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La dynamique des indicateurs de santé sur la population de Roumanie dans le contexte européen
MIRELA VASILICA DOBRIN |
Cinq Continents , 2012,
Abstract: This article aims to analyze the evolution of the most important health indicators to highlight the situation of the Romanian population in terms of health. Romanian population's health will be analyzed and a European comparative perspective, emphasizing Romania's position in relation to other European countries. Will be used as indicators: life expectancy, general mortality, infant mortality and the number of cases of illness. Progress will be monitored the health of the population of Romania between 1990-2008, using statistical data and data from various national and European research. Article is based on the use of multiple data sources: Diagnosis Quality of Life 1990-2006, NSI, Eurostat.
Waste Recycling and Compost Benefits
Vasilica STAN,Ana VIRSTA,Elena Mirela DUSA,Ana Maria GLAVAN
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2009,
Abstract: Composting is commonly used to treat solid wastes prior to recycling or disposal. It reduces the amount of material to handle and has the potential to inactivate pathogens thermally. Using composts in agriculture to minimize organic wastes and to reduce the addition of fertilizers and fungicides in crop production is highly effective. The amendment compost may improve all physical properties. Bulk density, hydraulic conductivity, porosity, and, water retention capacity may be improved, and, the improvement is proportional to the compost rate. Increasing concern regarding food safety and environmental pollution, as well as legislative pressures in European countries to reduce the number of approved active pesticide ingredients, has generated an interest in compost and other biological control agents to prevent and control plant diseases. In that way there was reported that compost amendment may be advantageous by increasing the disease suppressive properties of the soil or of the potting mixture due to an increasing microbial activity and/or the presence of specific antagonists in compost.
PRINCIPES COMMUNS APPLICABLES DANS LE DOMAINE DE L’ADMINISTRATION PUBLIQUE DANS CERTAINS éTATS DE L’UNION EUROPéENNE
Vasilica NEGRU?
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2007,
Abstract: The general principles of law are those that determine the system measures. On the one hand, the principles define the law’s general patterns of the legal system, leading the lawmaker’s activity; on the other hand, the general principles have also a role in the administrative justice system, because people who have the task of implementing the law system must know the “point of law” but also “the spirit of the law” and the principles of the judiciary system are exactly the "spirit of the law".The common principles that are applicable in public administration, in the European Union countries, are: the legality principle, the proportionality principle, the transparency principle, the motivation principle.
The Europeanization of Public Administration through the General Principles of Good Administration
Vasilica Negrut
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2011,
Abstract: : The general objective of the paper is based on an extremely present theme of real interest. Using the content analysis, through a descriptive documentary research, the present study aims at identifying the dimensions of the general principles of good administration, in the context of changes at European an implicitly at national level. To this purpose, an analysis of the specific objectives will be made: the concept of good administration, the national dimensions of the right to be heard, the right to access personal files as well as the motivation of administrative acts and the general principles regulated by the European Code of Good Administration will be underlined, in the context of institutional change determined by the Lisbon Treaty. Good administration defines the way in which institutions function, this being possible by ensuring the right to access information, a more efficient protection of fundamental rights as well as the right to defense, publication of acts and their motivation. Good administration is strongly connected to good government, the relation being in our opinion, from part to whole. The final purpose of good government and implicitly of good administration aims at accomplishing the general interest. The two concepts need a higher degree of transparency and responsibility in the public process. If governing represents the modality of exerting power, good government entails the imperative of the consensus of those governed regarding the objectives and methods of government, the responsibility of those governing, the efficiency of governing and the citizens’ right to be informed regarding the use and the distribution of the financial resources in the governing process. This new concept takes into account the implication of the citizens in the decision - making process, allowing a more efficient use of material, human, and financial resources. We assert thus that by applying the general principles of good administration, essential changes will be made, leading to the Europeanization of public administration.
