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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7037 matches for " MARTHA; MORA "
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Territorialidad nasa en Bogotá: apropiación, percepción y sentido de lugar
Bernal Mora,Martha Isabel;
Cuadernos de Geografía - Revista Colombiana de Geografía , 2012,
Abstract: the objective of this research project was to understand and analyze the dynamics and imaginaries of the indigenous nasa population in the urban context of bogotá. the active participation of the community was fostered through participatory action research, social cartography, ethnography, knowledge dialogue, participant observation, life stories, and environmental field trips, in order to determine how they perceive the symbolic value of territory. findings showed that the indigenous nasa population appropriates urban space by moving through, naming, and symbolically representing places where they usually interact, that is, through the meaning of their spatial representations, the use of jigra (a type of bag, typical of the region), self-education, urban treks, inter-ethnic encounters, or periodically returning to their places of origin.
Territorialidad nasa en Bogotá: apropiación, percepción y sentido de lugar
Bernal Mora Martha Isabel
Cuadernos de Geografía - Revista Colombiana de Geografía , 2012,
Abstract: Esta investigación persigue comprender y analizar las representaciones de las dinámicas y los imaginarios del pueblo indígena nasa en el contexto urbano de Bogotá. A partir de la Investigación Acción Participativa, la cartografía social, la etnografía, el diálogo de saberes, la observación participante, los relatos de vida y los recorridos ambientales se incentivó la participación activa de la comunidad para registrar cómo percibe ella el valor simbólico del territorio. Se encontró que los indígenas nasa se apropian del espacio urbano al recorrer, nombrar y representar simbólicamente los lugares donde habitualmente interactúan, es decir, mediante el significado de sus representaciones espaciales, el uso de la jigra (un tipo de mochila típica de la región), la educación propia, los recorridos urbanos, los encuentros interétnicos o retornado intermitentemente a sus territorios deorigen.
A Multi-Agent Intelligent Learning System: An Applicationwith a Pedagogical Agent and Learning Objects  [PDF]
Sánchez-Guerrero Lourdes, Laureano-Cruces Ana Lilia, Mora-Torres Martha, Ramírez-Rodríguez Javier, Silva-López Rafaela Blanca
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.47A2024
Abstract:

This article describes the analysis, design and development of an Intelligent Learning System (ILS). The design of the ILS is based on a multi-agent architecture. This architecture includes reactive agents which represent the expertise of each of the necessary sub-skills in learning the application domain, which in the study case is structured programming. The ILS utilizes artificial intelligence techniques to implement the teaching-learning process using an inference engine based on a general didactic model. As a result, this system is termed as Intelligent Learning System with Learning Objects (ProgEst). ProgEst is carried out with the objective of providing the user with self-regulated learning strategies in addition to the knowledge of a determined domain. The case study includes situations related to: learning styles, knowledge domain (errors made) and affective-motivational state. The assessments shall determine: 1) what is to be explained, 2) level of detail and timing, 3) how and when to interrupt the student, and 4) the information to provide during the interaction.

An Affective-Motivational Interface for a Pedagogical Agent  [PDF]
Martha Mora-Torres, Ana Lilia Laureano-Cruces, Fernando Gamboa-Rodríguez, Javier Ramírez-Rodríguez, Lourdes Sánchez-Guerrero
International Journal of Intelligence Science (IJIS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijis.2014.41003
Abstract:

This research is framed within the affective computing, which explains the importance of emotions in human cognition (decision making, perception, interaction and human intelligence). Applying this approach to a pedagogical agent is an essential part to enhance the effectiveness of the teaching-learning process of an intelligent learning system. This work focuses on the design of the inference engine that will give life to the interface, where the latter is represented by a pedagogical agent. The inference engine is based on an affective-motivational model. This model is implemented by using artificial intelligence technique called fuzzy cognitive maps.

