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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 527250 matches for " Mónica G.; Patallo "
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Tuberculosis pediátrica en un hospital de referencia durante el período 2004-2008 Pediatric tuberculosis at a reference hospital during the 2004-2008 period
Mónica G. Rodríguez,Claudia P. Patallo,Viviana A. Rizzotti,María A. Moscoloni
Revista argentina de microbiolog?-a , 2011,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de las muestras de pacientes pediátricos remitidas al laboratorio del Hospital Pi ero durante el período 2004-2008 para el cultivo de micobacterias por sospecha de tuberculosis. Durante dicho período ingresaron un total de 8409 muestras, de las cuales 1542 (18%) fueron pediátricas; de ellas 1407 (91%) pulmonares y 135 extrapulmonares (9%). El procesamiento de las muestras incluyó baciloscopía, cultivo, identificación y prueba de sensibilidad. La nacionalidad de los pacientes pediátricos se distribuyó del siguiente modo: argentinos, 1218 (79%); extranjeros, 247 (16%), representados estos últimos por paraguayos, peruanos y sobre todo bolivianos. Para un 5% de los pacientes no fue informada la nacionalidad. La distribución por sexo fue: femenino, 787 pacientes (51%); masculino, 755 pacientes (49%). De acuerdo con la edad de los pacientes se obtuvo la siguiente distribución: 0 a 4 a os, 674 ni os (grupo A, 45%), 5 a 9 a os, 354 ni os (grupo B, 24%); y 10 a 15 a os, 464 pacientes (grupo C, 31%). Las principales asociaciones mórbidas fueron desnutrición e infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana. La baciloscopía fue positiva en 41 muestras (2,6%), en tanto que la recuperación mediante cultivo alcanzó las 84 muestras (5,4%), 78 de ellas pulmonares y 6 extrapulmonares. Todas las cepas fueron identificadas como complejo Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Los aislamientos fueron sensibles a estreptomicina, isoniazida, rifampicina y etambutol, excepto una cepa resistente a etambutol y estreptomicina y otra resistente a isoniazida. La confirmación bacteriológica de la tuberculosis pediátrica es difícil de alcanzar debido a la presentación paucibacilar de las muestras, pero juega un papel fundamental en el diagnóstico de certeza, ya que permite la identificación y la realización de las pruebas de sensibilidad del aislamiento. Samples of pediatric patients suspected of tuberculosis and cared for at Hospital Pi ero during the 2004-2008 period were analyzed according to epidemiological and clinical criteria. The bacteriological contribution was evaluated to confirm the disease diagnosis. A descriptive retrospective analysis of the cases was done. A total of 8409 samples were received for mycobacterial culture: 1542 (18%) of which were pediatric and distributed as follows: 1407 (91%), pulmonary and 135 (9%), extra-pulmonary. The sample examination included staining for acid-fast bacilli, culture, identification and drug susceptibility testing. The following are the results of analized demographic variables: National
Tuberculosis pediátrica en un hospital de referencia durante el período 2004-2008
Rodríguez,Mónica G.; Patallo,Claudia P.; Rizzotti,Viviana A.; Moscoloni,María A.; Ballester,Daniela S.;
Revista argentina de microbiolog?-a , 2011,
Abstract: samples of pediatric patients suspected of tuberculosis and cared for at hospital pi?ero during the 2004-2008 period were analyzed according to epidemiological and clinical criteria. the bacteriological contribution was evaluated to confirm the disease diagnosis. a descriptive retrospective analysis of the cases was done. a total of 8409 samples were received for mycobacterial culture: 1542 (18%) of which were pediatric and distributed as follows: 1407 (91%), pulmonary and 135 (9%), extra-pulmonary. the sample examination included staining for acid-fast bacilli, culture, identification and drug susceptibility testing. the following are the results of analized demographic variables: nationality: 1218 argentinean (79%), 247 foreigners (16%) and 77, not disclosed (5%); gender: 787 female (51%) and 755 male (49%). patients were grouped according to age into: group a, 0 to 4 years 674 (45%); group b, 5-9 years 354 (24%) and group c, 10-15 years 464 (31%). morbidity causes associated with the disease were mainly malnutrition and infection by human immunodeficiency virus. staining for acid-fast bacilli was positive in 41 samples (2.6%) and 84 cultures resulted positive (5.4%), 78 (93%) of which were pulmonary and 6 (7%) extra-pulmonary samples. all the strains were identified as mycobacterium tuberculosis. isolates were susceptible to streptomycin, isoniazid, rifampicin, and ethambutol, except for one strain that was resistant both to ethambutol and streptomycin, and another one which was resistant to isoniazid. bacteriological confirmation of pediatric tuberculosisis is rarely achieved due to the predominantly paucibacillary nature of the disease in children (5% in our study), but plays a fundamental role in diagnosis accuracy, allowing the identification and susceptibility testing of the strain.
