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Muslim localizing democracy: a non-pesantren village in Madura as a preliminary study
M. Endy Saputro
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies , 2011,
Abstract: The political dynamic of village in Indonesian New Order has two faces. On one hand, it is conditioned by the feudalism of village’s leader which is monopolized from one generation to other generations. On the other hand, religion can be an alternative to challenge this feudalism. I explore this condition through an examination of the role of kalebun(the village’s leader) and kiaiin a non-pesantren village in Madura, Indonesia. In Madura society , kiaiand its pesantrentake important role in the process of Islamic institutionalization. Y et, in this case, the absence of pesantrenenforces the kiaito be counter-balance of the feudalism of the kalebun. And, the kiaiclaims that this counter-balance is on behalf of democracy . This article concludes with a discussion of the requirement of democracy in “Islamic” local politics as well as in search of good local governance in post Indonesian New Order.
The Metric Dimension of Regular Bipartite Graphs
S. W. Saputro,E. T. Baskoro,A. N. M. Salman,D. Suprijanto,And M. Baca
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: A set of vertices $W$ resolves a graph $G$ if every vertex is uniquely determined by its vector of distances to the vertices in $W$. A metric dimension of $G$ is the minimum cardinality of a resolving set of $G$. A bipartite graph G(n,n) is a graph whose vertex set $V$ can be partitioned into two subsets $V_1$ and $V_2,$ with $|V_1|=|V_2|=n,$ such that every edge of $G$ joins $V_1$ and $V_2$. The graph $G$ is called $k$-regular if every vertex of $G$ is adjacent to $k$ other vertices. In this paper, we determine the metric dimension of $k$-regular bipartite graphs G(n,n) where $k=n-1$ or $k=n-2$.
The Development of Electronic Payment System for Universities in Indonesia: On Resolving Key Success Factors
Veronica S. Moertini,Asdi A. Athuri,Hery M. Kemit,Nico Saputro
International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology , 2011,
Abstract: It is known that IT projects are high-risk. To achieve project success, the strategies to avoid and reducerisks must be designed meticulously and implemented accordingly. This paper presents methods foravoiding and reducing risks throughout the development of an information system, specifically electronicpayment system to handle tuition in the universities in Indonesia. The university policies, regulations andsystem models are design in such a way to resolve the project key success factors. By implementing theproposed methods, the system has been successfully developed and currently operated. The research isconducted in Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung, Indonesia.
The Development of Electronic Payment System for Universities in Indonesia: On Resolving Key Success Factors
Veronica S. Moertini,Asdi A. Athuri,Hery M. Kemit,Nico Saputro
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: It is known that IT projects are high-risk. To achieve project success, the strategies to avoid and reduce risks must be designed meticulously and implemented accordingly. This paper presents methods for avoiding and reducing risks throughout the development of an information system, specifically electronic payment system to handle tuition in the universities in Indonesia. The university policies, regulations and system models are design in such a way to resolve the project key success factors. By implementing the proposed methods, the system has been successfully developed and currently operated. The research is conducted in Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung, Indonesia.
PEMAKAIAN ALGORITMA GENETIK UNTUK PENJADWALAN JOB SHOP DINAMIS NON DETERMINISTIK
Nico Saputro,Yento Yento
Jurnal Teknik Industri , 2004,
Abstract: Dynamic Job shops non deterministic scheduling problem is concerned with ordering some operations that processed by certain machines with variable and unknown arrival time of jobs. When new jobs arrive, it requires modifications in the existing schedule. We use Genetic Algorithm approach to the dynamic job shop non deterministic scheduling and rescheduling problem. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penjadwalan job shop dinamis non deterministik merupakan persoalan pengurutan sejumlah operasi yang diproses pada mesin-mesin tertentu dengan urutan pengerjaan berbeda untuk setiap job yang berbeda, dimana kedatangan job tersebut bervariasi dan tidak diketahui sebelumnya. Penjadwalan ulang diperlukan bila telah disusun suatu jadwal dan kemudian tiba suatu pekerjaan baru. Algoritma genetik dapat dipergunakan untuk menyusun jadwal maupun untuk menyisipkan jadwal saat ada penambahan pekerjaan tanpa mengubah jadwal yang telah dikerjakan sebelumnya. Kata kunci: algoritma genetik, penjadwalan dan penjadwalan ulang job shop dinamis non deterministik.
Stimulus Design for Model Selection and Validation in Cell Signaling
Joshua F Apgar,Jared E Toettcher,Drew Endy,Forest M White,Bruce Tidor
PLOS Computational Biology , 2008, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.0040030
Abstract: Mechanism-based chemical kinetic models are increasingly being used to describe biological signaling. Such models serve to encapsulate current understanding of pathways and to enable insight into complex biological processes. One challenge in model development is that, with limited experimental data, multiple models can be consistent with known mechanisms and existing data. Here, we address the problem of model ambiguity by providing a method for designing dynamic stimuli that, in stimulus–response experiments, distinguish among parameterized models with different topologies, i.e., reaction mechanisms, in which only some of the species can be measured. We develop the approach by presenting two formulations of a model-based controller that is used to design the dynamic stimulus. In both formulations, an input signal is designed for each candidate model and parameterization so as to drive the model outputs through a target trajectory. The quality of a model is then assessed by the ability of the corresponding controller, informed by that model, to drive the experimental system. We evaluated our method on models of antibody–ligand binding, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation and de-phosphorylation, and larger models of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway. For each of these systems, the controller informed by the correct model is the most successful at designing a stimulus to produce the desired behavior. Using these stimuli we were able to distinguish between models with subtle mechanistic differences or where input and outputs were multiple reactions removed from the model differences. An advantage of this method of model discrimination is that it does not require novel reagents, or altered measurement techniques; the only change to the experiment is the time course of stimulation. Taken together, these results provide a strong basis for using designed input stimuli as a tool for the development of cell signaling models.
