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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 496492 matches for " M. H. Shaevitz "
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MiniBooNE and Sterile Neutrinos
M. H. Shaevitz,for the MiniBooNE Collaboration
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: Sterile neutrinos may be an important extension to the standard model, and could both hold the key to understanding neutrino mass and mixing as well as play an important role in leptogenesis. In many models, the sterile neutrinos could be light and accessible to current and near term experiments. The MiniBooNE experiment is set up to explore these possibilities in the $\Delta m^{2}$ region from 0.3 to a few eV$^{2}$ where the LSND experiment has reported a $\bar{\nu}_{e}$ appearance signal. This report will outline some of these extensions, give the status and prospects for the MiniBooNE experiment, and explore future investigations if MiniBooNE sees an oscillation signal.
A New Method to Search for CP violation in the Neutrino Sector
J. M. Conrad,M. H. Shaevitz
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.141802
Abstract: New low-cost, high-power proton cyclotrons open the opportunity for a novel precision search for CP violation in the neutrino sector. The accelerators can produce decay-at-rest neutrino beams located at multiple distances from a Gd-doped ultra-large water Cerenkov detector in order to search for CP violation in anti-nu_mu to anti-nu_e at short baseline. This new type of search complements presently proposed experiments, providing measurements that could lead to a substantially better exploration of CP violation in the neutrino sector.
Limits on Electron Neutrino Disappearance from the KARMEN and LSND electron neutrino - Carbon Cross Section Data
J. M. Conrad,M. H. Shaevitz
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.013017
Abstract: This paper presents a combined analysis of the KARMEN and LSND nu_e-carbon cross section measurements within the context of a search for nu_e disappearance at high Delta m^2. KARMEN and LSND were located at 17.7 m and 29.8 m respectively from the neutrino source, so the consistency of the two measurements, as a function of antineutrino energy, sets strong limits on neutrino oscillations. Most of the allowed region from the nu_e disappearance analysis of the Gallium calibration data is excluded at >95% CL and the best fit point is excluded at 3.6$\sigma$. Assuming CPT conservation, comparisons are also made to the oscillation analyses of reactor antineutrino data.
Electron Antineutrino Disappearance at KamLAND and JUNO as Decisive Tests of the Short Baseline Anti-nu_mu to Anti-nu_e Appearance Anomaly
J. M. Conrad,M. H. Shaevitz
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.057301
Abstract: The IsoDAR antineutrino source, which produces a flux from 8Li isotope decay at rest, when paired with the proposed JUNO (Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory) detector, has unprecedented sensitivity to anti-nu_e disappearance for oscillations at high Delta m^2. Assuming CPT invariance, the sensitive region for anti-nu_e disappearance can be used to restrict the allowed parameter space of an anti-nu_mu to anti-nu_e appearance signal. The 5 sigma sensitivity of this experiment covers the entire anti-nu_mu to anti-nu_e allowed parameter space from a combined fit to short-baseline experiments. This represents a decisive test of the LSND and MiniBooNE antineutrino appearance signals within all models that are $CPT$ invariant. Running IsoDAR at KamLAND restricts a large part of the appearance signal region in a similar way.
Using Reactors to Measure $θ_{13}$
M. H. Shaevitz,J. M. Link
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: A next-generation neutrino oscillation experiment using reactor neutrinos could give important information on the size of mixing angle $\theta_{13}$. The motivation and goals for a new reactor measurement are discussed in the context of other measurements using off-axis accelerator neutrino beams. The reactor measurements give a clean measure of the mixing angle without ambiguities associated with the size of the other mixing angles, matter effects, and effects due to CP violation. The key question is whether a next-generation experiment can reach the needed sensitivity goals to make a measurement for $\sin^{2}2\theta_{13}$ at the 0.01 level. The limiting factors associated with a reactor disappearance measurement are described with some ideas of how sensitivities can be improved. Examples of possible experimental setups are presented and compared with respect to cost and sensitivity.
