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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36274 matches for " Ma Teresa; Vives-Cases "
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Competencias y contenidos comunes de salud pública en los programas universitarios de grado
Davó,Ma Carmen; Vives-Cases,Carmen; García Benavides,Fernando; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos; Segura-Benedicto,Andreu; Icart,Teresa; Astasio,Paloma; Gil,ángel; Ortiz,Ma del Rocío; García,ángel; Ronda,Elena; Bosch,Félix; ,;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112011000600015
Abstract: objective: to identify fundamental public health competencies and contents in nursing, pharmacy, teaching, medicine, human nutrition and dietetics, optics and optometry, labor relations and human resources, and social work in graduate programs and to formulate proposals for their improvement. methods: the workshop on public health contents in graduate programs in the xxi menorca public health school was organized as follows: eight groups were set up, coordinated by 37 spanish university teachers participating in the workshop and selected through key informants and snowball techniques. two studies on public health professional competencies and the participants' own graduate programs were used to discuss public health professional competencies and contents and establish recommendations to improve public health programs. each group worked on a particular degree course and the results were shared in plenary. results: professional competencies for the three essential public health functions were indentified in all the degrees, except teaching, optics and optometry, and social work. some of the competencies included in degrees in nursing, teaching, human nutrition and dietetics, and social work were rewritten to highlight the role of each type of professional in public health functions. the groups agreed on the introductory topics (basic concepts and health determinants) and intervention strategies. conclusion: common competencies and contents were identified in graduate programs. updating public health contents in graduate programs would help to define and promote the profile of public health professionals.
Valoración de los objetivos de desarrollo del milenio mediante la revisión de la literatura científica en 2008
Gil-González,Diana; Carrasco-Porti?o,Mercedes; Davó Blanes,Ma Carmen; Donat Castelló,Lucas; Franco-Giraldo,álvaro; Ortiz Moncada,Rocio; Palma Solís,Marco; Ruiz-Cantero,Ma Teresa; Vives-Cases,Carmen; Stein,Airton; Hernández Aguado,Ildefonso; álvarez-Dardet Díaz,Carlos;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272008000500002
Abstract: the millennium development goals (mdgs) are now at the midterm of their target period, as 2015 is the date scheduled by the united nations organisation (un) for their attainment. the purpose of this article is to review the current situation of the mdgs worldwide and to analyse the barriers which are preventing them from being attained in each of the mdg areas, as well as to assess a number of the indicators evaluated. in order to do so, a review has been made of the scientific literature published on the mdgs in the principal health sciences and social sciences databases, as well as the most significant reports on the issue drawn up by the united nations. the scientific studies on the 8 mdgs and their 18 targets make it possible to undertake a critical analysis of the situation in which each of these goals are found at the present time, identifying the determinants that are preventing the attainment of the goals and the actions considered necessary in order to achieve progress. although there have been improvements in some of the goals on a world level, the research carried out to date reveals barriers to the attainment of the mdgs, as well as the insufficient weight of the developing countries in the economic and political decision-making processes, together with the incoherence between the economic policies and the social and health policies. furthermore, sub-saharan africa constitutes the most disadvantaged region, which means that it will not attain the majority of the mdgs. spain and the developed countries, in addition to contributing resources, can also contribute to the mdgs by means of the identification and eradication of the barriers preventing attainment. this involves promoting international economic relations under conditions of social justice, by supporting a greater decision-making power for developing countries and denouncing actions that increase social inequalities and the impoverishment of the population.
Historia reciente de la cobertura periodística de la violencia contra las mujeres en el contexto espa?ol (1997-2001)
Vives-Cases,Carmen; Ruiz,María Teresa; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos; Martín,Marta;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112005000100006
Abstract: objectives: to explore press coverage of violence against women between 1997 and 2001, and to analyze the temporal development of murders due to this cause in spain and the social context in which these media events take place. methods: quantitative content analyses were performed of 865 news items on violence against women in the spanish newspapers el país, abc and el mundo (1997-2001). absolute and relative frequencies, and relative risk (rr), 95% confidence intervals (95% ci), were calculated. crude mortality rates were calculated for violence against women (1998-2003) based on the register of the federation of separated and divorced women. results: press coverage of violence against women increased, coinciding with dramatic events and political responses to the problem. in this context, mortality from this cause remained constant. news about incidents (65%) were more frequent than news about interventions (35%). in news items in which sex was identified (35% of the total), women (n = 151) and men (n = 150) shared the role of principle information source. men from law institutions (rr = 1.77; 95% ci, 1.44-2.17) and women from health institutions (rr = 0.39; 95% ci, 0.14-1.08) and associations (rr = 0.33; 95% ci, 0.13-0.81) were more likely to be the main source of information than their counterparts. men had a higher probability than women of being the main source of information in news about punishment (rr = 1.42; 95% ci, 1.12-1.81). conclusions: in a context in which mortality from violence against women remains constant, news about this subject has increased, coinciding with dramatic events and political responses. the main sources of information are politicians of both sexes, men from law institutions, and women from health institutions and associations. men are the main source of information in news about punishment.
