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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 230316 matches for " Ma ángeles Navarro Perán "
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11M: tarde dramática en Lorca 11M: Lorca dramatic afternoon
Ma ángeles Navarro Perán
Index de Enfermería , 2011,
Abstract:
Brote por virus de la parotiditis G1 en la provincia de Almería en el a?o 2005
Barroso García,Pilar; Lucerna Méndez,Ma ángeles; Navarro Monzón,Amparo;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272007000600004
Abstract: background: despite high levels of triple mmr vaccinations being recorded on spain, epidemic mumps outbreaks are still being reported. this study is aimed at describing an outbreak reported in the province of almeria in 2005 and of evaluating the degree to which the vaccinated population was affected. methods: descriptive study of reported cases. variables studied: basic health district, municipality, age, sex, type of population (spanish-born and foreign), date of symptom onset, symptoms, complications, vaccination status, vaccine strain and diagnostic testing. information sources: disease reporting files, epidemiological surveys, microbiological data, vaccination card, district vaccine software and andalusian institute of statistics demographic data. rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated by age groups and population type. the student's t-test was used for comparing means. results: a total of 145 cases from 17 municipalities were reported. a total 63.4% were males. the group showing the highest incidence was that of 10-14 years of age, with a rate of 405 per 100,000. the highest rate was among the spanish-born population (128.7). a total of 52.4% of the cases were found to have been administered some dose of vaccine, 69.7% of them with two doses and 71.1% some jeryl lynn strain. mumps virus was confirmed in 43 cases, the g1 genotype having been identified in 6 cases. conclusions: an outbreak of g1 genotype mumps virus is confirmed, the spanish-born population of different age groups having been affected to a greater extent. over half of the cases were vaccinated individuals.
Cianobacterias y cianotoxinas: necesidad de su control en el agua de consumo humano Cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins: need for their control in water for human consumption
Ana Ma Cameán Fernández,Isabel Moreno Navarro,ángeles Jos Gallego,Guillermo Repetto Kuhn
Revista de Salud Ambiental , 2005,
Abstract: Las floraciones de cianobacterias se están convirtiendo en un importante problema en la calidad del agua en muchos países del mundo, debido a la producción de cianotoxinas, con actividad hepatotóxica y neurotóxica, que las convierten en un riesgo para la salud. Entre ellas, las microcistinas (MC) son las toxinas más frecuentemente detectadas en aguas superficiales. En este trabajo revisamos de forma sucinta los posibles riesgos tóxicos derivados de la exposición a MC, fundamentalmente por consumo de aguas contaminadas, lo que justifica en definitiva la necesidad de llevar a cabo programas de monitorización y control de las mismas. Cyanobacterial waterblooms are becoming an important water quality problem in many countries in the world, as a result of its hepatotoxic and neurotoxic cyanotoxins production, which make these toxins a health risk. Microcystins (MC) are the most frequent cyanotoxins detected on superficial freshwaters. In the present work, toxic risks derived from exposure to MC have been revised, mainly due to the consumption of contaminated waters. This fact makes necessary to perform control and monitoring programs.
Setting up a comprehensive management model for chronic conditions/Puesta en marcha de un modelo de gestión integral de procesos crónicos
Carmen Vercher González,Isabel Hermoso Villalba,ángeles Cervera Navarro,Ma Asunción López Martínez
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2012,
Abstract:
Los cuidadores familiares en el Hospital Universitario de Traumatología y Rehabilitación de Granada
Quero Rufián,Aurora; Briones Gómez,Rafael; Prieto González,Ma ángeles; Pascual Martínez,Nuria; Navarro López,Adela; Guerrero Ruiz,Carmen;
Index de Enfermería , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962005000100003
Abstract: introduction: generally hospitalization affects familiar relationships and it also obvies to take certain changes in families’ routine. that is why family caregivers have acquired an important role, as they fulfil the needs of the patients. most of the times, this activity is performed by women. aims: the aims of this article are: to explain family care givers profile and the kind of care they provide in the following units: maxilofacial, neurology, neurosurgery and traumatology in the university hospital traumatología y rehabilitación in granada.this article will analyse different needs and problems family caregivers find within the hospital and inform about nurses opinion concerning the role of family caregivers. design: a qualitative design has been used by means of systematic observation and focal group. surveys and in-depth interviews have been carried out within 2 different groups: nurses and auxiliary nurses. the results obtained have been analysed by the programme atlas/ti 2.4. results: the results mentioned above were the appropriate for an hospital in relation with family caregivers as far as activities, level of information, and requests are concerned. conclusion: on the whole atmosphere in hospitals is somehow hostile to family caregivers. for this reason it will be convenient to set up a different kind of professional relations between health staff and family caregivers. moreover, it is necessary to recognize the importance of family caregivers role in the hospital.
Effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy with nelfinavir in vertically HIV-1 infected children: 3 years of follow-up. Long-term response to nelfinavir in children
Salvador Resino, Beatriz Larrú, Jose Ma Bellón, Rosa Resino, Ma Isabel de José, Marisa Navarro, Juan Léon, José Ramos, Ma José Mellado, Ma ángeles Mu?oz-Fernández
BMC Infectious Diseases , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-6-107
Abstract: Forty-two vertically HIV-infected children on HAART with NFV were involved in a multicentre prospective study. The children were monitored at least every 3 months with physical examinations, and blood sample collection to measure viral load (VL) and CD4+ cell count. We performed a logistic regression analysis to determinate the odds ratio of baseline characteristics on therapeutic failure.Very important increase in CD4+ was observed and VL decreased quickly and it remained low during the follow-up study. Children with CD4+ <25% at baseline achieved CD4+ >25% at 9 months of follow-up. HIV-infected children who achieved undetectable viral load (uVL) were less than 40% in each visit during follow-up. Nevertheless, HIV-infected children with VL >5000 copies/ml were less than 50% during the follow-up study. Only baseline VL was an important factor to predict VL control during follow-up. Virological failure at defined end-point was confirmed in 30/42 patients. Along the whole of follow-up, 16/42 children stopped HAART with NFV. Baseline characteristics were not associated with therapeutic change.NFV is a safe drug with a good profile and able to achieve an adequate response in children.The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has lead to a significant decrease in mortality and disease progression in HIV-1 infected children and adolescents [1,2]. Antirretroviral treatment (ART) in children has special features and consequently, results obtained from clinical trials in adults may not be representative of children and more studies about ART effectiveness in the paediatric age are needed.Nelfinavir (NFV) is an HIV-1 Protease Inhibitor (PI). When combined with other antiretroviral drugs, it has been associated with immunologic and virologic responses in antiretroviral therapy-na?ve and experienced adults and children with a good tolerance profile [3,4]. The challenge to give it weigh twice daily instead of the previous schedule of three times per day [5
Incidencia de las demencias en hemodiálisis: Apoyo al cuidador principal Incidence of dementia in haemodialysis: Support for the main carer
Ma ángeles Sánchez Lamolda,Ma ángeles Malagón Rodríguez,Nemesia Alonso Hernández
Enfermería Nefrológica , 2013,
Abstract: Las demencias, aparecen cada día con más frecuencia en pacientes con tratamiento de hemodiálisis; la edad de entrada al tratamiento dialítico ha aumentado en los últimos a os, influenciada por el aumento de la esperanza de vida. El deterioro en el estilo de vida del paciente afecta tanto a familiares como cuidadores, presentándose una situación compleja y difícil de manejar. En la actualidad, constituye un serio problema de salud con una repercusión social y económica a gran escala, por la pérdida de independencia del paciente y la carga física y psicológica que sufre la familia. Objetivo: Conocer la incidencia de las demencias y su relación con la edad, sexo, nivel de estudios, patologías asociadas. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo y transversal. Para conocer la incidencia de las demencias utilizamos el cuestionario: (short portable mental status questionarire Pfeiffer). Variables: sexo, edad, nivel de estudios, Convivencia, Hipertensión arterial, Diabetes. Resultados: el 28% de los pacientes presentan demencia, 36% se encuentra entre 75-79 a os, afectando considerablemente al sexo femenino. El 58% no han terminado los estudios primarios. Hipertensión arterial no es estadísticamente significativa, Diabetes Mellitus aparece en el 48% de los pacientes que presentan demencia. Conclusión: La edad de los pacientes en hemodiálisis ha aumentado considerablemente, dando lugar a la aparición de las demencias, de ahí la necesidad de establecer las intervenciones de enfermería adecuadas para mejorar la calidad asistencial, ofrecer la información adecuada a familiares y cuidadores sobre las medidas a tener en cuenta en cada situación. Dementia appears with increasing frequency in patients undergoing haemodialysis: the age of starting dialysis treatment has increased in recent years, influenced by the increase in life expectancy. The deterioration in the patient's lifestyle affects both relatives and carers, creating a complex situation that is difficult to handle. At present, it constitutes a serious health problem with large-scale social and economic repercussions, due to the loss of independence of the patient and the physical and psychological burden suffered by the family. Objective: To find out the incidence of dementia and its relationship with age, sex, level of education and associated pathologies. Material and method: Transversal, descriptive study. To determine the incidence of dementia we used the Pfeiffer short portable mental status questionnaire. Variables: sex, age, level of education, cohabitation, high blood pressure, diabetes. Results: 28%
