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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401165 matches for " M. Abasi "
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Accounting and comparing of expenditure on the medical services given at neuro-surgery department of Imam Khomeyni Hospital in the year of 1994 (1373)
Abasi Moghadam M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 1998,
Abstract: This study was focused on analysis of expenditure on all the medical services given at Neuro-Surgery Department of Imam-Khomeini Hospital in the year of 1994 (1373). In this study, all the information on descriptive method and the techniques of cost analysis and cost per unit of service provided accountancy, were analysed. 573 patients were considered in this study. 522 of them underwent 13 different types of neuro-surgery operations. 92.6% of them total departmental costs were related to current expenditures and 7.4% of that was related to the capial expenditures. The personnel costs with 49% was the highest portion of the total costs. Percentage wise, the costs were as follows: Medicine, materials and equipment 22%, food 17.6%, depreciation 7.4%, fuel, water, electricity and telephone 3.5%. The mean duration of stay was 16.3 days for every in-patient. The percentage of occupied bed was 58% if the percentage of desired bed occupancy was supposed 80%, therefore, 22% of the bed, plus 3512 bed-day were gone wasted. The real cost of med-care policy need to be more rational for the operation and hospitalization. It should be mentioned that the wasted time was 886 hours and wasted cost was 71, 708, 410 Rials in operation room.
Introduction of a Successful Pregnancy in a Patient with Advanced Chronic Renal Insufficiency
H. Saghafi,M. Abasi,N. Mehran
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Background and ObjectiveIn the women with chronic renal insufficiency ovulation is suppressed therefore they rarely become pregnant. If pregnancy occurs, they might encounter many conflictions. It may lead to death (fetus or mother). The aim of this study was reporting a successful pregnancy in a patient with advanced chronic renal insufficiency.Case reportThe patient was a 32 years old woman with long period of infertility (8 years). The first main clinical symptom was abdominal pain especially in hypogastric area as well as hyperuremia, elevated levels of creatinine (2.9 mg/dl), mild proteinuria and hematuria. The urine specific gravity was 1010. Sonography data showed asymmetrical small kidneys. Other complaints were pruritus and flank pain during urination. The primary diagnosis was chronic renal failure due to probable chronic pyelonephritis. After an interval she returned with positive pregnancy test. She decided to continue the pregnancy in despite of obstetrician belief for aborting. During pregnancy, proteinuria reached to two plus, hemoglobin fell to 9.7, creatinine levels reached to 3.7 mg/dl and blood pressure was fluctuating between 110/80 and 130/85 mmHg. She admitted in the hospital in third trimester of pregnancy because of preterm labor. However the pain was suppressed after starting magnesium sulfate infusion. Keywords: Renal Insufficiency, Chronic Renal Insufficiency, Pregnancy
The Effect of Cadmium on Hippocampus Development of Rat Embryos and L-carnitine Protective Role
Ramezani M,Bahadoran H,Abasi S.
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Cadmium is a toxic metal which is widely used in industry. This metal exerts toxic effects on multiple organs, including nervous system. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of cadmium on weight and development of hippocampus in Wistar rat embryos and then determining whether L-carnitine, as an antioxidant, can protect hippocampus from the toxic effects.Methods: Female Wistar rats (250-300g) were used in this study. 24 hours after mating with male rats, the females were separated and their vaginal smears were examined for sperm detection. This day was considered as embryonic zero day. The female rats were divided into three groups: The control group which received no injection, the experimental group 1 which received 1mg/kg B.W cadmium and the experimental group 2 which received 1mg/kg B.W cadmium+500mg/kg B.W L-carnitin in days 7 and 10 of gestation. On day 17 of gestation, the animals were sacrificed by chloroform over dose and their embryos were removed surgically. The embryos were fixed in formalin 10% for 30 days, the weight of embryos were measured. Then tissue processing, sectioning and Hematoxylin-Eosin (H & M) staining were done. Some sections of hippocampus were evaluated using light microscope and MOTIC soft ware. Results: The weight of embryos were significantly decreased in experimental groups. This decrease was significantly greater in the Experimental group 2. The number of cells and thickness of hippocampus layers were decreased significantly just in the second group. Conclusion: These findings indicate that cadmium has teratogenic effects on embryo’s weight and development of hippocampus and at least a part of these effects may be inhibited by L-carnitine.
