Abstract:
This work is devoted to the study of some exactly solvable quantum problems of four, five and six bodies moving on the line. We solve completely the corresponding stationary Schr\"odinger equation for these systems confined in an harmonic trap, and interacting pairwise, in clusters of two and three particles, by two-body inverse square Calogero potential. Both translationaly and non-translationaly invariant multi-body potentials are added. In each case, the full solutions are provided, namely the normalized regular eigensolutions and the eigenenergies spectrum. The irregular solutions are also studied. We discuss the domains of coupling constants for which these irregular solutions are square integrable. The case of a "Coulomb-type" confinement is investigated only for the bound states of the four-body systems.

Abstract:
We propose and solve exactly the Schr\"odinger equation of a bound quantum system consisting in four particles moving on a real line with both translationally invariant four particles interactions of Wolfes type \cite{Wolf74} and additional non translationally invariant four-body potentials. We also generalize and solve exactly this problem in any $D$-dimensional space by providing full eigensolutions and the corresponding energy spectrum. We discuss the domain of the coupling constant where the irregular solutions becomes physically acceptable

Abstract:
The $\alp-\alp$ interaction potential is obtained within the double folding model with density-dependent Gogny effective interactions as input. The one nucleon knock-on exchange kernel including recoil effects is localized using the Perey-Saxon prescription at zero energy. The Pauli forbidden states are removed thanks to successive supersymmetric transformations. Low energy experimental phase shifts, calculated from the variable phase approach, as well as the energy and width of the first $0^+$ resonance in $^8$Be are reproduced with high accuracy.

Abstract:
In one of the very few exact quantum mechanical calculations of fugacity coefficients, Dodd and Gibbs (\textit{J. Math.Phys}.,\textbf{15}, 41 (1974)) obtained $b_{2}$ and $b_{3}$ for a one dimensional Bose gas, subject to repulsive delta-function interactions, by direct integration of the wave functions. For $b_{2}$, we have shown (\textit{Mol. Phys}.,\textbf{103}, 1301 (2005)) that Dodd and Gibbs' result can be obtained from a phase shift formalism, if one also includes the contribution of oscillating terms, usually contributing only in 1 dimension. Now, we develop an exact expression for $b_{3}-b_{3}^{0}$ (where $b_{3}^{0}$ is the free particle fugacity coefficient) in terms of sums and differences of 3-body eigenphase shifts. Further, we show that if we obtain these eigenphase shifts in a distorted-Born approximation, then, to first order, we reproduce the leading low temperature behaviour, obtained from an expansion of the two-fold integral of Dodd and Gibbs. The contributions of the oscillating terms cancel. The formalism that we propose is not limited to one dimension, but seeks to provide a general method to obtain virial coefficients, fugacity coefficients, in terms of asymptotic quantities. The exact one dimensional results allow us to confirm the validity of our approach in this domain.

Abstract:
A result from Dodd and Gibbs[1] for the second virial coefficient of particles in 1 dimension, subject to delta-function interactions, has been obtained by direct integration of the wave functions. It is shown that this result can be obtained from a phase shift formalism, if one includes the contribution of oscillating terms. The result is important in work to follow, for the third virial coefficient, for which a similar formalism is being developed. We examine a number of fine points in the quantum mechanical formalisms.

Abstract:
The role of anyonic excitations in fast rotating harmonically trapped Bose gases in a fractional Quantum Hall state is examined. Standard Chern-Simons anyons as well as "non standard" anyons obtained from a statistical interaction having Maxwell-Chern-Simons dynamics and suitable non minimal coupling to matter are considered. Their respective ability to stabilize attractive Bose gases under fast rotation in the thermodynamical limit is studied. Stability can be obtained for standard anyons while for non standard anyons, stability requires that the range of the corresponding statistical interaction does not exceed the typical wavelenght of the atoms.

Abstract:
In the cluster expansion framework of Bose liquids we calculate analytical expressions of the two-body, three-body and four-body diagrams contributing to the g.s. energy of an infinite system of neutral alpha-particles at zero-temperature, interacting via the strong nuclear forces exclusively. This is analytically tractable by assuming a density dependent two-body correlation function of Gaussian type. For the alpha-alpha potential we adopt the phenomenological Ali-Bodmer interaction and semi-microscopic potentials obtained from the Gogny force parametrizations. We show that under such assumptions we achieve a rapid convergence in the cluster expansion, the four-body contributions to the energy being smaller than the two-body and three-body contributions by at least an order of magnitude.

Abstract:
We consider Maxwell-Chern-Simons models involving different non-minimal coupling terms to a non relativistic massive scalar and further coupled to an external uniform background charge. We study how these models can be constrained to support static radially symmetric vortex configurations saturating the lower bound for the energy. Models involving Zeeman-type coupling support such vortices provided the potential has a "symmetry breaking" form and a relation between parameters holds. In models where minimal coupling is supplemented by magnetic and electric field dependant coupling terms, non trivial vortex configurations minimizing the energy occur only when a non linear potential is introduced. The corresponding vortices are studied numerically

Abstract:
The long-standing problem of constructing a potential from mixed scattering data is discussed. We first consider the fixed-$\ell$ inverse scattering problem. We show that the zeros of the regular solution of the Schr\"odinger equation, $r_{n}(E)$ which are monotonic functions of the energy, determine a unique potential when the domain of energy is such that the $r_{n}(E)$'s range from zero to infinity. The latter method is applied to the domain $\{E \geq E_0, \ell=\ell_0 \} \cup \{E=E_0, \ell \geq \ell_0 \}$ for which the zeros of the regular solution are monotonic in both parts of the domain and still range from zero to infinity. Our analysis suggests that a unique potential can be obtained from the mixed scattering data $\{\delta(\ell_0,k), k \geq k_0 \} \cup \{\delta(\ell,k_0), \ell \geq \ell_0 \}$ provided that certain integrability conditions required for the fixed $\ell$-problem, are fulfilled. The uniqueness is demonstrated using the JWKB approximation.

Abstract:
Consider the fixed-$\ell$ inverse scattering problem. We show that the zeros of the regular solution of the Schr\"odinger equation, $r_{n}(E)$, which are monotonic functions of the energy, determine a unique potential when the domain of the energy is such that the $r_{n}(E)$ range from zero to infinity. This suggests that the use of the mixed data of phase-shifts $\{\delta(\ell_0,k), k \geq k_0 \} \cup \{\delta(\ell,k_0), \ell \geq \ell_0 \}$, for which the zeros of the regular solution are monotonic in both domains, and range from zero to infinity, offers the possibility of determining the potential in a unique way.