oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 62 )

2019 ( 650 )

2018 ( 705 )

2017 ( 696 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401917 matches for " M. Mirta Crovetto M. "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /401917
Display every page Item
CAMBIOS EN LA ESTRUCTURA ALIMENTARIA Y CONSUMO APARENTE DE NUTRIENTES DE LOS HOGARES DEL GRAN SANTIAGO 1988-1997
Crovetto M.,M. Mirta;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182002000100004
Abstract: the comparative analysis of the food expenditure in a representative sample in gran santiago included in the iv and v household survey of budget expenses (1987-1988 and 1996-1997, respectively) shows an increase in food expenses in that period and changes in the food patterns for households in gran santiago, which are reflected in modifications in the structure of food expenses. these modifications include an increased consumption of food based on animal sources and processed products rich in saturated fat and sugars with a high increase of family expenses in out-of-home meals and beverages, home-delivered meals, softdrinks and juices, meat, pastry, ice cream and chocolates. a decrease in bread, cereals, starch, vegetables, fruits, legumes and seafood consumption is observed. an increase in food expenses is also reflected in a high apparent consumption of nutrients, highlighting fat variation, and demostrating that this food pattern has not improved the quality of food consumed in the population.
CAMBIOS EN LA ESTRUCTURA ALIMENTARIA Y CONSUMO APARENTE DE NUTRIENTES DE LOS HOGARES DEL GRAN SANTIAGO 1988-1997 CHANGE IN FOOD STRUCTURE AND FOOD CONSUMPTION IN TWO HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA OF SANTIAGO (1988- 1997)
M. Mirta Crovetto M.
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2002,
Abstract: El análisis comparativo de la evolución del gasto en alimentos en una muestra representativa del Gran Santiago contenida en la IV y V Encuesta de Presupuestos Familiares (1987- 1988 y 1996-1997), permite apreciar el aumento en el gasto en alimentos en el período y los cambios en los patrones alimentarios de los hogares del Gran Santiago, que se reflejan en las modificaciones en la estructura del gasto en alimentos, que evoluciona hacia alimentos de orígen animal y procesados ricos en grasas saturadas y azúcares con una gran importancia en la proporción del gasto destinado a Comidas y Bebidas Fuera del Hogar, Comidas Preparadas para Llevar al Hogar, Bebidas y Jugos, Productos Cárneos, Pastelería, Helados y Chocolates con una disminución de la importancia en la proporción del gasto en pan, cereales, féculas, verduras, frutas, legumbres y productos del mar. El incremento del gasto en alimentos, se refleja también en el aumento en el consumo aparente de nutrientes, destacando la variación experimentada en grasas, indicando que este patrón de consumo no ha sido el más adecuado para mejorar la calidad alimentaria de la población The comparative analysis of the food expenditure in a representative sample in Gran Santiago included in the IV and V Household Survey of Budget Expenses (1987-1988 and 1996-1997, respectively) shows an increase in food expenses in that period and changes in the food patterns for households in Gran Santiago, which are reflected in modifications in the structure of food expenses. These modifications include an increased consumption of food based on animal sources and processed products rich in saturated fat and sugars with a high increase of family expenses in out-of-home meals and beverages, home-delivered meals, softdrinks and juices, meat, pastry, ice cream and chocolates. A decrease in bread, cereals, starch, vegetables, fruits, legumes and seafood consumption is observed. An increase in food expenses is also reflected in a high apparent consumption of nutrients, highlighting fat variation, and demostrating that this food pattern has not improved the quality of food consumed in the population.
EVOLUCIóN DE LA NUTRICIóN Y ALIMENTACIóN EN CHILE EN EL SIGLO XX EVOLUTION OF NUTRITION AND FEEDING IN CHILE IN THE XXth CENTURY
Mirta Crovetto M.