Relevance of Epistemological Pluralism for Resource Management Policies  [PDF]
Mónica Gómez Salazar
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2015.56039
Abstract: The common believe of a single successful form of knowing the reality is misleading. A brief analysis of many human activities reveals a pluralistic perspective of several coexisting conceptual schemes that underlie the form in which women and men know and constitute the world in which we live. Here, I will discuss the necessity of taking seriously this pluralistic perspective when developing conceptual frameworks of human activities. As an example of great interest and importance, I will consider the case of resource management that has to contemplate the conservation and the response of ecosystems to human activities that may lead to irreversible damage. Ecosystems’ activity occurs over a wide range of space and time scales and, hence, policies and proposals of solutions to ecological problems should avoid narrow and monochromatic approaches. Specifically, the Pemon perspective of fire is a good example to show that for more robust and flexible resource management we need the knowledge and experience of different cultural and disciplinary groups.
La dinámica de los actores en la implementación de la reforma del sistema de salud en Colombia: exclusiones y resistencias (1995-2003)
Uribe Gómez,Mónica;
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud , 2009,
Abstract: this article proposes to analyze the dynamic of political contention during the implementation phase of health system reform in colombia between 1995 and 2003. this article argues that the direction taken by the changes affected multiple actors in both instances the state as economic power to unions, international organizations, unions, political guilds, professional associations and divers organized groups. the narrative focuses on the debates and conflicts between the state and the societal actors in coalitions established, opportunities for social participation and its effects, the points of objection or defense to the reform and the influence of the correlation of forces in this process.
CARTA AL EDITOR
M. Verónica Mericq G
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2004,
Abstract:
Hepatitis viral
Mónica Suárez G
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1976,
Abstract:
Prevalencia de obesidad en la Argentina: impacto a 20 a os
Mónica G. Díaz
Revista Argentina de Cardiología , 2010,
Abstract:
Multiculturalidad y ética pluralista Multiculturality and Pluralist Ethics
Mónica Gómez Salazar
Diánoia , 2011,
Abstract: Teniendo en cuenta la intensa migración actual de diversos grupos culturales a otros Estados, en este artículo defiendo la tesis de que miembros de diferentes culturas con normas y valores antagónicos pueden llegar a acuerdos de convivencia intercultural. Comienzo explicando la concepción política de la justicia de Rawls para indicar que esta postura democrática liberal no puede responder de forma adecuada a los contextos actuales de multiculturalidad. Posteriormente, expongo las propuestas principales de la ética universalista de J. Habermas con el fin de contraponerla a lo que llamo la "ética pluralista" de J. Dewey y H. Putnam, y justifico por qué las normas, los hechos y los valores son contextuales. con base en ello, concluyo que es posible establecer acuerdos éticos plurales que pueden variar de una cultura a otra y, no obstante, ser legítimos como normas mínimas de convivencia. Given the intense current migration of diverse cultural groups to other States, in this article i defend the thesis that members of different cultures with norms and values in conflict are able to reach intercultural agreements of coexistence. I start explaining Rawls' political conception of justice to point out that this liberal democratic stance cannot respond adequately to the current context of multiculturality. i show then the main points of J. Habermas' universalist ethics in order to contrast it with what i call the "pluralist ethics" of J. Dewey and H. Putnam, and justify why norms, facts and values are contextual. Based on this, I conclude that it is possible to achieve plural ethical agreements that might differ from one culture to another and yet still be legitimate as minimum norms of coexistence.
Hermenéutica analógica. La analogía en la antropología y la historia
Mónica Gómez Salazar
Diánoia , 2010,
Abstract:
Enfoques contemporáneos de política social en México
Mónica Uribe Gómez
Espiral , 2011,
Abstract: En este trabajo se discuten los significados y alcances de conceptos como Estado de bienestar (en adelante EB), régimen de bienestar, sistemas de protección social, manejo social del riesgo, y universalismo básico. Se argumenta que las tendencias de la política social, más allá de responder a programas de gobierno o a intereses puramente técnicos, están relacionadas con los tipos de arreglos existentes en cada sociedad para proveer el bienestar y con los procesos políticos de cada contexto. La pretensión no es enfocarse en el análisis de acciones específicas o en el impacto de las transformaciones, sino en las implicaciones que conlleva asumir un enfoque particular en el campo de las políticas sociales.
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