy,Anil NS,Lakshmaiah V
Global Journal of Medicine and Public Health , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Poor health and nutrition may impair both the growth and intellectual development of school children. Incidence of malnutrition related childhood diabetes mellitus has increased and continues to be on the rise.Objectives: To assess the nutritional status by anthropometry and to screen for diabetes by capillary blood examination of school children. Design: Longitudinal study Setting: The study was carried out at Sri R.L.Jalappa Central School, Kolar from August 2008 to December 2009. Methods: All the school children were interviewed with pre-designed and pre-tested proforma. Height, Weight was measured by standard procedures. The nutritional status was analysed by Body Mass Index (BMI) for age. The school children were also screened for diabetes mellitus by Finger stick capillary random plasma glucose testing. The children were followed up for any major medical problems during the study period.Participants: All the students studying in the school during study period.Results: Mean height and weight of children were found comparable to the ICMR pooled data. However, compared to NCHS standards and affluent Indian children the mean height and weight were found to be much inferior at all ages. According to BMI for age as per NCHS most of the children were undernourished (79.2%) and 3 children (0.6%) were overweight. Out of 495 children screened for diabetes 14 children had hyperglycaemia (>160mg/dl). These 14 children were further tested by oral glucose tolerance test and found to have normal blood sugars levels. During the follow up two undernourished children developed diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: The magnitude of malnutrition among school going children was found to be 79%. During the follow up two undernourished children developed diabetes mellitus, hence under nutrition was associated with diabetes mellitus.
Simultaneous detection of Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus in human plasma using Taq-man chemistry
Naresh Kumar Y,Rahmathulla S,Madhavi C,Ramachandra V V
Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Designing a rapid, reliable and sensitive assay, for detection of hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus variants by real-time PCR, is challenging at best. A recent approach for quantifying the viral load using the sensitive fluorescence principle, was used in this study. A total of 350 samples were collected from outpatient unit, Center for Liver Research and Diagnostics (CLRD). Complete Human HBV DNA and HCV sequences were obtained from the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI); primers and probes were designed and synthesized from core, surface and x region of Hepatitis B and UTR region of HCV. Real-time based detection was done, using standard kit and in-house generated standards and RT-PCR protocols. A standard curve was generated by using the Smart Cycler II software and serial dilution 102 to 108 of cloned viral regions, the calibration curve was linear in a range from 102 to108 cp/ml for both HBV and HCV, with R2 value of 0.999 and 0.995. Out of 100 predetermined HCV negative samples, 02 samples were found positive with in-house developed RT-PCR assay, the positivity of this sample was confirmed by sequencing the amplified product. Low cost of this assay procedure and précised sample volume will permit the assay to be implemented for routine screening of Hepatitis B and C virus mono-infection and co-infection using Real Time PCR , Nucleic acid Chip technology and Fluorescent End Point detection systems. This assay is reproducible showing limited inter and intra assay variability. Our results correlated well with the standard kit for HBV and HCV virus monitor.
Nitrogen Nutrition, Its Regulation and Biotechnological Approaches to Improve Crop Productivity  [PDF]
Mettu Madhavi Reddy, Kandasamy Ulaganathan
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.618275
Abstract: Nitrogen is the most important macronutrient needed for plant growth and development. The availability of nitrogen in the soil fluctuates greatly in both time and space. Crop plants, except leguminous plants, depend on supply of nitrogen as fertilizers. Large quantities of nitrogen fertilizers are applied to crop plants, but only 33% of it is utilized by the plant. Plants have developed efficient mechanisms to sense the varying levels of nitrogen forms and uptake them. They also have well developed mechanisms to assimilate the incoming nitrogen immediately or translocate to different parts of the plant wherever it is needed. Maintenance of nitrogen homeostasis is essential to avoid toxicity. Apart from translocation and assimilation, plants have developed different mechanisms, nitrogen efflux; vacuolar nitrogen storage and downward transport of nitrogen from aerial parts to roots, for maintaining nitrogen homeostasis. In crop plants the “grain yield per unit of available nitrogen in the soil” is referred as the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) for which remobilization of nitrogen, mediated by various transporters plays a crucial role. All these processes are tightly regulated by proteins and microRNA in response to both external and internal nitrogen levels, carbon status of the plant and hormones. As most crop plants are non-leguminous and depend on soil nitrogen, more production could be achieved if crop plants can be made to utilize the available nitrogen efficiently. The recent explosion of research information and the mechanisms behind nitrogen sensing, signaling, transport and utilization enables biotechnological interventions for better nitrogen nutrition of crop plants. This review discusses such possibilities in the context of recent understanding of nitrogen nutrition and the genomic revolution sweeping the crop science.
Vaccine Policy in India
Yennapu Madhavi
PLOS Medicine , 2005, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0020127
Abstract:
Parallel Processing of cluster by Map Reduce
Madhavi Vaidya
International Journal of Distributed and Parallel Systems , 2012,
Abstract: MapReduce is a parallel programming model and an associated implementation introduced by Google. In the programming model, a user specifies the computation by two functions, Map and Reduce. The underlying MapReduce library automatically parallelizes the computation, and handles complicated issues like data distribution, load balancing and fault tolerance. Massive input, spread across many machines, need to parallelize. Moves the data, and provides scheduling, fault tolerance. The original MapReduce implementation by Google, as well as its open-source counterpart, Hadoop, is aimed for parallelizing computing in large clusters of commodity machines. Map Reduce has gained a great popularity as it gracefully and automatically achieves fault tolerance. It automatically handles the gathering of results across the multiple nodes and returns a single result or set. This paper gives an overview of MapReduce programming model and its applications. The author has described here the workflow of MapReduce process. Some important issues, like fault tolerance, arestudied in more detail. Even the illustration of working of Map Reduce is given. The data locality issue in heterogeneous environments can noticeably reduce the Map Reduce performance. In this paper, the author has addressed the illustration of data across nodes in a way that each node has a balanced data processing load stored in a parallel manner. Given a data intensive application running on a Hadoop Map Reduce cluster, the auhor has exemplified how data placement is done in Hadoop architecture and the role of Map Reduce in the Hadoop Architecture. The amount of data stored in each node to achieve improved data-processing performance is explained here.
BICORNUATE UTERUS a€“A CASE REPORT
Madhavi Dasari
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2013, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v3i9.416
Abstract: The incidence of the uterine malformations is estimated to be 3% to 5% in the general population. Abnormal fusion of the mesonefric duct (mullarian duct) during embryonic life results in a variety of congenital uterine malformations like septate uterus, unicornuate uterus, and bicoruate uterus. In the present case the patient has history of 7 miscarriages. She is 34 years old. Married life is 11 years .Due to bad obstetric history ,after through investigations ,the cause for it is diagnosed as having bicornuate uterus. It was found by histerosalpingography.
A STUDY OF INDIAN INVESTORS INVESTMENT PATTERN WITH RESPECT TO INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING IN INDIA.
MADHAVI DHOLE
Review of Research , 2012,
Abstract: Indian stock market has essentially three categories of participants, the issuer of securities the investors in the securities and the intermediaries. The issuers are the borrowers, who issue securities to raise funds. The investors, who are surplus savers, deploy their savings by subscribing to these securities. Initial Public Offering is a type of public offering where shares of company sold to the general public first time though stock exchange. Indian investors generally follow traditional ways of investment. Returns on investment from such traditional avenues are less as compared to stock mark investment.Intial public Offering gives good return to the investor.
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