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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 320479 matches for " Ma ángeles; Parrón Carre?o "
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Interrupción voluntaria del embarazo en mujeres de un distrito sanitario de Almería durante el período 1998-2002
Barroso García,Pilar; Lucena Méndez,Ma ángeles; Parrón Carreo,Tesifón;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272005000400006
Abstract: background: the immigrant population has undergone an increase in andalusia as a whole and in almeria in particular. the primary healthcare districts manage the requests for voluntary interruption of pregnancy. this study is aimed as describing the trend in requests for voluntary interruption of pregnancy among immigrant and non-immigrant women in the "levante-alto almanzora" health district of almeria. methods: descriptive study conducts during the 1998-2002 period. study material: requests for voluntary interruption of pregnancy, andalusian institute of statistics demographic data, temporary medical care cards. variables studied: age, date of request, pregnancy ≥, or < 12 weeks, type of population (immigrant or non-immigrant). voluntary interruption of pregnancy rates were calculated per 1000 women within the 15-49 age range and the relative risk with confidence intervals and statistical significance for studying the relationship between the number of interruptions and populations type. results: a total of 224 requests were studied. the largest number were made in 2002, for a 3.1 rate. the age group making the largest number of requests was the 20-24 age range (29.5%). ninety-five percent (95%) of the women were less than 12-weeks pregnant. a total of 52.7% were immigrant women, a greater risk of requesting voluntary interruption of pregnancy having been found among immigrants as compared to native spanish women, rr of 66.45 (ci 95%: 36.11-122.28) in 2001; 292.8 (ci 95%: 91.12-940.9) in 1999. conclusions: voluntary interruption of pregnancy was found to have increased in the public services, particularly among immigrant women, within the period studied.
Estudio serológico de agrupación de casos de hepatitis B en seis familias de raza china en Almería
Barroso García,Pilar; Lucerna Méndez,Ma Angeles; Adrián Monforte,Estrella; Parrón Carreo,Tesifón;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272004000600005
Abstract: background: following the detection of two cases of members of 6 chinese families having tested positive for the hepatitis b virus, a study of those living in these families was begun for the purpose of knowing the spread of the infection within the family environment of the cases detected. methods: descriptive study. population under study: 24 members of six chinese families. variables: age, sex, serological diagnosis, risk factors, healthcare-related attitude. information sources: clinical records, serological data, epidemiological survey and immunization cards. a family focus was employed and the genogram used. data analysis: distribution binomial spread for calculating probability of occurrence of the process to be studied. results: a total of 14 males (58.3%) and 10 females (41.7%) ranking from 1 to 54 years of age were studied. the age group having the largest number of subjects studied was the age 21-30 group (37.5%). twelve chronic hepatitis b infections were recorded (50%). no relationship was found to exist with the risk factors studied in the epidemiological survey conducted. the probability of this number of chronic hepatitis cases occurring was 0.066 x 10-6. conclusions: it was concluded that the prevalence of infection found was probable due to intra-family transmission. given the low probability of occurrence of a process of this type, the case grouping found is considered to be high.
Quality of life in perimenopausal women working in the health and educational system
Márquez Membrive, Josefa;Granero-Molina, José;Solvas Salmerón, Ma José;Fernández-Sola, Cayetano;Rodríguez López, Carmen Ma;Parrón Carreo, Tesifón;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692011000600006
Abstract: the objective of this study was to determine the association between the professional activity and the perceived quality of life in climacteric women who work in health and education. a descriptive and cross-sectional study was developed in a sample of 203 climacteric women, together with a correlation analysis of labor factors’ influence on health-related quality of life. significant differences were found between working women’s quality of life and some labor conditions. the perceived quality of life in perimenopausal women who work in education is higher than that of those working in health (p=0.004). nursing professionals can develop health programs that deal with the work conditions that negatively influence the perceived quality of life in climacteric women.