Effects of Pre- Chilling Process on The Quality of Muscle Lipid and Filling Media in Canned Common Kilka (Clupeonella cultriventris)
M Naseri,M Rezai,M Abasi,S Jam
Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources , 2009,
Abstract: Common kilka were chilled during 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 days to determine the influence of such storage times of fish over the quality of the final canned product. For this propose, common factors for determination of fish quality (moisture, total lipid, free fatty acid, peroxide, thiobarbituric acid and fatty acid profile) were selected and compared with the formation of fluorescence compounds in fish tissue and filling media of canned kilka. In this work common indices showed higher oxidative and hydrolytic rancidity of canned samples compared to raw material but the trend of deterioration with the increase of chilled storage time was not well shown. However, filling media fluorescence compounds was significantly increased with the increase of chilled storage time and the decrease of fish primary quality (P< 0.05). According to the present results, fluorescence detection of interaction compounds can provide a good technique to assess quality differences in the final product as its relates to the quality of the raw material used.
Comparison of Effectiveness of Different Methods of Changing Position on Back Pain Intensity and Comfort Level of Patients after Coronary Angiography: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Yeganehhkah M.R.,Dadkhah Tehrani T.,Abasi M.
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Angiography is the most common invasive method to assess coronary artery. Back pain is a common complication after coronary angiography among patients after coronary angiography that is associated with immobility and restricted positioning. This study compared the effectiveness of three changing position methods in bed on back pain severity and comfort level of patients after coronary angiography.Methods: This study is a clinical trial carried out in angiography ward of Valiasre Hospital in Qom, Iran, in 2009. 75 patients undergoing angiography were randomly divided into three equal groups. The first group received the usual care after angiography, remaining supine and flat for 6 hours with the affected leg kept straight. In the second group, patients’ positions were changed hourly for 6 hours, varying between semi-Fowler’s (up to15° or 30° or 45°) positions. In the third group, patients’ positions were changed hourly for 6 hours, varying between supine, right side-lying and left side-lying. The data were collected by a questionnaire including demographic characteristics, visual analog scale of pain and comfort. Data were analyzed by chi-square test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Loon statistics, Kruskal-Wallis, ANOVA, and repeated measures analysis of variance.Results: Pain intensity in the second and third groups was significantly lower than the first group at 2, 4, and 6 hours after angiography (p<0.05); moreover, the comfort level in the second and third groups was significantly lower than the first group at 2, 4, and 6 hours after angiography and the following morning (p<0.05). Conclusion: The study findings showed that changing position in bed can prevent post angiographic patients, back pain and promote their physical comfort.
2-point and 3-point BBDF methods for solving semi-explicit index-1 DAEs
N. Abasi,M. Suleiman,Z. B. Ibrahim,F. Ismail
Applied Mathematical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract:
Effects of Different Salinity Stresses on Osmotic Adjustment and Activity of Antioxidant-Enzymes in Two Sorghum Genotypes
S Bazi,M Haydari,N Mehdinejad,F Abasi
Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources , 2009,
Abstract: To evaluate effects of different salinity levels on activity of antioxidant enzymes (CAT, APX and GPX) and osmotic components (carbohydrate and proline) in two sorghum genotypes, an experiment was conducted as completely randomized factorial design with three replications in Zabol university in 2007. Three levels of salinity control (0), 100 and 200 mM NaCl and two sorghum genotypes (Payam and Sistan) were compared. Results showed that by increasing salinity levels from 0 to 200 mM NaCl, the activities of these three antioxidant enzymes were significantly increased and the highest level of activity was observed in 200 mM salinity. Payam cultivar had the highest level of APX and GPX enzyme activity in these experiments. salinity significantly changed two osmotic adjustment concentrations (Carbohydrate and proline) and increased their concentrations. The highest proline and carbohydrate were showN in Sistan and Payam, respectively. In this study we found positive correlation between osmotic components and antioxidant enzyme activity. The results showed that in these two sorghum cultivars the two mechanisms help with salinity tolerance. A direct relationship between activity of the antioxidant- enzymes and accumulation of osmotic regulators (carbohydrate and proline) was observed. In Payam genotype, as the activity of the enzymes and accumulation of osmotic regulators increased, the weight of the plants decreased. The decrease in weight could mean some of plant energy is allocated to the production of antioxidant enzymes and osmotic regulators.