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2002,
Abstract:
ANTECEDENTES INTERNACIONALES Y NACIONALES DE LA PROMOCIóN DE SALUD EN CHILE: LECCIONES APRENDIDAS Y PROYECCIONES FUTURAS
Crovetto M,Mirta; Vio del R,Fernando;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182009000100004
Abstract: the objective of this paper is to analyze different guidelines from rector institutions related with health risk factors, changes in lifestyles and its impact in chronic diseases in the last three decades. technical documents and policy guidelines were reviewed since 1978 as well as world health organization (who) reports in health promotion and the prevention of chronic diseases. chilean ministry of health, universities and other institutions documents were reviewed at the national level and health promotion policies were analyzed. in conclusion, the health promotion policy was incorporated in 1997 with the creation of the national board for health promotion also named vida chile, in 1998, with important advances until 2003 in implementation of national and regional vida chile, including vida chile programs in 341 counties throughout the country. plans of health promotion involving projects in food and nutrition, physical activity, tobacco and psychosocial and environmental problems were developed in each county. these accomplishments were possible thanks to an agreement between the government of chile and the academic sector. since the year 2003, the health promotion policy continued working at the regional and local level thanks to trained human resources, the support of the ministry of health and the local governments. at the world level, in the bangkok meeting carried out in 2005, who incorporated the determinants of health with the purpose of decreasing inequities in the globalized world, modifying the concept of health promotion, and shifting the emphasis in the behavior of the population to a more structural vision of the determinants of health. the authors propose to integrate both concepts (health promotion and determinants of health) developing a state policy similar to the policy utilized for the eradication of under nutrition in chile, with a broad consensus and continuity on time, with an strategic agreement among government, academic and private secto
ANTECEDENTES INTERNACIONALES Y NACIONALES DE LA PROMOCIóN DE SALUD EN CHILE: LECCIONES APRENDIDAS Y PROYECCIONES FUTURAS INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL BACKGROUND OF THE CHILEAN HEALTH PROMOTION POLICY: LESSONS LEARNED AND FUTURE PROYECTIONS
Mirta Crovetto M,Fernando Vio del R
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2009,
Abstract: El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las orientaciones técnicas y directrices que han entregado los organismos rectores sobre los factores de riesgo en salud, los cambios en los estilos de vida y su impacto en las Enfermedades Crónicas No Trasmisibles (ECNT) en las últimas tres décadas. Se revisan documentos técnicos y directrices de política desde 1978 a la fecha e informes anuales de la Organización Mundial de la Salud en promoción de la salud y de prevención de ECNT. A nivel nacional, se revisan documentos del Ministerio de Salud, (MINSAL), Universidades y entidades relacionadas; se analizan las políticas de promoción de salud y se hacen propuestas nacionales para enfrentar el tema. Se concluye que la estrategia de Promoción de Salud fue incorporada en las políticas nacionales desde 1997, creándose el Consejo Nacional de Promoción de Salud VIDA CHILE en 1998, con avances muy importantes hasta el a o 2003, logrando consolidar las acciones de promoción de la salud con VIDA CHILE nacional, VIDA CHILE regionales y VIDACHTLElocales en341 comunas del país. Encada comuna se desarrollaron planes comunales de Promoción de la Salud, con proyectos en alimentación, actividad física, tabaco, temas psicosociales y ambientales. Esto se logró por una alianza estratégica entre el gobierno, principalmente MINSAL, Chiledeportes, Educación, y el sector académico (intersectorialidad). Desde el a o 2003, la Promoción de Salud continuó funcionando en el nivel local y regional, en gran medida, por los recursos humanos capacitados en el área, al apoyo del MTNSALy los gobiernos locales. A nivel mundial, en el 2005, en la reunión de Bangkok, la OMS incorpora los determinantes de la salud con el objeto de disminuir las desigualdades en el mundo globalizado, lo que modifica en parte el concepto de promoción de salud, desde un énfasis en cambios de conducta en la población hacia una visión más estructural de los determinantes de salud. Se propone integrar ambos conceptos y desarrollar una Política de Estado semejante a la que se usó para combatir la desnutrición, que sea consensuada y continua en el tiempo, con una alianza estratégica del gobierno, academia y sector privado. The objective of this paper is to analyze different guidelines from rector institutions related with health risk factors, changes in lifestyles and its impact in chronic diseases in the last three decades. Technical documents and policy guidelines were reviewed since 1978 as well as World Health Organization (WHO) reports in health promotion and the prevention of chronic diseases. Chilean Ministry of Healt