Brote con síntomas respiratorios en la provincia de Almería por una posible exposición a microalgas tóxicas
Barroso García,Pilar; Rueda de la Puerta,Pilar; Parrón Carreo,Tesifón; Marín Martínez,Porfirio; Guillén Enríquez,Javier;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112008000600012
Abstract: aim: to describe an outbreak with symptoms of respiratory tract irritation reported in a village located on the almerian coast in august 2006, as well as the etiological research performed. methods: we performed a descriptive case-control study. the village was divided into three areas (from 1 to 3) according to the distance from the sea. symptomatology was subjectively assessed on an ascending severity scale (from 1 to 3). attack rates (ar) were estimated. to correlate symptom severity by areas and type of exposure, odds ratios (or) with 95% confidence intervals were estimated. the chi-square test and fisher's exact test were used. environmental research was performed. results: fifty-seven cases and 26 controls were surveyed. an ar of 69% was estimated. the most frequent symptom was sneezing (87.7%). residents in area 1 had a higher risk of more severe symptoms than those in area 3 (or = 46.7; 95%ci: 4.7-2,067.4). residents who reported having spent more time outside had a higher risk of more severe symptoms (or = 12.2; 95%ci: 1.1-615.1). a concentration of dinoflagellates ostreopsis of 1200 cells/l was determined in sea water. conclusions: an outbreak with respiratory symptoms and with differing severity depending on the distance of housing from the sea occurred. according to the environmental and epidemiological research, the symptoms were probably related to the presence of ostreopsis toxic microalgae.
Factores relacionados con la no participación en el programa de detección precoz de cáncer de mama
Barroso García,Pilar; Ruiz Pérez,Isabel; Puertas de Rojas,Fernando; Parrón Carreo,Tesifón; Corpas Nogales,Elena;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112009000100009
Abstract: objective: to determine the causes of non-participation in a breast cancer early detection program for women in the northern area of almería (spain). methods: we performed a case-control study. a sample of women included in a breast cancer early detection program between october 2002 and february 2004 was chosen. participants were interviewed about family, sociodemographic and program-related variables (knowledge, accessibility, attitudes), family and personal history, and health status. possible differences among women who attended the program and those who did not were analyzed through bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression. odds ratio (or) and 95% confidence interval (95%ci) were calculated. results: a total of 720 questionnaires were completed (350 cases and 370 controls) and 291 women (40.4% of the sample) were replaced. the variables found to be independently associated with non-participation in the program were as follows: not receiving a letter (or=11.2; 95%ci: 4.6-26.9), undergoing mammography outside the program (or=4.4; 95%ci: 2.8-6.9), not having illnesses requiring medical examinations (or=2; 95%ci: 1.3-3), and expressing fear of the result of mammography (or=1.8; 95%ci: 1.2-2.6). conclusions women who did not receive a letter or who underwent mammography outside the program had a greater risk of not attending the program, hence the need to improve the quality of the database. awareness of the program should be increased among women and health education should be provided to women fearing the outcome.
El antifeminismo de Emilia Pardo Bazán en las novelas de Los Pazos
Sandino Carreo, ángeles
Cuadernos de Estudios Gallegos , 1997,
Abstract: Not avalaible No disponible
Efectos de las interacciones en la creación de comunidades virtuales de prácticas
Ramón Tirado Morueta,ángel Boza Carreo,Ma. Dolores Guzmán Franco
RED : Revista de Educación a Distancia , 2008,
Abstract: Una de las características que puede ayudarnos a definir una comunidad de aprendizaje es el tipo de interacciones que en ella pueden darse. Tras diferenciar entre diferentes tipos de interacciones (disruptivas, interactivas y aditivas) tratamos de averiguar si éstas pueden estar relacionadas con algunos de los indicadores que caracterizan a una comunidad de aprendizaje. Para ello, usamos un dise o de tipo preexperimental, del tipo sólo postest con un grupo natural, el grupo-clase de 3o de la titulación de Educación Social de la Universidad de Huelva durante el curso 2006-07. Hemos sometido este grupo a una situación experimental que actúa como variable independiente, para lo cual se han creado varias agrupaciones de alumnos en función del ámbito donde realizan las prácticas curriculares. En este sentido, encontramos que los estilos de participación de cada individuo no ejercen influencia sobre el sentimiento de comunidad que pueda tener el grupo, por lo que deducimos que es la interacción colectiva de cada grupo lo que realmente puede afectar a su cohesión y sentimiento de comunidad de aprendizaje. Asimismo, queda patente que la frecuencia de las interacciones en el grupo es un factor que facilita el logro de comunidades de aprendizaje en la red.
