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EVALUATION OF DIURETIC ACTIVITY OF MILK EXTRACT OF SEMECARPUS ANACARDIUM NUT
Dhirendra Prakash,M.C. Bindal,Santosh Kumar Gupta,A K Gupta
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2013, DOI: 10.7897/2230-8407.04335
Abstract: Semicarpus anacardium ‘Marketing Nut’ is a tropical flowering plant widely distributed in India. Semicarpus anacardium are widely used for its therapeutic potential as immunomodulatory and in folklore the plant material is reported in the treatment of diuretic. Since, the diuretic activity of these plant materials has not been investigated in scientifically controlled studies; the aim of the present study was to evaluate the diuretic potential of milk extracts of Semicarpus anacardium seed in normal rats after acute and sub-chronic oral administration. Milk extracts of Semicarpus anacardium seed (150 and 300 mg/kg) along with the reference drug, furosemide (10 mg/kg) were administrated orally to male Wistar rats for 8 subsequent days and their urine output was quantitated at several intervals of time after the dose. Several other parameters such as urinary electrolyte concentration, plasma electrolyte concentration and creatinine clearance were also measured by flame spectrophotometry and Jaffe alkaline picrate method. After administration of single dose of the milk extracts of Semicarpus anacardium seed, urine output significantly showed equivalent increment at all time points, and at 24 h after the dose, the total volume of urine excreted was highest in furosemide followed by plant extracts and control group. Both extracts increased the urinary levels of Na+ and K+, to about the same extent, while furosemide increased urinary levels of only Na+ and decreased urinary K+. Despite changes in urinary excretion of the electrolytes, plasma Na+ and K+ levels were not affected by any of the substances. The present study supports the ethnomedical use of Semicarpus anacardium seed for their diuretic effect.
Relevant Factors to a Statistical Analysis of Overvoltages - Application to Three-Phase Reclosing of Compensated Transmission Lines  [PDF]
P. Mestas, M.C. Tavares
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.54B221
Abstract: This paper describes the statistical study of important factors that influences transient over voltages resulting from three-phase reclosing of shunt compensated transmission lines. These factors include the model used for transmission line representation and the influence of line transposition. Additionally, the over voltages reduction to proper levels depending on the type of control technique are illustrated and analyzed in statistical terms. The evaluation covers three shunt compensation degrees. The digital simulations were performed using the PSCAD/EMTDC software.
BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS INVOLVED IN THE DEGRADATION OF ORGANIC POLLUTANTS
Diez,M.C;
Journal of soil science and plant nutrition , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-95162010000100004
Abstract: worldwide use of pesticide has increased dramatically during the last two decades. as a consequence, pesticide residues and their transformation products are frequently found in groundwater and surface waters. this review summarizes information about polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pahs), polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs), some chlorophenols; it mainly empathizes on pesticides, their incorporation into the environment, microorganisms involved in their degradation and, some physico-chemical aspects of pesticides behavior in soils. details about residues of pesticides in groundwater and superficial water found in some foreign countries and in chile are reported, as well. the fungal degradation of organic pollutants (xenobiotics) is considered as an effective method to remove these pollutants from the environment by a process which is currently known as bioremediation. therefore, the degradation of pesticides by soil microorganisms with particular attention to white-rot fungi is also addressed. finally, a simple and effective system (biobed) to minimize environmental contamination from pesticide manipulation, especially when filling the spraying equipment, a typical point source of contamination, is presented here.
A pedogeomorphic comparison of two granitic areas in the Kruger National Park
M.C. Munnik
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1990, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v33i2.441
Abstract: Two climatically different areas on granitic materials near Phalaborwa and Pretoriuskop in the Kruger National Park were pedogeomorphologically compared and the influence of climatic factors on soil and hillslope development in the two areas was assessed. The examination of 18 hillslopes and their soils showed that while the two areas have many broad similarities, there are specific soil and hillslope differences between them with the result that each area has its own distinctive pedogeomorphic character. While comparable parent material, situation and age appear to be responsible for similarities between the areas, the differences could in most cases be accounted for by the disparity in rainfall between the two areas. It was, however, also necessary to note the role of past (and possibly current) cycles of erosion and deposition in the creation of the two types of simple hillslopes occurring in the areas.
Die problematiek van armoede met verwysing na onderwys, gesondheid en die gesin
M.C. Barnard
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1995, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v60i1.620
Abstract: The problematic nature of poverty with reference to education, health and the family. Poverty is on the increase worldwide and goes hand in hand with unemployment. In South Africa poverty is inextricably interwoven with the historical and sociocultural legacy of the largest part of the population. The causes of poverty are extremely complex and must be sought in a combination of human and structural factors. Poverty has far-reaching influence on education, health and the family life of society. The question may be posed as to whether education has a decisive effect on the combating of poverty as such. In spite of the fact that education of a high standard is an important determinant in promoting literacy on an individual level, to improve quality of life and to develop human potential, it does not offer ready-made solutions for structural and cultural historical inequality and, this is nowhere more dearly reflected than in education. If education proposes to make a meaningful contribution to the combating of poverty, strategies such as more effective education financing, the partial privatisation o f education, greater utilisation of natural and human resources, the promotion of job creation and entrepreneurship, as well as enrichment of family life must be effected.
A note on Professor Johns’s “Gift addressed to the spirit of the Prophet”
M.C. Ricklefs
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1973,
Abstract:
An inventory of the Javanese manuscript collection in the British Museum
M.C. Ricklefs
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1969,
Abstract:
On the authorship of Leiden Cod. Or. 2191, Babad Mangkubumi
M.C. Ricklefs
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1971,
Abstract:
Dipanagara’s early inspirational experience
M.C. Ricklefs
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1974,
Abstract:
The evolution of Babad Tanah Jawi texts: In response to Day
M.C. Ricklefs
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1979,
Abstract:
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