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Snake bite: Biochemical changes in blood after envenomation by viper and cobra
K.M. Pradeep Kumar,M.P. Basheer
Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Snake bite poisoning is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in tropical and sub-tropical countries like India. The present study was taken up to evaluate the biochemical changes in snake bite cases in different time periods. The clotting time (C.T) was 55.83±38.5 in viper bite cases, much higher than in controls, 5.07±1.33, which was normalized after anti venom administration; however no significant changes were observed in cobra bite cases. Thus evaluation of C.T. may help to differentiate viper bites from cobra bites and to choose specific mono-valent anti-venom treatment. The blood urea level in viper bite cases increased significantly after the sixth hour: 58.19±27.6 mg% in cases; 25.80±4.9mg% in controls. Since anti-venom does not decrease the blood urea to normal, dialysis is required for normalization of urea level. Blood creatinine level in the majority of viper bite cases was found to be increased (1.60–7.4 mg%) after the sixth hour, where as in cobra bite cases it was found only in 9% (1.5-2mg%); this increased creatinine level in viper bite cases caused the renal failure. Sodium and potassium levels were not increased in both cobra and viper bite cases, up to the fourth day. However, in 50% of viper bite cases, significant elevation in sodium level was observed on 5th and 6th day, due to the secondary effect of renal failure. 50% of the viper and cobra bite cases showed rise in potassium level on the sixth day which ranged between 5.1– 4.14 mEq/litre. No significant difference was observed in serum calcium level between viper and cobra bite cases. In the present study, clotting time increases immediately after viper bite, detection of which within six hours is a good indicator of envenomation by viper bite. The other biochemical parameters would be helpful to assess the severity of renal failure predominant after six hours of envenomation.
A Novel Technique for Measuring Root Activity of Small Crops in Mixtures Using Lithium as a Non-Radioactive Tracer
M.P. Tofinga
Agricultural Journal , 2013,
Abstract: A novel method of studying root interactions in mixtures of small crops (eg. cereals and peas is discussed. The technique involve the measurements of root activity using lithium, a non-radioactive tracer and using a mixture of cereal and peas as an example of a mixed crop where the technique is applicable. Results of studies on root activity of cereals and peas by Tofinga, Tofinga and Snaydon and Tofinga were used in the discussion and to explain how the technique works. The total lithium uptake by cereals was tenfold that of peas and for both species, the uptake decreased with placement depth. Semi-leafless peas absorbed more lithium than leafy peas, by about sixteen times. Lithium uptake by peas was significantly more in monoculture compared with mixtures, in cereals.
Vasstaar en deurkyk: ’n refleksie op bewustheid en veelheid van betekenisse28
M.P. Wissing
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1995, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v60i3.642
Abstract:
The marketing of innovation activity results commercialization in industry
M.P. Kalynychenko
Marketing ì Mened?ment Innovacìj , 2012,
Abstract: The article explores the theoretical and methodological principles of marketing commercialize innovations. Scientific and practical recommendations about use of marketing approach for commercialization of innovative activity results in the industry are developed. They consist of stages of commercialization marketing project management process observance and application of design, scenaring and network planning.
Indoor Environment Mobile Robot Localization
IMTHIYAS M.P
International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering , 2010,
Abstract: Robot Localization is an emerging area in recent research and applications. The determination of location or localization is the basic requirement for robots to move in their office environment. This proposed work aims to build a map from a sparse set of noisy observations, taken from known locations by multiple sensors and is validated experimentally in indoor office environment. A set of training data is collected from each environment and processed offlineto produce a GP Model (Gaussian Process Model). The robot uses this model to localize while traversing each environment. The sensors are used to extract information about the robot’s environment. Because a mobile robot moves around, it will frequently encounter unforeseen environmental characteristics. The sensors have only a limited range, and so it must physically explore its environment to build a map. So,the robot must not only create a map but also it must do so while moving and localizing to explore the environment. In the robotics terminology, this is called the simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), and then changing the robot’s trajectory as informed by its sensors during robot motion is called the Obstacle avoidance. The proposed system is used for avoiding real time obstacle in smooth surface by using feature extraction.
The results of the program to change the cognitive component of social representations about the consequences of drug use in adolescents
M.P. Ryabov
Psihologi?eskaa Nauka i Obrazovanie , 2013,
Abstract: We argue the need of development and implementation of informational programs to focus drug prevention in adolescents due to the fact that the researchers neglected the distortion of knowledge and ideas about the consequences of drug use. The results of the program aimed at change the cognitive component of social representations of teenagers about taking drugs are presented. The program implemented in general education school is based on informational approach: a video is shown about the consequences of drug use on human health and life. The study involved 158 adolescents aged 15 to 18 years, students of 9th and 11th grades. As a result of the program, we recorded a significant reduction in the desire of teens to try drugs, their increased knowledge about the consequences of drug use, change in the hierarchy of consequences of initiation to drugs important for adolescents, and their life orientations. We identified and described age-and gender-specific impact of the program on the study parameters.
Otter Lutra lutra Predating Dragonflies
Bailley M.P.
IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin , 2000,
Abstract: In June 2000, the author found spraints and other signs indicating that at least one otter had been eating quantities of adult Four-Spotted Chasers (Libellula quadrimaculata) common at the location, on the coastal raised bog of Cors Fochno in west Wales.
Free energy of 3D Ising-like system near the phase transition point
M.P. Kozlovskii
Condensed Matter Physics , 2009,
Abstract: A generalized representation for the scaling form of free energy of the system near the phase transition point is proposed. Explicit expressions for coefficients as functions of the reduced temperature and external field in the case of T>Tc are obtained at the microscopic level.
Buried Object Discrimination in a Ground Penetrating Radar Radargram
M.P. Priyadarshini
Bonfring International Journal of Advances in Image Processing , 2013, DOI: 10.9756/bijaip.10188
Abstract: Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a non-destructive technique used for the location of objects or interfaces buried beneath the earth's surface or located within a visually opaque structure. This research work proposes techniques for buried object discrimination for the images generated by GPR by using GPR frequency-domain spectral features. The motivation for this approach comes from the fact that landmine targets and clutter objects often have different shapes and/or composition, yielding different Energy Density Spectrum (EDS) that may be exploited for their discrimination. The proposed system comprises cascade of two stages: Pre - Processing Stage, followed by Discrimination Stage. Pre Processing eliminates the ground bounce and clutter to get an enhanced image. Enhancement is followed by Landmine or clutter Discrimination using Energy Density Spectrum. All implementations are done using MATLAB
An improved scheme for solving atmospheric radiative transfer problems with the spectral nodal method
De Abreu,M.P.;
Latin American applied research , 2010,
Abstract: in this article, we report on recent advances in a spectral nodal method for the numerical solution of multislab atmospheric radiation problems. here, we derive a set of periodic relations for the coefficients of the bidirectional functions of our method, and we use these periodic relations to improve a recently developed computational scheme for solving a set of multislab atmospheric radiation problems with an arbitrary number and type of optically stationary layers. we present numerical results for a set of prototype problems that show the effect of stratospheric ozone depletion on the amount of ultraviolet-b radiation that reaches the earth's surface.
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