The Lisbon Treaty and the New Dimensions of the Principles of Proportionality and Subsidiarity
Vasilica NEGRUT
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2010,
Abstract: The general objective of the paper was constituted on an extremely present subject of real interest. Using the content analysis thorough a descriptive documentary research this study aims atidentifying the new dimensions of the principles of proportionality and subsidiarity after the Lisbon Treaty. For this end, an analysis of the specific objectives was performed: the concept ofproportionality, the evolution of subsidiarity and the new valences of the two principles in the framework of the modifications introduces by the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty. We assert thus thatin virtue of these modifications, the application of the principles of proportionality and subsidiarity has the purpose of maintaining the institutional balance, as the subsidiarity establishes which of the competencies belongs to the state or community institutions and the proportionality indicates the dimensions of applying the legislative measures.
LA PROCéDURE DU CONTENTIEUX ADMINISTRATIF EN ROUMANIE
Vasilica NEGRU?
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2006,
Abstract: The institution of the contentious administrative matters stands for an indispensable and essential framework of the law - based democratic state, i.e. the "democratic form of repairing the mistakes committed by administrative organs and authorities, limiting their power of guaranteeing individual rights" or, briefly, "the juridical form protecting legal or physical persons against public administaration abuses". In conformity with the organic law no. 554/2004, the contentious administrative matters has the following components: " "the activity of courts' legal solving of litigations batween different parties, where at least one such party is a public authority, and the conflicts appeared at the issuing or concluding of an administrative act, either without a sentence - due to no not abiding by the lawful term - or with the unjustified refusal to solve a claim referring to a legitimate right or interest".
Contracting Out Public Property Assets
Vasilica Negrut
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Administratio , 2011,
Abstract: Public property assets are subject exclusively to the legal regime of public law, which are inalienable, imprescriptible and imperceptible. According to the law, publicly owned property can be contracted out or given into use and can be leased or rented. In this study we aimed at identifying, based on content analysis and a descriptive research, the owners of administration right, its way of being established, its content and the legal nature of the right to administrate the public property assets.
LE R LE DE LA JURISPRUDENCE (CEJ) DANS LE DéVELOPPEMENT DU DROIT COMMUNAUTAIRE
Vasilica NEGRU?
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2008,
Abstract: The European Court of Justice - as the Court of First Instance and, more recently, the Civil Service Tribunal - together with the national courts of the Member States represent the judicial power within the European Union. The task of this institution lies in the uniform application and interpretation of the Community law. The National courts and the public authorities are bound by the interpretation given by the Court. It has the role of the constitutional courts that are competent to solve the litigations that arise between the community institutions and the Member States or even between the Member States. The role of the European Court of Justice in the development of community law is peculiar, whereas the Court is the one who founded the idea of direct applicability of the community law in member countries of the European Union, its superiority over the national law and it developed the principle of state’s extra-contractual accountability for violation of the community law, a principle based on the priority of the community law.
Special Domenial Regimes
Vasilica NEGRU?
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2009,
Abstract: The reason that justifies the existence of rules with particular feature which derogates from common law rules, in matters of public administration property, is represented by the public interests, that that the administration is committed to accomplish them. Domenial regime is a specific legal regime on the property, under the norms of public law. Domenial regime presupposes, in general, the establishment of different forms of property – public property - and the allocation of some features of the private property regime on the property holders of public powers. The problem of special domenial regime is important in particular in terms of how to restrict the exertion of private property right over the property belonging to physical and judicial persons, as provided by article 53. of the Constitution. Special Domenial Regimes present, in fact, limitations to private ownership, by developing a safety and security regime applicable to such properties, for preservation and transmission to future generations.
Applying the Legal Security Principle in Administrative Law
Vasilica Negrut
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of the paper is founded on a very current topic and of real interest. Using content analysis, through a descriptive study research, this study aims at identifying the content of the legal security principle and the way in which the courts in Romania, the public authorities achieve a proper application of this European principle. For this purpose, it was achieved an analysis of specific objectives aiming at, in particular, the requirements of legal security principle and the way in which they manifest in the national law. We appreciate that, although it does not beneficiate of an express assignment in the Romanian legislation, being a creation of jurisprudence, the legal security principle is in the current context, a fundamental principle of state law, which should give every citizen the opportunity to evolve into a secured, predictable legal environment.
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