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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 715667 matches for " M. A. Malik "
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Editorial
Malik A-M
Pratiques et Organisation des Soins , 2010,
Abstract: L’Association latine pour l’analyse des systèmes de santé (ALASS) a des objectifs d’échanges scientifiques et de formations de réseaux entre professionnels de différents pays latins, d’Europe, des Amériques et d’Afrique. Les thèmes de recherche et de débat de ses membres sont principalement les maladies chroniques, la santé mentale, les ressources humaines, la décentralisation, la qualité des soins, la planification, la gestion, le financement et tous les sujets concernant la pratique et l’organisation des soins.C’est aussi un espace d’échanges multiprofessionnels entre des médecins, des infirmiers et d’autres professionnels des soins, aussi bien que des gestionnaires, des économistes et des juristes. Chaque sujet est discuté sous des points de vue différents, dans un esprit de respect mutuel. Le résultat de ces discussions est souvent une synthèse où tous les participants se retrouvent.Ce numéro spécial de la revue Pratiques et organisation des soins présente six articles issus de communications du Congrès de 2009 de l’ALASS qui s’est tenu au Luxembourg. Ces articles ont été sélectionnés par un comité de lecture issu de l’association 1.Le premier article, écrit par des universitaires de Mexico, montre une relation entre le niveau de financement public de la santé et la distribution des revenus dans la population, ainsi que les taux de mortalité maternelle et infantile. Ce thème n’est pas nouveau, mais avec les nouvelles technologies, il faut revenir vers les hypothèses considérées confirmées et les réexaminer.Le deuxième vient du groupe hospitalier Lariboisière-Fernand Vidal (Assistance publique – H pitaux de Paris). L’article identifie les causes de la surprescription d’actes de biologie à l’h pital et propose des pistes d’amélioration. Il s’agit là d’une préoccupation constante des gestionnaires et il est opportun d’en faire une analyse objective sur des données réelles. Le troisième avance l’hypothèse que les professionnels de la santé ont une formation et des attitudes normatives. Cet article montre qu’il est possible d’échanger entre pays assez différents : les auteurs sont deux brésiliennes et une canadienne.Dans le quatrième, un ma tre de conférence de l’Université de Rennes (France) et des cadres soignants hospitaliers, identifient les systèmes de valeurs des patients et des soignants. Ces systèmes aident à comprendre les déterminants de l’autonomisation du patient.En Suisse, où la prise en charge hospitalière est d’une durée plafonnée, le Centre hospitalier universitaire de Lausanne étudie les variables liées à la durée de séjour. Les résultat
BREAST DISEASES
M. A. NASIR MALIK
The Professional Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Objectives: To find out the magnitude of breast diseases and their distribution in different age groups among the patientsattending surgical OPD for surgical consultation at POF Hospital Wah Cantt. Design: This is a retrospective observational type of study.Material and method: Patients attending surgical OPD for breast problem from January 2000 to December 2007 were included. They wereassessed clinically and their diagnosis was confirmed by cytological (FNAC) or histopathological (biopsy) examination. Records were takenfrom pathology and surgery department and the patients were retrospectively reviewed. Results: 954 cases of breast disease were diagnosed. These include 905 female and 49 male patients. Benign breast diseases (BBD) were the most common lesions of the breast found in this study (71.5%) whereas malignant lesions were on the rise with each passing year (28.5%). Among BBD, the most common lesion was fibroadenoma (49%) followed by breast abscess (13%), Fibrocystic disease (9.3%) and gynecomastia(6.8%). 271 cases (28.5%) were malignant lesions. This includes 269 female and 2 male cases. The common ages for BBD were, 12-30 years for fibroadenoma, 15-40 years for breast abscess, 18-40 years for fibrocystic disease and 15-29, 50-59 for gynecomastia respectively, whereas carcinoma breast was seen in the age group of fifties initially, getting more common in forties, in the later part of study. Conclusion: We conclude from this study that BBD* is the most frequent breast ailment. Among the BBD, fibroadenoma was the most common lesion. Breast carcinoma cases were becoming more frequent but reached hospital at a late stage of the disease. Infiltrating ductal carcinoma was the most common malignancy noted.
Plasmid mediated amikacin resistance in clinical isolates of pseudomonas aeruginosa
Shahid M,Malik A
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2004,
Abstract: Ten multidrug resistant (MDR) isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, obtained from hospitalized burn patients, were selected for plasmid detection, curing and transformation experiments. These isolates were also studied for plasmid mediated resistance. All the isolates were found to harbour R plasmid. Curing and transformation experiments showed that resistance to amikacin was plasmid mediated. -lactamase production was also tested. It is suggested that plasmids should be characterised in all MDR P. aeruginosa strains and a nation wide antibiotic policy should be made to minimise the emergence of drug resistance.