Low-Power Themes Classifier (LPTC): A Human-Expert-Based Approach for Classification of Scientific Papers/Theses with Low-Power Theme  [PDF]
Mohsen Abasi, Mohammad Bagher Ghaznavi-Ghoushchi
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2012.46041
Abstract: Document classification is widely applied in many scientific areas and academic environments, using NLP techniques and term extraction algorithms like CValue, TfIdf, TermEx, GlossEx, Weirdness and the others like. Nevertheless, they mainly have weaknesses in extracting most important terms when input text has not been rectified grammatically, or even has non-alphabetic methodical and math or chemical notations, and cross-domain inference of terms and phrases. In this paper, we propose a novel Text-Categorization and Term-Extraction method based on human-expert choice of classified categories. Papers are the training phase substances of the proposed algorithm. They have been already labeled with some scientific pre-defined field specific categories, by a human expert, especially one with high experiences and researches and surveys in the field. Our approach thereafter extracts (concept) terms of the labeled papers of each category and assigns all to the category. Categorization of test papers is then applied based on their extracted terms and further comparing with each category’s terms. Besides, our approach will produce semantic enabled outputs that are useful for many goals such as knowledge bases and data sets complement of the Linked Data cloud and for semantic querying of them by some languages such as SparQL. Besides, further finding classified papers’ gained topic or class will be easy by using URIs contained in the ontological outputs. The experimental results, comparing LPTC with five well-known term extraction algorithms by measuring precision and recall, show that categorization effectiveness can be achieved using our approach. In other words, the method LPTC is significantly superior to CValue, TfIdf, TermEx, GlossEx and Weirdness in the target study. As well, we conclude that higher number of papers for training, even higher precision we have.
Hegelian Dialectics: Implications for Violence and Peace in Nigeria  [PDF]
Francis Etim, Maurice Kufre-Abasi Akpabio
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85037
Abstract: “Life is a mystery” is a saying that most people are familiar with. The mysteriousness of life consists, among other things, in its unpredictability despite efforts and developments in science and technology. Indeed paradoxes and contradictions abound in every facet of life to an extent that some would be inclined to subscribe to nihilism, fatalism or catastrophism as the primordial reality. This is implied in Heraclitian “flux”, the dialectic of Hegel, the “nothingness” of Sartre, etc. The logical implication of these positions would be the meaninglessness of life. But is life really meaningless? Can something positive come out of the negative events in the world like violence, conflict and war and so on? Could the myriads of violence in Nigeria, for instance, caused by Boko Haram in the North East, in the East by Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOS) and in South-South by Niger Delta Avengers be beneficial in the long run? In other words, could something positive be ensued from these obnoxious situations? These are the concern of this paper which examines the Hegelian dialectics that apparently accepts the co-existence of paradoxes and contradictions as complementary realities resulting in a synthesis. However, this paper believes that the synthesis will only lead to a better state of affairs if premised on affective humanism as an ontology.
In vitro and greenhouse evaluation for resistance to early blight of potato isolated from Alternaria alternata  [PDF]
Hamid Reza Mirkarimi, Ahmad Abasi-moghadam, Javad Mozafari
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.49063
Abstract:

Early blight of potato is caused by the fungus Alternaria alternata, one of the most destructive foliar diseases, especially in hot climates under irrigation. In this study, the virus free potato seedlings were obtained from the National Plant Gene Bank of Iran and were inoculated in vitro with a culture filtrate of A. alternate. The leaflets received a 1000-μl droplet of the A. alternata culture filtrate and were inoculated by spraying with a suspension of 105 conidia/ml of isolate A. alternata in the greenhouse method. The experimental design was a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications and seven genotypes, which have been infected with the two leaves of each iteration. In vitro selection of fungal isolates of A. alternata, chlorotic and necrotic symptoms began 1 to 2 days after inoculation, but the assessment of greenhouse symptoms appeared 6-10 days after inoculation. The area under the disease progress curve values were presented by analysis of variance (ANOVA), and they were compared using Duncan’s test (a = 0.01%). In both methods, there was a significant difference between the potato genotypes (P < 0.01). For In vitro selection and evaluation greenhouse, Casmos were resistant to at least figure and Marfona genotype had the highest resistance.

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