?Quiénes y qué pueden hacer en salud pública?Las competencias profesionales como base para la elaboración de programas en el Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior
Davó,Mari Carmen; Gil-González,Diana; Vives-Cases,Carmen; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos; Ronda,Elena; Ortiz-Moncada,Rocío; Ruiz-Cantero,María Teresa;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112009000100002
Abstract: objective: to conform a frame of reference for the organization of the public health teaching in university degrees in spain, in agreement with the directives of the european space for higher education. methods specific professional competencies in public health have been extracted from the libros blancos published by the aneca (national agency of quality evaluation) for the degrees on medicine, pharmacy, nursing, human nutrition and dietetics, optics and optometry, veterinary, social work, occupational relations, teacher training, and environmental sciences. following the framework proposed by the working group on professional competencies in public health in spain, we have selected those competences that enable future professionals to participate in the development of the public health from their field of activity. we have also identified and correlated the specific competences of each degree with the corresponding activities and functions. results all the studied degrees have competences in public health functions. the majority has also defined activities in community health analysis, design and implementation of health interventions and programmes, promotion of social participation and citizen's control of their own health. conclusions there is academic space for the multidisciplinary development of the public health in spain beyond the health professions. the identification of the specific competencies of each degree related with activities on public health reveal what are the contents to be in included in each syllabus.
Violencia contra las mujeres: el papel del sector salud en la legislación internacional
Ortiz-Barreda,Gaby; Vives-Cases,Carmen;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2011.09.027
Abstract: objectives: to identify and describe the responsibilities attributed to health administrations in preventing and addressing violence against women in the international legislation on this issue. methods: we carried out a content analysis of the laws on violence against women collected in the following legal databases: the annual review of law of harvard university, the united nations′ secretary-general's database on violence against women, the international digest of health legislation and stop violence against women. all legal documents explicitly mentioning the participation of the health sector in interventions against violence against women were identified. subsequently, the interventions selected were classified into primary, secondary and tertiary prevention, as defined by the world health organization in its first world report on violence and health (2002). results: of the 115 countries analyzed, 55 have laws on violence against women that include the participation of the health sector in interventions concerning this phenomenon. in most of these countries, this participation focusses on reporting detected cases and on providing healthcare and assistance to women referred from police services. we identified 24 laws that explicitly mention the interventions developed by the health sector, mainly consisting of tertiary prevention. the laws of mexico, colombia, argentina, el salvador, spain and the philippines include interventions involving the three levels of prevention. conclusions: one-fourth of the laws concerning violence against women studied incorporate specific interventions in the health sector, suggesting that a comprehensive approach to the problem is still required. greater utilization of the potential of this sector is required in interventions to prevent violence against women.
Spanish politicians discourse about the responses to violence against women
Vives-Cases,Carmen; La Parra Casado,Daniel;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112008000500009
Abstract: objective: this study analyzes the discourse of some members of the spanish parliament (mps) in the 2 years before the gender violence act was passed in 2004 to examine how gender-based violence is construed when legal measures are proposed. methods: ten members of six different parties of the spanish parliament were interviewed between november 2002 and march 2003. each interview was recorded and transcribed. a discourse analysis was performed with atlas.ti 4.2. results: analysis of the interviews showed a discourse that revolved around the victim's report as the main mechanism for the public authorities to intervene and try to end gender-based violence. the interviewees proposed the following steps to help victims to escape from violence: reporting violence to the police, the provision of victim protection, punishment of the perpetrator, and avoidance of problems and death through different measures (law, police, support services). conclusions: our analysis shows how a major social problem and the mobilization of women and mass media have had several effects. one of these effects is that lawmakers have turned their attention to this social concern. a solution to this phenomenon is being sought through the mechanisms of the spanish parliament (promoting changes in the law) and government (making more economic resources available). the public action proposed by the mps interviewed focuses on reporting; their discourse does not include alternative options (or includes only vague options) for victims not reporting violence.
