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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 411717 matches for " M?nica Viegas Andrade "
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Distribui??o geográfica dos médicos no Brasil: uma análise a partir de um modelo de escolha locacional
Póvoa, Luciano;Andrade, Mnica Viegas;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000800004
Abstract: the primary aim of this study was to analyze the geographic distribution of physicians among the regions and states of brazil using a locational choice model. our individual data analysis showed a positive relationship between the number of physicians per 1,000 inhabitants in a state and the number of places in residency programs. thus, the concentration of residency programs in some states has contributed to the unequal distribution of physicians in brazil. there are also significant differences in physicians' income between regions.
Distribui o geográfica dos médicos no Brasil: uma análise a partir de um modelo de escolha locacional
Póvoa Luciano,Andrade Mnica Viegas
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006,
Abstract: A localiza o dos médicos exerce influência no bem-estar de uma comunidade, pois, estes s o provedores diretos dos servi os de saúde. Contudo, a distribui o dos médicos resultante do processo de escolha locacional realizado pelos mesmos, muitas vezes n o coincide com o que seria considerado socialmente adequado. O objetivo deste artigo é, por meio de um modelo Probit de escolha binária, modelar a decis o locacional dos médicos com base nos dados da PNAD e analisar o papel de alguns fatores destacados na literatura como sendo importantes para a compreens o de sua escolha locacional e, conseqüentemente, da sua distribui o geográfica no Brasil. Os resultados apontam uma atra o exercida pelas vagas em programas de residência, indicando que a probabilidade de um médico ser n o-natural é maior em Estados que oferecem mais vagas. Desta maneira, podemos indicar a concentra o dos programas de residência nas regi es Sul e Sudeste como sendo um dos fatores que promovem a desigual distribui o geográfica dos médicos. O Norte e o Centro-oeste destacam-se como regi es atrativas para médicos migrantes.
Crime social, castigo social: desigualdade de renda e taxas de criminalidade nos grandes municípios brasileiros
Resende, Jo?o Paulo de;Andrade, Mnica Viegas;
Estudos Econ?micos (S?o Paulo) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-41612011000100007
Abstract: economic theory suggests that income inequality contributes to the increase of crime. indeed, this is a recurrent result in brazilian studies, which usually work with homicide data. the international literature, however, tends to explore data for different types of crimes, for which the results aren't always so strong. this paper explored the criminal report database from the brazilian national department for crime prevention for large cities, which afforded the possibility of unbundling crime rates into different types of crime.the results reveal a significant effect of inequality mostly upon property crimes. as this category of crime responds for the great majority of registered criminal offenses, income inequality takes a central role in determining crime rates in brazil.
A rela??o entre estrutura ocupacional e acesso a plano de saúde no Brasil: uma análise para 1998 e 2003
Machado, Ana Flavia;Andrade, Mnica Viegas;Maia, Ana Carolina;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2012000400015
Abstract: this paper aims to describe health insurance coverage among different types of workers in brazil. health insurance coverage and labor market insertion are used to define homogeneous groups of workers. the grade of membership method is used to build a typology of workers. the database was the brazilian national household survey (pnad) for 1998 and 2003, including a health survey. five worker profiles were defined. the key variables were: health insurance coverage, schooling, and work status. the main findings show a positive association between health insurance coverage, income from work, and trade union membership.
Sistema privado de seguro-saúde: li??es do caso americano
Andrade, Mnica Viegas;Lisboa, Marcos de Barros;
Revista Brasileira de Economia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71402000000100001
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to organize the main institutional characteristics of the american health system, emphasizing the reforms that occurred during the age of seventy and the difficulties to regulate the private sector of medical and hospital services. the most part of these problems are related to the contract regulation between the providers of medical and hospital service and the patients. the analysis of the american case is justified mainly because it is the most consolidated experience of private health insurance. the united states is the only developed economy with reduced participation of the public sector in financing and providing services to the labor population. in 1965 the american govern created two health programs to guarantee health care to the population of 65 and over, medicare, and to the family with low income, medicaid. the creation of these programs were an answer to the market imperfections that result in exclusion of some social groups from the market of health services. from 1960 to 1975 the health expenditure in united states rose from about 5% of the inner product to 8%. the tendency of continued rising motivated the health maintenance organization act of 1973, which main objective was to reduce the medical and hospital expense allowing a new way of managing health insurance. the new system of managing health services called managed care is organized with contracts established between three agents: managed care organizations that manage the utilization of health services and their financing, the integrated delivery systems that are the organizations of hospital and providers and the providers. the contracts established with the manage care try to solve the problem of moral hazard that exists in the supply of health services. the main conclusion of this paper is to show that contract flexibility has a meaningful effect in reducing the costs of health insurance resulting in more efficiency of health care offered. this flexibility didn't
Reforma da Previdência Social: simula??es e impactos sobre os diferenciais de sexo
Marri, Izabel Guimar?es;Wajnman, Simone;Andrade, Mnica Viegas;
Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Popula??o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-30982011000100003
Abstract: today, average retirement benefits in brazil are lower for women than for men, but women are the main pension receivers (usually due to the death of their husbands). women also make up the majority of the beneficiaries of the brazilian social security. these facts are certainly reflections of women's earnings while working (they usually work less and earn less on the labor market). at the same time that they receive lower average benefits, older women are more economically dependent on social security benefits and on the earnings of other members of their families. the present article consists of an investigation into possible changes in the rules on eligibility for receiving retirement and pension benefits due to death. such changes are frequently mentioned by specialists as necessary in order to balance the brazilian social security budget. to this end, the author discusses how changes may affect the inequalities in income between the sexes in old age and thus bring in a further important dimension in evaluating proposals for reforming the system.