ESTADO NUTRICIONAL, CONOCIMIENTOS Y CONDUCTAS EN ESCOLARES DE KINDER Y PRIMER A?O BáSICO EN 3 ESCUELAS FOCALIZADAS POR OBESIDAD INFANTIL EN LA COMUNA DE VALPARAíSO, CHILE
Crovetto M,Mirta; Zamorano F,Nancy; Medinelli S,Angelina;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182010000300006
Abstract: in 2008, under the national plan for health promotion and community plan for the promotion of health, actions to address school obesity by intervening with the global strategy against obesity schools with the highest obesity prevalence focusing on kindergarten levels (school children between 5-6years) and first grade (students between 6-7 years). the actions of the community plan for the promotion of health in selected schools of valparaiso were evaluated. the objectives of this intervention were: 1) assess the nutritional status of children from the participating levels, 2) gather background information on knowledge and behaviors related to food, nutrition and lifestyle in school and 3) identify strengths and difficulties facing the implementation of health policies at local level. we performed a descriptive, non-experimental, non-random convenience sample, which included 267 schools. results: it was detected 18.8% obesity in the transition level (kindergarten and 27% in the first grade evaluated according to technical standards of the ministry of health of chile based on 2006 who reference tables. in order to assess knowledge and behavior, we developed and applied the tools "caritas" and "healthier snacks" observing 77% and 87% and 90% and 64% of correct associations for knowledge and behaviors, respectively. facilitators: cooperative work and valuation from education. barriers: outdated actions altering school curriculum planning. figures of malnutrition by excess and the difficulty to reverse this reality require programs to in identify nutritional knowledge and eating behaviors of the population.
ESTADO NUTRICIONAL, CONOCIMIENTOS Y CONDUCTAS EN ESCOLARES DE KINDER Y PRIMER A O BáSICO EN 3 ESCUELAS FOCALIZADAS POR OBESIDAD INFANTIL EN LA COMUNA DE VALPARAíSO, CHILE NUTRITIONAL STATUS, KNOWLEDGE AND NUTRITIONAL BEHAVIOURIN SCHOOL CHILDREN FROM KINDERGARTEN AND FIRST GRADE FROM THREE SCHOOLS IDENTIFIED FOR CHILD OBESITY IN THE ZONE OF VALPARAISO, CHILE
Mirta Crovetto M,Nancy Zamorano F,Angelina Medinelli S
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2010,
Abstract: En el 2008, en el marco del Plan Nacional de Promoción de la Salud y del Plan Comunal de Promoción de la Salud se priorizan acciones para abordar la obesidad escolar interviniendo con la Estrategia Global contra la Obesidad las escuelas con los más altos índices de obesidad a nivel comunal, focalizando en escolares de kinder (escolares entre 5-6 a os de edad) y primer a o básico (escolares entre 6-7 a os de edad). En Valparaíso, se evaluaron las acciones del Plan Comunal de Promoción de la Salud en 3 de las 4 Escuelas seleccionadas. Los objetivos de esta intervención fueron; 1) evaluar el estado nutricional de los ni os/ni as de los niveles participantes; 2) recopilar antecedentes sobre conocimientos y conductas asociadas a la alimentación y nutrición y estilos de vida en los escolares de kinder y primer a o básico y 3) identificar dificultades y fortalezas que enfrentan la implementación de las políticas sanitarias a nivel local. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, dise o no experimental, muestra intencionada no aleatoria. La muestra incluyó a 267 escolares. Resultados; se detectó 18,8% obesidad en el nivel de transición mayor y 27% en el primer a o básico evaluados según Normas Técnicas del Ministerio de Salud de Chile (MTNSAL) en base a la referencia de la OMS 2006; para evaluar conocimientos y conductas los autores elaboraron y aplicáronlos instrumentos "Caritas" y "Colaciones más saludables". Se observó un 77% y 87%; y 90% y 64% de asociaciones correctas para conocimientos y conductas, respectivamente. Facilitadores; trabajo intersectorial y valoración desde educación; obstaculizadores; acciones desfasadas que alteran la planificación curricular de las escuelas. Las cifras de malnutrición por exceso y la dificultad para revertir esta realidad, requiere avanzar en identificar conocimientos y conductas alimentarias nutricionales en la población. In 2008, under the National Plan for Health Promotion and Community Plan for the Promotion of Health, actions to address school obesity by intervening with the Global Strategy Against Obesity schools with the highest obesity prevalence focusing on kindergarten levels (school children between 5-6years) and first grade (students between 6-7 years). The actions of the Community Plan for the Promotion of Health in selected schools of Valparaiso were evaluated. The objectives of this intervention were: 1) assess the nutritional status of children from the participating levels, 2) gather background information on knowledge and behaviors related to food, nutrition and lifestyle in school and 3) identify strengths and