Stress in callus of Hippocratea excelsa: Catalase activity, hydrogen peroxide content and canophyllol accumulation
Herrera-Santoyo,Josefina; López-Delgado,Humberto; Mora-Herrera,Martha Elena;
Interciencia , 2007,
Abstract: stress factors often induce oxidative stress in plant cells, generally leading to the synthesis of signal molecules that activate a range of signal transduction pathways and antioxidants. one of the signal molecules produced under stress is h2o2, which has been associated to production in vitro of secondary metabolites (sm) and to antioxidant activity. canophyllol production by hippocratea excelsa was used as an example to show the enhanced production of sm under stress. seeds obtained from fruits were cultured in vitro. two stresses were applied: nutritional, by reducing the amount of n2, and osmotic, using polyethylene glycol. canophyllol, h2o2 content and catalase activity were measured. nutritional stress caused a different response than osmotic stress for catalase activity and canophyllol accumulation, whereas h2o2 contents increased under both stresses. the highest amount of canophyllol (8 times the control) was obtained under the nutritional stress, in the treatment with 25% of control n2 strength. this work demonstrates that the responses of canophyllol production and catalase activity in h. excelsa callus are differentially signaled by the different stress factors.
Estructura de las emociones dentro de un proceso de ense?anza-aprendizaje
Mora-Torres, Martha;Laureano-Cruces, Ana Lilia;Velasco-Santos, Perla;
Perfiles educativos , 2011,
Abstract: this work is centered on the design of a structure for emotional assessment, developed for an intelligent learning system. this structure is meant to complement user data so that the user can improve the intervention effectiveness of the intelligent learning system through an interface, represented by a pedagogical agent. te importance of the emotions in the teaching-learning process is highlighted and a proposal that includes a design methodology is elaborated. this allows for an emotional state representation of the user in a specific moment.
Students and Teachers' Reasons for Using the First Language Within the Foreign Language Classroom (French and English) in Central Mexico
Mora Pablo,Irasema; Lengeling,M. Martha; Rubio Zenil,Buenaventura; Crawford,Troy; Goodwin,Douglas;
Profile Issues in Teachers` Professional Development , 2011,
Abstract: the present study explores the use of the first language in a context of foreign language teaching. this qualitative research presents the classroom practice and points of view of french and english teachers and students within a public educational institute in central mexico using the techniques of questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. the results show that teachers and the majority of students perceive the use of the first language as positive and part of the teaching and learning process. a small number of students do not like the use of the first language in the classroom and prefer that their teachers use the target language only.
Characteristics of Mexican women admitted to emergency care units: alcohol consumption and related problems
Romero,Martha; Mondragón,Liliana; Cherpitel,Cheryl; Medina-Mora,Ma. Elena; Borges,Guilherme;
Salud Pública de México , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342001000600004
Abstract: objective. this article describes the demographic characteristics and psychological differences in a sample of female heavy and non-heavy drinkers who attended three emergency services of the mexican city of pachuca, hidalgo. material and methods. a sample of patients seen at emergency services (es) patients over the age of 18 was selected using es admission forms. twenty-five-minute, face-to-face interviews were conducted by a group of trained interviewers. patients answered various questionnaires and scales to measure alcohol consumption and to provide information on variables that have proved to be related to female drinking. results. thirty-six women (5.2%) out of 717 of the total number of women were found to be heavy drinkers according to the tweak scale. this group of women had 2.3 times the risk of becoming depressed, 2.87 times the risk of taking other drugs, 1.95 times the likelihood of having been sexually abused and 1.57 times the risk of displaying suicidal ideation. conclusions. data from this small analysis confirm international findings that problem drinking among females throughout the life cycle is linked to depression. as regards the screening instruments employed, it is necessary to conduct more in-depth research to enrich their contents and increase their reliability and validity when used among female populations. in this study, the tweak proved to be extremely useful for studies in emergency services. the english version of this paper is available too at: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html
