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A survey of European primitive breeds of sheep
ML Ryder
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1981, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-13-4-381
Abstract:
Social Wellbeing Predictor of illness behavior among HIV seropositive individuals
ML Imasiku
Medical Journal of Zambia , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: The objective of the present study was to compare the social wellbeing of HIV seropositive individuals and individuals the normative population who are not HIV positive to find out how social support affects physical well-being. Design: Amultiple group design was used to assess the intensity and impact of social support on HIV seropositive individuals, and individuals from the normative population. The study utilized a cohort method which lasted a period of four years. Main outcome measure: Social support and physical wellbeing Results: Totals of 120 subjects - drawn from different organizations/institutions in Zambia and India were enrolled into the study. The descriptive analysis of Indian participants shows that HIV seropositive who received inadequate social support obtained 65% on somatic symptoms while individuals from the normative population obtained 43.3% From Zambia 67% of the HIV seropositive individuals who received inadequate social support experienced somatic symptoms in the recent past as against 50% individuals from the normative population. Regarding social support from friends and family, the 'F' ratio for diagnosis and nationality was significant at 0.01 revealing that HIV+ individuals obtained the least social support. Correlation between the level of physical illness behavior [somatic symptoms] and social support from friends was found to be -0.389 while that for social support from family was - 0.307. This indicated that physical illness behavior is negatively and significantly correlated with perceived social support from friends and family. Conclusion: When the level of social support is perceived to be high by an individual, then it's likely that physical illness behavior will be low because those who had adequate social support from either their friends or families had less illness behaviour. The results therefore illustrate that less levels of social support and physical illness behavior seem to co-exist. Therefore provision of adequate social support should be included in the management and treatment of HIVseropositive individuals in order to enhance their quality of life.
Prevalence & characteristics of mothers with multiple pregnancies and associated labour complications at Muhimbili National Hospital, September 2005
ML Sikosana
Dar Es Salaam Medical Students' Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence & characteristics of mothers with multiple pregnancies and associated labour complications at Muhimbili National Hospital Design: Retrospective Case control Study Subjects/Materials: A hospital based retrospective study. All women who delivered (live and still births) at Muhimbili National Hospital between January 2005 and June 2005 only. The required information was obtained from the record books of the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Results: Revealed incidence of multiple pregnancies was 30.1 per 1000 deliveries and a significant difference between the gestational ages at delivery between multiple pregnancies and controls. The twin pregnancies approximately 3 times more likely to deliver prematurely (odd ratio 3.90 {1.08
Therapeutic Potential of Statins in Age-related Macular Degeneration
ML Shahsuvaryan
Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research , 2011,
Abstract: Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss, affecting one in three people aged 75 and above. Although exciting new pharmaceuticals to treat ARMD such as endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors, are now available, they are effective only in selected group of patients, and can be used only during a narrow time window. Monthly intravitreal anti-VEGF injections with systemic exposure to anti-VEGF could be replaced by new drugs taken in a non-invasive way. Statins are the most commonly used lipid lowering drugs. The objective of this review is therefore to evaluate the evidence and discuss the rationale behind the recent suggestions that statins may be useful in the prevention and the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. This review recognised that there are potentially multiple biological bases for the protective effect of statins on the risk of ARMD. Thus, it is time to conduct a randomised controlled trial to provide direct evidence of the effectiveness of specific type statin in lowering the incidence and progression of ARMD. New intervention as statins usage to prevent the development of age-related macular degeneration and its progression remain an important strategy to limit the morbidity due to this significant public health problem.
A comparative study of anxiety among HIV seropositive individuals, cancer patients and individuals from the normative population
ML Imasiku
Medical Journal of Zambia , 2008,
Abstract: Excessive anxiety contributes to a sense of helplessness in which a person feels little control over the present or future and continues maladaptive behaviour patterns. In view of the negative influence of long standing anxiety, the present study attempts to find an answer regarding the possible differences between the prevalence and impact of anxiety in HIV seropositive individuals, cancer patients and individuals from the normative population. Anxiety is a major health harzard in HIV seropositive individuals. This is so because it is probably one of the factors responsible for the quick progression of their HIV seropositive status to AIDS. Method: The sample consisted of 180 subjects. Half of these individuals (90) came from Zambia and the remaining 90 came from India. Out of each group of 90 individuals, 30 were HIV seropositive individuals, 30 were HIV negative but with cancer and 30 were individuals from the normative population (having none of the above two mentioned conditions i.e. HIV or Cancer). In Zambia, the sample was drawn from the University Teaching Hospital (UTH), Kara Counseling - Hope house, Mother Theresa Hospice and Network of Zambian people living with HIV (NZP+). In India the sample was drawn from Snehandan, Karnataka network for people living with HIV (KNP+), and Kidwai Hospital. The technique of assessment used was the Symptoms Questionnaire developed 1 used to assess anxiety and physical illness behavior (somatic symptoms). The data obtained was analyzed using‘t’ tests and analysis of covariance. In the present investigation an attempt was made to explore the intensity of anxiety in HIV+ individuals, Cancer patients and individuals from the normative population. Conclusion: The findings of the present study reveal that HIV+ individuals and cancer patients have higher levels of anxiety than individuals from the normative population. Anxiety is also found to be positively correlated with physical illness behavior. This indicates that high level of anxiety and physical illness behavior seem to co- exist. It’s therefore likely that a high level of anxiety is a core factor that might be responsible for the quick progression of HIV infection into AIDS.