ESTUDIO DESCRIPTIVO DE LA FRECUENCIA Y DURACIóN DE LA PUBLICIDAD ALIMENTARIA EMITIDA EN LA PROGRAMACIóN DE CANALES DE TELEVISIóN ASOCIADOS A ANATEL
Crovetto M,Mirta; Durán T,Marion; Guzmán R,Mariel; Miranda H,Carla;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182011000300005
Abstract: the objective of this study was to analyze television advertisements from different tv channels which are part of the chilean national television association. during one week in january and one week in february of 2010 the advertisements were screened. the analysis selected and classified food's advertising as healthy, moderately healthy and unhealthy based on food's critic nutritional components: total fat, saturated fat, carbohydrates and sodium using as reference a classification chart called "traffic light system" and created by the uk food standard agency. sixty thousand four hundred and twenty five (6.425) advertisements were registered and analyzed accounting for 56 hours and 36 minutes in total. one thousand forty five (1.045) advertisements were identified as food advertisements (16%) accounting for 7 hours and 42 minutes (14%) of the total. nutritional labels of the products were studied in order to classify and select them as described above. from the total offood advertisements it was observed that 64% were related to unhealthy food; 27% to moderately healthy and 9% to healthy food; accounting for respectively 62%, 30% and 8%, respectively, of the total time reported on food advertisement. food advertisements are mostly unhealthy, promoting food consumption with high levels of fat, sugar and sodium. the broadcasting of this type of advertisements by television promotes the population to follow unhealthy life styles which result in a deterioration of their health.
CONSUMO DE SUPLEMENTOS NUTRICIONALES EN GIMNASIOS, PERFIL DEL CONSUMIDOR Y CARACTERíSTICAS DE SU USO NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT INTAKE IN GYMNASIUM, CONSUMER PROFILE AND CHARATERISTICS OF THEIR USE
Fernando Rodríguez R,Mirta Crovetto M,Andrea González A,Nikol Morant C
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2011,
Abstract: La gran oferta de suplementos nutricionales (SN) dispuestos en el mercado, ha llevado a que el uso de estos productos no sea adquirido únicamente por deportistas, sino que por parte importante de la población relacionada con la actividad física. El objetivo de este estudio es conocer las características de los consumidores de SN, evaluando su consumo en 314 usuarios (198 hombres y 116 mujeres) de 6 gimnasios de la ciudad de Vi a del Mar. Los resultados revelan que más de la mitad de los usuarios consumen SN (54,5%). De los hombres consumidores, un 69,4% lo realiza para aumentar masa muscular, mientras que del total de las mujeres, un 62,2% lo utiliza para disminuir grasa corporal. Los cinco tipos de SN más consumidos en relación a su composición de nutrientes y otras fuentes fueron: proteínas (55,6%), aminoácidos (25,9%), vitaminas y minerales (25,1%), sustitutivos de comida (6,4%), cafeína (6,4%) y L- carnitina (6,4%). El perfil del consumidor, está representado por individuos jóvenes, de sexo masculino, los que siguen una dieta especial de alimentación, con largo tiempo de práctica en gimnasio y que se ejercitan varios días y horas a la semana. Gran parte de los consumidores no presentó una adecuada asociación entre el SN utilizado y el objetivo de consumo de estos suplementos. Nowadays the great offer of dietary supplements (DS) in the market has led to a situation in which the use of these products are not only acquired by sportspersons but also to a great population related with physical activity. The main objective of our study was to know the characteristics of the DS consumers and to evaluate its consumption through a survey previously validated and applied to 314 users (198 males and 116 females) from 6 gyms in Vi a del Mar. The results showed that more than half of the subjects consumed DS products (54.5%). Within male consumers, a 69.4% use these products in order to increase muscular mass, while within women, a 62.2% consumed them in order to diminish their body fat. There were 5 kinds ofDS products consumed the most: Proteins (55.6%), amino acids (25.9%), vitamins and minerals (25.1%), food substitutes (6.4%), caffeine (6.4%), and L-carnitine (6.4%). The consumer profile is represented by young male individuals, those who follow a special diet, with long practice in gym and who exercise several days a week. Much of consumers did not provide an adequate association between DSN used and the purpose of consuming these supplements.
