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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 402888 matches for " MóNICA; "
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Facts and Perceptions Regarding Software Measurement in Education and in Practice: Preliminary Results  [PDF]
Mónica Villavicencio, Alain Abran
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2011.44025
Abstract: How is software measurement addressed in undergraduate and graduate programs in universities? Do organizations consider that the graduating students they hire have an adequate knowledge of software measurement? To answer these and related questions, a survey was administered to participants who attended the IWSM-MENSURA 2010 conference in Stuttgart, Germany. Forty-seven of the 69 conference participants (including software development practitioners, software measurement consultants, university professors, and graduate students) took part in the survey. The results indicate that software measurement topics are: 1) covered mostly at the graduate level and not at the undergraduate level, and 2) not mandatory. Graduate students and professors consider that, of the measurement topics covered in university curricula, specific topics, such as measures for the requirements phase, and measurement techniques and tools, receive more attention in the academic context. A common observation of the practitioners who participated in the survey was that students hired as new employees bring limited software measurement-related knowledge to their organizations. Discussion of the findings and directions for future research are presented.
Relevance of Epistemological Pluralism for Resource Management Policies  [PDF]
Mónica Gómez Salazar
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2015.56039
Abstract: The common believe of a single successful form of knowing the reality is misleading. A brief analysis of many human activities reveals a pluralistic perspective of several coexisting conceptual schemes that underlie the form in which women and men know and constitute the world in which we live. Here, I will discuss the necessity of taking seriously this pluralistic perspective when developing conceptual frameworks of human activities. As an example of great interest and importance, I will consider the case of resource management that has to contemplate the conservation and the response of ecosystems to human activities that may lead to irreversible damage. Ecosystems’ activity occurs over a wide range of space and time scales and, hence, policies and proposals of solutions to ecological problems should avoid narrow and monochromatic approaches. Specifically, the Pemon perspective of fire is a good example to show that for more robust and flexible resource management we need the knowledge and experience of different cultural and disciplinary groups.
A Matching Model on the Use of Immigrant Social Networks and Referral Hiring  [PDF]
Mónica García-Pérez
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.24070
Abstract: Using a simple search model, with urn-ball derived matching function, this paper investigates the effect of firm owner’s and coworkers’ nativity on hiring patterns and wages. In the model, social networks reduce search frictions and wages are derived endogenously as a function of the efficiency of the social ties of current employees. As a result, individuals with more efficient connections tend to receive higher wages and lower unemployment rate. However, because this efficiency depends on matching with same-type owners and coworkers, there is also a differential effect among workers’ wages in the same firm. This analysis highlights the potential importance of social connections and social capital for understanding employment opportunities and wage differentials between these groups.
Assessing spatial genetic structure from molecular marker data via principal component analyses: A case study in a Prosopis sp. forest  [PDF]
Ingrid Teich, Aníbal Verga, Mónica Balzarini
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2014.52013

Advances in genotyping technology, such as molecular markers, have noticeably improved our capacity to characterize genomes at multiple loci. Concomitantly, the methodological framework to analyze genetic data has expanded, and keeping abreast with the latest statistical developments to analyze molecular marker data in the context of spatial genetics has become a difficult task. Most methods in spatial statistics are devoted to univariate data whereas the nature of molecular marker data is highly dimensional. Multivariate methods are aimed at finding proximities between entities characterized by multiple variables by summarizing information in few synthetic variables. In particular, Principal Component analysis (PCA) has been used to study genetic structure of geo-referenced allele frequency profiles, incorporating spatial information with a posteriori analysis. Conversely, the recently developed spatially restricted PCA (sPCA) explicitly includes spatial data in the optimization criterion. In this work, we compared the results of the application of PCA and sPCA in the study of the spatial genetic structure at fine scale of a Prosopis flexuosa and P. chilensis hybrid swarm. Data consisted in the genetic characterization of 87 trees sampled in Córdoba, Argentina and genotyped at six microsatellites, which yielded 72 alleles. As expected, principal components explained more variance than sPCA components, but were less spatially autocorrelated. The maps obtained by the interpolation of sPC1 values allowed a better visualization of a patchy spatial pattern of genetic variability than the PC1 synthetic map. We also proposed a PC-sPC scatter plot of allele loadings to better understand the allele contributions to spatial genetic variability.

