oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19 matches for " Machiavellianism "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /19
Display every page Item
Machiavellianism in Universities: Perceiving Exploitation in Student Networks  [PDF]
Alexandra Bekiari, Kyriaki Spanou
Social Networking (SN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/sn.2018.71002
Abstract:
Aim of this article is to examine parameters and types of Machiavellian behavior among students in selected departments. Social network analysis, bivariate analysis and principal component analysis have been implemented. A total sample of 27 students of Business Administration dept. (Thessaly University of Applied Sciences), 63 students of Veterinary dept. and 57 students of Physical Education dept. (University of Thessaly) has been analyzed. Selected results: Male students tend to regard more students as Machiavellians. Female students seem to be more willing to harm others. Male ones are more willing to exploit weaknesses. Tall or heavy students are regarded as quite Machiavellians. Students of urban origin or rich enough seem to adopt a relatively innocent view. Using internet is regarded as an evidence of Machiavellianism. To select friends by appreciating their knowledge capacity is considered to be unrelated to Machiavellianism. Two types of students who are targeted for Machiavellian practices are demarcated: a) “full target” and b) “beneficial target”. Two types of Machiavellian students appear: a) “full Machiavellian” and b) “ruthless”. A mixed typology of victims and Machiavellians reveals: a) a “targeting and targeted” type, b) a “full target”, c) a “beneficial target” and d) a “ruthless”. In general, the Machiavellianism seems to be either a generalized strategy or a quite specific one.
Verbally Aggressive Instructors and Machiavellian Students: Is the Socio-Communicative Style an Over-Bridging?  [PDF]
Alexandra Bekiari
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.810095
Abstract: Goals of this research are: 1) to examine the role of gender, 2) to explore the relationship between perceived instructors’ verbal aggressiveness, socio-communicative style and students’ Machiavellian tactics, 3) to investigate the influence of instructors’ verbal aggressiveness on their socio-communicative style and students’ Machiavellian tactics in physical education context and 4) to propose a students’ and instructors’ typology which will be the final over-bridging of verbal aggressiveness and Machiavellianism through communication style. The sample consisted of 269 students (141 males, 128 females) aged 12 - 14 years old (M = 12.6, SD = 0.65) from secondary public schools who completed three types of questionnaires during physical education classes. The results supported the internal consistency of the instruments. According to the results of the study, statistically significant differences were observed in perceived instructors’ verbal aggressiveness, responsiveness, assertiveness and students’ amoral manipulation, desire for control, desire for status, distrust of others between the genders of the students. Correlational analysis indicated that perceived instructors’ verbal aggressiveness was positively related to assertiveness, amoral manipulation, desire for control, desire for status, distrust of others and was negatively related to responsiveness. The results of regression analysis revealed that perceived instructors’ verbal aggressiveness could significantly predict the variables of responsiveness, assertiveness, desire for status and distrust of others. Three behavioral types are revealed: 1) the unrestraint, 2) the responsive, and 3) the distrustful, where verbal aggressiveness appears to be connected with Machiavellianism through communication style in these particular combinations.
Leadership Style, Machiavellianism and Fair Play at the School: Interaction of Instructors and Students in Physical Education  [PDF]
Dimitrios Bardas, Alexandra Bekiari
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.71012
Abstract: In this study, correlations among physical education instructors’ leadership style and students’ fair play behaviors and Machiavellian tactics were examined. The sample consisted of 292 students (151 males, 141 females) of 10 - 15 years old from primary and secondary schools. Three types of questionnaires were completed during physical education courses. Statistically significant differences were observed in perceived instructors’ leadership style (more “autocratic” style toward male students and “democratic” toward female), antisocial behaviors by male students and pro-social behaviors by the female ones and Machiavellianism by male students. It has been found that the students of the 5th class of primary school are especially susceptible to see autocratic leadership style on their instructors and to perceive more gamesmanship, cheating, and Machiavellianism on themselves. However, the students of the 3rd class of secondary school tend to see more democratic leadership style on their instructors and to believe that they present more convention and respectfulness to their teammates. Perceived instructors’ autocratic leadership style was negatively related to students’ prosocial fair play behaviors, while it was positively related to students’ antisocial fair play behaviors and Machiavellian tactics. Moreover, leadership style could significantly predict the variables of students’ fair play behaviors and Machiavellianism. Three particular profiles have been proposed: the “bad and controlled student”, the “respectful and weak student” and the “typical autocratic instructor”. Thus, both academic and practical added value is expected to have been produced by the particular research.
