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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 614580 matches for " M. C. Chen "
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The Mid-Infrared Emitting Dust Around AB Aur
C. Chen,M. Jura
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1086/375265
Abstract: Using the Keck I telescope, we have obtained 11.7 micron and 18.7 micron images of the circumstellar dust emission from AB Aur, a Herbig Ae star. We find that AB Aur is probably resolved at 18.7 micron with an angular diameter of 1.2" at a surface brightness of 3.5 Jy/arcsec^2. Most of the dust mass detected at millimeter wavelengths does not contribute to the 18.7 micron emission, which is plausibly explained if the system possesses a relatively cold, massive disk. We find that models with an optically thick, geometrically thin disk, surrounded by an optically thin spherical envelope fit the data somewhat better than flared disk models.
Input-Output Hidden Markov Model-Based On-Line Monitoring for Batch Operation
J. Chen,C. M. Song
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2009,
The Low Velocity Wind from the Circumstellar Matter Around the B9V Star sigma Herculis
C. H. Chen,M. Jura
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1086/344589
Abstract: We have obtained FUSE spectra of sigma Her, a nearby binary system, with a main sequence primary, that has a Vega-like infrared excess. We observe absorption in the excited fine structure lines C II* at 1037 A, N II* at 1085 A, and N II** at 1086 A that are blueshifted by as much as ~30 km/sec with respect to the star. Since these features are considerably narrower than the stellar lines and broader than interstellar features, the C II and N II are circumstellar. We suggest that there is a radiatively driven wind, arising from the circumstellar matter, rather than accretion as occurs around beta Pic, because of sigma Her's high luminosity. Assuming that the gas is liberated by collisions between parent bodies at 20 AU, the approximate distance at which blackbody grains are in radiative equilibrium with the star and at which 3-body orbits become unstable, we infer dM/dt ~ 6 * 10^-12 M_{sun}/yr. This wind depletes the minimum mass of parent bodies in less than the estimated age of the system.
A Possible Massive Asteroid Belt Around zeta Lep
C. H. Chen,M. Jura
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1086/324057
Abstract: We have used the Keck I telescope to image at 11.7 microns and 17.9 microns the dust emission around zeta Lep, a main sequence A-type star at 21.5 pc from the Sun with an infrared excess. The excess is at most marginally resolved at 17.9 microns. The dust distance from the star is probably less than or equal to 6 AU, although some dust may extend to 9 AU. The mass of observed dust is \~10^22 g. Since the lifetime of dust particles is about 10,000 years because of the Poytning-Robertson effect, we robustly estimate at least 4 10^26 g must reside in parent bodies which may be asteroids if the system is in a steady state and has an age of ~300 Myr. This mass is approximately 200 times that contained within the main asteroid belt in our solar system.
Pseudotensors and quasilocal energy-momentum
C. C. Chang,J. M. Nester,C. M. Chen
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.1897
Abstract: Early energy-momentum investigations for gravitating systems gave reference frame dependent pseudotensors; later the quasilocal idea was developed. Quasilocal energy-momentum can be determined by the Hamiltonian boundary term, which also identifies the variables to be held fixed on the boundary. We show that a pseudotensor corresponds to a Hamiltonian boundary term. Hence they are quasilocal and acceptable; each is the energy-momentum density for a definite physical situation with certain boundary conditions. These conditions are identified for well-known pseudotensors.
Analysis of the Driving Force of Hydrodynamics in Lake Naivasha, Kenya  [PDF]
Jane N. Ndungu, Wenlong Chen, Denie C. M. Augustijn, Suzanne J. M. H. Hulscher
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology (OJMH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojmh.2015.54009
Abstract: The hydrodynamics in Lake Naivasha, a shallow endorheic lake, are simulated using the Delft3D Flow Module to investigate the major driving forces of hydrodynamics in the lake. The results showed wind as the major forcing. The shallow zones of the lake showed currents movement in the same direction as the wind while the deep zones showed currents movements against the wind direction. These findings were confirmed and further explained using an idealized model. Limited exchange between the Crescent Lake (crater lake which is temporally separated from the lake during low water levels) and the main lake was observed. These findings can explain the spatial variability of the water quality in the lake. Similar studies could be used in exploratory studies of the spatial-temporal variability in water quality in other shallow water systems.