Construcción de significados acerca de la salud mental en población adulta de una comunidad urbana marginal
Jazmín Mora,Fátima Flores,Martha de Alba,Maribel Marroquín Sandoval
Salud mental , 2003,
Abstract: Como parte de un estudio más amplio sobre representaciones sociales de la salud mental en población adulta de una comunidad urbana marginal, el objetivo de este trabajo consiste en conocer cómo se construyen los significados acerca de la salud mental, identificando la estructura del discurso de los entrevistados alrededor de este tema. La finalidad es lograr una aproximación más exploratoria y comprensiva de la manera en que le dan sentido y significado a los padecimientos emocionales en su vida diaria.La población de estudio pertenece a una comunidad del sur de la ciudad de México que se ubica en un asentamiento irregular que carece de todos los servicios (p.e. agua potable, drenaje, etc.). Se llevaron a cabo 16 entrevistas en profundidad con la población adulta de la comunidad, de la cual 70% fue de mujeres y 30% de varones. El rango de edades osciló entre los 27 y 58 a os, y la edad promedio fue de 36 a os.Los tópicos de estudio fueron los siguientes: a) descripción general de la comunidad, b) padecimientos percibidos y atribuciones en relación con los mismos, c) respuesta frente a estos malestares, d) redes sociales de apoyo y búsqueda de atención y e) significados de los conceptos relacionados con la salud mental. El análisis cualitativo de la información obtenida a partir de las entrevistas se efectuó mediante dos estrategias: a) análisis temático y b) análisis textual. El análisis temático se basó en la identificación de categorías y subcategorías a partir de las áreas de estudio. Para efectos de este trabajo, sólo se incluyeron la percepción de los padecimientos y las fuentes de preocupación. En los aspectos relacionados con la salud mental, el consumo de alcohol en adultos varones, el uso de drogas en adolescentes y la violencia intrafamiliar fueron los padecimientos más importantes percibidos en la comunidad; otras problemáticas manifestadas en este último grupo fueron los problemas de lenguaje y los trastornos del aprendizaje en los ni os. Hubo otras fuentes de malestar relacionadas con la inseguridad percibida en la colonia, la falta de servicios y la corrupción de líderes y autoridades.El análisis textual se realizó a través de un programa especializado Alceste, versión 4.5 (22) que permite la exploración del discurso libre de los sujetos. Se identificaron cuatro clases que reflejan el universo de la vida diaria o el contexto dentro del cual se presentan los padecimientos y malestares emocionales en la población estudiada: a) familia y ciclo vital, b) trabajo doméstico y extradoméstico, c) organización política y comunitaria y d) aspectos em
Characteristics of Mexican women admitted to emergency care units: alcohol consumption and related problems
Romero Martha,Mondragón Liliana,Cherpitel Cheryl,Medina-Mora Ma. Elena
Salud Pública de México , 2001,
Abstract: Objective. This article describes the demographic characteristics and psychological differences in a sample of female heavy and non-heavy drinkers who attended three emergency services of the Mexican city of Pachuca, Hidalgo. Material and Methods. A sample of patients seen at emergency services (ES) patients over the age of 18 was selected using ES admission forms. Twenty-five-minute, face-to-face interviews were conducted by a group of trained interviewers. Patients answered various questionnaires and scales to measure alcohol consumption and to provide information on variables that have proved to be related to female drinking. Results. Thirty-six women (5.2%) out of 717 of the total number of women were found to be heavy drinkers according to the TWEAK scale. This group of women had 2.3 times the risk of becoming depressed, 2.87 times the risk of taking other drugs, 1.95 times the likelihood of having been sexually abused and 1.57 times the risk of displaying suicidal ideation. Conclusions. Data from this small analysis confirm international findings that problem drinking among females throughout the life cycle is linked to depression. As regards the screening instruments employed, it is necessary to conduct more in-depth research to enrich their contents and increase their reliability and validity when used among female populations. In this study, the TWEAK proved to be extremely useful for studies in emergency services. The English version of this paper is available too at: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html
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