ESTUDIO DESCRIPTIVO DE LA FRECUENCIA Y DURACIóN DE LA PUBLICIDAD ALIMENTARIA EMITIDA EN LA PROGRAMACIóN DE CANALES DE TELEVISIóN ASOCIADOS A ANATEL DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF THE FREQUENCY AND DURATION OF FOOD ADVERTISEMENT IN THE PROGRAMMING OF THE TELEVISION CHANNELS MEMBERS OF THE ANATEL GROUP
Mirta Crovetto M,Marion Durán T,Mariel Guzmán R,Carla Miranda H
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2011,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio, fue describir la Publicidad Alimentaria emitida por los canales pertenecientes a la Asociación Nacional de Televisión. En una semana de enero y una de febrero del a o 2010 se seleccionó y clasificó la publicidad alimentaria emitida como saludable, medianamente saludable y no saludable, en base al contenido de nutrientes críticos; grasa total, grasa saturada, hidratos de carbono simples y sodio. Se utilizó como criterio de referencia, la tabla de clasificación de la Agencia Nacional de Alimentos de Inglaterra, denominada "semáforo nutricional". Se registraron y analizaron 6425 anuncios correspondientes a 56 horas 36 minutos continuas de tiempo, de ellos, se identificaron 1045 anuncios alimentarios (16%), equivalente en tiempo a 7 horas 42 minutos (14%) del total. Se examinaron las etiquetas nutricionales de los productos para la selección y calificación en saludable, medianamente saludable y no saludable. Se observó, que del total de la publicidad alimentaria, el 64% correspondió a publicidad alimentaria no saludable; el 27%, a publicidad alimentaria medianamente saludable y, el 9% publicidad alimentaria saludable, con un tiempo de emisión de un 62%, 30% y 8%, respectivamente. La publicidad alimentaria emitida es principalmente no saludable, promueve el consumo de alimentos altos en grasa, azúcar y sodio. La televisión al emitir esta publicidad promueve e incentiva a la población a llevar estilos de vida no saludables, en desmedro de la salud de la población. The objective of this study was to analyze television advertisements from different TV channels which are part of the Chilean National Television Association. During one week in January and one week in February of 2010 the advertisements were screened. The analysis selected and classified food's advertising as healthy, moderately healthy and unhealthy based on food's critic nutritional components: total fat, saturated fat, carbohydrates and sodium using as reference a classification chart called "Traffic Light System" and created by the UK Food Standard Agency. Sixty thousand four hundred and twenty five (6.425) advertisements were registered and analyzed accounting for 56 hours and 36 minutes in total. One thousand forty five (1.045) advertisements were identified as food advertisements (16%) accounting for 7 hours and 42 minutes (14%) of the total. Nutritional labels of the products were studied in order to classify and select them as described above. From the total offood advertisements it was observed that 64% were related to unhealthy food; 27% to moderately healthy
Page 1 /401917
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.