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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 422284 matches for " M. Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak "
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Physiological Effects of Dietary Complex Carbohydrates and its Metabolites Role in Certain Diseases
M. Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2002,
Abstract: Carbohydrate is one of the basic and an important food nutrient consumed worldwide. Like-wise Pakistani foods contain more carbohydrates than any other food nutrient consumed. Sometimes, Pakistani foods are devoid of protein and may contain only carbohydrates and fats as the major nutrients of the diet e.g. eating chapati (wheat bread) with potato curry. Certain non-communicable diseases can be avoided with adoption of proper healthier food habits and eating foods according to the needs of the body. These diseases are obesity, coronary heart disease, colonic cancer and gastrointestinal disorders (diverticular disease, constipation, hiatal hernia and hemorrhoids). Therefore complex carbohydrate should be an important constituent of our daily meal and it can be adopted for the management of certain diseases provided that it is used in proper amounts. Consumption of certain complex carbohydrates is associated with lower body weight, reduced blood cholesterol, reduced blood glucose and an increased crypt cell proliferation. Therefore, it is necessary and utmost important to know the various types of carbohydrates to enable us to decide to include carbohydrates in our daily food according to our health requirements. Not necessarily all the community need to know but at least those who are associated with nutrition and health management must know the beneficial as well as the harmful effects of carbohydrates.
Islamic Fasting: An Effective Strategy for Prevention and Control of Obesity
Alam Khan,M. Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2002,
Abstract: A balanced and energy-restricted diet, exercise and behavior modification are the usual approaches used for obesity. Islamic fasting, which has the components of energy restriction and behavior modification, could be a safe nutritional approach for the prevention and treatment of obesity. For this reason, the effect of Islamic Fasting, an abstention from Foods, fluids and sex from dawn to sunset, on food intake, body weight and blood chemistry was studied in ten healthy adult male human subjects. Foods and Fluids intake before and in the first and fourth week of Fasting were recorded. Body weight of the participants was noted before and at the last day of Fasting. Blood samples before, in the second and fourth week of Fasting and two weeks after Fasting were collected. The daily reduction in energy (Food intake) ranged from 200-1500 Kcal with an average value of 857 410 Kcal. During the four weeks of Fasting, loss in body weight ranged from 0.5-6.0 Kg with an average value of 3.2 1.7 Kg. There were no significant differences in glucose, total protein, triglyceride and total, HDL and LDL cholesterol in the blood samples collected before, during and after the Fasting. The data suggest that Islamic Fasting is nutritionally safe and could be used as an effective strategy for prevention and control of obesity.
Energy and Nutrients Intakes of Male and Female University Students
M. Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak,Alam Khan,M. Usman Khattak
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2002,
Abstract: Male and female students residing in the on campus hostels were explained the aim and importance of this study. Among the students registered were 30 male and 30 female who volunteered to participate in this study. The age range of the registered students was 22 – 26 years. On the day of the registration the age, height and weight were recorded and at the same time, they were given food frequency questionnaires (FFQs). They were asked to record alternately for three days whatever they ate during the prescribed week. Out of sixty students 51 (22 male and 29 female) returned the FFQs and the rest were excluded from the study. From the anthropometry, the weight and height for the given ages were compared with the international standards. From the FFQs the energy and nutrients intake was calculated using the food composition table for all students and compared with the recommended nutrients intakes (RNIs) reported by the FAO/WHO for the same age, height and weight. The total energy consumption was more in the female students than in the male students. Eighty two percent of the male and 21% of the female students had lower energy intake than their RNIs for energy. Eighty two percent of the male students had lower relative energy from protein and 91% had lower energy from carbohydrate intake than their respective RNIs. Similarly, in 48% of the female students had lower relative energy from protein and 76% had lower energy from carbohydrate intake than their respective RNIs. The relative contribution of energy from fat was higher in 95 % of the male and 97 % of the female students than their RNIs. The mean mineral intake was lower both for male and female students with the exception that the intake of P was more than the RNIs by 18.4 and 11.5 % for the male and female students respectively. The mean Fe intake was more than the RNIs by 37.3% in male students. Similarly, the vitamins intake was lower as well, both in male and female students with exception that they were having higher intake for vitamin A and C. Apart from these nutrients, all the students surveyed had lower dietary intake of fibre and cholesterol. This study indicates that the students are at the risk of specific nutrient deficiencies and the energy requirement is mainly met through dietary fat intake instead of carbohydrate.
Biological Significance of Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) in Human Health - A Review
Khalid Iqbal,Alam Khan,M. Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2004,
Abstract: The recognition of vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) is associated with history of an unrelenting search for the cause of the ancient hemorrhagic disease scurvy. Isolated in 1928, vitamin C is essential for the development and maintenance of connective tissues. It plays an important role in bone formation, wound healing and the maintenance of healthy gums. Vitamin C plays an important role in a number of metabolic functions including the activation of the B vitamin, folic acid, the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids and the conversion of the amino acid, tryptophan, to the neurotransmitter, serotonin. It is an antioxidant that protects body from free radicals` damages. It is used as therapeutic agent in many diseases and disorders. Vitamin C protects the immune system, reduces the severity of allergic reactions and helps fight off infections.