Influence of Craniosacral Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Patients with Fibromyalgia
Guillermo A. Matarán-Pe arrocha,Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez,Gloria Carballo García,Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo,Tesifón Parrón Carre o,María Dolores Onieva Zafra
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nep125
Abstract: Fibromyalgia is considered as a combination of physical, psychological and social disabilities. The causes of pathologic mechanism underlying fibromyalgia are unknown, but fibromyalgia may lead to reduced quality of life. The objective of this study was to analyze the repercussions of craniosacral therapy on depression, anxiety and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients with painful symptoms. An experimental, double-blind longitudinal clinical trial design was undertaken. Eighty-four patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to an intervention group (craniosacral therapy) or placebo group (simulated treatment with disconnected ultrasound). The treatment period was 25 weeks. Anxiety, pain, sleep quality, depression and quality of life were determined at baseline and at 10 minutes, 6 months and 1-year post-treatment. State anxiety and trait anxiety, pain, quality of life and Pittsburgh sleep quality index were significantly higher in the intervention versus placebo group after the treatment period and at the 6-month follow-up. However, at the 1-year follow-up, the groups only differed in the Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Approaching fibromyalgia by means of craniosacral therapy contributes to improving anxiety and quality of life levels in these patients.
Correlation between serum content of the main COPs (cholesterol oxidation products) from autoxidation and cardiovascular risk factors Correlación entre los productos de oxidación de colesterol (COPs) formados por autooxidación y factores de riesgo cardiovascular
Ma Menéndez-Carreo,N. Varo,C. Mugueta,P. Restituto
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2011,
Abstract: Background/aims: Risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been proven to be associated with an increased oxidative stress. Several studies have considered cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) as specific in vivo markers of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the levels of COPs derived from autoxidation processes and established cardiovascular risk factors, comparing the levels of serum COPs in subjects with or without showing values out of the reference ranges. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study in which 88 subjects were recruited and individual and total COPs from autoxidation origin was analyzed in serum by GC-MS. The simultaneous correlation of COPs with different CVD risk factors have been analyzed. Results and discussion: A great variability of total COPs concentrations were found. Subjects presented total COPs values from 0.091 to 2.052 μg/mL. Total COPs were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in patients with hyper-triglycerolemia, hypertension, diabetes and overweight/ obesity status compared to those subjects who did not present those CVD risk factors. Moreover, 7α and 7β hydroxycholesterol and 7-ketocholesterol were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in patients with hypertension and diabetes. No significant differences in total COPs were found between patients with and without hypercholes-terolemia. Conclusions: The obtained results showed that the analyzed COPs correlate well with at least 4 out of 6 risk factors of development of CVD. Introducción: Se ha demostrado que los factores de riesgo cardiovascular están estrechamente asociados con un elevado nivel de estrés oxidativo. Varios estudios consideran a los productos de oxidación del colesterol (COPs) como marcadores específicos in vivo de estrés oxidativo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar la asociación entre los niveles de COPs derivados de procesos de autooxidación de colesterol y factores de riesgo cardiovascular, comparando el contenido sérico de COPs en sujetos afectados o no por dichos factores. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal en el que se reclutaron 88 personas a las que se analizó el perfil de óxidos de colesterol en suero procedentes de autooxidación, por cromatografía de gases-espectrometría de masas. Se valoró la correlación de los niveles de COPs con diferentes factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Resultados y discusión: Se encontró una gran variabilidad en el contenido en COPs totales, observándose valores entre 0,091 y 2,052 μg/mL. COPs totales fueron significativamente superiores (p < 0,05) en pacien
Correlation between serum content of the main COPs (cholesterol oxidation products) from autoxidation and cardiovascular risk factors
Menéndez-Carreo,Ma; Varo,N.; Mugueta,C.; Restituto,P.; Ansorena,D.; Astiasarán,I.;
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2011,
Abstract: background/aims: risk factors for cardiovascular disease (cvd) have been proven to be associated with an increased oxidative stress. several studies have considered cholesterol oxidation products (cops) as specific in vivo markers of oxidative stress. the aim of this study was to investigate the association between the levels of cops derived from autoxidation processes and established cardiovascular risk factors, comparing the levels of serum cops in subjects with or without showing values out of the reference ranges. methods: it was a cross-sectional study in which 88 subjects were recruited and individual and total cops from autoxidation origin was analyzed in serum by gc-ms. the simultaneous correlation of cops with different cvd risk factors have been analyzed. results and discussion: a great variability of total cops concentrations were found. subjects presented total cops values from 0.091 to 2.052 μg/ml. total cops were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in patients with hyper-triglycerolemia, hypertension, diabetes and overweight/ obesity status compared to those subjects who did not present those cvd risk factors. moreover, 7α and 7β hydroxycholesterol and 7-ketocholesterol were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in patients with hypertension and diabetes. no significant differences in total cops were found between patients with and without hypercholes-terolemia. conclusions: the obtained results showed that the analyzed cops correlate well with at least 4 out of 6 risk factors of development of cvd.
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