La cobertura periodística de la obesidad en la prensa espa?ola (2000-2005)
Ortiz-Barreda,Gaby; Vives-Cases,Carmen; Ortiz-Moncada,Rocío;
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana , 2012,
Abstract: antecedents: obesity is a public health problem in spain. mass media are considered a useful tool for public health. objectives: to explore press coverage of obesity in spanish newspapers between 2000-2005, taking into account the social context in relation to frequency of occurrence, main sources of information and focus. materials and methods: quantitative content analysis of 690 news published in el pais, el mundo and abc were performed. calculation of frequencies and odds ratio (or) with confidence intervals (ci) of 95% and statistical significance were performed. results: press coverage of obesity increased between 2000 (n=25) to 2005 (n=185). mainly it was focused on complaints (36,4%) and magnitude of the problem (15,7%) at the expense of news about initiatives-political strategies (3,8%). it was highlighted that men were the main sources of information (75,5%) and women as first signatories of the news (56,1%). men from the medical/sanitary field (or=1,98;ci95%,1,11-3,57) and women from the field of policy (or= 2,54; ci95%,1,46-4,42) were more likely to be the main source of information. conclusions: media coverage of obesity in the period 2000-2005 increased, coinciding with the development of policy responses on this issue. mainly, the news has reported the existence of the problem. it highlights the limited coverage of initiatives-policy strategies that could be related to an incipient interaction between the political and the media agenda.
La epidemia por violencia del compa?ero íntimo contra las mujeres en Espa?a: evolución temporal y edad de las víctimas
Vives-Cases,Carmen; Carrasco-Porti?o,Mercedes; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112007000400006
Abstract: objective: to explore temporal distribution and victim age in deaths and women's reports of intimate partner violence (ipv) to illustrate an approach to the results of the measures developed in spain to combat this problem. methods: we performed a descriptive epidemiological study based on statistics from the federation of divorced and separated women, the queen sofía centre for the study of violence, and the home affairs databases (1998-2005). rates of mortality and reports of ipv were calculated by age (< 21 years old, from 21 to 50 years, > 50 years) and year. the ratio between the actual number of ipv deaths and reports in a given month and the median number of cases in the same month in the 5 preceding years (epidemic index) was calculated. results: from the end of 2004, the epidemic index scores indicate that rates of mortality and reports due to intimate partner violence have tended to decrease. the highest ipv murder and report rates and epidemic index scores were observed in women aged 21-50 years old throughout the period, except in 2004, when mortality rates in women aged less than 21 years were highest, and in 2005, when report rates in women aged more than 50 years increased. conclusion: in the last year, 2005, the ipv epidemic seemed to be decreasing. the fact that this problem affects women mostly in ages when they are fertile and active in the workforce suggests the instrumental use of ipv to keep women in a subordinate position.
Una experiencia de defensa de la salud en violencia contra las mujeres
Vives-Cases,Carmen; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos; Colomer,Concha; Bertomeu,Angustias;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112005000300014
Abstract: the development of political responses to a problem needs for its construction as a social problem of a continuous epidemiological surveillance system available for the affected public and key decision makers. a women's health advocacy net based initiative was launched in november 2003. every month the epidemic index of deaths (ratio of deaths in that month and median of deaths occurring the previous 5 years) due to intimate partner violence (ipv) is published in a section called ?violence alert? of e-leusis.net a women's web page. the objective was giving visibility to information contributing to shape the problem. from a population perspective. the initiative was introduced at the beginning to journalists and every month a press release with the index results and a comment on it is circulated. more than half of the months studied (january 2003-december 2004) were epidemic (epidemic indexb ≥ 1.25). ?violence alert? has received 2330 visits since then, an average of 65 visits per week. the page attracted media coverage from radio, tv and newspapers.
Violencia contra la mujer en la pareja: determinantes y respuestas sociosanitarias
Ruiz-Pérez,Isabel; Blanco-Prieto,Pilar; Vives-Cases,Carmen;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112004000800003
Abstract: the present study aims to review the problem of intimate partner violence, as well as its causes and consequences. it will also specifically analyze the role of health professionals. in opposition to the classical epidemiological view of risk factors, heise proposes an ?ecological framework? to study violence against women. this framework analyzes the interplay among the personal, situational and sociocultural factors that combine to cause abuse. regarding the frequency of intimate partner violence in spain, in january 2003 there were 2.519 formal complaints and 69 women died between january and november 2003. no geographical patterns in mortality or the incidence of formal complaints of intimate partner violence or among the provinces with the highest incidence of formal complains and those with highest mortality were observed. the only national survey published in spain was performed by the women's institute in 1999, which reported a prevalence of domestic violence of 9.2%. a frequency of 22.8% was found in a primary health care center in granada. health services can play a key role in helping victims of domestic violence, since most women contact the health services at some time in their lives. professionals in administrative or managerial positions can contribute to raising awareness of this health problem, which is one of the main causes of poor health and disability. evidently, beyond consciousness-raising and early detection campaigns, public health strategies should be designed to prevent this serious health problem the causes of which can be changed.
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