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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401317 matches for " M. Nonino "
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Cluster identification via Voronoi tessellation
M. Ramella,M. Nonino,W. Boschin,D. Fadda
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We propose an automated method for detecting galaxy clusters in imaging surveys based on the Voronoi tessellation technique. It appears very promising, expecially for its capability of detecting clusters indipendently from their shape. After a brief explanation of our use of the algorithm, we show here an example of application based on a strip of the ESP Key Programme complemented with galaxies of the COSMOS/UKST Southern Sky Catalogue supplied by the Anglo- Australian Observatory.
Abell 1758N from an optical point of view: new insights on a merging cluster with diffuse radio emission
W. Boschin,M. Girardi,R. Barrena,M. Nonino
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201118076
Abstract: We seek to explore the internal dynamics of the cluster Abell 1758N, which has been shown to host a radio halo and two relics, and is known to be a merging bimodal cluster. Our analysis is mainly based on new redshift data for 137 galaxies acquired at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo, only four of which have redshifts previously listed in the literature. We also used photometric data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and from the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope archive. We combined galaxy velocities and positions to select 92 cluster galaxies and analyzed the internal cluster dynamics. We estimate a cluster redshift of =0.2782 and quite a high line-of-sight (LOS) velocity dispersion of ~ 1300 km/s. Our 2D analysis confirms the presence of a bimodal structure along the NW-SE direction. We add several pieces of information to the previous merging scenario: the two subclusters (here A1758N(NW) and A1758N(SE)) cannot be separated in the velocity analyses and we deduce a small LOS velocity difference of ~300 km/s in the cluster rest-frame. The velocity information successfully shows that A1758N is surrounded by two small groups and active galaxies infalling onto, or escaping from, the cluster. Removing the two groups, we estimate ~1000 km/s and ~800 km/s for the velocity dispertions of A1758N(NW) and A1758N(SE), respectively. We find that Abell 1758N is a very massive cluster with a range of M=2-3 10^15 solar masses, depending on the adopted model. As expected for clusters that host powerful, extended, diffuse radio emissions, Abell 1758N is a major cluster merger just forming a massive system.
Finding Galaxy Clusters using Voronoi Tessellations
M. Ramella,W. Boschin,D. Fadda,M. Nonino
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20010071
Abstract: We present an objective and automated procedure for detecting clusters of galaxies in imaging galaxy surveys. Our Voronoi Galaxy Cluster Finder (VGCF) uses galaxy positions and magnitudes to find clusters and determine their main features: size, richness and contrast above the background. The VGCF uses the Voronoi tessellation to evaluate the local density and to identify clusters as significative density fluctuations above the background. The significance threshold needs to be set by the user, but experimenting with different choices is very easy since it does not require a whole new run of the algorithm. The VGCF is non-parametric and does not smooth the data. As a consequence, clusters are identified irrispective of their shape and their identification is only slightly affected by border effects and by holes in the galaxy distribution on the sky. The algorithm is fast, and automatically assigns members to structures.
Contamination on Lyman continuum emission at z >= 3: implication on the ionising radiation evolution
E. Vanzella,B. Siana,S. Cristiani,M. Nonino
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: We investigate the possibility of contamination by lower-redshift interlopers in the measure of the ionising radiation escaping from high redshift galaxies. Taking advantage of the new ultra-deep VLT/VIMOS U-band number counts in the GOODS-S field,we calculate the expected probability of contamination by low-z interlopers as a function of the U-mag and the image spatial resolution (PSF). Assuming that ground-based observations can not resolve objects lying within a 0.5" radius of each other, then each z>=3 galaxy has a 2.1 and 3.2% chance of foreground contamination, adopting surface density U-band number counts down to 27.5 and 28.5,respectively. Those probabilities increase to 8.5 and 12.6%, assuming 1.0" radius. If applied to the estimates reported in the literature at z~3 for which a Lyman continuum has been observed directly,the probability that at least 1/3 of them are affected by foreground contamination is larger than 50%.From a Monte-Carlo simulation we estimate the median integrated contribution of foreground sources to the Lyman continuum flux (f900). Current estimations from stacked data are >2 sigma of the median integrated pollution by foreground sources.The spatial cross-correlation between the U-band catalog and a sample of galaxies at z>=3.4 in the GOODS-S field,produces a number of U-band detected systems fully consistent with the expected superposition statistics. Indeed, each of them shows the presence of at least one offset contaminant in the ACS images. An exemplary case of a foreground contamination in the HUDF at redshift 3.797 by a foreground blue compact source (U=28.63 +/- 0.2) is reported; if observed with a seeing larger than 0.5" the polluting source would mimic an observed (f1500/f900)_OBS ~ 38, erroneously ascribed to the source at higher redshift. [Abridged]
Problemas e perspectivas do tratamento da Leucemia Mielóide Cr?nica no Brasil
Nonino, Alexandre;
Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-84842008000700015
Abstract: this article discusses the limitations which brazilian hematology-oncology centers face when conducting treatment programs for chronic myeloid leukemia and the problems concerning their implementation, funding and quality assessment by national health organization.