Quasilocal quantities for GR and other gravity theories
C. M. Chen,J. M. Nester
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/16/4/018
Abstract: From a covariant Hamiltonian formulation, by using symplectic ideas, we obtain certain covariant boundary expressions for the quasilocal quantities of general relativity and other geometric gravity theories. The contribution from each of the independent dynamic geometric variables (the frame, metric or connection) has two possible covariant forms associated with the selected type of boundary condition. The quasilocal expressions also depend on a reference value for each dynamic variable and a displacement vector field. Integrating over a closed two surface with suitable choices for the vector field gives the quasilocal energy, momentum and angular momentum. For the special cases of Einstein's theory and the Poincar\'e Gauge theory our expressions are similar to some previously known expressions and give good values for the total ADM and Bondi quantities. We apply our formalism to black hole thermodynamics obtaining the first law and an associated entropy expression for these general gravity theories. For Einstein's theory our quasilocal expressions are evaluated on static spherically symmetric solutions and compared with the findings of some other researchers. The choices needed for the formalism to associate a quasilocal expression with the boundary of a region are discussed.
The Dying Wind Around HD 56126, A Post-AGB Carbon Star
M. Jura,C. Chen,M. W. Werner
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1086/317307
Abstract: We have used the Keck I telescope to resolve at mid-infrared wavelengths the dust emission from HD 56126 (IRAS 07134+1005), a post-Asymptotic Giant Branch carbon star with a detached dust shell. The gross morphology of the image can be explained by a strong wind which started to die about 1500 years ago. If the star had an effective temperature near 2600 K when it was losing a large amount of mass, then during the past 1500 years, the average value of dT/dt has been +2.2 K/yr. With such a time variation of the effective temperture of the star, the 11.7 micron image can be approximately reproduced if the mass loss rate varied as T^(-8.26), as proposed in recent models for dust-driven winds. Since the mass loss rate appears to be very sensitive to the effective temperature of the star, we speculate that the observed deviations from spherical symmetry of the dust shell can be explained by plausible variations in the surface temperature of the mass-losing star caused by rotation and/or magnetic fields.
Superconductivity Modulated by Binary Doping in Nd1-xBaxFeAsO1-2xF2x  [PDF]
C. Q. Qu, Z. Y Liu, Y. M Lu, C. Z Chen, C. B Cai, A. H Fang, F. Q Huang, M. F Wang, X. M Xie
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.26056
Abstract: Binary doping effect is studied for the Fe-based superconductors of Nd1-xBaxFeAsO1-2xF2x(x = 0.02, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2). The X-ray diffractions show that the c-axis lattice constant decreases monotonously with the doping content, in contrast to the little change in the a-axis. Temperature dependences of electric resistivity and magnetic susceptibility reveal that the superconductivity for the studied system emerges at x = 0.1, and enhances together with Hc2(0) as the doping content x increases further. In case of x = 0.2, the superconducting critical temperature reaches as high as 50 K, which is the first demonstration of superconductivity with a high fluorine-doping induced by both electron and hole doping in this family. Negative Hall coefficient (RH) indicates that electron-type carriers are dominated in the present samples. The complicated temperature dependence of RH, is believed to arise from a multiband effect together with a complicated scattering, especially at the tem-perature near the TC.
Swelling Kinetics of Layered Structures: Triblock Copolymer Mesogels
C. -M. Chen,F. C. MacKintosh,D. R. M. Williams
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: We consider the swelling kinetics of layered structures. We focus on the case of triblock copolymer mesogels, although our results are applicable to other layered structures including clays. We assume the mesogels are swollen by a solvent that is good for the bridging block but poor for the non-bridging block. At long times the penetration front moves as in ordinary diffusion, i.e., as $t^{1/2}$. At short times, however, the bending elasticity of the non-bridging layers becomes important. This bending elasticity leads to a $t^{1/6}$ relaxation of the penetration front at early times. The crossover length between these two regimes is approximately the width of a single layer. However, for a large number of lamellae there is a cooperative effect which leads to a large enhancement of this crossover length.
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