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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 593298 matches for " M. J.; "
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Development of Analytical Model for Modular Tank Vehicle Carrying Liquid Cargo  [PDF]
M. Toumi, M. Bouazara, M. J. Richard
World Journal of Mechanics (WJM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjm.2013.32010
Abstract:

The study of dynamics of tank vehicles carrying liquid fuel cargo is complex. The forces and moments due to liquid sloshing create serious problems related to the instability of tank vehicles. In this paper, a complete analytical model of a modular tank vehicle has been developed. The model included all the vehicle systems and subsystems. Simulation results obtained using this model was compared with those obtained using the popular TruckSim software. The comparison proved the validity of the assumptions used in the analytical model and showed a good correlation under single or double lane change and turning manoeuvers.

The Primary Radical of a Submodule  [PDF]
Lamis J. M. Abulebda
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2012.25049
Abstract: In this paper we introduced a definition for the primary radical of a submodule with some of its basic properties. We also define the P-radical submodule and review some results about it. We find a method to characterize the primary radical of a finitely generated submodule of a free module.
On Co-Primarily Packed Modules  [PDF]
Lamis J. M. Abulebda
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2015.54022
Abstract:

Let R be a commutative ring with 1, and M is a (left) R-module. We introduce the concept of coprimarily packed submodules as a proper submodule N of an R-module M which is said to be Coprimarily Packed Submodule. If \"\" where Na is a primary submodule of M for each \"\", then \"\" for some \"\". When there exists \"\" such that \"\"; N is called Strongly Coprimarily Packed submodule. In this paper, we list some basic properties of this concept. We end this paper by explaining the relations between p-compactly packed and coprimarily packed submodules, and also the relations

Understanding the Sociocultural Health Belief Model Influencing Health Behaviors among Saudi Stroke Survivors  [PDF]
Mohammed M. J. Alqahtani
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2015.64023
Abstract: Understanding patients’ beliefs of stroke, especially that cultural model which influences the medical management, is important. Professionals normally hold medical knowledge only about stroke, rather than the patients’ perceptions, which leads to limitations in cultural competency. Little is known about Saudi stroke survivors’ beliefs and behaviors related to their strokes. Methods: A qualitative methodology was used to collect in-depth information from stroke survivors. From March 2010 to October 2014, 45 stroke survivors were recruited from outpatient rehabilitation clinic at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC-RH), during their follow-up treatments. Results: Thematic content analysis yielded four major themes of the causes of stroke: medical, cultural, psychological and environmental. Three major themes were determined regarding stroke interventions: medical, lifestyle and behavioral, as well as cultural interventions. Stroke is most likely to be associated with a wide range of cultural beliefs by stroke survivors, leading them to cultural behaviors and management. All of these cultural interventions were typically used as an adjunct rather than an alternative to medical care. Conclusions: Health professionals need to be aware that cultural beliefs and their management are common problems for stroke survivors undergoing rehabilitation in a hospital. This study could be one step forward to help health professionals become culturally competent when working with stroke survivors in a rehabilitation setting in Saudi Arabia.
A Brief Parametric Analysis of Catastrophic or Disastrous Hurricanes That Have Hit the Florida Keys between 1900 and 2000  [PDF]
J. M. D’Andrea
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2018.81001
Abstract: The most intense and catastrophic hurricanes on record to hit the Florida Keys during 1900 to 1950 were in 1919, and 1935. From 1950 to 2000, the most intense hurricanes to hit or affect the Florida Keys were in 1960, 1965, and 1992. In this paper, we will present a brief parametric analysis of the hurricanes that have hit the Florida Keys in the last 100 years. This analysis will include the descriptive statistics, best fit probability distribution of the latitude of the catastrophic hurricanes and a confidence interval that detects the average latitude of hurricanes (category 3 or higher) which have hit the Florida Keys in the last 100 years.
Cytotoxicity Tests for Evaluating Medical Devices: An Alert for the Development of Biotechnology Health Products  [PDF]
M. N. P. Vidal, J. M. Granjeiro
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2017.109033
Abstract: The risks and damages related to the use of products, technologies and services of sanitary interest can be due to defects or manufacturing failures. Certain products already contain a certain degree of risk, which requires strict quality control in their production, distribution and use, as well as in the disposal of their waste in the environment. With continuous development in science and technology, medical devices must undergo intradermal irritation and testing for sensitization, cytotoxicity, and acute systemic toxicity. In health care, biotechnology aims to provide technology-based products or processes related to energy, food, and health, which are capable of stimulating new businesses, expanding exports, integrating the value chain and stimulating new demands for innovative products and processes, taking into account health policies. The present article was prepared by a bibliographical survey of the electronic databases PubMed, Lilacs, and Bireme. Cell culture testing can be successfully employed, as it is reproducible, rapid, sensitive, and financially accessible for performing in vitro toxicity testing. Thus, it has been possible to optimize the development phase of new products by decreasing animal use or even replacing them in certain tests. Some in vitro assays validated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in the area of health products have already replaced animal testing.
Mineral phosphate solubilization activity of gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus under P-limitation and plant root environment  [PDF]
J. M. Crespo, J. L. Boiardi, M. F. Luna
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/as.2011.21003
Abstract: The ability to solubilize insoluble inorganic pho- sphate compounds by Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus was studied using different cul-ture approaches. Qualitative plate assays using tricalcium phosphate as the sole P-source showed that G. diazotrophicus produced solu-bilization only when aldoses were used as the C-source. Extracellular aldose oxidation via a pyrroloquinoline quinone-linked glucose dehy-drogenase (PQQ-GDH) is the main pathway for glucose metabolism in G. diazotrophicus. In batch cultures with 5 g l-1 of hydroxyapatite as the P-source and glucose as the C-source, more than 98% of insoluble P was solubilized. No solubilization was observed neither using glyc-erol nor culturing a PQQ-GDH mutant of G. di-azotrophicus. Solubilizaton was not affected by adding 100 mmol l-1 of MES buffer. Continuous cultures of G. diazotrophicus showed significant activities of PQQ-GDH either under C or P limi-tation. An intense acidification in the root envi-ronment of tomato and wheat seedlings inocu-lated with a G. diazotrophicus PAL5 was ob-served. Seedlings inoculated with a PQQ-GDH mutant strain of G. diazotrophicus showed no acidification. Our results suggest that G. di-azotrophicus is an excellent candidate to be used as biofertilizer because in addition to the already described plant growth-promoting abili-ties of this organism, it shows a significant mineral phosphate solubilization capacity.
Small Angle Neutron Scattering and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Nanocrystalline Titanium Dioxide  [PDF]
M. Nasir Khan, J. Bashir
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.29115
Abstract: Nanocrystalline titanium dioxide powder is characterized for phase analysis as well as particle size and its distribution by x-ray diffraction and small angle neutron scattering measurements. Analysis of the SANS data in the momentum transfer range q = 0.1 - 1.8 nm–1 reveals an average particle size of 24.82 nm in good agreement with the particle size determined earlier by transmission electron microscopy. XRD measurement proves co-existence of rutile and anatase phases in this commercial TiO2 nanocrystalline powder.
Finite Element Simulation of a Doubled Process of Tube Extrusion and Wall Thickness Reduction  [PDF]
Ahmed S. M. J. Agena
World Journal of Mechanics (WJM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjm.2013.35026
Abstract:

This research deals with the forward extrusion process of tubes. In this process, a piercing process was carried out on the billet to produce the tube, followed directly by a reduction in the wall thickness. A specific geometrical shape for the piercing zone and the wall thickness reduction zone were chosen and designed. The effects of the redundant shear strain and the magnitude of the extrusion load were investigated and simulated with the finite element method using Q Form software program. Lead was used as model materials since (if the experiments were carried out at room temperature) it has the similar behavior of the steel at high temperature. The results obtained have shown that at the piercing zone, the lowest values of the extrusion load, the redundant strain, the total strain and the finite element effective strain were when a piercing tool (mandrel) of (C = 1.1) was used. While, at the die zone, the lowest values of the extrusion load, the redundant strain, the total strain was when a die of (C = 0.9) was used.

The Ratcheting Behaviour of Stainless Steel Pressurized Piping Elbows Subjected to Dynamic Out-of-Plane Moments  [PDF]
S. J. Zakavi, M. Nourbakhsh
Modern Mechanical Engineering (MME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mme.2014.43012
Abstract:
In this paper the ratcheting behavior of four pairs of stainless steel elbows is studied under conditions of steady internal pressure and dynamic conditions that induced out-of-plane external moments at frequencies typical of seismic excitations. The finite element analysis with the nonlinear kinematic hardening model has been used to evaluate ratcheting behavior of the piping elbows under mentioned loading condition. Material parameters have been obtained from several stabilized cycles of specimens that are subjected to symmetric strain cycles. The direction of maximum strain is at about 45° between the hoop and axial directions. The results show that the direction of highest ratcheting is along the hoop direction rather than the direction of maximum principal strain. Also, the initial rate of ratcheting is large and then it decreases with the increasing cycles. Also, the FE method gives over estimated values compared with the experimental data.
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