A new investigation on the Antlia Dwarf Galaxy
A. M. Piersimoni,G. Bono,M. Castellani,G. Marconi,S. Cassisi,R. Buonanno,M. Nonino
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: We present deep (I,V-I) and (I,B-I) color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) of the Antlia dwarf galaxy, based on Science Verification (SV) data collected with the FORS I camera on the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT). The CMDs present two key features: a well-defined RGB, and a sample of bright blue stars, belonging to a young stellar component. The comparison between theory and observations confirms that this sample of bright stars is consistent with the occurrence of a star formation episode $\approx0.1$ Gyr ago. In agreement with previous investigations (Sarajedini et al. 1997; Aparicio et al. 1997), we also find that this young stellar population is more centrally concentrated than the old one. By adopting the new calibration of the Tip of the RGB (TRGB) provided by Salaris & Cassisi (1998) we estimated that the Antlia distance modulus is $(m-M)_0=25.89\pm0.10$ mag, and therefore a distance $D=1.51\pm 0.07$ Mpc. This distance determination is $\approx13%$ larger than the values suggested in previous investigations. By adopting the calibration of the RGB $(V-I)$ color index as a function of the metallicity, we estimated that the mean metallicity of Antlia stellar population is of the order of $[Fe/H]\approx-1.3$. The differential RGB luminosity function shows an excess in the observed counts -at the $2\sigma$ level- when compared with theoretical predictions. Plain arguments on the dependence of the TRGB luminosity on stellar age suggest that this discrepancy might be due to a stellar component with an age approximately equal to 0.7 Gyr.
Weak lensing mass reconstruction of MS1008.1-1224
M. Lombardi,P. Rosati,M. Nonino,M. Girardi,S. Borgani,G. Squires
Physics , 2000,
Abstract: We present an in-depth weak lensing analysis of the cluster MS1008 based on deep multicolor imaging obtained during the Science Verification of FORS1 at the VLT. The image quality (half arcsec seeing) and depth of the VLT images allow the shear signal to be mapped with high signal-to-noise and to be traced out to 1.2 h_50^-1 Mpc, near the edge of the 6'.8x6'.8 field of view. Using BVRI color information, as well as 81 redshifts in the field from the CNOC survey, background galaxies can be effectively separated from cluster and foreground objects. PSF distorsions are found to be moderate across the FORS images and thus easily removed. Due to the small statistical errors in the mass reconstruction, this dataset provides a testing ground where several systematic effects (e.g. mass-sheet degeneracy, redshift distribution of the background sources, cluster galaxy contamination) can be quantified. Several methods are used to remove the mass-sheet degeneracy which is found to dominate the systematic error budget. We measure a lower limit to the mass of 2.6 10^14 h_50^-1 M_sun within 1 h_50^-1 Mpc and a ``total'' mass of 5.3 10^14 h_50^-1 M_sun by fitting a softened isothermal sphere. The availability of the CNOC redshift data and X-ray observations on this cluster allow a comparison of different determinations of the mass radial profile. We find the lensing and X-ray measurements in excellent agreement, while the mass derived from the virial analysis is marginally (1-2 sigma) in agreement at radii where both methods are reliable.
The Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey - VLT/ISAAC Near-Infrared Imaging of the GOODS-South Field
J. Retzlaff,P. Rosati,M. Dickinson,B. Vandame,C. Rite,M. Nonino,C. Cesarsky,the GOODS Team
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200912940
Abstract: We present the final public data release of the VLT/ISAAC near-infrared imaging survey in the GOODS-South field. The survey covers an area of 172.5, 159.6 and 173.1 arcmin^2 in the J, H, and Ks bands, respectively. For point sources total limiting magnitudes of J=25.0, H=24.5, and Ks=24.4 (5 sigma, AB) are reached within 75% of the survey area. Thus these observations are significantly deeper than the previous EIS Deep Public Survey which covers the same region. The image quality is characterized by a point spread function ranging between 0.34 arcsec and 0.65 arcsec FWHM. The images are registered with an accuracy of ~0.06 arcsec RMS over the whole field. The overall photometric accuracy, including all systematic effects, adds up to 0.05 mag. The data are publicly available from the ESO science archive facility. We define a catalog of Ks-selected sources which contains JHKs photometry for 7079 objects. We briefly discuss the resulting color distributions in the context of available redshift data. Furthermore, we estimate the completeness fraction and relative contamination due to spurious detections for source catalogs extracted from the survey data. With respect to previous deep near-infrared surveys, the surface density of faint galaxies has been established with unprecedented accuracy by virtue of the unique combination of depth and area of this survey. We derived galaxy number counts over eight magnitudes in flux up to J=25.25, H=25.0, Ks=25.25 (in the AB system). Very similar faint-end logarithmic slopes between 0.24 and 0.27 per mag were measured in the three bands. We found no evidence for a significant change in the slope of the logarithmic galaxy number counts at the faint end.
Internal dynamics of Abell 2254: a merging galaxy cluster with a clumpy, diffuse radio emission
M. Girardi,S. Bardelli,R. Barrena,W. Boschin,F. Gastaldello,M. Nonino
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117332
Abstract: We explore the internal dynamics of Abell 2254, which has been shown to host a very clumpy and irregular radio halo. Our analysis is mainly based on redshift data for 128 galaxies acquired at the TNG. We also use new g',r',i' photometric data acquired at the INT and (V,i') photometric data available in the Subaru Archive. X-ray data from the XMM-Newton Science Archive are analyzed to study the hot gas component. We estimate the cluster redshift =0.177, a high line-of-sight (LOS) velocity dispersion, sigmaV about 1350 km/s, and X-ray temperature T about 6.4 keV. Both our optical and X-ray analyses reveal a complex dynamical activity. The analysis of the 2D galaxy distribution reveals the presence of two density peaks, one at the East and the other at the West. Using the full 3D information we detect a high LOS velocity (DeltaV about 3000 km/s), low mass group at the position of the 2D eastern peak. For the main system we compute a velocity dispersion sigmaV about 1000-1200 km/s. In the assumption of a bimodal system we estimate a mass M=1.5-2.9 10^15 solar masses.The X-ray morphological analysis confirms that Abell 2254 is a dynamically disturbed cluster. The X-ray isophotes are elongated toward the eastern direction, in agreement with a merger in the post core-crossing phase. A simple bimodal model finds that data are consistent with a bound, outgoing subcluster observed a few fractions of Gyr after the core crossing. However, both optical and X-ray analyses suggest that the main system is, at its time, a non relaxed structure, indicating N-S as a possible direction for a past accretion. We conclude that Abell 2254, for its mass and merging structure, fits well among typical clusters with radio halos. We shortly discuss as the particular irregularity of the radio halo might be linked to the complexity of the Abell 2254 structure.
Hiperuricemia em obesas sob dieta altamente restritiva
Maduro Isolda P.N.N.,Albuquerque Fabianne M.,Nonino Carla Barbosa,Borges Ricardo Martins
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2003,
Abstract: O trabalho verifica e analisa hiperuricemia em nove mulheres obesas, com índice de massa corporal (IMC) >35kg/m2, sob dieta altamente restritiva (DAR, 400-600kcal/dia) durante 6 semanas. As primeiras duas semanas foram para o diagnóstico clínico e adapta o dietética. Semanalmente foram medidas cetonúria e uricemia e na 4a. semana foi também determinada a excre o urinária de ácido úrico. A média (±dp) do IMC foi de 54±12 e 49±11kg/m2, respectivamente na admiss o e alta hospitalar, correspondendo a uma perda de peso de 14±2kg (p<0,05). Das pacientes, 78% apresentavam hiperuricemia assintomática, com níveis >5,7mg/dl, atingindo, durante o estudo, o valor máximo de 12mg/dl. Duas pacientes, com níveis de uricemia >10mg/dl, receberam alopurinol. A uricosúria, na 4a. semana, foi de 770±262mg/24 hs. 33% das pacientes excretaram entre 300-700mg, considerados valores normais, e 67% excretaram mais do que 700mg. Nenhuma foi considerada hipoexcretora. Sugere-se que pacientes obesos submetidos à DAR tenham, além de uricemia, os valores de uricosúria monitorizados. Quando ocorrer hiperuricemia, a introdu o de fármacos que inibem a síntese de ácido úrico estaria indicada.
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