El concepto de lo político en Nicolás Maquiavelo
Schenoni, Luis Leandro;
Andamios , 2007,
Abstract: this work attempts to analyze the thought of nicholas machiavelli from an original perspective, paying special attention to his conception of politics. first, we set out to discover the meaning of politics for machiavelli, his founding presuppositions and the proper characteristics of what he calls "political". afterwards, we put forward the hypothesis that this author's moral and anthropological conceptions are intrinsically intertwined with his general ideas about politics and power and are their logical derivatives. this review of machiavelli's work will allow us to make a comprehensive analysis of the philosophical thought underlying his conceptions and to provide an explanation for his notions of man, power and morality.
Los Cinco Grandes y maquiavelismo en trabajadores mexicanos: un estudio de personalidad y manipulación
Uribe Prado,Jesús Felipe; Contreras Morales,Fabiola; Sánchez Olguín,Olivia; García Saisó,Alejandra;
Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones , 2008, DOI: 10.4321/S1576-59622008000100004
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to reveal the relationship between personality, machiavellianism and other variables in a sample of 254 mexican workers of private companies. the 5fm and the emmmaq were used as tools for measuring respectively personality and manipulation -machiavellianism. an analysis of variance and correlations were performed. the results showed significant personality differences between subjects with high and low scores in machiavellianism. important differences also appeared in demographic variables such as age, wage, seniority, education, and job and work preference. finally, the paper emphasizes the importance of machiavellianism for the study of personality and the organizations.
MATERIALISMO Y SU RELACIóN CON SOLEDAD Y MAQUIAVELISMO
Roberto Melipillán,Félix Cova
Revista Colombiana de Psicología , 2010,
Abstract: Este estudio analizó la relación entre materialismo, soledady maquiavelismo. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 248 trabajadoreschilenos (135 mujeres y 113 varones) con edadescomprendidas entre los 18 y 70 a os. Los resultados de losanálisis de regresión lineal múltiple jerárquica muestran queel materialismo presenta relaciones tanto con la soledad comocon el maquiavelismo, aun cuando se controlan variables sociodemográficas. De acuerdo con lo hipotetizado, se observóque los participantes más materialistas se caracterizaron porpresentar mayores niveles de soledad y maquiavelismo.
Features of status behavior of people with different levels of Machiavellianism
T.V. Kochetova,Ya.V. Bezrukavaya
Psihologi?eskaa Nauka i Obrazovanie , 2013,
Abstract: The article is devoted to the problem of finding the relationship between the techniques and patterns of status behavior and the level of Machiavellian personality, as well as to the identification of interdependencies between tactics of status behavior in people with different social status and their level of manipulation. The study was conducted on students of 4 and 5years, Faculty of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education. The study revealed the main set of techniques and methods – tactics –of status behavior in subjects with different levels of Machiavellianism, showing the correlation relationship between the two. The results contribute to a more complete picture of the structural aspects of the status behavior and Machiavellian manifestations as personality characteristics
The Machiavellianism and manipulation tactics used by patients with borderline personality disorder in everyday life and in therapy
Mandal, Eugenia,Kocur, Dagna
Psychiatria Polska , 2013,
Abstract: Aim. The aim of the researches was to inspect the relation between borderline personality and Machiavellianism as well as the tendency to apply various manipulation tactics in everyday life and in therapy.Method. The test used an original/ authors’ survey for testing the tendency to employ manipulation tactics as well as a MACH-IV questionnaire (Christie, Geis, 1970) for measuring Machiavellianism. The studied group included 30 patients with diagnosed BPD, 37 therapists and 30 persons in the control group.Results. No differences were noted in the general indicator of Machiavellianism; however, the patients scored lower on the Tactics scale than people from the control group. Patients preferred employing the tactics of taking offense, lying and begging in everyday life. Compared to people from the control group, patients presented a larger tendency to employ tactics of begging, threatening and threatening to break off a close relationship, and a lower tendency to employ seduction. According to therapists, during the therapy patients most often resorted to lying and arousing guilt. Therapists assessed the patients’ tendency to employ manipulation tactics higher than the patients themselves.