Oral glycopyrrolate for the treatment of chronic severe drooling caused by neurological disorders in children
Evatt ML
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment , 2011,
Abstract: Marian L EvattDepartment of Neurology, Atlanta Veterans Administration Hospital and Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Excessive drooling may complicate the care of children with chronic neurological conditions by socially isolating both patients and families and by causing secondary dermatitis and infection. Normal control of saliva requires normal integrity of oral structures, normal oropharyngeal sensation, and motor functioning, as well as normal cognitive awareness and rate of salivary production. Glycopyrrolate is an anticholinergic medication with a quaternary structure that recently received Food and Drug Administration approval to treat sialorrhea due to neurological problems in children ages 3–16 years. This review summarizes the few published studies of safety and efficacy of glycopyrrolate for drooling in children with chronic neurological conditions.Keywords: drooling, sialorrhoea, sialorrhea, children, glycopyrrolate
Role of Pancreatic Stents in Prevention of Post-ERCP Pancreatitis
Freeman ML
JOP Journal of the Pancreas , 2004,
Abstract:
Post-ERCP Pancreatitis: Patient and Technique-Related Risk Factors
Freeman ML
JOP Journal of the Pancreas , 2002,
Abstract:
Caracterización citogenética de la tortuga sabanera Podocnemis vogli (reptilia: testudinata: podocnemididae) Cytogenetic characterization of the Savannah Sideneck Turtle Podocnemis vogli (Reptilia: Testudinata: Podocnemididae)
Ortiz ML.,Rodríguez PA.,Bueno ML.
Acta Biológica Colombiana , 2005,
Abstract: Se estudiaron siete ejemplares de Podocnemis vogli, tres fueron colectados en las localidades de Puerto López y Puerto Gaitán, Meta, Colombia; cuatro carecen de datos de localidad. Todos los ejemplares presentaron un complemento constituido por 28 cromosomas, sin cromosomas sexuales, que se organizaron en tres grupos: el primero compuesto por cuatro pares submetacéntricos y uno subtelocéntrico, el segundo grupo por seis pares metacéntricos y el último grupo por tres pares acrocéntricos. Esta organización difiere de la descripción previa realizada por Rhodin et al. (1978), en la cual se encontraron dos pares acrocéntricos. Se describen los patrones de bandas C, G, NOR y Q para la especie. Las regiones organizadoras nucleolares se localizaron en el primer par cromosómico en una banda intercalar en brazos cortos, que se puede visualizar en interfase como uno o dos nucleolos. La técnica de bandas C permitió ubicar las regiones heterocromáticas de los cromosomas asociadas a regiones pericentroméricas. Se identificaron algunos polimorfismos heterocromáticos (bandas intercalares) en los cromosomas 1, 2, 3 y 7, los cuales permiten suponer la existencia de marcadores a nivel cromosómico, que pueden estar asociados con diferentes poblaciones de P. vogli dentro de su distribución geográfica. Seven specimens of Podocnemis vogli were studied; three were collected at Puerto López and Puerto Gaitán in the Meta Department of Colombia, four lacks collecting data. All specimens presented a complement consisting of 28 chromosomes without sexual chromosomes. The first group was composed by four submetacentric pairs and one subtelocentric, the second group by six metacentric pairs and the third group by three acrocentric pairs, differing from the previous description by Rhodin et al. (1978) who found two acrocentric pairs. C, G, NOR and Q band patterns are described for the species. Nucleolar Organizer Regions were localized in the first chromosome pair in an intercalary band inserted in the short arms which could be visualized in interphase as one or two nucleoli. The C band technique allowed heterochromatic regions to be located in chromosomes associated with pericentromeric regions. Some heterochromatic polymorphisms (intercalary bands) were identified in chromosomes 1, 2, 3 and 7, leading to the supposition that there are chromosome markers which could be associated with different P. vogli populations within their geographic distribution.
Characteristics of some less-common breeds of sheep in Southern Europe: a preliminary survey
CH Brooke, ML Ryder
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1977, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-9-2-163
Abstract:
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