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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 377590 matches for " Ma Jesús HERNáNDEZ óRTIZ "
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Revista de Estudios Cooperativos , 2008,
Abstract: El presente trabajo identifica la cultura como una de las piezas básicas del comportamiento organizativo en una cooperativa pues integra el conjunto de normas sociales, valores, principios y conductas comunes a los individuos que conforman la organización. El objetivo que perseguimos es estudiar el papel de la cultura en la sociedad cooperativa, como proyecto de personas que aspiran a crear riqueza social sobre una base democrática. Nos planteamos como cuestiones clave si realmente podemos referirnos a una cultura cooperativa como elemento diferenciador de este tipo de organizaciones, si realmente existen rasgos culturales propios y distintos a otras formas empresariales, así como conocer qué función desempe a esta cultura en el ámbito del gobierno de las organizaciones cooperativas./In this paper we try to define the culture as a Basic piece in the organizational behavior in a cooperative. This culture includes a group of social norms, values, principles and common behaviors of people which define the organization. The objective of this paper is to study the role of the culture in the cooperative, as a people project who try to create social wealth in a democratic group of people. We try to explain questions such as the culture as a different element of these organizations, the existence of different and specific cultural characteristic and the function of this culture in the cooperative government.
Variabilidad en la utilización de nuevos medicamentos en un área de atención primaria
Lallana álvarez,Ma Jesús; Rabanaque Hernández,Ma José;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272005000300006
Abstract: background: the use of new drugs has undergone a major increase in recent years. this study is aimed at ascertaining the degree to which pharmaceutical novelties are being used in one healthcare district in zaragoza, describing which are those most used and the trend thereof over the course of time in addition to analyzing the characteristics of those centers associated with a greater use of these drugs. methods: a descriptive study analyzing all of the dispensations of fifty new active ingredients marketed within the january 1, 2000 - december 31, 2003 period in one healthcare district. the percentage of use of novelties throughout the first year these drugs were marketed at each primary care center was calculated, the characteristics of those centers associated with a greater degree of innovation having been analyzed. results: seventy-six percent of the fifty new drugs marketed were barely innovative in comparison to the existing ones. the ten new drugs most prescribed began being used during the first four months immediately after coming out on the market. the percentage of use of new drugs as compared to all of the drugs prescribed at the healthcare centers studied fell within the 0.3% -1.18% range. in the analysis made by centers, the ?per-patient expense? and the ?consultations per physician? are positively correlated with a greater use of new drugs, whilst the percentage of retirees showed a reverse ratio. conclusions: a high degree of variability exists in the percentage of use of pharmaceutical novelties among the primary care centers. the centers having the largest number of consultations per physician are those tending toward more readily incorporating these new drugs.
Clinical Parameters of Metabolic Control (HbA1c) and Deterioration of Peripheral Arterial Perfusion in Type 2 Diabetes  [PDF]
Ma. de Lourdes Zú?iga-Martínez, Yolanda Terán-Figueroa, Laura Escarlet Guerrero-Cruz, ángel Antonio Vértiz-Hernández
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2017.71003
Abstract: Objective: To determine the relationship between clinical parameters (HbA1c) whit metabolic control and deterioration of peripheral arterial perfusion in diabetic patients. Methodology: 108 medical records of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were evaluated. We obtained averages of: blood glucose (162.3 ± 73.10 mg/dl), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c = 7.64% ± 1.77%), cholesterol (189.28 ± 35.25 mg/dl), triglycerides (189.11 ± 87.76 mg/dl), Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP = 119.69 ± 14.95 mmHg), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP = 77.15 ± 9.55 mmHg) and Media Blood Pressure (MBP = 91.36 ± 9.89 mmHg). We correlated variable HbA1c with vascular injury symptomatology. Results: Correlation was found between sensitivity dysfunction and HbA1c with a statistical significance of p = 0.01, and a correlation Kendal coefficient w = 0.01, any other parameter of metabolic control was not correlated with symptoms of vascular injury. Conclusion: It is remarkable that the sensitivity dysfunction is a symptom of poorly vascularized lower extremities caused for both functional impairment and structural changes in diabetic patients’ peripheral nerves, even in the preclinical stage of vascular disease. The HbA1c could also be investigated as a likely sensitivity dysfunction biomarker in DM due to the correlation presented in this study but more studies must be realized.