Human Immune Responses to Dengue Virus Infection: Lessons Learned from Prospective Cohort Studies
Timothy P. Endy
Frontiers in Immunology , 2014, DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2014.00183
Abstract: Dengue virus (DENV) continues to spread globally and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Currently, there is no antiviral treatment to diminish severe illness or a vaccine to induce protection from infection. An effective dengue vaccine that protects against all four DENV serotypes is a high priority for endemic countries and several candidates are in development by various United States Federal Agencies and private pharmaceutical companies. Challenges faced by dengue vaccine developers include creating tetravalent formulations that provide tetravalent protection, the lack of a correlate of protective immunity, a changing viral landscape as DENV evolves, and a complex viral-host pathogenesis that can result in a spectrum of illness from subclinical infection to severe hemorrhagic fever. There have been a number of long-term prospective studies on DENV transmission and dengue severity that have provided invaluable information on DENV epidemiology and pathogenesis of this disease. In this section, we will review the critical lessons learned from these studies and their application for dengue vaccine development.
Developing a Composite Index of Child Road Safety in a Municipality  [PDF]
Victoria Gitelman, Sharon Levi, Etti Doveh, Liri Endy-Findling
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology (OJSST) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2013.32003
Abstract:

Road traffic injuries are a leading cause of injury-related death and disability in children in Israel. The use of safety performance indicators (SPIs) is common today for benchmarking road safety performance and monitoring of trends. This study aimed to develop a set of indicators which would assist in diagnosis and promotion of child road safety in urban communities. A wide set of basic indicators was defined with an interdisciplinary team of experts. A pilot study was undertaken in four municipalities, in which the data for five safety domains: injury, background characteristics, road user behaviors, attitudes, policy and managementwere collected and basic SPIs were estimated. To combine the basic indicators into a composite index, for each domain, a statistical model based on common Factor Analysis was applied. The Factor Analysis demonstrated a reasonable way of aggregating the indicators meaning, for each domain considered, and produced the tools for municipalities comparison. It was concluded that the child road safety indicators and composite indices developed are applicable for measuring and monitoring of municipalities road safety level and practices. National authorities may use the tools developed to compare urban communities at a regional or country level.

Effect of B-Glucosidase Activity on the Vanillin Enzymatic Formation by Using Rumen Liquid for Cell Walls Degradation
Vita Paramita,Mohamad Endy Yulianto
Journal of Food Research (JFR) , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/jfr.v2n2p65
Abstract: This work proposed a study of direct enzymatic of vanillin formation by using rumen fluid which has enzymatic capability for tissue disruption of vanilla green pods to avoid the curing process. Application of enzymes during the formation of vanilla aromas and flavors and its extraction present nice opportunity to improve productivity, as the enzymatic reaction possibly substitute the microbial process in the traditional fermentation. Glucovanillin, the precursor of vanillin, contacted with the B-glucosidase in the green pods by destructing the cell wall. Liquid rument was providing enzyme for cell wall degradation. The contact of glucovanillin and B-glucosidase lead the hydrolysis of glucovanillin into vanillin. The amounts of glucovanillin and vanillin were examined by using HPLC analysis. The identification of vanillin was investigated by using liquid chromatography-mass spectrofotometry. Vanillin content of vanilla green pods was found higher in which by treating the vanilla green pods at 30°C.
Engineered cell-cell communication via DNA messaging
Ortiz Monica E,Endy Drew
Journal of Biological Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1754-1611-6-16
Abstract: Background Evolution has selected for organisms that benefit from genetically encoded cell-cell communication. Engineers have begun to repurpose elements of natural communication systems to realize programmed pattern formation and coordinate other population-level behaviors. However, existing engineered systems rely on system-specific small molecules to send molecular messages among cells. Thus, the information transmission capacity of current engineered biological communication systems is physically limited by specific biomolecules that are capable of sending only a single message, typically “regulate transcription.” Results We have engineered a cell-cell communication platform using bacteriophage M13 gene products to autonomously package and deliver heterologous DNA messages of varying lengths and encoded functions. We demonstrate the decoupling of messages from a common communication channel via the autonomous transmission of various arbitrary genetic messages. Further, we increase the range of engineered DNA messaging across semisolid media by linking message transmission or receipt to active cellular chemotaxis. Conclusions We demonstrate decoupling of a communication channel from message transmission within engineered biological systems via the autonomous targeted transduction of user-specified heterologous DNA messages. We also demonstrate that bacteriophage M13 particle production and message transduction occurs among chemotactic bacteria. We use chemotaxis to improve the range of DNA messaging, increasing both transmission distance and communication bit rates relative to existing small molecule-based communication systems. We postulate that integration of different engineered cell-cell communication platforms will allow for more complex spatial programming of dynamic cellular consortia.
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