Health and economic growth among the states of Brazil from 1991 to 2000
Noronha, Kenya;Figueiredo, Lízia de;Andrade, Mnica Viegas;
Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Popula??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-30982010000200003
Abstract: health status can affect economic growth through at least three mechanisms: 1) directly, through the relationship between health status and individual earnings, 2) indirectly, through the effect of health on levels of education, and 3) through physical capital investments. poor health status causes considerable losses in individual income by decreasing labor productivity, numbers of hours worked, and participation in the labor force. these losses can affect a population's level of wealth and contribute to decreased social well-being. the main goal of this study is to assess the relationship between health and economic growth among the brazilian states between 1991 and 2000. in order to take into account the different epidemiological and morbidity profiles observed among the states, several health measures were selected such as infant mortality rate, hospital mortality rate in the public healthcare system due to perinatal complications, and proportion of deaths from selected causes (vascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, aids and other communicable diseases, homicides and ill-defined causes). our main findings show that in brazil health correlates positively with economic growth. we also found that decreases in infant mortality rates are closely associated with higher rates of economic growth. we found a significant negative relationship for health indicators that are related to poverty, less access to health care services and deaths from avoidable causes, such as communicable diseases and hospital mortality rates due to perinatal complications. in contrast, we found a positive and significant correlation between the proportion of deaths from diabetes and cancer, on the one hand, and economic growth, on the other.
Velhos dilemas no provimento de bens e servi os de saúde: uma compara o dos casos canadense, inglês e americano Old dilemmas in health care delivery: a comparison of the Canadian, English and American cases
Mnica Viegas Andrade,Marcos de Barros Lisboa
Nova Economia , 2000,
Abstract: This paper systematizes some aspects related to the consequences of the institutional health system in the financing and delivery of health care services. The analysis is based on empirical evidences from United States, Canada and United Kingdom. The focus of this work is on the analysis of the impacts of the incentives that result from the contracts established between health care market agents in the management efficiency of the health care services.
Income transfer policies and the impacts on the immunization of children: the Bolsa Família Program
Andrade, Mnica Viegas;Chein, Flávia;Souza, Laetícia Rodrigues de;Puig-Junoy, Jaume;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2012000700013
Abstract: this paper investigates the impact of the bolsa família program on the immunization of children from 0 to 6 years of age in brazil and its regions. the bolsa família program is a conditional cash transfer program. one of its conditionalities is the compliance of children with the immunization schedule ordered by the ministry of health. the evaluation was performed using the propensity score matching technique. we used data from a survey conducted in 2005 evaluating the program - pesquisa de avalia??o de impacto do programa bolsa família. the main findings suggest that the bolsa família program does not affect the immunization status of children.
Crime, oportunidade e vitimiza??o
Beato F., Cláudio;Peixoto, Betania Totino;Andrade, Mnica Viegas;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092004000200005
Abstract: in this paper we investigate the profile of victims of property and personal crimes in the city of belo horizonte, brazil. the considered characteristics of the victims were the personal attributes, socioeconomic conditions, daily habits, family aspects, and environment characteristics. the estimation method used is the logit model, which estimates the victimization probability. for that we used individual data of the victimization research realized by the institute of criminality and public security (crisp) between february and march of 2002. the results suggest that personal attributes aren't really important to explain the profile of victims of property crimes. on the other hand, for personal crimes, age is fundamental. youngsters are more probable of being victims of this kind of crime than older people. furthermore, the probability of being aggressed is higher if the subjects walk at night in public ways or live in places where gunshot sound is heard. environmental characteristics and opportunities seem to be crucial for the occurrence of these kinds of crimes.
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