Chronic Administration of the Resveratrol or N-PEP-12 Ameliorates the Endothelial Dysfunction in Aging Rats  [PDF]
Gonzalo Flores, Josue Hernández-Cabrera, Celeste Santamaria-Juarez, Rubén Antonio Vázquez-Roque, Elizabeth Monserrat-Hernández, Ma. De Jesús Gómez-Villalobos, Jorge Flores-Hernández, Fausto Atonal-Flores, José Gustavo López-López
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.51011

Here we investigated the effects of chronic treated with resveratrol, a polyphenol (3,4,5-trihydroxystilbene) found in more than 70 plant species and food products such as red grapes, berries and peanuts, or N-PEP-12, a mix of peptides, on arteries in aging rats. Aging rats have shown endothelial dysfunction. Aged Sprague-Dawley rats (18 months old) were treated with resveratrol (20 mg/kg/day by gavage) or N-PEP-12 (60 mg/kg/day by gavage) for 10 weeks. 24 hours after the last administration of resveratrol or N-PEP-12, the animals were weighed and diastolic and systolic blood pressure was measured by tail-cuff plethysmography. Thoracic and abdominal aorta artery segments were obtained from resveratrol-, N-PEP-12-and vehicle-treated rats and were mounted in isometric tension for isolated vessels. We found that resveratrol and N-PEP-12 improved acetylcholine-induced relaxation in the old animals. These results suggest that chronic administration of resveratrol or N-PEP-12 may in part reduce endothelial dysfunction in the aging.

Influencia de la microabrasión en la fuerza de unión a esmalte de diferentes sistemas adhesivos
Pascual-Moscardó,Agustín; Abreu-Rodríguez,Rixio Jesús; Alonso-Hernández,Ma Teresa;
RCOE , 2003, DOI: 10.4321/S1138-123X2003000300004
Abstract: objective: to compare the bond strength between enamel and resin, using as conditioning treatments: air abrasion, acid etching, conventional and selfetching adhesives. material and method: seventy human teeth free of decay and restorations were selected, placed in the test tubes and randomly divided into seven groups. the enamel surfaces were treated as follows: (a) air abrasion followed by application of prompt l-pop, (b) soflex discs + prompt l-pop, (c) prompt l-pop, (d) air abrasion, etching with phosphoric acid for 20 seconds + adhesive (excite), (e) air abrasion, acid etching for 5 seconds + excite, (f) soflex discs, acid etching for 20 seconds + excite. the control group (g) was treated with air abrasion + excite. all groups received cylinders of composite and were subjected to shear strength tests in the instron machine. results: the best results were obtained in group a, although there were no statistically significant differences with regards to group d. the worst behaviour was obtained in the control group (g). conclusion: air abrasion alone is an effective procedure for obtaining adhesion to enamel, but the bond strength improves dramatically if supplemented with acid etching or use of selfetching adhesive systems.
Mortalidad atribuible al consumo de tabaco en México
Kuri-Morales,Pablo; Alegre-Díaz,Jesús; Mata-Miranda,Ma. del Pilar; Hernández-ávila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342002000700007
Abstract: objective. to study the mortality attributable to tobacco and alcohol consumption. material and methods. deaths occurring in 1998, abstracted from the mortality statistics registry in the coyoacan district of mexico city, were classified by cause as: cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, and neoplasias. relatives of the deceased were interviewed to answer a questionnaire on tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking. results. smoking during the last ten years of life was significantly associated with cardiovascular disease in men aged 70 years or older (or 2.06, 95% ci 1.18-3.58). persistent smoking in the last year of life was significantly associated with deaths from neoplasias and respiratory diseases in women aged 70 years or older (or: 7.24, 95% ci 1.71-30.53; or: 4.82 95% ci 1.41-16.50, respectively). the regression model for cardiovascular disease showed that subjects with intense tobacco consumption were almost twice as likely to die from cardiovascular disease (or 1.83, 95% ci 1.1-2.8, p <0.01). the population attributable risk for cardiovascular disease was 45%. conclusions. tobacco smoking is an important predictor of dead among the elderly in mexico. tobacco control programs should also be targeted to the elderly.
La necesidad de un informe de enfermería al alta o traslado en una residencia geriátrica The need of a nursing report at discharge or transfer to a geriatric residence
Elvira Hernández Martínez-Esparza,Ma Jesús Barquín Arribas,Imma Mundet Riera,Luisa Royano Reigadas
Gerokomos , 2006,
Abstract: Frecuentemente el personal de enfermería se encuentra que al ingreso de un anciano la transmisión de información es deficiente o escasa para el abordaje integral e individualizado de éste. Con el objetivo de salvaguardar este problema y mejorar la continuidad asistencial de los ancianos dados de alta a su domicilio o trasladados a otro centro asistencial, el equipo de enfermería de la Residencia Clínica "Los Robles" ha elaborado un instrumento de registro que denominamos "Informe de enfermería al alta o traslado de una residencia geriátrica". En el mismo se pretende recoger de una forma esquemática, ágil y completa la realidad y situación biopsicosocial del anciano garantizando una adecuada transmisión de la información y la continuidad de los cuidados de enfermería. Dicha hoja se elaboró basándonos en gran medida en el Modelo de Necesidades de Virginia Henderson (1). En ella se recogen los aspectos básicos del anciano a través de una serie de ítems cerrados y abiertos, abarcando tanto el estado basal del anciano como los procesos agudos si los hubiere, estando dirigida tanto al personal sanitario del centro asistencial de destino como a los propios cuidadores del anciano en el caso de traslado a domicilio. It is very common for the nursing staff to find out that the information flow regarding an elderly patient on admission is deficient or scarce. To resolve this problem and improve the attendance continuity of the elderly people when they are discharged or transfered from our Center Residence Clinic Geriatric "Los Robles", the nursing staff have developed an instrument for a better register that we have denominated "Nursing inform for the discharge or transfer to a resident for old people". In that inform we try to collect in a schematic, agile, and complete way the reality and the bio-psycho-social situation of the old people guaranteeing an adequate transmission of the information and the continuity of nursing cares. This instrument was created taking as a basis to a great extent Virginia Henderson's needs model (1). In it, a series of basic aspect of the elderly person state are collected, by means of a sequence of opened and closed items, including the basic state and the acute process, if they were any, and it is addressed to the health-care staff of the final center and to the care takers of the old person if they are translated to their own home.