Incidencia de las demencias en hemodiálisis, apoyo al cuidador
Ma ángeles Sánchez Lamólda,Ma ángeles Malagón Rodríguez,Nemesia Alonso Hernández
Enfermería Nefrológica , 2012,
Abstract:
Impact of the Transboundary Transport of Air Pollutants on Air Quality in Spain  [PDF]
Marta G. Vivanco, Inmaculada Palomino, Juan Luis Garrido, Ma ángeles González, Gonzalo Alonso, Fernando Martín
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.329135
Abstract: Although compliance with the European limit values for air pollutants has been achieved over large parts in Spain, some challenges remain for O3 on the maximum daily 8-hour mean and information limit values, for particulate matter on the PM10 annual and daily limit values and for NO2 on annual and hourly limit values. Transboundary transport of air pollutants has started to be recognized as a mechanism affecting air quality. Nevertheless, as a consequence of the complexity of atmospheric chemistry it is not easy to determine the importance of this effect. Photochemical models constitute an adequate tool to address this challenge, allowing the identification of pollutant pathways and the quantifi- cation of the influence of long-range transport of air pollutants. In this paper we evaluate the influence of out-of-Spain emissions on this non-compliance picture by using the CHIMERE photochemical model. For this purpose the model was run at a 0.2?-horizontal resolution for a European domain. Although at this resolution not all the local effects can be captured, transboundary transport of air pollutants can be examined. Several simulations were performed considering different emission scenarios. To see all out-of-Spain emissions influence, all the emissions were set to zero, excepting those in Spain. This includes examining European and ships effects on air quality in Spain. A second simulation was performed setting to zero just European-countries emissions, to see the effect of Europe. The third and fourth simulations were carried out by setting to zero France and Portugal emissions respectively. Ozone has been found to be the pollutant more affected by this transboundary transport, in particular in the summer period. The model indicates that the incoming air masses contributed in 2009 to the non-compliance with the European normative regulating the maximum daily 8-hour mean.
Influencia de la complejidad del plan de entrenamiento en la valoración del conocimiento del proceso diálisis peritoneal
Gómez Castilla,Antonia Concepción; Ojeda Guerrero,Ma ángeles;
Revista de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Enfermería Nefrológica , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1139-13752010000200005
Abstract: the assessment of knowledge after training fro pd is a routine activity; in our unit it is carried out using indicators relating to the following results criteria: handling of the process, of infection, of hydration, of nutrition/diet. knowledge is assessed in 71 patients. three levels of complexity in training were defined: level 3 (teaching about peritoneal dialysis given simultaneously with teaching on handling of the cycler), level 2 (training in capd and subsequently in handling the cycler) and level 1 (standard training with personally tailored objectives). the highest evaluations appear in the option of direct level 3 training which we have considered to be the most complex, which coincide with the youngest patients with the highest educational levels. this appears in all the indicators evaluated with slight modifications. in the level 2 option the time used in learning is significantly higher to obtain a similar level of knowledge as patients in the capd option, which consider the least complex. based on the results obtained, we consider that patients can complete learning in their chosen option, provided that they have a minimum educational level (they know how to read and write) and this does not entail a reduction in the level of knowledge acquired which appears to be more closely related to the age and educational level of the patient than with the complexity of the process.
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