Prevalence of Obesity in Male in Relation to Dietary Intake and Physical Activity Level
Muhammad Abbas,Alam Khan,M. Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2003,
Abstract: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of obesity in relation to diet and physical activity levels (PALs) in Tehsil Mardan, of the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Pakistan. Three cities, three towns and three villages were selected from the whole Tehsil. Hundred households in each city, town and village were randomly selected. A male individual of above 30 years age from each selected household was interviewed. In this way a total of 900 male subjects were surveyed. The information collected include their height, weight, food intake for three alternate days, occupation and other activities. Prevalence of obesity was determined by Body Mass Index (BMI). The average values showed 7 and 34% prevalence of obesity (BMI = > 30) and overweight (BMI = 25-30), respectively in Tehsil Mardan. Prevalence of obesity and overweight was more in cities than towns and more in towns than villages. The average energy intake was 2522 449 kcal/day. The relative contribution of protein, fat and carbohydrate to the total energy intake was 12, 33 and 56%, respectively. The energy intake was positively correlated with BMI (r = 0.799) and their PALs were negatively correlated with BMI (r = - 0.398). The present study alarms that obesity is becoming a major health problem of concern in Tehsil Mardan. Therefore, early nutritional interventions are required.
Growth Performance of a Neonate Exclusively Fed on Buffalo Milk: A Case Study
Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2003,
Abstract: A full term baby born through C-section with a birth-weight of 7.7lbs, which were within the standard range of 5.5-7.7 lbs. The baby was kept on the Nestle`s Lactogen-1 with the advice of a classified Pediatrician when the mother was failed to breast-feed the baby. Due to complications in the weight-gain with the Nestle`s Lactogen-1, it was abandoned at the age of fourth month and fresh boiled buffalo milk was introduced. The protein requirements were adjusted according to the recommended level of 2.46 g/kg body weight by adding boiled water. The protein contents of the buffalo milk were assumed to be 4-gram/100 ml of fresh milk. The amount of water lost during the boiling of the fresh milk was adjusted to the original volume of the milk. The milk was fed at ad labitum to the baby; however, the volume consumed over the reported period was not recorded. At the end of sixth month banana was introduced to the baby and at the start of ninth month family food was gradually introduced. The body weight was regularly recorded weekly and on monthly basis with the pediatric scale. In this case study it was noticed that when the infant was on the Nestle`s Lactogen-1, the weight-gain was severely less during first four months. However, the weight-gain with buffalo milk was steady up to 24 months. This study shows that the buffalo milk is as good as other milk sources provided that its protein content is adjusted properly.
Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and its Relation to Diet and Physical Work in Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Fayaz Ahmad Danish,Alam Khan,Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2002,
Abstract: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its relation to diet and physical work was studied in three selected districts namely Muzaffarabad, Bagh and Poonch of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. A city, a town and a village were selected from each selected district, and hundred households (families) from each city, town and village were randomly selected for the study. A total 900 households were selected for interview. A responsible individual of 40 years or older of each household was interviewed and information about diabetes, occupation and diet were recorded in the questionnaire. The mean prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 0.95% in the selected region of the state. The prevalence of the disease was higher in cities than towns and villages. The disease was slightly higher in males than females. The milk and meat consumption of the residents of the area was lower than the recommended amount. The exercise level/physical work status of majority of the residents was almost equal to heavy exercise level. The data suggest that at present, the prevalence of diabetes is not of great concern in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The prevalence of the disease is linked with diet and exercise level/physical work. The residents have marginal deficiency of food intake
Deficient Intakes of Energy and Macronutrients in Pakistani Female Students Assessed by Composite Samples Method
Muhammad Muzaffar A.K. Khattak,M.N. Khan
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: The main purpose of the study was to compare the energy and macronutrients intakes by composite sample method. Duplicate food samples for seven days i.e., breakfast, lunch and dinner and whatever else ate during the week were analyzed for macronutrients consumption. Twenty female students were registered from the female hostel of the NWFP, Agricultural University Peshawar Pakistan. Age, weight, height and skin folds of the students were recorded on the day of the registration. From the anthropometry Basal Metabolic Index (BMI) was determined. The composite food samples were analyzed for protein, carbohydrates and fats. The energy values were determined by multiplying the daily eaten protein, carbohydrates and fats with 4, 4 and 9, respectively. The mean values of energy and macronutrients intakes were compared with the norms as appropriate. The energy and protein intakes were lower by -29.34% and protein intake was higher by 42.65% compared with American Dietetic Association (ADA). Similarly, compared to the WHO/FAO values the energy was lower -30.57 and protein was higher by 43.29, respectively. The energy contribution was higher from protein by 151% and lower from carbohydrates and fats by -28.35 and 23.43%, respectively. This study suggests that students are having deficient or imbalance energy intakes from macronutrients and are at the risk of malnutrition.
Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity - An Over View
Aien khan Afridi,Mahpara Safdar,Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak,Alam Khan
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2003,
Abstract: Obesity is a risk factor for the development of various diseases like CHD, hypertension, stroke, NIDDM, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and cancers of endometrium, breast, prostrate and colon. Psychological consequences of obesity range from lowered self-esteem to clinical depression. Many of these conditions are revisable through weight loss and maintenance. Weight reduction may be life saving so it is necessary to reduce weight.
Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Recently Hospitalized Patients
Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak,Alam Khan,Shagufta Begum,Javeria Abid
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2002,
Abstract: Three hundred and fifty five patients of various age groups were assessed for their nutritional status. Among these patients, 65 were children, 166 adult male, and 124 adult female. In children all the anthropometric parameters were lower than the reference values with the exception for age group 6.1 – 10.0 years, whose weight were more than the reference values. Hundred percent mal-nourishment was observed in male adults. All the parameters i.e. weight, upper mid arm circumference (UMAC), triceps-skinfolds (TSF) hemoglobin and blood sugar were lower than the reference values. The data collected for female adults also indicated that the females were hundred percent mal-nourished as well with the exception 51+ years of age whose weights were more than the respective standards or reference values. This study indicates the gravity of the problem of mal-nourishment that exists in the hospitalized patients. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the nutritional assessment/intervention in the hospitalized patients.
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