Mortalidad atribuible al consumo de tabaco en México
Kuri-Morales Pablo,Alegre-Díaz Jesús,Mata-Miranda Ma. del Pilar,Hernández-ávila Mauricio
Salud Pública de México , 2002,
Abstract: Objetivo. Estudiar la asociación entre defunciones registradas en la delegación Coyoacán y consumo de tabaco y alcohol. Material y métodos. Estudio de mortalidad proporcional y determinación de fracción atribuible en una cohorte de sujetos de la ciudad de México, D.F., México. Se reunió información de todas las defunciones de 1998 captadas a través del Sistema Estadístico y Epidemiológico de las Defunciones (SEED) en la delegación Coyoacán, clasificándolas por diagnóstico en enfermedades del sistema circulatorio (ESC), sistema respiratorio (EPOC), neoplasias (NEO). Se encuestó a familiares de los fallecidos sobre consumo de tabaco y alcohol. Resultados. Fumar los últimos 10 a os de vida fue significativo para ESC en hombres de 70 a os y más (RM: 2.06, IC 95%=1.18-3.58); y continuar fumando el último a o de vida fue significativo para NEO y para EPOC en mujeres de 70 a os y más (NEO= RM: 7.24, IC 95%=1.71-30.53; ESR= RM: 4.82, IC 95%=1.41-16.50). En el modelo de regresión para ESC, las personas con tabaquismo intenso tuvieron una posibilidad 0.83 veces mayor de fallecer por ESC, y el RA de esta variable para las ESC en la población general fue 45%. (RM=1.83; IC 95% = 1.1-2.8 p<0.01). Conclusiones. La exposición a tabaco es responsible de la elevada incidencia y mortalidad de enfermedades del sistema circulatorio y respiratorio, así como de neoplasias, en una muestra poblacional de sujetos de la ciudad de México.
Neuralgia del Glosofaríngeo y Examen Neurológico: Revisión Bibliográfica
González,José Maria; Gonzalez,Mary Carmen; Jiménez,Jesús; Espinoza,Martha; Ortiz,Ma de Jesús; Hernández,Rosemilia;
Acta Odontológica Venezolana , 2010,
Abstract: many had been the studies maked for determinate the prevalence of the facial?s pains that affect each day diverses patients in the world. in results its determined that one of the nerve most affected is the cranial v pair or trigeminal nerve (nervus trigeminus) and the cranial xii pair or facial nerve (nervus facialis), however, have been demostrated that in the rest of cranials pairs lesions have been manifestations that should have the same importance for the dentist, because they belong to their work camp. the present bibliographic review is maked for given to know an affection that presents in adjacent zones of the bucal aparate knowing like glossopharyngeal (nervus glossopharyngeus) neuralgy, where the patients refiere pain in the ear, posterior zone of the tongue, tonsil fosse, mandibule angle, presenting as an intensive pain, shooting that would endure seconds to minutes. this makes clear generally on eating, talking, coughing, etc. its necessary to realize some blood?s test and imagenology to determinate the origin of the disease and with that to obtain delete the cause of that lesion
Experiencia en las técnicas continúas de reemplazo renal en cuidados intensivos: Determinantes de la duración del hemofiltro
García Olert,Alicia; Hernández Sánchez,Ana Isabel; Miralles Andujar,Francisco Javier; Cortés Carmona,Jesús; Domínguez Bernal,Ma ángeles; Caro Nieto,Ma Eugenia;
Revista de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Enfermería Nefrológica , 2008, DOI: 10.4321/S1139-13752008000400003
Abstract: introduction: continuous renal replacement therapy is widely used in intensive care units to handle acute renal failure. it is also used in clinical situations with no renal alteration in which its usefulness has been demonstrated, while limiting the complications associated to conventional techniques. the aim of this study is to determine whether the variables analysed have an influence on haemofilter run times. a descriptive analysis of the data generated in the study of the use of crrt in our unit is also provided. material and methods. a prospective-descriptive study was carried out on the use of continuous renal replacement therapy in the intensive care unit of the hospital comarcal de melilla. the study included all patients admitted during the period between 04/03/07 and 25/09/07 who required such therapy. results. of all the variables analysed to determine their relation to filter duration, it was found that there is a positive correlation with blood flow (spearman?s rho =0.304; p=0.05) and a negative correlation with the number of platelets (spearman?s rho = - 0.469; p= 0.01).
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