Mycological and serological study of pulmonary aspergillosis in Central India
Shahid M,Malik A
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2003,
Abstract:
The graph Delta_{2n 1} is an induced subgraph of a Johnson graph
M. Aslam Malik,A. Ali
International Journal of Contemporary Mathematical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract:
Some results on induced subgraphs of Johnson graphs
M. Aslam Malik,A. Ali
International Mathematical Forum , 2012,
Abstract:
Rapid Detection of Salmonella in Food and Beverage Samples by Polymerase Chain Reaction
Radji, M.,Malik, A.,Widyasmara, A.
Malaysian Journal of Microbiology , 2010,
Abstract: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay had been used to detect Salmonella in food and beverage samples using suitable primers which are based on specific invA gene of Salmonella. Twenty nine samples were collected from street food counters and some canteens in Margonda Street, Depok, West Java, Indonesia. It was found that five of twenty nine samples were detected to contain Salmonella and showed the presence of the amplified product of the size 244 bp. The method of PCR demonstrated the specificity of invA primers for detection of Salmonella as confirmed by biochemical and serological assay. The results of this study revealed that PCR was a rapid and useful tool for detection of Salmonella in food and beverage samples.
Characteristics of Central Southwest Asian Water Budgets and Their Impacts on Regional Climate  [PDF]
Khalid M. Malik, Peter A. Taylor, Kit Szeto, Azmat Hayat Khan
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2013.32027
Abstract:

Water budgets terms, evapotranspiration (E), precipitation (P), runoff (N), moisture convergence (MC) and both surface as well as atmospheric residual terms have been computed with National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) (1948-2007) and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ERA-40 (1958-2001) reanalysis data sets for Central Southwest Asia (CSWA).The domain of the study is 45° - 75°E & 25° - 40°N. Only the land area has been used in these calculations. It is noted in the comparison of both reanalysis data sets with Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) that all three data sets record different precipitation before 1970. The maximum is from NCEP and the minimum with ERA-40. However, after 1970 all the data sets record almost the same precipitation. ERA-40 computes two phases of MC. Before 1975, the domain acts as a moisture source, whereas after 1975 it behaves as a moisture sink. The region CSWA is divided into six sub areas with rotational principle factor analysis and we distinguish them by different approached weather systems acting on each area. Finally, NCEP yearly precipitation is further divided into seasons; winter (November to April) and summer (May to October) and two phases have been noted. The variation in winter precipitation is more than summer during last 60-year analysis.

Prevalence of aspergillosis in chronic lung diseases
Shahid M,Malik A,Bhargava R
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2001,
Abstract: Eighty eight patients of chronic lung diseases (CLD) attending TB and Chest department of J.N. Medical college Hospital were studied to find out the prevalence of Aspergillus in Broncho-alveolar Lavage (BAL) and anti- aspergillus antibodies in their sera. Direct microscopy and fungal culture of BAL was done. Antibodies were studied by immunodiffusion (ID) and Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Dot blot assay for anti-aspergillus antibodies was also performed in sera of patients which were either positive by ID or by ELISA. Aspergillus was isolated in culture from 13(14.7%) cases of CLD, while, 30.6% cases showed anti-aspergillus antibodies by serological methods. Aspergillus fumigatus was the predominant species isolated. 17(19.3%) cases of CLD showed antibody against Aspergillus by ID, 22(25%) by ELISA, while 19 of 27 seropositive cases also showed positive results by Dot Blot assay. In cases of bronchogenic carcinoma and pulmonary tuberculosis, anti-aspergillus antibodies were detected equally by ID and ELISA in 21.42% and 21.05% cases respectively. In bronchial asthma, the antibodies could be detected in 60% cases by ELISA, while, in only 10% cases by ID. ELISA was found more sensitive than ID for detection of anti-aspergillus antibodies. The sensitivity of Dot Blot lies some what between ID and ELISA. It is concluded that prevalence of Aspergillosis is quite high in chronic lung diseases, culture and serological test should be performed in conjunction and more than one type of serological tests should be performed to establish the diagnosis.
Congenital proximal radioulnar synostosis
Dogra B,Singh M,Malik A
Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery , 2003,
Abstract: Congenital proximal radio-ulnar synostosis is a rare anomaly and is often part of syndromes such as Crouzon, Apert's and Poland's. We have successfully managed one such case with bilateral involvement not associated with any other congenital deformity. He has been managed by performing derotation osteotomy through the synostosis mass with gratifying results.
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