Recognition in the Communication Processes of Diverse Young the Experience of Living in a Park in the City of Cali  [PDF]
Mónica Marión Cata?o
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2015.31004
Abstract: Artisan Park La Loma de la Cruz, is a park located in a suburb of the city of Cali, a place where different groups converge youth from youth cultures. The park is a place for meeting, socializing, communication practices through which young people interact and build relationships. The park is set up as a stage of “coexistence” in which rockers, punks, emos, skaters and members of the LGBTI community stay together and share the same dwelling place (Figure 1). In the worlds of life of these young people, the words in different languages are a part of his being and his feelings, hence the affectations of joy and sadness, as defined by Spinoza (1980)1, are a way of weaving links and establish relationships communication. It is also possible to identify forms of recognition, Honneth’s way, recognition of love and solidarity2. These forms of recognition collide when young people, relate to the adult world, in the park, are made by artisans, police and neighbors. From the adult world, the form of contempt is evident in the rejection of the young by their expressions, especially those with expressing his affectations manifest. If young people recognize the existence of other people, as well as their own differences in the way they think, if they recognize the action in their own inter-subjective relationships and in the same way they construct a “we”, we would be spectators of new ways of being together; of ethical and political linking which go through new ways of living together and in which the sense and the shared meaning of life are negotiated that show a way of understanding in communication.
Co-infec??o HIV/tuberculose: necessidade de uma vigilancia mais efetiva
Lima,Mnica M.;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101997000300001
Abstract: the increasing endemicity of tuberculosis resulting from causes such as immigration, poverty, a declining public health infrastructure and co-infection by hiv/mycobacterium tuberculosis, is leading to a change in tuberculosis control programmes. one of the main reasons for the resurgence of tuberculosis is hiv infection - the risk of tuberculosis is greater in hiv patients than in the majority of the population as can be seen from numerous research projects. the need for systematic testing for hiv infection in all tuberculosis patients by undertaking confidential hiv tests on admission to a tuberculosis programme is brought out. this measure would increase the number of cases diagnosed and provide data for better surveillance of the co-infection.
Entanglements of right whales, Eubalaena australis (Cetacea, Mysticeti), in the 2010 breeding season in Santa Catarina state, Brazil
Mnica Pontalti,Mnica Danielski
Biotemas , 2011,
Abstract: Right whales (Eubalaena australis) have been suffering with anthropogenic activities such as pollution, marine traffic and entanglement in fishing nets. The entanglement of right whales grows each breeding season on the southern coast of Santa Catarina state, and can cause strands and even death. During the 2010 breeding season, six entanglements among immature and adult whales were recorded. In most of the cases, the whales kept swimming slowly and didn’t want to approximate the whale watching boat. Fishing activities in the area during the right whale breeding season need to be regularized to avoid conflicts and injuries to the whales.
Bioassay Directed Identification of Royal Jelly’s Active Compounds against the Growth of Bacteria Capable of Infecting Cutaneous Wounds  [PDF]
Mariana C. Garcia, Mónica S. Finola, Juan M. Marioli
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2013.32022

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria continue to be of major health concern world-wide. Thus, it is of great interest to study the biological properties and determine active compounds in natural products likely to be used as new health remedies. Therefore, the main objective of this work is to test the antibacterial activity of royal jelly samples, defatted royal jelly samples and their ethyl ether extracts against bacteria capable of infecting cutaneous wounds in humans and animals, and to recognize major bioactive compounds by using bioassay directed identification. The microorganisms used in the study were Staphylococcus aureus (including Methicillin-resistant and sensitive strains), Staphylococcus epidermidis, Micrococcus luteus, Streptococcus uberis, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The activity of royal jelly samples to inhibit bacterial growth was assessed by using well-difussion tests. Direct bioautography was used to identify bioactivity, and uv-visible spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to identify bioactive compounds. Overall, royal jelly samples showed higher growth inhibition activity against Gram positive bacteria as compared to Gram negative bacteria. The growth of bacterial strains belonging to the Enterococcus and Streptococcus genders was less affected by the presence of royal jelly than bacterial strains of the Staphylococcus gender did. Compounds with antibacterial activity were found in the ethyl ether extract of royal jelly samples. 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid was the major component identified in the purified fraction obtained by bioassay guided fractionation of the ethyl ether extract. In conclusion, bioactivity of royal jelly samples is mainly due to their 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid content.

Arrendamientos rurales en la provincia de Buenos Aires, entre la ley y la práctica, 1940-1960
Mundo agrario , 2007,
Abstract: at the present article we intend to analyze the way of works of the rental rural system, as much as the transformation in the so called "traditional system" and the impact that had the agrarian legislation of "emergency" sanctioned in those years. we will approach the study from a regional comparative point of view for which we have selected four bonaerenses' districts, one for each productive area in which is divided the province since we believe that exist a very close relationship between the systems of land tenancy (renting or property), the productive activity (agriculture or cattle-rising) and the type of predominant exploit (little family unities or big exploitations).
La "insoportable levedad" de lo urbano
EURE (Santiago) , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612007000200005
Abstract: this text has the objective of analysing the new place created by the symbolic dimension of the city. to undertake this, the startingpoint is that all practices generated in space are the complex and conflictive outcomes of social images and imaginaries, considering the relationships and differences generated between them. from this perspective, the close articulation between the organisation of urban images constructed on the basis of the 'weight' of cities -principally built heritage - and 'immaterial' cultural expressions is analysed. the latter has been recurrently associated with imaginaries, relegated to the field of'popular culture', also new urban images influenced by imaginaries of power, imaginaries of consensus and imaginaries in dispute. in this way, we will deal with the collisions, tensions and distensions that are produced between material and immaterial heritage, considering the place that they have occupied in the formation of cities, particularly buenos aires, in relation to urban images and imaginaries
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