The good, the bad and the ugly: The shifting ethical stance of Malaysian consumers The good, the bad and the ugly: The shifting ethical stance of Malaysian consumers The good, the bad and the ugly: The shifting ethical stance of Malaysian consumers
Teck-Chai Lau
Intangible Capital , 2010, DOI: 10.3926/ic.174
Abstract: Due to the recent business ethical problems in Malaysia such as tax fraud, deceptive advertising, production of unsafe products and copyright piracy, the current research aim to examine ethical issues in the marketplace from the perspective of consumers. There are three objectives of this research. The first objective is to investigate the effect of moral ideologies and Machiavellianism on consumer ethical beliefs. The second objective is to determine which of these ideologies exert the greatest influence on consumer ethical beliefs and the third objective is to discover whether Malaysian consumers have evolved in their ethical stance over the last ten years. The dependent variable in this research is the recently modified consumer ethics scale developed by Vitell and Muncy (2005). An online survey was adopted as data collection method as it was inexpensive, fast and could ensure high response rates. However it has several limitations such as the possible non-representativeness of Internet respondents to the Malaysian population and higher non-response error. The results indicated that idealism exerted the greatest influence on all the four dimensions of consumer ethics. It was also revealed that Malaysian consumers had evolved over the past ten years in their moral ideology: from relativism to idealism. Due to the recent business ethical problems in Malaysia such as tax fraud, deceptive advertising, production of unsafe products and copyright piracy, the current research aim to examine ethical issues in the marketplace from the perspective of consumers. There are three objectives of this research. The first objective is to investigate the effect of moral ideologies and Machiavellianism on consumer ethical beliefs. The second objective is to determine which of these ideologies exert the greatest influence on consumer ethical beliefs and the third objective is to discover whether Malaysian consumers have evolved in their ethical stance over the last ten years. The dependent variable in this research is the recently modified consumer ethics scale developed by Vitell and Muncy (2005). An online survey was adopted as data collection method as it was inexpensive, fast and could ensure high response rates. However it has several limitations such as the possible non-representativeness of Internet respondents to the Malaysian population and higher non-response error. The results indicated that idealism exerted the greatest influence on all the four dimensions of consumer ethics. It was also revealed that Malaysian consumers had evolved over the past ten years in
Dark Time Matter: Dark Character Profiles and Time Perspective  [PDF]
Danilo Garcia, Patricia Rosenberg, Fernando Renee Gonza?lez Moraga, Max Rapp-Ricciardi
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.91005
Abstract: Background: Humans seem to have a unique ability to consciously organize the flow of time (i.e., past, present, and future) and to intentionally choose goals and values (i.e., character: self, others, the universe). These two parts of human awareness have implications for individuals’ relation to a society that will flourish or perish. In fact, a balanced time perspective is suggested as necessary for the experience of well-being and optimal societal functioning. Nevertheless, low character development might be expressed as a Dark Triad: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. In the present study, we aimed to investigate if individuals differ in their outlook on time depending on their dark character profiles. Method: We re-analyzed data from a previous study in which participants (N = 338) responded to the Short Dark Triad Inventory and the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. However, here we use the Dark Cube (Garcia, 2017a), a model of malevolent character based on Cloninger’s biopsychosocial theory of personality and in the assumption of a Dark Triad, thus, clustering individuals in eight profiles (i.e., the combination of high/low in three malevolent character traits). Results: The results for each trait suggest multi-finality (i.e., same antecedents, different outcomes) and equifinality (i.e., different antecedents, same outcomes). For example, individuals high in narcissism presented a balanced time perspective when manipulative behavior was also high and psychopathy was low. Conclusions: In certain conditions, malevolent character is associated to a balanced time perspective. Thus, suggesting that in order to understand well-being and optimal societal functioning, we need to look at human awareness in relation to both time (i.e., past, present, future) and space (i.e., character: self, others, the universe).
Page 1 /19
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.