Comparisons and Combinations of Reactor and Long-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Measurements
Kendall B. M. Mahn,Michael H. Shaevitz
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X06030928
Abstract: We investigate how the data from various future neutrino oscillation experiments will constrain the physics parameters for a three active neutrino mixing model. The investigations properly account for the degeneracies and ambiguities associated with the phenomenology as well as estimates of experimental measurement errors. Combinations of various reactor measurements with the expected J-PARC (T2K) and NuMI offaxis (Nova) data, both with and without the increased flux associated with proton driver upgrades, are considered. The studies show how combinations of reactor and offaxis data can resolve degeneracies (e.g. the theta23 degeneracy) and give more precise information on the oscillation parameters. A primary purpose of this investigation is to establish the parameter space regions where CP violation can be discovered and where the mass hierarchy can be determined. It is found that such measurements, even with the augmented flux from proton driver upgrades, demand sin^2 (2 theta13) be fairly large and in the range where it is measurable by reactor experiments.
Precision Measurement of sin^2 theta_W at a Reactor
J. M. Conrad,J. M. Link,M. H. Shaevitz
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.71.073013
Abstract: This paper presents a strategy for measuring sin^2 theta_W to ~1% at a reactor-based experiment, using antineutrinos electron elastic scattering. This error is comparable to the NuTeV, SLAC E158, and APV results on sin^2 theta_W, but with substantially different contributions to the systematics. An improved method for identifying antineutrino proton events, which serve both as a background and as a normalization sample, is described. The measurement can be performed using the near detector of the presently proposed reactor-based oscillation experiments. We conclude that an absolute error of delta(sin^2 theta_W)=0.0019 may be achieved.
Short-baseline Neutrino Oscillation Waves in Ultra-large Liquid Scintillator Detectors
Sanjib Kumar Agarwalla,J. M. Conrad,M. H. Shaevitz
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP12(2011)085
Abstract: Powerful new multi-kiloton liquid scintillator neutrino detectors, including NOvA and LENA, will come on-line within the next decade. When these are coupled with a modest-power decay-at-rest (DAR) neutrino source at short-baseline, these detectors can decisively address the recent ambiguous signals for neutrino oscillations at high Delta m^2. These detectors are > 50 m long, and so with a DAR beam, the characteristic oscillation wave will be apparent over the length of the detector, providing a powerful verification of the oscillation phenomena. LENA can simultaneously perform numubar to nuebar appearance and nue to nue disappearance searches with unprecedented sensitivity. NOvA is likely limited to nue disappearance given its present design, but also has excellent sensitivity in the high Delta m^2 region. For the appearance channel, LENA could provide a stringent test of the LSND and MiniBooNE signal regions at > 5 sigma with a reduced fiducial volume of 5 kt and a 10 kW neutrino source. In addition, the LENA and NOvA disappearance sensitivities in nue mode are complementary to the recent reactor anomaly indicating possible nuebar disappearance and would cover this possible oscillation signal at the 3 sigma level.
Improved Parameterization of $K^+$ Production in p-Be Collisions at Low Energy Using Feynman Scaling
C. Mariani,G. Cheng,J. M. Conrad,M. H. Shaevitz
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.84.114021
Abstract: This paper describes an improved parameterization for proton-beryllium production of secondary $K^{+}$ mesons for experiments with primary proton beams from 8.89 to 24 GeV. The parameterization is based on Feynman scaling in which the invariant cross section is described as a function of $x_{F}$ and $p_{T}$. This method is theoretically motivated and provides a better description of the energy dependence of kaon production at low beam energies than other parameterizations such as the commonly used "Modified Sanford-Wang" model. This Feynman scaling parameterization has been used for the simulation of the neutrino flux from the Booster Neutrino Beam (BNB) at Fermilab and has been shown to agree with the neutrino interaction data from the SciBooNE experiment. This parameterization will also be useful for future neutrino experiments with low primary beam energies, such as those planned for the Project X accelerator.
Precision Measurements with High Energy Neutrino Beams
Janet M. Conrad,Michael H. Shaevitz,Tim Bolton
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.70.1341
Abstract: Neutrino scattering measurements offer a unique tool to probe the electroweak and strong interactions as described by the Standard Model (SM). Electroweak measurements are accessible through the comparison of neutrino neutral- and charged-current scattering. These measurements are complimentary to other electroweak measurements due to differences in the radiative corrections both within and outside the SM. Neutrino scattering measurements also provide a precise method for measuring the F_2(x,Q^2) and xF_3(x,Q^2 structure functions. The predicted Q^2 evolution can be used to test perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics as well as to measure the strong coupling constant, alpha _s, and the valence, sea, and gluon parton distributions. In addition, neutrino charm production, which can be determined from the observed dimuon events, allows the strange-quark sea to be investigated along with measurements of the CKM matrix element |V_{cd}| and the charm quark mass.
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